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Printed for the use of the
Committee on Expenditures in the Executive Departments

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COMMITTEE ON EXPENDITURES IN THE EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS

GEORGE D. HOMEE FERGUSON, Michigan BOTJEKE B. HICKENLOOPER, Iowa JOHN W. BEICKER, Ohio EDWAED J. THYE, Minnesota JOSEPH E. MCCARTHY, Wisconsin IEVING M. IVES, New York

AIKEN, Vermont, Chairman

JOHN L. McCLELLAN, Arkansas
JAMES O. EASTLAND, Mississippi
CLYDE R. HOEY, North Carolina
GLEN H. TAYLOR, Idaho
A. WILLIS ROBERTSON, Virginia
HERBERT R. O'CONOR, Maryland

J. H. Macomber, Jh., Clerk

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CONTENTS

Statement by— Page

Bridges, Hon. Styles, chairman, Appropriations Committee, United

States Senate 256

Buck, Hon. C. Douglass, chairman, Committee on the District of

Columbia, United States Senate 255

Burdette, Franklin L., professor of government and politics, University

of Maryland 187

Chamberlain, Lawrence H., professor of public law and government,

Columbia University 262

Galloway, Dr. George B., Legislative Reference Service, Library of

Congress 117

Gurney, Hon. Chan, chairman, Armed Services Committee, United

States Senate 255

Heller, Robert, chairman of the National Committee for Strengthening

Congress 36

Hines, Lewis G., national legislative representative, American Federa-

tion of Labor 250

Huber, Arista, Secretaries' Club, House of Representatives 260

Kaufman, Irving R., special assistant to the Attorney General 88

Kefauver, Hon. Estes., a Representatives in Congress from Ten-

nessee 259

Knutson, Hon. Harold, chairman of Committee on Ways and Means,

House of Representatives 252

La Follette, Hon. Robert M., Jr., former Senator from Wisconsin 59

Millikin, Hon. Eugene D., a United States Senator from Colorado 215

Monroney, Hon. A. S. Mike, a Representative in Congress from

Oklahoma 79

Pepper, Hon. Claude, a United States Senator from Florida 223

Smith, George H. E., Majority Policy Committee, United States

Senate 159

Stone, Mrs. Kathryn H., League of Women Voters of the United

States 199

Taft, Hon. Robert A., a United States Senator from Ohio 33

Wiley, Hon. Alexander, chairman, Committee on the Judiciary, United

States Senate 253

Zeller, Belle, professor of political science, Brooklyn College, New

York 98

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EVALUATION OF
LEGISLATIVE REORGANIZATION ACT OF 1946

MONDAY, FEBKXTARY 2, 1948

United States Senate,
Committee On Expenditures
In The Executive Departments,

Washington, D. C. The committee met, pursuant to call, at 10:15 a. m. in the committee room, Senate Office Building, Senator George D. Aiken (chairman of the committee) presiding.

Present: Senators Aiken, Thye, McClellan, and Hoey. Also present: E. B. Van Horn, committee staff director. The Chairman. The committee will come to order. This is a hearing of the full Committee on Expenditures in the Executive Departments on the subject of the Legislative Reorganization Act of 1946. The act, Public Law 601 of the Seventy-ninth Congress, provides in section 102 (1) g (2) (C)—■

such committee shall have the duty of * * * evaluating the effects of laws enacted to reorganize the legislative and executive branches of the Government.

The act is, of course, the reorganization of the legislative branch. A copy will be included in the record of the hearing at the conclusion of my statement.

The act went into effect on the first day of the first session of the Eightieth Congress and many people consider it to be the most thoroughgoing reorganization which Congress has ever attempted. We have now had one full year of operation under the act and it is desirable that we take stock of our position; that we determine wherein the act has been effective; and that we attempt to strengthen it in the places where it may be weak. That is the purpose of these hearings.

We wish to develop every side of the questions which will be raised and we shall have testimony from both major political parties, from congressional leaders, from committee chairmen, and from outside experts who have studied the effectiveness of the act without becoming enmeshed in its day-to-day operations. It is anticipated that hearings will be held today, tomorrow, and Wednesday, and that they will then be adjourned to February 17, at which time we hope to hear from Senator La Follette, who was one of the two authors of the act, the President pro tempore of the Senate, and others who cannot appear this week. At the conclusion of the hearings, the committee will consider the recommendations which it will wish to make to the Senate.

This morning we are concerned with the broad aspects of the Legislative Reorganization Act and have invited the leaders of the Senate majority and minority parties to testify, along with Mr.

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