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NEGOTIABLE INSTRUMENTS

-Continued.
ASSIGNEE IN INSOLVENCY-

notice of dishonor to, 297.

presentment for acceptance to, 305.
ASSOCIATION-

person means, 266.

bank means, 266.
ASSIGNMENT-

of fund, check is not, 313.

bill is not an, 302.
ASSUMED NAME-

signing in, 279.
ATTORNEY'S FEE-

note may include, 269.
BANK-

defined, 266.
lien on paper value presumed, 279.
indorsement by, 283.

paper payable at, effect of, 294.
BANKRUPT-

notice of dishonor to, 296.
presentment for acceptance to, 305.
BEARER-

defined, 266.
paper payable to, what is, 273.
BILLS OF EXCHANGE

provisions as to, 301.
when treated as notes, 302.
defined, 267.
in a set, 311.

damages on, 302.
BILLS OF LADING

are negotiable, unless, 268.
BLANKS-

filling up, 274, 275.
BONA FIDE HOLDER-
effect of blanks filed without author-

ity, 274.
instrument wrongly dated, 274.
of complete instrument, 275.
valid delivery conclusively presumed,

275.
with lien on paper, value presumed,

280.
of accommodation paper, 280.
may convert blank indorsement to

special, 282.
under restrictive and qualified in.

dorsement, 282.
may strike out indorsement, 284.
effect of transfer without indorge-

ment, and subsequent indorsement,

284.
right to sue, 285.
to receive payment, 285.
who is a, 285, 286.
taking demand paper an unreason-

able time after issue, 286.
notice before paying in full, 287.
when title defective, 287.
fraud, duress, etc., 287.
when title absolutely void, 287.
what is notice, 287.
bolds ee from defenses, except,

287.
taking from other holder, protected,

288.
effect of fraud, duress, etc., 288.
every holder so presumed, 288.
when notice of dishonor unnecessary,

298.
not affected by alteration, 301.
effect of written promise to accept,

303.
BONDS, MUNICIPAL

not negotiable, unless, 268.

BROKER-
liability on negotiation without in.

dorsement, 291.
BURDEN OF PROOF-See Presump-

tions.
CASHIER-

indorsing paper payable to, 283.
CERTAINTY-

of sum, 268.

of time, what is, 270.
CERTIFIED CHECKS-

provisions as to, 313.
CHECKS-

defined, 312.
presentment for payment, 312.
certified checks, 313.
discharge of drawers and indorsers,

313.
not an assignment, 313.
CITY ORDERS

not negotiable, 268.
COLLATERAL SECURITY-
sale of, no effect on negotiability,

271.
holder of llen, value presumed, 279.

giving up is a discharge, 299.
COLLECTION FEE-

in note, effect of, 271.
CONFESSION OF JUDGMENT-

in note, effect on, 271.
CONSIDERATION--

presumption of, 278.
definition of value, 278.
antecedent debt, 278.
absence of failure a defense, when,

280.
CONSTRUCTION-

of bills and notes, 273, 276.
CORPORATION-

indorsement ultra vires, 278.

indorsement by, 283.
COUNTY ORDERS

not negotiable, 268.
CURRENCY-

effect of notes payable in, 268, 271.
DAMAGES-

on dishonored bills, 312.
DATE-

to note or bill unnecessary, 272.
deemed to be correct, 273.
ante-dated and post-dated valid, 274.

filling up, 274.
DAYS OF GRACE-

abolished, 294.
DEBT

antecedent, as a consideration, 278.
DELIVERY

defined, 267.
issue is, when, 267.
includes indorsement, 267.
incomplete instruments, 277.
alling blanks before delivery, 275.
paper is revocable until, 275.
conclusively presumed, when, 275.
prima facia proof of, 275.

in escrow, 276.
DEMAND PAPER-

what is, 272.
negotiation; time of, 286.

presentment of, 291.
DISCHARGE OF NEGOTIABLE PA-

PER-
by payment, tender, merger, etc., 299.

NEGOTIABLE INSTRUMENTS

- Continued.
payment by indorser, or drawee
payment by indorser or drawer, 300.
renunciation, 300.
cancellation, 299, 300.
alteration, 301.
by taking qualified acceptance, 304.
by not presenting for acceptance,

304.
by payment of one of a set, 311.
DISHONOR-

of paper, what is, 294.

notice of, 294, 295.
DRAWEE-

bill to two or more, 301.

liability on bills of a set, 311.
DRAWER—(See Discharge of Negoti.

able Paper.) -
obligations of, etc., 289.
presentment to, when not necessary,

293.
notice of dishonor to, 719.
to agent, 295.
to administrator, 296.
to partners, 296.
to joint drawers, 296.
to bankrupt drawer, 296.
payment by, 300.
discharge by qualified aceptance,

304.
DURESS-

effect on holder, 287, 288.
EQUITABLE ASSIGNMENT-

drafts and checks are not, 302, 313.
ESTOPPEL

to claim forgery, 278.
EXCHANGE-

bill may include, 268.
EXECUTION, EXEMPTION FROM-

not here authorized, 271.
EXECUTOR-

notice of dishonor to, 296.

presentment for acceptance, 305.
EXEMPTION FROM EXECUTION-

not here authorized, 271.
EXTENSION OF TIME-

as a discharge, 299.
FICTITIOUS PERSONS-

paper payable to, 273.

no presentment necessary, 293.
FILLING BLANKS

power of holder, 274.
FORCE
procuring signature by, effect of,

287.
effect of, 288.
FORM-
of bills and notes, 267.

(See Index of Forms).
FOREIGN BILL

defined, 302.
FORGERY-

makes paper void, 278.
estoppel to claim, 278.
FRAUD-
signature procured by, effect of, 287,

288.
alteration by, bona fide holder pro-

tected, 301.
FUND, PARTICULAR-

indicating, in note, etc., 269.
GRACE, DAYS OF-

are abolished, 294.

GUARANTY-

of negotiable paper, 281.
HOLDER (see Bona Fide Holder)

defined, 267.
HOLIDAY-

when act falls on, 267.

paper due next business day, 2994.
HONOR, ACCEPTANCE FOR-

provisions as to, 309.

payment for, 310.
ILLEGALITY-

effect on paper, 288.
INDORSEE-

as the holder, when, 267.
INDORSER-(See Discharge of Nego.

tiable paper)--
who is; liability, 289.
warranty and liability, 290.
when presentment unnecessary, 293.
notice of dishonor to, 294.

to agent of, 295.
to administrator of, 296.
to partners, 296.
to joint indorsers, 296.
to bankrupt indorser, 296.

excused when, 298.
payment by, 300.
discharge by qualified acceptance,

304.
INDORSEMENT-
by incapacitated person passes title,

278.
negotiation by, 280.
guaranty is not, 281.
on paper, or attached paper, 281.
must be entire, 281.
kinds of, 281, 283.
without recourse, 282.
by joint holders, not partners, 283.
of paper payable to one as cashier,

283.
in misspelled name, 283.
in representative capacity, 284.
striking out, 284.
after assignment without indorse-

ment, 284.
defined, 267.

when signatures construed as, 276.
INDORSEMENT IN BLANK-

makes paper payable to bearer, 272.
negotiable by, 281.
signature enough, 281.
provided for, 281.

holder may make special, 282.
INFANT

indorsement passes title, 278.
INLAND BILL

what is an, 302.
INSOLVENCY-

does not excuse presentment, 293.

notice of dishonor, 294.
INSTALLMENTS-

note may be payable in, 268.
INSTRUMENT-

defined, 267.
INSURANCE PREMIUM-

note for, not negotiable, 288.
ITEREST-

presumed to begin, when, 276.
ISSUE

defined, 267.
JOINT DEBTORS-

presentment to, 293.
notice of dishonor to, 296.
presentment for acceptance to, 305.

NEGOTIABLE INSTRUMENTS

- Continued.
JOINT HOLDERS-

Indorsement by, 283.
JOINT INDORSEMENT-

what is, 298.
JUDGMENT BY CONFESSION-

note may authorize, 271.
LIGHTNING RODS-

notes for, non-negotiable, 314.
MAIL-

notice of dishonor by, 296, 297.

presentation for acceptance by, 305.
MAKER-
obligations of, 289.

(See Contracts of Married Women)
MEMORANDA-

on note, effect of, 273.
MONEY

current, payment in, 272.
MUNICIPAL BONDS

not negotiable, unless, 268.
NEGOTIABLE PAPER ACT-

not retrospective, 267.
NEGOTIABILITY-

negotiable words, 267.

negotiable indorsement, 268.
NEGOTIATION-

transfer without capacity, 278.
how made, 280.
with or without guaranty, 281.
presumed to have been before due,

284.
at place of date presumed, 284.
liability upon, 290.
NOTARIAL ACT, OF HONOR-

form of, 310.
NOTARY PUBLIC-

protest by, 308.
NOTICE OF DISHONOR-

to wbom, 294, 295.
by whom, 295.
by agent, 295.
effect of, 295.
duty of agent, 295.
written; oral; form; by mail, 295,

296.
unsigned ; mistake, 295.
to administrator; last residence, 296.
to partners, 296.
to joint parties, 296.
to bankrupt or insolvent, 296.
time of, 296.
when in same place, 296.
in different places, 296.
by mail ; miscarriage, 295, 297.
by one receiving notice, 297.
to what place, 297.
walver of, 297.
waiver of protest, effect of, 297.
dispensed with, when, 297.
delay excused, when, 298.
to drawer excused, when, 298.
effect of, no non-acceptance, 298.
omission no effect on subsequent

bolder, 298.
protest optional, 299.
NOTICE OF INFIRMITY-

to holder, before paying in full, 287.

what amounts to, 287.
ORDER-

paper payable to, what is, 272.
ORDERS-

city, etc., not negotiable, 268.
PARTNERS

indorsement by, 283.

as holders for value, 285.
presentment for payment to, 293.

notice of dishonor to, 296.
PARTICULAR FUND

indicating, effect of, 269.
PATENTS

notes, non-negotiable, 314.
PAYEE-

is the holder, when, 267.

who may be, 273.
PAYMENT-
place of, unnecessary in note or bill,

271.
presentment for, 291.
time of, 291, 293.
at bank; in due course, 294.
as a discharge, 299.
by one secondarily liable, 299.
of one set, 311.
of checks, presentmen

fd 31
PAYMENT FOR HONOR-

provisions as to, 310.
PLEDGEE

value presumed, 279.
PRE-EXISTING DEBT-

as a consideration, 278.
PRESENTMENT FOR ACCEPTANCE-

when necessary, 304.
by and to whom, 305.
time, place, excuse, dishonor, 305,

306.
PRESENTMENT FOR PAYMENT-
necessary to charge drawer and in-

dorser, 291.
time of, 291.
by whom, to whom, hour, place, 292.
wbat is a proper place, 292.
paper must be shown, 292.
during banking hours, when, 292.
to administrator, when, 292.
to partners, 293.
to joint makers, etc., 293.
to drawer, when excused, 293.
to indorser, when excused, 293.
delay, when excused, 293.
when dispensed with, 293.

to acceptor for honor, 309.
PRESUMPTIONS-

that date is correct, 273.
of consideration, 278.
of negotiation before due, 284.
of negotiation at place of date, 284.

of bona fide holding, 288.
PRIMARY LIABILITY-

what is, 267.
PRINCIPAL AND AGENT—(See

Agent).
PRINCIPAL AND SURETY-(See

Guaranty, Indorser).
PROMISSORY NOTE-

when bill treated as, 302.
form, etc., 312.

(See Forms).
PROTEST

when required, form, etc., 306.
waiver of, includes notice of dis.

honor, 297.
for non-payment by acceptor supra

protest, 310.
waiver of, effect of, 297.

is optional, 299.
RAILROAD RECEIPTS-

negotiable, unless, 268.
REASONABLE TIME-

what is, 267.

NEGOTIABLE INSTRUMENTS

- Continued.
REFEREE IN CASE OF NEED

defined, 302.
RELEASE OF PRINCIPAL-

discharges surety, 299.
SEAL-

note or bill may have, 271.
SECONDARY LIABILITY-

what is, 267.
SIGNATURE-

necessary, 267, 277.
on blank paper, 275.
ambiguous, an indorsement, 276.
in trade or assumed name, 277.
subscription unnecessary,

277.
by agent, 277.
by procuration, 278.

without authority void, 278.
STRIKING OUT INDORSEMENT-

by holder, 284.
SUNDAY-

when act falls on, 267.

paper due next business day, 294.
SUPRA PROTEST-

acceptance, 309.

payment, 310.
SURETY—(See Guarantor, Indorser).
TENDER

as a discharge, 299.
TIME-
Sunday or holiday, when act done,

267, 294.
TOWN ORDERS-

not negotiable, 268.
TRADE NAME-

signing in, 277.
TRANSFER, WITHOUT INDORSE-

MENT-
by infant, etc., 278.
by guaranty, 281.
by qualified indorsement, 282.
of paper payable to order, 284.
subsequent indorsement relates back,

284.
liability on, 290.

liability of broker or agent, 291.
TRUSTEE IN BANKRUPTCY

notice of dishonor to, 296.

presentment for acceptance to, 305.
UNREASONABLE TIME-

what is, 267.
USUAL COURSE OF BUSINESS

what is, 285.
VALUE RECEIVED-

not necessary in note or bill, 271.
VILLAGE ORDERS-

not negotiable, 268.
WAIVER OF NOTICE OF DISHONOR

how made, 297.

walver of protest is, 297.
WAIVER OF EXEMPTIONS-

not authorized, 271.
WAIVER OF PRESENTMENT

for payment, 293.
WAREHOUSE RECEIPTS-

are negotiable, unless, 268.
WARRANTY-

of indorser, 290.
WRITTEN-

deined, 267,

NOTARIES PUBLIC

defined, 676.
how to become a notary, 676.
powers, 677.
duties and liability, 678.

seal of, 678.
NOTES-

see Negotiable Instruments.

form of, see Index to Forms.
NOTICE-

to quit, 584, 585.

forms of, see Index to Forms.
NUNCUPATIVE WILL-

what is, 607.
nuisances, 710.

O
OBLIGATION OF CONTRACT-

what is, 11.
OFFICERS-

of corporations, 515.
OPTION-

form of, see Index to Forms.
ORDINANCE-

of 1787, 4.
ORIGIN-

of our law, 4.

of government, 6.
OWNERSHIP OF PROPERTY-

in general, 19.

rights of co-owners, 19, 22.
OUTLAWED
when claims are, 164.

P
PARTITION-

by co-tenants, 22.
PAWN-

what is, 378, 379.
PARENT AND CHILD-684.
PARTY WALL-

see real property.
PARTIAL PAYMENTS,

law as to, 163.
PARTNERSHIP-

tenancy by, 19, 21.
defined, 360.
difference between it and corpora-

tion, 360.
kinds of partnerships, 361.
kinds of partners, 361.
formation of partnersbip, 362.
as between partners, 362.
as between partners and third per-

sons, 362.
defective corporations may be, 363.
articles of, 363.
partnership property, 364, 365.
firm name, 365.
rights and liabilities of partners,

365.
as between themselves, 365.
liability as to third persons, 366,

367.
dissolution, 368, 369.
remedies between partners, 369, 370.
limited partnerships, 370, 371.
limited partnership, how formed,

371, 372.
joint stock companies, 372, 373.
unincorporated associations, 373.
forms of articles, etc.,-see Index to

Forms.

QUIT-CLAIM DEED-

see Real Property.
form of, see Index to Forms.

PATENTS-

in general, 663.
power of Congress, 663.
assignment of, 664.
for what granted, 664.
requisites of invention, 665.
how procured, 665.
what is infringement, 666, 667.

form, see Index to Forms.
PAYMENT-

in general, 159.
by and to whom made, 160.
time and place of, 162.
application of payments, 162.
partial payment rule, 163.

when limitation runs, 169.
PERSONAL RIGHTS-

guaranteed by constitution, 11.
PERSONAL PROPERTY-

what is, 17.
kinds of, 18.

sales of, see Sales.
PLEDGE

what is, 378, 379.
remedies of pledgee, 380.

of stock, 504.
PLATE GLASS INSURANCE-

what is, 442.
POSSESSION OF PROPERTY-

rights of co-owners, 22.
POWERS OF CONGRESS-

main powers, 8.
what powers denied to, 9.

what powers denied to state, 10.
PREFERRED STOCK

see Corporations.
PROPERTY

what is, 16.
what is not, 16, 17.
acquisition of, 19.
absolute and qualified interests, 17.
real, 17.
personal, 17.
method of holding, 19.
ownership in severalty, 19.
ownership jointly, 19.
held in common, 19, 20.
held by entirety, 19, 20.
held by partnership, 19.

rights of married women, 106.
PRINCIPAL AND AGENT-

see Agency.
PROMISSORY NOTES-

see Negotiable Instruments.

form of, see Index to Forms.
PROMOTERS-

law as to, 529.
PROTEST-

see Negotiable Instruments.

see Index to Forms.
PROXY-

see Corporations.

see Index to Forms.
POWER OF ATTORNEY-

see Index to Forms.
PUBLIC ENEMY-

what is, 62.
PURCHASE MONEY MORTGAGE-

see Real Property.
see Index to Forms.

Q
QUANTUM MERUIT-

recovery on, 28, 29.

R
RAILROAD-

as carriers, see Common Carriers.

duty while crossing, 698-699.
REAL PROPERTY

what is, 17.
estates in lands, 541.
origin of real property law, 541.
feudal system, 542.
kinds of estates, 542.
estates of inheritance, 542.
freehold estates, 543.
life estates, 544.
dower, homestead and curtesy, 543.
what is dower, 543, 544.
widow's right, 544.
dower in mortgaged lands, 544.
how dower barred, 545.
pecunlary provision for dower, 545.
how dower barred during marriage,

545.
widow's election as to dower, 545.
widow's election between dower and

deyise, 545, 546, 601.
estate by courtesy, 546.
divorce bars curtesy, 547.
homestead estate, 547, see Exemp-

tions.
estates for years, at will and by

sufferance, 547.
estate in possession, 547.
estate in expectancy, 547.
future estates, 547.
remainders, 548.
reversions, 548.
vested and contingent estates, 548.
estates in common, 548.
estates on condition, see Wills.
adverse possession, 548.
adverse possession under color title,

548.
adverse possession not under writ-
suspension of alienation, see Wills.
accumulation of profits from, see

Wills.
emblements, see Landlord and Ten.

ant.
waste, what is, 550.
who liable for waste, 550.
who may sue for waste, 551.
double damages in waste, 551.
examples of waste, 551.
ea sement, what is, 552.
-kinds of, 553, 554.
-how acquired, 553.
-in light and air, 554.

in support, 555.
-in party wall, 555.

-in right of flowage, 555.

-of surface drainage, 555.
-how lost, 556.
deeds and conveyances, 556.
deed, defined, 556.
-how executed.
-requisites of, 557.
-must be written, 557, 558.

-signing of, 559.
-parties to, 559, 560.
--consideration in, 560.
estate conveyed, 560.
-attestation of, 561.
-acknowledgment of, 561.
delivery and acceptance, 561, 562.
-recording, 562.

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