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CONSTITUTIONAL LAW-Continued.

powers of congress, 8.

powers denied to congress, 9.
CONTRACTS-

laws impairing obligation of, 11.
forms of, see Index to Forms.
defined and classified, 26.
kinds of, 27.
specialties, 27.
parole, 27.
express, 27.
implied, 28.
executed, 31.

executory, 31.
ESSENTIAL ELEMENTS-

in general, 32.
mutuality, 33.
the offer, 34.
manner of making offer, 35.
manner and time of acceptance, 36.
assent apparently obtained, 37, 38.
duress, 37.
fraud, 37.
mistake, 39.
signing without reading, 40.
intoxication, 41.
ratification, 41.

signing and delivery, 41.
PARTIES TO CONTRACT

general rule, 42.
Infancy, 42.
married women, 42.
aliens, 42, 43.
alien enemies, 43.
insane persons, 14.
spendthrifts, 45.
joint contracts, 45, 46, 47.
who bound by a contract, 47.
substitution, 47.
novation, 48.
assignment, 48.
effect of, 49.

subrogation, 50.
CONSIDERATION-

kinds of, 51.
adequacy of, 52.
contracts under seal, 52.
valuable, 53.
forbearance, 54.
mutual promises, 54.
insufficient, 58.
past or executed, 56.
evidence of, 56.
failure of, 56.

gifts, 57.
SUBJECT-MATTER-

in general, 57, 58.
construction, 58, 59, 60.
fraud regarding, 60.
must be lawful, 60.
must be possible, 61, 62, 63.
act of God, 62.
alteration of written contracts, 63.
entire and divisible contracts, 64.
conditions, 65.
limiting liability, 96.
ILLEGAL CONTRACTS-

against positive law, 78.
restraint of trade, 79.
restraint of domestic relation, 81.
obstructing justice, 83.
to injure third persons, 84.
injurious to public, 5.
trusts and monopolies, 87.
labor combinations, 88.
gambling contracts, 90.
board of trade contracts, 92.
Sunday contracts, 93.
rights of parties to Illegal con-

tracts, 96.

RESCISSION OF CONTRACTS-

in general, 68.
instances of, 69.
breach of contract, 71.
performance of, 73.

damages for breach, 74.
CONTRACTS OF INFANTS-

generally, 98.
when valld, 99.
when voidable, 101.
who may avoid, 101.

affirmance of, 103.
CONTRACTS OF MARRIED WOMEN

discussed, 106.
in Wisconsin, 108.
what contracts they may make, 110.
may charge separate estate, 114.
may insure husband, 120.
contracts between husband and wife,

116.
rights of husband and wife in each

other's property, 118.
FRAUDULENT CONTRACTS

see Fraud.

effects of, 131.
COOK'S LIEN-

for what given, 620.
CONVEYANCES-

see Real Property.
COPYRIGHTS-

in general, 667.
who may obtain, 667.
laws in U. S., 667.
assignment of, see Index to Form..
how procured, 668.

infringement, 669.
CORPORATIONS

definition, 470.
in general, 470, 471.
distinguished from partnership, etc.,

472.
advantages and disadvantages, 472,

473.
New Jersey corporations, etc., 474.
kinds of corporations, 474.
sole corporations, 474.
aggregate, 474.
religious, 474.
civil, 474,
as persons, 475.
formation of, 475.
powers derived from state, 475, 476.
purposes for which formed, 477, 478.
contents of articles, 478,479, 480.
organization fee, 480.
decisions in regard to articles, 480,

481, 482.
temporary control, 482, 483, 484.
amendment to articles, 485.
de facto corporations, 486, 487.

estoppel, 487, 488.
CORPORATE POWERS

in general, 488.
statutory powers, 489, 490, 491.
decisions in regard to powers, 492,

493.
power to buy own stock, 494.
execution of corporate contracts,

494.
ultra vires contracts, 495, 196, 497.
liability for torts, 497.
office must be kept in state, 498.

records to be kept, 499.
STOCK AND STOCKHOLDERS-

in general, 499.
what is capital stock, 499.
shares of stock, 500.
subscription, 500.

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COD-

STOCK AND STOCKHOLDERS-Con-

tinued.
how subscriptions called in, 502.
assessments, 502.
calls, 502,
calls, how made, 503.
transfer of stock, 504.
release from liability on subscrip-

tion, 504,
compelling transfer of stock, 505.
common stock, 505.
kinds of stock, 505.
preferred stock, 505.
how preferred stock issued, 506.
reduction of stock, 506.
watered stock, 507.
decisions as to watered stock, 508,

509.
dividends, 510.
inspection of books, 511.
suit by stockholder, 512.
expulsion of members, 513.
grounds of expulsion, 513.
stockholders' meetings, 514.
quorum, 515.
election of officers, 515.
by-laws, 515, 516.
suit for unpaid subscriptions, 517.
wages of employees, 518.

sequestration suit, 519.
CORPORATE OFFICERS-

in general, 519.
directors' meetings, 520.
authority of otficers, 521, 522, 523.
officers' duties, 524, 525.
contracts between officers and cor-

poration, 526, 527.
compensation of officers, 528.

promoters, 529, 530.
DISSOLUTION-

in general, 531.
statutes in regard to, 532.
dissolution by vote, 533.
action by attorney general, 534.
action to annul charter, 533.
decisions in regard to dissolution,

534, 535.
effect of dissolution, 536.
FOREIGN CORPORATIONS-

in general, 536.
statuates as to, 537, 538, 539.

license, 539, 540.
CO-TENANTS-

rights of, 19, 22.
COVENANTS-

forms of, see Index to Forms.

see also Real Property.
CREDITORS-

in bankruptcy, 655.
CRIME
what is, 5.

D
DAMAGES-

for breach of contract, 74.
in case of fraud, 146.

by animals, 712.
DARTMOUTH COLLEGE CASE-

what decided in, 11.
DEATH-

by wrongful act, 700.
DECLARATION OF

INDEPEN
DENCE-6.
DEEDS-

see Real Property.

see Index to Formg.
DESCENT AND DISTRIBUTION-

of real property, 609, 610.

of homestead, 610.
when several die in common dis-

aster, 610.
right of representation, 610.
degree of kindred, 611.
estates of adopted cblldren, 611.
illegitimate children, 611, 612.
see also Dower, Homestead, Curt-

esy, Married Women's Rights, and

wills.
personal property, 612.
allowance to widow, 612.
allowance to family, 613.
to children, 613.
of whole estate, 613.
estate to pay debts, 614.
disposition of residue, 614.

when goes to state, 614.
DISSOLUTION OF CORPORATIONS-

see Corporations.
DIVORCE-

in general, 687.
when not granted, 687.
residence necessary, 687.
by imprisonment for life, 688.
causes for, from bond of matri-

mony, 688.
causes for, from bed and board, 689.
procurement, connivance and

donation, 689.
DIVIDENDS-

see Corporations.
DOWER-

see Real Property.
DRAFTS

see Negotiable Instruments.
DRAINAGE-

see Real Property.
DUE PROCESS OF LAW-
meaning of, 11, 13.

E
EASEMENTS-

defined, 552.

see also Real Property.
EJECTMENT-

by co-tenant, 22.
ELEVATORS

etc., 384, 389.
EMBLEMENTS

what are, 589.

see also Landlord and Tenant.
EMPLOYERS' LIABILITY INSUR-

ANCE
what is, 441.
EQUITABLE CONVERSION-

what is, 604.
ESTATES IN LANDS-

defined, 542.
ESTATES OF DECEDENTS-

see Real Property.

see Descent and Distribution.
EVICTION-

what is, 582.
EXECUTOR-
form for appointment, see Index to

Forms.
EXEMPTION AND HOMESTEAD

RIGHTS-
none at common law, 634.
personalty exempt in Wisconsin, 634,

635.
earnings exempt, to what extent,

636.
insurance money, 636.
cemetery lot, 636.

EXEMPTION AND HOMESTEAD

RIGHTS-Continued.
to whom exemption applies, 638,

639.
waiver of exemptions, 039.
homesteads, in general, 640.
homestead, statute, 646.
what exempt, 640.
what is homestead, 640, 641.
who entitled to homestead, 642.
how homestead descends, 643.
how homestead right lost, 643, 644,

645.
exemptions of bankrupts, 651.
EX POST FACTO LAW-

what is, 10, 14.
EXPRESS COMPANIES-

law as to, 399.
EXPRESS WARRANTY-

see Warranty:
Bee Sales of Personal Property.

F
FALSE IMPRISONMENT-

707.
FENCES-
adjoining owner must have to re-

cover for damage done by ani.

mals, 713.
FEUDAL SYSTEM-

property under, 542.
FIDELITY INSURANCE-

what is, 442.
FIRE INSURANCE-

law as to, 406.
FIXTURES-

what are, 589.
FOREIGN CORPORATIONS-

law as to, 536, 537.
FORCIBLE ENTRY AND DETAIN-

ER
what is, 591.

by co-tenant, 24.
FORECLOSURE OF MORTGAGE-

how made, 573.
FORFEITURE OF ESTATES-

not favored, 584.
FORGERY OF CHECKS, ETC.-

effect on paper, 455.
FORMS-

see Index to Forms.
FORMS OF OWNERSHIP-

how property held, 19.
FRAUD

generally, 131.
the representation, 132.
knowledge of falsity, 142.
ignorance of falsity, 143.
intent to deceive, 145.
damage, 146.
various remedies for, 148.

see Fraudulent Conveyances.
FRAUDULENT CONVEYANCES-

what are, 150, 151.
what are not, 150, 151.
conveyance with power of revoca-

tion, 150.
of personality, 151.
intent a question of fact, 152.
statutory provisions, 152.
statutes" explained, 153.

с
GUARANTY-

deined, 170.
must be in writing, 171.

distinguished from other contracts,

173.
kinds of, 175.
notice of acceptance, 177.
notice of default, 178.
assignment of, 179.
rights of guarantor against princi.

pal, 180.
discharge of guarantor, 181.
distinguished from suretyship, 182.
forms of, see Index to Forms.
see also Suretyship.

H
HABEAS CORPUS

writ of, 9, 14.
HEREDITAMENT-

what is, 17.
HOMESTEAD RIGHTS-

what are, 640, 641.

see also Exemptions.
HORSE-

bill of sale, see Index to Forms.
HOTEL KEEPERS-

duties and rights of, 389, 390.
HUSBAND-

contracts with wife, 116.
rights of, see Curtesy, Descent, Mar-

ried Women's Rights, Marriage
and Divorce.

1
ILLEGAL CONTRACTS-

see Contracts.
ILLEGITIMATE CHILDREN-

see Descent.
INFRINGEMENT

of patent, see Patents.
of copyright, see Copyrights.

of trade-mark, see Trade-Marks.
IMPLIED WARRANTY-

see Warranty.
IMPRISONMENT FOR DEBT-

abolished, 14, 15.
INDICTMENT-

what is, 12.
INFANTS,

contracts of, see Contracts.
liability for torts, 103.
emancipation of, 104.

criminal liability of, 105.
INSOLVENCY-

see Bankruptcy.
INSURANCE-
forms for proof of loss, etc., see

Index to Forms.
married woman may insure husband,

120.
contract of insurance, 406.
kinds of, 406.
fire, 406, 407.
representations in, 407, 408.
concealment, 409.
warranties, 409, 410.
insurable interest, 410, 411.
the premium, 411, 412
construction of contract, 412, 413.
liability and appraisement, 415.
standard policy, 414, 415.
waiver, 413, 414.
concealment and fraud, 416.
additional insurance, 417.
increase in risk, 417, 418.
vacancy, 519.
risks excepted, 419.
care of property, 419.

INSURANCE Continued.

fallen buildings, 420.
risks not assumed, 420.
warranties, 421.
renewal of policy, 420.
cancellation, unearned premium, 420.
mortgagee's rights, 421.
removal of property, 421.
notice and proof of loss, 422.
examination of insured, 422.
appraisement of loss, 422.
waiver, when loss payable, 424.
other and re-insurance, 425.
subrogation, 425.
definitions, 425.
other conditions, 425.
agent's knowledge, walver, 425.
mutual companies, 426.
value of real property, 426.
valued policy, 426.
co-insurance clauses, 427.
application to be attached to policy,

427.
magistrate's certificate, 428.
LIFE INSURANCE-

insurable interest, 429.
by married women, 429.
assignment of policy by married

woman, 430.
application for, 431, 132.
contract of, 433.
suicide clause, 433.
incontestable policies, 434.
beneficiary, 434.
assignment of policy, 435, 436.
construction of policy, 437.

waiver, 437, 438.
CASUALTY INSURANCE-

what 18, 439.
accident insurance, 439.
employers' liability Insurance, 441.
plate glass Insurance, 442.
fidelity insurance, 442.
other kinds of insurance, 442.

marine insurance, 443.
INTEREST AND USURY-

what is interest, 456.
simple interest, 456.
compound, 456.
rates of, 457.
highest rate, 457.
rule as to partial payments, 457.
on what allowable, 458, 459, 460.
from when it runs, 461, 462.
usury, what is, 463.
law against usury, 463, 464.
what is not usury, 465, 466.
relief against usury, 467.
conditions of relief against usury,

467.
INTERNATIONAL LAW-

defined, 2.

L
LAW-

defined, 1.
kinds of, 1, 2.
statutory, 3.
common. 3.

criminal, 5.
LANDLORD AND TENANT-

how relation created, 574.
use and occupation, 575.
kinds of tenancles, 575.
tenancy at will, 575.
tenancy at sutterance, 575, 576.
periodical tenancies, 576.
tenancy from year to year, 576.
tenant from year to year holding
over, 577.
tenant holding over, 577.
tenancy for life, 577.
lease, what is, 578.
covenants in lease, 579.
renewal of lease, 580.
implied covenants, 580.
assignment of lease and sub-letting,

581.
quiet enjoyment, 581.
covenants running with the land,

581.
how tenancy terminated, 591.
eviction, 582.
constructive eviction, 582.
surrender, 583.
forfeiture of estate, 584.
notice to quit, 584, 585.
statutory notice, 586.
rights and liabilities of landlord,

586, 587.
rights and liabilities of tenant, 587.
tenant's attornment to stranger,

588.
liability for rent after assignment

of lease, 588.
right to emblements, 589.
fixtures, what are, 589.
rules as to fixtures, 589, 590.
letting on shares, 590.
croppers, 590, 591.
remedies of landlord, 591.
forcible entry and detainer, 591,

592.
forcible entry and detainer statute,

592, 593.
remedy for non-payment of rent,

593, 594.
forms as to, see Index to Forms.
LEASE-

what is, 578.

form of, see Index to Forms.
LETTERS OF MARQUE AND RE-

PRISAL

who may grant, 10.
LIBEL AND SLANDER, 705.
LICENSE-

of foreign corporation, 539.
LIENS-

deinition, 615.
common law llens, 615.
on personal property, 616.
of mechanics, 616.
of innkeepers, 616.
of liverymen, 616.
of factors, etc., 616.
of consignee for advances, 617.
how enforced, 617.
of owner of breeding animals, 617,

618.

JOINT TENANTS-

who are, 19, 20, 21.
JOINT TENANCY-

not favored, 21.
JOINT STOCK COMPANIES-

what are, 372, 373.
JEOPARDY-

what is former, 12.
JUDGMENT-

assignment of, see Inder to Forms.
JURY-

what is, 15.

LIENS—Continued.
on mining and smelting property,

618.
against ships, etc., 618, 619.
owners personally liable, 619.
on logs and lumber, 619.
cook's, 620.
petition for, 620.
time checks' for assignable, 621.
of boom companies, 621.
on real property, 621.
for what given, 621.
what property subjected to, 621,

622.
to what attaches, 622.
of principal contractor, 623.
for grading, 624.
of sub-contractor, 624.
amount due contractor may be with-

held, 625.
of sub-contractor, cannot be affec-

ted by contractor, 625.
claim, how filed, 626.
when action begun, 626.
claims assignable, 626.
notice of assignment of, 628.
taking note no walver, 626.
depend on statute, 626.
what subjected to llen, 627, 628.
when entitled to lien, 628.
sub-contractor's lien, 629.
iling of claim, 630.
priorities among lien-bolders, 631.
notice of lien, 631.
waiver of lien, 632.
equitable liens, 632, 633.
forms for claim, etc., see Index to

Forms.
LIFE INSURANCE

see Insurance.
LIVE-STOCK-
duties of common carrier to, 398,

399.
LIVERY-

hirer's responsibility, 381.
malicious prosecution, 702.

M
MARINE INSURANCE-

See Insurance.
MARRIAGE-

the relation, 680.
who may solemnize, 681.
license, 681.
when parent's consent required, 681.
who may marry, 682.
who shall not marry, 682.
rights, duties and liabilities arising

out of marital relation, 683.
parent and child, 684.
MARRIED WOMEN-

contracts of, in general, 106-110.
property rights of, 108.
may transact business and sue, 109.
earnings of, 110.
separate estate of, 111.
may charge separate estate, 114.
may contract with husband, 116.

may insure husband, 120.
MASTER AND SERVANT

relation of, 348.
compensation of servant, 349.
discharge of servant, 350.
quitting of servant, 350.
servant's remedies for wages, 531.
master's liability for acts of servant,

352.

personal injury of servant, 353.
assumption of risk by servant, 353,

354, 355A.
contributory negligence of servant,

355, 356.
proximate cause of injury, 356, 357.

fellow servants, 357, 358, 359.
MECHANICS' LIENS-

see liens.
MINORS

see Infants.
MORTGAGES-

of chattels, See Chattel Mortgages.
see Conditional Sales.
of real estate, see Real Property.

form of, See Index to Forms.
MUNICIPAL LAW-

defined, 2.
classified, 2.

N
NATIONAL BANKS-

provisions as to, 451.
NECESSARIES-

what are, 100, 685, 883.

infants liable for, 99.
NEGLIGENCE-

torts, caused by, 695.
NEGOTIABLE INSTRUMENTS-

(Introductory explanation, 265).
ACCEPTANCE-

defined, 266.
form ; writing; promise to accept,

302, 303.
drawee has one day for, 303.
by destroying bill, 303.
not by mere retention, 303.
time of, 303.
general and qualified, 303.
place of payment, 303.
qualified, etc., 304,
right of holder, 304.
presentment for, 304, 306.
for honor, 309, 310.

of bills in a set, 311.
ACCOMMODATION PAPER-

defined, 280.
presentment for payment excused,

when, 293.
when notice of dishonor not required

293.
ACCEPTOR

obligation of, etc., 289.
ACTION-

defined, 266.
ADMINISTRATOR-

notice of dishonor to, 296.

presentment for acceptance to 305.
AGENT

notice of dishonor by, 295.
notice to, 295.
signature by, 277.
when personally liable, 277.
liability on transfer without indorse-

ment, 291,
ALLONGE-

indorsement on, 281.
ALTERATION-

effect of ; what is, 301.

certain, what arc, 301.
ANTECEDENT DEBT

as a consideration, 278.

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