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De Tocqueville's American Institutions.


BY ALEXIS DE TOCQUEVILLE. WITH NOTES, BY HON. JOHN C. SPENCER. - 1 vol. 8vo. This book is the first part of De Tocqueville's larger work, on the Republic of America, and is one of the most valuable treatises on American politics that has ever been issued, and should be in every library in the land. The views of a liberalminded and enlightened European statesman upon the working of our country's social and political establishments, are worthy of attentive perusal at all times; those of a man like De Tocqueville have a higher intrinsic value, from the fact of his residence among the people he describes, and his after position as a part of the republican government of France. The work is enriched likewise with a preface, and carefully prepared notes, by a well-known American statesman and late Secretary of the Navy. The book is one of great weight and interest, and is admirably adapted for the district and school library as well as that of the private student. It traces the origin of the Anglo-Americans, treats of their social condition, its essential democracy and political consequences, the sovereignty of the people, etc. It also embraces the author's views on the American system of townships, counties, &c.; federal and state powers; the judiciary ; the constitution; parties; the press; American society ; power of the majority, its tyranny, and the causes which mitigate it; trial by jury; religion; the three races; the aristocratic party; causes of American commercial prosperity, etc., etc. The work is an epitome of the entire political and social condition of the United States.

“ M. De Tocqueville was the first foreign anthor who comprehended the genius of our institutions, and who made intelligible to Europeans the complicated machinery, wheel within wheel, of the state and federal governments. His • Democracy in America' is acknowledged to be the most profound and philosophical work upon modern republicanism ihat bus yet appeared. It is characierized by a rare union of discernment, reflection, and candor; and though occasionally tinged with the author's pecutarties of education and faith, it mny be accepted as in the main a just and impartial criticism upon the social and political features of the United States. The publishers have now sought to adapt it as a text-book for higher seminaries of learning. For this purpose they have published the first volume as an independent work, thus avoiding ihe author's speculations upon our social habits and religious condition. This volume, however, is unmutilated--the author is left throughout to speak for himself; but where at any point he had misapprehended our system, the defect is supplied by notes or paragraphs in brackets from the pen of one mort thoroughly versed in the history, the legislation, the administration, and the jurisprudence of our country. This work will supply a felt deficiency in the educational apparatus of our higher schools. Every man who pretends to a good, and much more to a liberal education, should master the principles and philosophy of the institutions of his country. In the hands of a judicious lencher, this volume will be an admirable text-book."- The Independent,

*** Having had the honor of a personal acquaintance with M. De Tocqueville while he was in this country; having discussed with him many of the topics treated of in this book; having entered deeply into the feelings and sentiments which guided and impelled him in his task, and having formed a high admiration of his character and of this production, the editor felt under some obligation to aid in procuring for one whom he ventures to call his friend, a hearing from those who were the objects of his observations.' The notes of Mr. Spencer will be found to elucidate occasional misconceptions of the translator. It is a most judicious text-book, and ought to be read carefully by all who wish to know this country, and to trace its power, position, and ultimate destiny from the true source of philosophic government, Republicanism--the people. De Tocqueville, believing the destinies of civilization to depend on the power of the people and on the principle which so grandly founded an exponent on this continent, analyzes with jealous cire and peculiar critical acumen the tendencies of the new Democracy, and candidly gives his approval of the new-born giant, or points out and warns him of dangers which his faithful and independent philosophy foresees. We believe the perusal of his obfervations will have the effect of enhancing still more to his American readers the structure of their government, by the clear and profound style in which te presents it.”--- Apucrican Review


De Tocqueville's Great

Work on America.



" This sterling work on the genius of the Political Institutions of the United States has long been regarded as a classical production. The London Times, among ng merous other bigh critical authorities, pronounces it the most profoundly pbilosophica and able work ever written on the subject of which it treats. Similar distinguished praise is awarded to it as an elucidation of the theory of the Democratic principle, and the mode of its practical operation in America. This erudite work, by M. de Tocque ville, has attracted great attention throughout Europe, as well as this country, wher, it is appealed to as the standard authority on the subject.”

"M. De Tocqueville shows himself to be an original thinker, an acute observer, and an eloquent writer. We regard his work as by far the most philosophical, ingenious and instructive which has been produced in Europe on the subject of America. Then is no eulogy in it, no detraction; but throughout a manly love of truth. The observa tions of the author uniformly discover a high degree of acuteness and discrimination This valuable work cannot be read either in Europe or America without working nex and profitable trains of thought.”— North American Review.

* M. De Tocqueville's able volumes have conferred upon him the highest rank as a political writer; his practical observations have been tested by the most competent judges-the Americans and the English ; and his speculative inquiries have been applauded and cited by the first statesmen of the age, whilst they have taken their place amongst the most valuable resnits of modern political science. But the language of panegyric is not required to draw attention to this book, or to enhance its value; we only trust that it may be as generally and profitably studied as it has been wisely and conscientiously written."--- British and Foreign Quarterly Reriew.

“De Tocqueville's great work on the United States has received universal commendation. After the French Revolution of 1830, De Tocqueville came to the determination to visit the l'nited States, study our institutions of government, and report the results of his investigations. lle hnd a distinct conception of the democratic principle. It was his aim to discover the manner of its embodiment, and the practical illustration given to it by our institutions. He examined the structure of government, in all its parts, as it here exists; in its legislative, executive, and judicial forms; and in all its grades of operation, from that of the federal government of the l'nion, down to those little communities, the townships; and including, of course, the State governments, and the organizations of counties, cities, and towns. He investigated the character of each of these distinct organizations, and the nature and extent of the powers confided to each of them. A profound admiration was awakened for the author, at the extent of his research, his philosophical depth and fidelity to truth, his cool candor, and his patriotic devotion to the democratic theory of government. No writer, Lefore or sinco, has made so profound an analysis of our institutions as De Tocqueville. The whole machinery of government is reviewed by him, and a critical examination is made of its structure, its operations, its excellences, and its dezects. No library should be without De Tocqueville; no class should leave a college or a high school until they have taken ther first great lesson in democracy, (using the word in no party sense,) from the profound teachings of De Tocqueville." - Worceste Palladium.



Mansfield's Life of General Scott.




This work gives a full and faithful narrative of the important events with which the name and services of General Scott have been connected. It contains numerous and ample references to all the sources and documents from which the facts of the history are drawn. Illus. trated with Maps and Engravings. 12mo. 350 pages.

From the New York Tribune. We have looked through it sufficiently to say with confidence that it is well lone--a valuable addition to the best of American biographies. Mr. Mansfield does his work thoroughly, yet is careful not to overdo it, so that his Lise is some. thing better than the fulsome panegyrics of which this class of works is too gen. ra!!y composed. General Scott has been connected with some of the most firring events in our national history, and the simple recital of his daring deeds warms the blood like wine. We commend this well printed volume to general perusal.

From the N. Y. Courier and Enquirer. This volume may, both from its design and its execution, be classed among what the French appropriately call “memoirs, to serve the cause of history," blending, as it necessarily does, with all the attraction of biographical incidents, much of the leading events of the time. It is also a contribution to the tund of true national glory, that which is made up of the self-sacrificing, meritorious, and perilous services, m whatever career, of the devoted sons of the nation.

From the U. S. Gazette, (Philadelphia.) 1 beautiful octavo volume, by a gentleman of Cincinnati, contains the above welcome history. Among the many biographies of the eminent officers of the army, we have found that that of General Scott did not occupy its proper place ; but in the “authentic and unimpeachable history" of his eventful life now presented, that want is satisfied.

From the Cleveland (Ohio) Daily Herald. We are always rejoiced to see a new book about America, and our country. men, by an American-especially when that book relates to our history as a na. tion, or unrolls those stirring events in which our prominent men, both dead and living, have been actors. As such we hail with peculiar delight and pride the work now before us, it has been written by an American hand, and dictated by an American heart-a heart deeply imbued with a love of his native land, its institutions, and distinguished men.


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A History of its origin, with a detailed Account of the Victones

which terminated in the surrender of the Capital, with the Official Despatches of the Generals. By EDWARD D. MANSFIELD, Esq Ilustrated with numerous Engravings.

From the Philadelphia North American Mr. Mansfield is a writer of superior merit. His style is clear, nervous, and impressive and, while he does not encumber his narrative with useless ornament, his illustrations are singularly apt and siriking. A graduate of West Point, he is of course familiar with military operations; a close and well-read student, he has omitted no sources of information necessary to the purposes of his work; and a shrewd and investigating observer, he sees in events not alone their outward aspects, but the gerins which they contain of future development. This qualified, it need hardly be said that his history of the war with Mexico deserves the am. plest commendation

From the Ver York Tribune. A clear, comprehensive, and manly history of the war, is needed, and we are glad to find this desideratum supplied by Dir. Mansfield's work.

From the New York Courier and Enquirer. This is really a history, and not an adventurer's pamphlet destined to live for the hour and then be forgotien. It is a volume of some 360 pages, carefully written, from authorities weighed and collated by an experienced writer, educated at West Point, and therefore imbued with a just spirit and sound views, illustraled by plans of the battles, and authenticated by the chief official despatches.

The whole campaign on the Rio Grande, and that, unequalled in brilliancy in any annals, from Vera Cruz to the city of Mexico, are unrolled before the eyes of the reader, and he follows through the spirited pages of the narrative, the daring bands so inferior-in every thing but indomitable will and unwavering self-reliance, and military skill and arms--to the hosts ihat opposed il'em, but opposed in vain.

We commend this book cordially to our readers.

From the Baptist Register, Urrca. The military studies of the talented editor of the Cincinnati Chronicle, admi. rably qualified him to give a truthfui history of the stirring events connecied with the unhappy war now raging with a sister republic; and though he declares in bis preface that he felt no pleasure in tracing the causes, or in contemplating the progress and final consequences of the conflict, yet his graphic pages give proof of his ability and disposition to do justice to the important portion of our nation's nistory he has recorded. The very respectable house publishing the book, have done great credit to the author and his work, as well as to themselves, in the handsome style in which they have sent it forth.


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