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" For my own part, I have deli- session he is not required to return berately determined that I shall it, either with an approval or with approve no Bill which I have not a veto, in which case it shall not examined, and it will be a case of be a law.' It may then lie over extreme and most urgent necessity and be taken up and passed at the which shall ever induce me to de- next session. Great inconvenience part from this rule. I therefore would only be experienced in rerespectfully, but earnestly, recom- gard to Appropriation Bills; but, mend that the two Houses would fortunately, under the late excelallow the President at least two lent law allowing a salary, instead days previous to the adjournment of a per diem, to members of Couof each session within which no gress, the expense and inconvenew Bill shall be presented to him nience of a called session will be for approval. Under the existing greatly reduced. joint rule one day is allowed ; but “I cannot conclude without this rule has been hitherto so con- commending to your favourable stantly suspended in practice, that consideration the interests of the important Bills continue to be people of this District. Without presented to him up till the very a representative on the floor of last moments of the session. In Congress, they have for this very a large majority of cases no great reason peculiar claims upon our public inconvenience can arise just regard. To this I know, from from the want of time to examine my long acquaintance with them, their provisions, because the con- they are eminently entitled. stitution has declared that if a Bill

“JAMES BUCHANAN. be presented to the President - Washington, Dec. 8th." within the last ten days of the

CHRONICLE.

JANUARY, 1857.

VIOLENT STORMS. -The less violence throughout the whole

new year was most unpro- length of the Channel. pitiously ushered in with a succes. The disasters on the eastern sion of heavy gales, which caused coast were by far the most numea serious sacrifice of life and pro- rous and appalling. On the rocks perty on all the coasts of the king- at Catcraig, near Dundee, a vessel dom. The gales commenced from was observed to break up without the S.W., on the 1st of the month, the possibility of the spectator's and gradually increased in intensity affording any aid to those on board. until the night of the 4th, when At Hartlepool four vessels were the wind suddenly veered round to said to have gone down with all the N.E., from which quarter it their crews; and similar calamities continued to blow with as much were reported from Shields. Near force as before. As was to be ex- Whitby five vessels were cast pected from this sudden shifting ashore, and Robin Hood Bay wit. of the wind, the greatest disasters nessed the destruction of three occurred on the eastern shores of others, in one instance with all the island; but the western coasts her crew. At Scarborough five did not wholly escape.

more were driven ashore. In On the Welsh coast the storm short, it was said, that, at the raged with so much fury that six smallest computation, 60 vessels wrecks were visible from one spot were on shore between Shields and near Rhyl, and the Point of Ayr Yarmouth, and that more than fiflifeboat, manned with thirteen teen foundered with all on board. practised boatmen, was lost, with Nor was the Kentish coast more all her crew, in a gallant endea fortunate. In addition to other vour to give assistance to a vessel casualties, two large American ships in distress on the morning of the were stranded in the vicinity of the 4th. Further south, on the same Downs. The crew of one was resside of the island, the boisterous cued without much difficulty ; but weather was severely felt, and at the circumstances attending the Bristol and Clifton considerable loss of the other, and the preserdamage was done on shore. Near vation of her crew, created such Penzance a screw steamer is said general interest as to appear deto have foundered with all bands, serving of particular record. On and the storm raged with more or Monday, the 5th, the Northern

VOL. XCIX.

Belle, a vessel of 1100 tons, came Violet, one of the best and strongest to an anchor about three quarters mail packets on the Ostend station, of a mile off Kingsgate. Shortly put to sea from Ostend Harbour afterwards, fears being entertained for Dover. She had a crew of by the spectators on shore that she seventeen, and but one passenger, would part from her anchors, a three others having been alarmed message was sent for the Broad- at the weather, and landed previous stairs lifeboats. The boatmen, with to her sailing. She never arrived their usual alacrity, hastened to at Dover, but her wreck was found the spot, having dragged their the next day, on the outer part of boats over two miles of a rough, the Goodwin, all buried in the hilly country; but it was found sand, with nothing visible at low utterly impossible to launch the water except the tops of the wheels boat, and thus for the rest of that and the steam-chest. Her mail day they were compelled to remain bags were recovered, and from the passive spectators of the distress- care with which provision had been ing scene. The hopes of rescue, made to ensure their floating, it however, were not entirely confined appeared that the last thought of to such assistance as the lifeboats Mr. Mortleman, the mail agent, could afford, for two Margate lug. must have been the performance gers were seen to bear down upon of his duty. The loss of the the fated vessel. One of them, the steamer was attributed to a misVictory, on nearing the Northern take of the lights, caused by the Belle, was struck by a heavy sea, blinding nature of the snowand disappeared immediately, with storm. all her crew. The other, the Ocean, In the same gales the cables of was more fortunate, and succeeded the Submarine Telegraph, both to in placing five men on board the Ostend and Calais, were broken ship. During the night the ship near the South Foreland, by the parted from her anchors, and drove anchor of a driving vessel. on shore, and the dawning light The WEATHER. The winter of disclosed all her crew lashed to 1856-7 presented no phenomena the rigging of the only mast deserving of especial remark. The left standing. These, 23 in num- temperature was much about the ber, were brought ashore by the average-on some days considertwo Broadstairs lifeboats in three ably in excess, and on others someperilous trips. The admiration what in defect; indeed, the chief of the country was greatly at feature was the rapid alternation tracted by the cool daring dis- of heat and cold. The same replayed by the crews of the lugger mark applies to the rain. In and lifeboats, and the appropriate January the amount which fell was gift of a medal to each man, from considerable ; in February an unthe American Ambassador, testi. usually small quantity fell—less fied the gratitude of those who than in any corresponding month were rescued ; and a very hand- since 1851. In March, also, the some subscription was raised for quantity was somewhat in defect; the families of the Margate men and on the whole quarter the de. who had perished.

ficiency from the average was 1} On the same evening, and in inch. March was remarkable for spite of the fearful weather, the storms of snow and hail : the hailstones were of large size, and fleet of war junks, after a fierce pyramidal. The pressure of the but resultless fire, was destroyed, atmosphere was not otherwise re- and when the mail left the Bogue markable than that the barometer was in our hands, the city of Canranged much higher in Februaryton lay under our guns, and the than in either of the adjoining foreign factories were guarded by a months. On the whole, the win- strong body of seamen and marines, ter was rather protracted than reinforced by a party of French and severe, and the month of March Americans, not joining in our very uncomfortable.

quarrel, but simply protecting the In regard to food-a considera interests of their countrymen. tion so important in estimating Such was the sudden and unexthe pressure of the season on the pected commencement of an affair poor-a singular anomaly in the which has since upset a Ministry, prices is noticeable ; for whereas put Canton in the hands of the wheat was at 72s. 4d. a quarter“ barbarians," and may possibly in 1856, it had now fallen to 56s. end in the subversion of the ancient 10d.; while potatoes, last year Chinese polity. 868. a ton, had now risen to 110s. 3. ASSASSINATION OF THE ARCHBeef had risen ten per cent., and BISHOP OF PARIS. — Monseigneur mutton sixteen per cent.

Sibour was promoted to the Arch2. CHINA.-News was received of bishopric of Paris by the Governa serious misunderstanding with the ment of General Cavaignacin 1848, Chinese authorities. On the 8th of on the death of Monseigneur October the Arrow, a small vessel, Affré, who was killed in a vain with a British colonial register, lying attempt to put an end to the conin the Canton River a little below Alict, then at its height, between the foreign factories, was boarded, the insurgents and the soldiers. without any reference having been Monseigneur Sibour found the made to the British Consul, by a archiepiscopal chair as fatal a seat party of the local marine, who tore as it proved to his predecessor, down her flag and carried away her although in his case the arm of whole Chinese crew on charge of violence was nerved by private piracy. The Imperial Commis- hatred, instead of public discord. sioner, Yeh, paying little attention He fell by the hand of one of his to the remonstrances of the British own clergy, under the following Consul, Mr. Parkes, and as little circumstances :-Louis Jean Ver. to those of the Plenipotentiary, ger was born at Neuilly-sur-Seine, it was left to the paval Commander- in the year 1826. Placed at school in-Chief, Sir Michael Seymour, to by the charity of the Sisters of exact satisfaction for the past and Neuilly, it was found necessary to security for the future. Menaces expel him for dishonesty. In spite being found of no avail, and one of this he contrived to find friends term of grace after another having and education, and at 23 became expired, the Admiral was at last a priest. Returning to Paris, he compelled to act. Fort after fort found employment with the Curé along the river was reduced with of St. Germain l'Auxerrois, who little or no loss on either side; the paid his debts, and was repaid with public buildings within the city calumnies. Deprived in consewere then shelled ; a formidable quence, Verger wearied the Arch

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[1857 bishop with prayers for employ. pious a doctrine as that of the Imment; and the Archbishop procured maculate Conception. He was him an appointment from the subsequently brought to trial, and, Bishop of Meux. Here Verger's after a display of great violence, in violence, and the sermons he consequence of which he was preached against the dogma of the several times removed from the Immaculate Conception, again Court, convicted of the crime of caused him to be suspended. He murder without extenuating cir. then came to Paris ; and, unable cumstances. The defence set up to obtain a removal of the inter- by his counsel was lunacy. He dict, he, on the 26th of December was executed on the 30th of

-80 he admitted-conceived the January, in the Place de la Ro-
idea of murdering the Archbishop quette. The funeral of the Arch-
On the 3rd of January, the Arch- bishop was attended by an immense
bishop was to take part in a pro- crowd of people, who evidently
cession at the Church of St. sought by their presence and de-
Etienne du Mont, in honour of meanour, to testify the respect
St. Geneviève. Thither Verger they bore to their murdered pre-
betook himself, carrying with him late. It took place on the 10th of
a large Catalan knife. He arrived January, when the body of the
about 2 P.M. Having consulted venerable ecclesiastic was con-
the list of the ceremonies, he first signed, with all the solemnities of
placed himself near a bench with Romish pomp, and amidst the
the intention of striking the Arch- gloom of a winter day, to the
bishop when he should enter to vault set apart for the interment of
hear the sermon; but afterwards, the Archbishops of Paris. The
when he reflected that many of unfortunate prelate, Marie Do-
the priests had been his fellow- minique Auguste Sibour, was born
students, and might, on recognising in 1792; he was consequently in
him, prevent the execution of his his 65th year, though he look-
plan, he quitted the bench and ed several years younger. He
placed himself in the nave, where was named Bishop of Digne in
he remained during the entire 1839: and was promoted to the
ceremony. After the procession Archdiocese of Paris in August,
was over, and when, previous to 1848, by the Government of
entering the vestry, the Archbishop General Cavaignac. He is said to
had turned round to bless the have exhibited much talent in the
people, the assassin rushed for- administration of the diocese of
ward and plunged his knife into Paris : and was respected for the
the prelate's breast, exclaiming as purity of his life and his eminently
he delivered the blow, “No God- Christian virtues.-Cardinal Mor-
dess." The Archbishop fell with lot, Archbishop of Tours, has been
a cry of “Le malheureux," and selected to receive the vacant
being carried into the restry, ex- mitre.
pired immediately that absolution The “RESOLUTE."— The for-
had been given to him. The mur- mal surrender of the Arctic ship
derer was at once arrested, and Resolute to the British Govern-
being questioned as to the meaning ment took place on the 30th of De-
of his words, replied that he cember last at Portsmouth. This
wished to protest against so im- ship, which formed one of the

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