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the opinion of the Duke of Wel- ests of the empire and allay party lington and other eminent authori- feeling, he should repeat the vote ties, who were adverse to the mea, he gave in 1850. sure. Mr. Vance, his colleague in Mr. Bagwell opposed the resothe representation, urged strongly lution. He asked whether it was the loss which his constituents proper that a measure of reform would incur by the abolition of the should be introduced which was Viceregal Court, and contended not called for by the people, there that they would suffer by a reduc. being no movement in Ireland in tion in the value of house property its favour. Ireland, he said, had and otherwise, and would be en- been swindled out of the Union, titled to claim compensation for and that was a reason why the real the injury.

wishes of the people should be Mr. Whiteside said, if Mr. Roe- consulted upon this question. buck had proposed to identify the Mr. Maguire pronounced the policy by which Ireland was to be office of Lord Lieutenant an utter governed with that of England, and a worthless sham, and denied and had a plan for working out that the Viceroy had any hand in that object, he would support his bringing about the present pros. resolution. But such a plan re- perity of Ireland. If applied to, quired a vast amount of prelimi- he acknowledged himself to be a nary inquiry and consideration, mockery, being obliged to consult and this was, in his opinion, a fatal his superiors, the Cabinet in Engobjection to the motion. He was land. The influence of the Vicebound to say that he did not think regal Court was injurious, he said, the prosperity of his country bound to all classes, and was especially up with a Lord-Lieutenant. demoralising to the people of Dub

Sir W. Somerville, who had been lin. He should not, however, vote Chief Secretary for Ireland, sup- for the resolution, which did not ported the original motion. He offer any equivalent. regretted the unavoidable absence Mr. Horsman replied to certain of Lord J. Russell, whose opinion remarks of Mr. Whiteside upon in favour of the abolition of this the appointments made by Lord office, he knew, had undergone no Carlisle, who, he asserted, had change ; he (Lord John) thought adopted a strict rule postponing the conciliatory measures adopted political influence to competency of late towards Ireland, the practi- and merit. With reference to the cal diminution of distance, and the question before the House, acknowadvantages attending a direct in- ledging the moral as well as matetercourse between Ireland and rial improvement of Ireland, he Downing-street and Whitehall, remarked that she was but just took away the reasons for retain- beginning to find her feet, and reing the office. He (Sir W. Somer- quired to be watched as a convaville) thought the present a round- lescent, and the question was, about, unsatisfactory system, and whether the abolition of the office that Ireland would gain by its re- of Lord-Lieutenant would conduce moval. Believing that the abolition to her well-being. He had conof the Viceroyalty would not only versed with all ranks and classes tend to the improvement of Ire- in Ireland regarding its good goland, but would benefit the inter- yernment and future, and he had

found their opinion favourable to the previous question, and even the abolition of the office. At the those who thought that, as an absame time, they would not have stract proposition, the office of voted for this motion for the same Lord-Lieutenant might be disreason that influenced him. It pensed with, might vote for the was one thing to condemn and an- previous question, which meant other to re-construct, and unless that the motion was not one which the Government saw what was to it was desirable for Parliament to be substituted for the Lord-Lieu- entertain. Lord Palmerston pro. tenant, they could not adopt the nounced a warm eulogy upon the resolution. He thought this was present Viceroy of Ireland, observone of the questions of reform ing that there never was a Lordwhich should be left to the consi. Lieutenant who enjoyed more fully deration of the Government. the affections of the people he was

Mr. P. O'Brien considered the sent to rule. retention of the Viceroyalty to be Mr. Disraeli said the motion was a matter of contract with the Irish unquestionably of no ordinary chanation.

racter; it proposed to make a great Mr. Blake made some observa alteration in the Administration of tions in vindication of the present Ireland, and the House should have Lord-Lieutenant.

the reasons before it which renLord Palmerston said there was dered such an alteration expedient no denying the importance of this and necessary. No reasons of that question ; but this was an abstract kind had, however, been laid before resolution which, if adopted, ought the House. Accusations had been to be followed up by some practical made against the Lord-Lieutenant, measure to carry it into effect. but they were not justified in voting Mr. Roebuck, however, had left that for the resolution unless the enortask to others, without suggesting mities of the office were so obvious, any arrangement by which the Go- the public discontent so overwhelmvernment of Ireland might be car ing, and the Ministry so negligent ried on, after the adoption of a reso that the House of Commons ought lution, at the conclusion of the ses- ' to come forward to provide a remedy sion, condemning the existing state for the wrong. This was not their of things, rendering that state of position, and their only course was things inefficient for the Govern- to vote for the previous question, ment during a long period of time, which implied that it was not conThis was a very inconvenient me venient at the present time to disthod of proceeding on a grave cuss the motion question of this kind. The question After a few words from Mr. was one surrounded with great dif- Conolly, and a reply from Mr. ficulties, and he was not prepared Roebuck, the House divided, when at the present moment to propose the previous question was carried any arrangement that would be by 266 to 115. Consequently the satisfactory. He should vote for original resolution was not put.

CHAPTER VI.

GREAT MUTINY IN INDIA-Discussions in Parliament on that subject

-The Earl of Ellenborough, on the 9th of June draws the attention of the House of Lords to the state of affairs in the East IndiesHis Speech, and Earl Granville's Answer-Mr. D. Kinnaird moves Resolutions in the House of Commons with respect to Grievances in the Administration of IndiaSpeeches of Mr. Vernon Smith, Sir E. Perry, Lord John Russell, Mr. Mangles, and other MembersThe previous Question is moved and carried by 119 to 18-On the 29th of June the Earl of Ellenborough again makes a Statement in the House of Lords, and offers various suggestions as to the Measures required in the alarming position of affairs in India-Lord Granville offers Explanations on behalf of the Government-In the House of Commons Mr. Disraeli addresses a series of Questions to the President of the Board of Control-Speech of Mr. Vernon Smith in answer-On the arrival of further news from India, Lord Ellenborough again presses the Government with inquiries and suggestions -Speeches of Lord Granville and of Lord Melville-Lord Palmerston in the House of Commons gives an account of the Measures determined on by Government-Debate on the best mode of transport for troops to India-Preference given by Sir Charles Wood to sailing ships over steam vessels -- Unfortunate result of that decision-On the 29th of July Mr. Disraeli makes a formal Motion on the Administration of India, which he introduces in a long and elaborate Speech-Speeches of Mr. Vernon Smith, Sir E. Perry, Mr. Whiteside, Mr. Mangles, and Lord John Russell, who moves as an Amendment an Address to the Queen, expressing the resolution of the House to support the Crown in quelling the rebellion-Lord Palmerston and other Members--- After a Division negativing by a great majority the adjournment of the Debate, Lord John Russell's Amendment is carried, nem. con.--Debate in the House of Lords on East Indian Administration, on the Motion of Lord Clanricarde.--The War with Persia-Mr. Roebuck moves Resolutions impugning the conduct of the Government in regard to the hostilities with PersiaThe Chan. cellor of the Exchequer vindicates the War and the GovernmentSpeeches of Mr. Baillie, Lord Bury, Mr. Danby Seymour, Lord John Russell, Mr. Walpole, Mr. Vernon Smith, Mr. Gladstone, Lord Palmerston and Mr. Disraeli --The Motion is negatived by 352 to 58

- The Chancellor of the Exchequer proposes a Vote to contribute one moiety of the expenses of the Persian War in aid of the East India Company- After a desultory Debate, the Motion is agreed to.- EMBODIMENT OF THE MILITIA-Lord Panmure moves a Bill to give the Government powers to embody the Militia during the recess of Par. liamentThe Earls of Derby and Hardwicke taunt the Government with their vacillation on this subject-Earl Granville replies to the charge-On the Third Reading of the Bill in the House of Commons a general Debate ensues on the military preparations and measures in IndiaThe Bill is passed.

TN another part of this volume night the report of the incendiary I will be found a narrative of that fires at Umballah and the tele

sastrous military insurrection in graphic message respecting the the East Indies which forms the mutiny of the cavalry at Meerut. most prominent event in the his. “I read," said the noble Lord, tory of the present year. The first “in the latest accounts from India, intelligence of the outbreak reached that between the 16th and 25th of this country at the commencement April there were seven incendiary of the month of June, and excited fires, and that the 3rd Regiment of a profound feeling of anxiety and Light Cavalry was in open mutiny. alarm, although it was not until How it can be possible that a regisome time afterwards that a sense ment having. no more than 400 of the full importance of the cala- sabres could for one half-hour be mity penetrated the public mind, in a state of open mutiny in the and the imminent danger which cantonment of Meerut is what I menaced the Empire with the total cannot comprehend. At that staloss of our vast possessions in India tion there is, I believe, a force of was adequately realised. The pub. 54 guns, 42 of European and 12 lic feeling on the subject found, as of native Artillery ; there is a regimight naturally be expected, an ment of European Cavalry, the echo within the walls of Parlia- Carabineers ; a battalion of the ment, and, as intelligence of the 60th Regiment, Queen's troops ; increased diffusion of the mutiny and two regiments of Native Inreached our shores from time to fantry. The officer who commands time, questions were put to the that division had the means of putMinisters, and discussions raised ting down any mutiny in half-anfrom time to time in both Houses, hour. Open mutiny is open war, regarding the events which were and it is to be met only as open now beginning to absorb all other war carried on by an enemy in the topics of interest in the public field. I cannot but think that mind. One of the first to notice there must have been some strange these matters in Parliament was misrepresentation and exaggeraLord Ellenborough-a nobleman tion in the accounts which we have who had paid peculiar attention, received from India. I have, howand had had special opportunities ever, looked most carefully into all of gaining information with respect the statements which we have reto Indian affairs. On the 9th of ceived as to these inutinies in the June the noble Earl invited the Bengal territory, and I can come attention of the House of Lords to to no other conclusion than that the mutinies of which such alarm- the source of all that discontent ing accounts had recently arrived. and mutiny is the appréhension He said he should not have done that there is an intention on the so had he not read on the preceding part of the Government to interfere with the religion of the natives. in three sentences to have commuIt is impossible to come to any nicated to the whole country his other conclusion. Now, what has cordial concurrence with everything the Government done to put an which General Hearsey bad said, end to that erroneous impression ? and should he not have made his When the 19th Regiment was dis concurrence with that speech as banded at Barrackpore, there was public as the speech itself was nea passage in a long official paper cessarily made throughout the emanating from the Governor. country? I am convinced that if General in Council, and read to the Governor-General had pursued the soldiery, which was to the effect that course we should have heard that no one could protend that the no more of the incendiary fires, Government had at any time en- nor of the open mutiny at Meerut.. deavoured to interfere with the re. But that course was not taken, and ligion of the people; but I cannot although I absolve the Government find that any notification has been of India, as a Government, from made, as it should have been, at any intention to interfere with the the quarters of every regiment and religion of the natives, I must say throughout the country, of the de. that there have been of late-and termination of the Government to daily increasing of late-circumadhere to its ancient policy of re- stances which were calculated to specting the feelings and prejudices excite in the minds of the natives of the natives. I see no trace of great apprehension upon that subthere having been any general noti- ject. I saw in a newspaper which fication to that effect. It has been I read yesterday, the names of six left entirely to the officers at the or eight colonels, and of important different stations to make any such persons in the civil administration notification as they should think of the country high in office, menfit under the circumstances. When tioned as being connected with mis. the regiment was disbanded at sionary operations, and to my great Barrackpore, General Hearsey ad- astonishment-I can scarcely bedressed it in terms which it is im- lieve it now to be true, though I possible to surpass in reasoning or saw it distinctly stated in the pain eloquence, and he afterwards pers—that the Governor-General addressed the whole of the native himself, Lord Canning, largely infantry at that station, and I do subscribes to every society which not recollect ever to have read at has for its object the conversion of any time or in any history, attri- the natives. My Lords, the Gobuted to any general in command vernor-General of India can do of an army, or to any statesman nothing in his individual capacity. who had to administer the Govern- ( Hear, hear!') He cannot sepament of an empire, any oration rate himself from his public chamore thoroughly reasonable, or racter as Governor-General. He more completely eloquent and con- is essentially the Government of vincing than the speech of General the country. No one looks to any. Hearsey addressed to the army on body else. There may be others that ocnasion. ( Hear, hear!') who think that they are of importAnd what should the course of the ance, but they are not. The only Governor-General have been ? man looked to in India is the GoOught he not, with his own hand, vernor-General. It is not in Eng

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