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fertile source of odium and ill- then, if their Lordships threw out will.

the Bill, to go on as at present, The Earl of Derby unhesitat- compelling reluctant corporations ingly opposed the measure. The to pay this impost against their only argument brought forward in will, and so to excite that feeling favour of the abolition of Ministers' of religious animosity which unforMoney was that of expediency, tunately had so often disturbed the which, if deemed a sufficient excuse peace of that country ? for such innovations, would have The Bishop of Kilmore conjustified the Government at least demned the Bill as calculated to as well in abrogating the tithe inflict a great blow upon the intesystem. It was absurd to call the rests of the Established Church of impost a tax on religious opinions. Ireland. It was most unjust now It was a rate levied on property, to seek to throw the tax upon the and of the existence of which the revenues of the Ecclesiastical Compurchaser was well aware before he missioners, when they were wholly bought it. But even on the low required for the erection and enground of expediency, he was pre- largement of churches. Instead pared to contest the further pro- of bringing peace to Ireland, he gress of the Bill, and to show that believed it would have a directly the fund at the disposal of the contrary effect, inasmuch as one Ecclesiastical Commissioners was party would regard it as a triumph, inadequate to meet this additional and the other as a most grievous burden of 12,0001. per annum, wrong. which would be thrown upon it if After a few remarks from the the measure became a law. The Earl of Cork in support of the noble Earl then referred to docu- Bill, and from Viscount Dunganments and reports of the Eccle- pon, the Earl of Wicklow, and the siastical Commissioners, to prove Earl of Donoughmore, who prohow inefficient was the sum wbich tested against it as both unnecesremained in their hands to meet sary and unjustifiable, so formidable a drain upon their Lord Talbot de Malahide conresources, and that it would, in tended in favour of the provisions fact, compel them to abstain from of the proposed enactment. More carrying out the very objects which would be done for Ministers by they were constituted to advance. relying upon private contribution, He looked upon the Bill as an open than by anything which could be confession on the part of the Go- levied in the form of Ministers' vernment, that they were unequal Money. He was convinced that to carrying out the law, and that, in the resources of the Ecclesiastical compliance with an unfair agitation Commissioners would be found on the part of the taxpayer, they sufficient to bear with ease the payhad consented to violate the sacred ment of the sum now raised under rights of property. He moved that an Act which was odious to so it be read a second time that day large a class of Her Majesty's subsix inonths.

jects in Ireland. The Earl of Harrowby defended The Earl of Ellenborough said, the proposed measure. This coun- he thought there was some diffitry had rejoiced at the peaceful culty in coming to a decision upon state of Ireland. Would it be wise, the matter before their Lordships,

but, viewing the subject as a whole, but as a friend to the Established he could not refrain from express- Church in Ireland, as one wishing ing his belief that it was desirable to see her spiritual influence inthat Ministers' Money should be crease, and because he saw that done away with at once and for all the abolition of Ministers' Money He could not, however, say that he was likely to strengthen the Church quite agreed with the proposal to greatly in the affections of the levy the amount raised from the people, he would vote for the tax out of the Ecclesiastical Com- secnod reading. missioners, who, so far from having Earl Granville replied, and said a surplus, were, in fact, almost that in regard to the suggestion bankrupt. There was an extensive made by the Earl of Ellenborough, establishment to administer the though he did not presume to Irish Church temporalities, by pledge Government on the subject, which great extravagances were yet it was a suggestion well worthy committed, and the Government of attention, and which, if feasible, might effect a sufficient saving to might be productive of a great replenish the amount of this tax saving and great good. by transferring the management of After a brief conversational disthe temporalities to the Irish Board cussion, in which Lords Granville, of Works. In the hope that this Derby, and Campbell took part, proposition would receive the at their Lordships divided, when there tention of Her Majesty's Govern- appeared :ment, he would vote for the second

Contentsreading of the Bill. The Duke of Newcastle was in

Present . . . . 65

Proxies . . . . 36 clined to give his hearty support to the principle of the Bill, and he

Non-contents — should vote for its second reading.

Present . . . . 71 At the same time he could not

Proxies . . . . 25 refrain from remarking that while

- 96 the law existed as it now did, it was the duty of the Lord Lieutenant

Majority in favour of the to enforce it; and, without at all bringing forward any accusation, he

second reading... 5 trusted that Her Majesty's Go When the Bill went into Comvernment would feel that some ex- mittee, it again encountered objecplanation was due upon that point. tion from several noble Lords, and Many of their Lordships might on the third reading was once more object to withdrawing any portion put to the ordeal of a division, but of their funds from the control of was carried and passed by a mathe Ecclesiastical Commissioners, jority of 24 to 7.

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CHAPTER V

ADMISSION OF THE Jews To PARLIAMENT — On the 15th May, Lord

Palmerston moves for leave to bring in a Bill to alter the Oaths taken by Members of the House of Commons-His Speech-Sir F. Thesiger declares his opposition to the Measure-Remarks of Lord John Russell, Mr. Newdegate, Mr. Henley, and other MembersThe Bill brought in and read a Second Time without discussion-On committal, Sir F. Thesiger moves as an Amendment to retain the words, on the true faith of a Christian "Some of the Roman Catholic Members oppose the Bill, as retaining the distinction between the Oath taken by them and by ProtestantsSpeech of Mr. DeasyAnswer of Lord Palmerston to this objectionSir J. Pakington declares his adhesion to the BillSpeeches of Mr. Whiteside and Lord John RussellAfter Debate, Sir F. Thesiger's Amendment, as well as one moved by Mr. Roebuck, are negatived by large MajoritiesOn the passing of the Bill a question is raised as to the eligibility of Jews to high offices of Stale-Mr. Seymour Fitzgerald proposes a Clause, disqualifying them for the office of Lord Chancellor, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, and other high officesLord Palmerston assents to this Clause, which is inserted in the Bili-Strong protests are made against the Measure by Mr. Wigram, Mr. Newdegate, Mr. Bentinck, and other MembersThe Third Reading is carried by 291 against 168The Second Reading is moved in the House of Lords on the 10th of July-Speeches of Earl Granville, Lord Lyndhurst, the Duke of Norfolk, the Bishop of London, the Earl of Albemarle, and Lord Brougham in favour of the Bill, and of the Earl of Derby, the Earl of Shaftesbury, and the Bishop of Oxford against it-The Bill is thrown out upon a Division by a majority of 34—Lord John Russell makes another attempt to remove the Disability of Jews by moving to bring in a Bill to extend the operation of the Act 1 & 2 Vict. c. 106, giving a discretion as to the forms in which certain Oaths may be administeredLeave is given after considerable Debate and a Division in favour of the Motion of 246 to 154-Pending the progress of the Bill, a new solution of the difficulty is proposed, by applying to the case the Act 5 & 6 Will. IV. c. 62, which allows a Solemn. Declaration to be substituted in lieu of an Oath-Lord John Russell moves for a Select Committee to consider the applicability of this Act to the case-Lord Palmerston assents to the Committee, which is appointed, and finally reports that the Act is not applicable to Oaths taken by Members of the House-Lord John Russell gives notice that early in the ensuing Session he shall bring the subject again before Parliament.—The Ballor—Mr. H. Berkeley renews his Annual Motion on the 30th of June-His Speech-The Motion is seconded by Sir John Shelley - The Chancellor of the Exchequer and Lord John Russell speak in opposition to the Motion, which is rejected on a Division by 257 against 189.

THE question of the admission by persons not Roman Catholic;

1 of persons professing the Jew the object of the change being to ish religion into Parliament, which relieve Christians from oaths they had been for so many years agi- ought not to take, and do away tated without success, derived a with those words that exclude fresh impulse from the general Jews from Parliament. After readelection, as well from the fact of ing portions of the oaths with a Baron Rothschild being again re- running commentary, and explainturned by the City of London, as ing what he should keep and what from the attention called to the throw away, Lord Palmerston read subject and the pledges given by the form of the one oath, which candidates to their constituents he proposed to substitute for the at the various elections. The al- three. teration of the oath taken by “I do sincerely promise and members in the House of Com- swear that I will be faithful and mons, with a view both to the ad- bear true allegiance to Her Majesty mission of Jews to sit and to the Queen Victoria, and will defend rejection of the absurd and useless her to the utmost of my power abjurations which the existing form against all conspiracies and atcontained, was one of the first ob- tempts whatever which shall be jects which Lord Palmerston an- 'made against her person, crown, nounced among the measures of his or dignity; and I will do my utGovernment for this Session. On most endeavour to disclose and the 18th May the House of Com. make known to Her Majesty, her mons went into Committee for the heirs and successors, all treasons consideration of this subject. Be- and traitorous conspiracies which fore stating the alterations that he may be formed against her or should propose, Lord Palmerston them; and I do faithfully promiso apologised to Lord John Russell to maintain, support, and defend, for taking out of his hands a ques- to the utmost of my power, the tion which he had dealt with in a succession of the crown, which sucmanner that entitled him to great cession, by an Act intituled “An credit. He assured him that he Act for the further limitation of now took up the subject solely be the Crown and better securing the cause it appeared likely that the rights and liberties of the subject,' measure proposed would have more is and stands limited to the Princess chance of passing if it originated Sophia, Electress of Hanover, and with the Government.

the heirs of her body being ProThe moment was peculiarly fa- testants, hereby utterly renouncing vourable for dealing with the sub- and abjuring any obedience or alject, because every member had legiance unto any other person recently been compelled to sub- claiming or pretending a right to scribe to oaths containing many the crown of this realm: and I do things repugnant to his feelings. declare that po foreign prince, The changes intended to be pro- person, prelate, state, or potentate, posed applied solely to oaths taken bath or ought to have any jurisdic

tion, power, superiority, pre-emi- measure will be carried by a large nence, or authority, ecclesiastical majority of the House ; and then, or spiritual, within this realm.” if the opinion of the House

Lord Palmerston concluded with should be stamped upon the Bill a brief recapitulation of the chief in approbation of the principle it arguments for the admission of contains, I cannot but indulge the the Jews.

sanguine expectation that those “ The exclusion of the Jews obstacles which elsewhere have is the last remnant of prejudice hitherto impeded the realisation and intolerance with which we have of the ardent wishes of my noble to deal. What is it that you fear friend the member for the City from admitting Jews to Parliament? of London may give way to an Are you afraid that the admission impulse proceeding from a new of a few Jews will shake the Chris- House of Commons, and that at tian religion? Why, sir, I have last we may have the satisfaction of heard of many Jews who have giving the finishing stroke to that become Christians, but it never fell which has been too long delayed, to my lot to hear of a Christian but which I hope will now be conwho became a Jew. The progress ceded.” of mankind is governed by laws Sir Frederic Thesiger said he which admit of no retrogression. should not oppose the introduction The Old Testament prepared the of the Bill; but he wished, for the way for the New Testament, but sake of consistency, that the Gothe New Testament will never lead vernment had treated this quesus back to the Old. Of what, then, tion as it had treated all other are we afraid? We cannot for a questions of Parliamentary reform. moment suppose that the intro- Mr. Locke King was told the other duction into this House of a few night not to carry further his Bill persons professing the Jewish re- dealing with property qualification. ligion will at all affect the Chris- This was a question of oath qualitian character of the country. I fication; why should not it also be am convinced that such members, postponed ? For the benefit of from their knowledge and intelli- the new members, Sir Frederic gence, would render us material gave a history of the Jew question assistance in our deliberations; from 1831 to the present time. their position as men of consider. It was not a question of civil and able property would be a guarantee religious liberty, but a question of for their interest in the welfare of power. the country; and by admitting Lord John Russell, in reference them to Parliament we should carry to the apology offered by Lord out that system of liberal legislation Palmerston, said that he should for the establishment of religious have given him the same advice as liberty which has of late years those most interested in the quesmade so much progress. I trust, tion. The measure had a far better therefore, that the House will give chance of success in the hands of its most serious attention to this Government; and as he only desubject. Many Members of the sired to see it carried, he could not House are unfettered by pledges, feel at all envious. He briefly reand are free to act upon their own plied to Sir Frederic Thesiger. judgment. I do trust that this Sir Frederic was not under the ban,

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