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since at a party of North Britons But I should not care to be in habits where a son of Burns was expected; of familiar intercourse with any of and happened to drop a silly expres- that nation. I confess that I have sion (in my south British way), that not the nerves to enter their synaI wished it were the father instead gogues. Old prejudices cling about of the son—when four of them I cannot shake off the story of started up at once to inform me, Hugh of Lincoln, Centuries of inthat “ that was impossible, because jury, contempt, and hate, on the one he was dead.” An impracticable side, -of cloaked revenge, dissimulawish, it seems, was more than they tion, and hate, on the other, between could conceive. Swift has hit off our and their fathers, must, and ought, this part of their character, namely to affect the blood of the children. their love of truth, in his biting way, I cannot believe it can run clear and but with an illiberality that neces- kindly yet ; or that a few fine words, sarily confines the passage to the such as candour, liberality, the light
The tediousness of the of a nineteenth century, can close Scotch is certainly proverbial. I up the breaches of such a mighty wonder if they ever tire one another! antipathy. A Hebrew is no where - In my early life I had a passionate congenial to me. He is least disfondness for the poetry of Burns. tasteful on 'Change--for the merI have sometimes foolishly hoped to cantile spirit levels all distinctions, ingratiate myself with his country, as all are beauties in the dark. I men by expressing it. But I have boldly confess that I do not relish always found that a true Scot re- the approximation of Jew and Chrissents your admiration of his com- tian, which has become so fashionpatriot, even more than he would able. The reciprocal endearments your contempt of bim. The latter have, to me, something hypocritical he imputes to your “ imperfect ac- and unnatural in them. I do not quaintance with many of the words like to see the Church and Synawhich he uses ;” and the same objec- gogue kissing and congeeing in awktion makes it a presumption in you ward postures of an affected civility. to suppose
that you can admire him. If they are converted, why do they I have a great mind to give up not come over to us altogether? Burns. There is certainly a brag- Why keep up a form of separation, ging spirit of generosity, a swagger, when the life of it is fled?" If they ing assertion of independence, and can sit with us at table, why do they all that, in his writings. Thomson keck at our cookery? I do not unthey seem to have forgotten. Smol- derstand these half-convertites. Jews lett they have neither forgotten nor christianizing-Christians judaizing forgiven for his delineation of Rory -puzzle me. I like fish or flesh. and his companion, upon their first A moderate Jew is a more conintroduction to our metropolis.- founding piece of anomaly than a Speak of Smollett as a great genius, wet Quaker. The spirit of the synaand they will retort upon you gogue is essentially separative. BHume's History compared with his would have been more in keeping if Continuation of it. What if the his, he had abided by the faith of his torian had continued Humphrey forefathers. There is a fine scorn in Clinker?
his face, which nature meant to be I have, in the abstract, no dis- -of Christians. The Hebrew spirit respect for Jews. They are a piece is strong in him in spite of his proof stubborn antiquity, compared with selytism. He cannot conquer the which, Stonehenge is in its nonage. Shibboleth. How it breaks out, They date beyond the pyramids. when he sings, “ The Children of
* There are some people who think they sufficiently acquit themselves, and entertain their company with relating of facts of no consequence, not at all out of the road of such common incidents as happen every day; and this I have observed more frequently among the Scots than any other nation, who are very careful not to omit the minutest circumstances of time or place ; which kind of discourse, if it were not a little relieved by the uncouth terms and phrases, as well as accent and gesture peculiar to that country, would be hardly tolerable. ---Hlints towards an Essay on Conversation.
Israel passed through the Red Sea !” The indirect answers which QuaThe auditors, for the moment, are as kers are often found to return to a Egyptians to him, and he rides over question put to them, may be exour necks in triumph. There is no plained, I think, without the vulgar mistaking him.-B- has a strong assumption, that they are more given expression of sense in his counte- to evasion and equivocating than onance, and it is confirmed by his ther people. They naturally look to singing. The foundation of his vocal their words more carefully, and are excellence is sense. He sings with more cautious of committing themunderstanding, as Kemble delivered selves. They have a peculiar chadialogue. He would sing the Com- racter to keep up on this head. They mandments, and give an appropriate stand in a manner upon their veracharacter to each prohibition.' His city. A Quaker is by law exempted nation, in general, have not over- from taking an oath. The custom of sensible countenances. How should resorting to an oath in extreme cases, they?—but you seldom see a silly sanctified as it is by all religious anexpression among them. Gain, and tiquity, is apt it must be confessed) the pursuit of gain, sharpen a man's to introduce into the laxer sort of visage. I never heard of an idiot minds the notion of two kinds of being born among them.-Some ad- truth-the one applicable to the somire the Jewish female physiognomy. lemn affairs of justice, and the other I admire it-but with trembling. to the common proceedings of daily Jael had those full dark inscrutable intercourse. As truth bound upon eyes.
the conscience by an oath can be but In the negro countenance, you will truth, so in the common affirmations often meet with strong traits of be- of the shop and the market-place, a nignity. I have felt yearnings of latitude is expected, and conceded tenderness towards some of these upon questions wanting this solemn faces--or rather masks that have covenant. Something less than truth looked out kindly upon one in casual satisfies. It is common to hear a encounters in the streets and high- person say, “You do not expect me ways. I love what Fuller beautifully to speak as if I were upon my oath.” calls—these “ images of God cut in Hence a great deal of incorrectness ebony.” But I should not like to as- and inadvertency, short of falsehood, sociate with them, to share my meals creeps into ordinary conversation; and my good-nights with them-be- and a kind of secondary or laic-truth cause they are black.
is tolerated, where clergy-truthI love Quaker ways, and Quaker oath-truth, by the nature of the cirworship. I venerate the Quaker cumstances, is not required. A Quaprinciples. It does me good for the ker knows none of this distinction. rest of the day, when I meet any of His simple affirmation being received, their people in my path. When I upon the most sacred occasions, witham ruffled or disturbed by any oc- out any further test, stamps a value currence, the sight, or quiet voice of upon the words which he is to use a Quaker, acts upon me as a ventila- upon the most indifferent topics of tor, lightening the air, and taking off life. He looks to them, naturally, with a load from the bosom. But I can- more severity. You can have of him not like the Quakers (as Desdemona no more than his word. He knows, would say) - to live with them.”. I if he is caught tripping in a casual am all over sophisticated with hu- expression, he forfeits, for himself at mours, fancies, craving hourly sym- least, his claim to the invidious expathy. I must have books, pictures, emption. He knows, that his syllatheatres, chit-chat, scandal, jokes, bles are weighed—and how far a ambiguities, and a thousand whim- consciousness of this particular watchwhams, which their simpler taste can fulness, exerted against a person, has do without. I should starve at their a tendency to produce indirect anprimitive banquet. My appetites are swers, and a diverting of the questoo high for the sallads which (ac- tion by honest means, might be illuscording to Evelyn) Eve dressed for trated, and the practice justified, by the angel, my gustó too excited a more sacred example than is proper To sit a guest with Daniel at his pulse. perhaps to be more than hinted at upon this occasion. The admirable which the heated mind of the good presence of mind, which is notorious lady seemed by no means a fit reci. in Quakers upon all contingencies, pient. The guard came in with his might be traced to this imposed self- usual peremptory notice. The Quawatchfulness if it did not seem ra- kers pulled out their money, and forther an humble and secular scion of mally tendered it-so much for teathat old stock of religious constancy, I, in humble imitation, tendering mine which never bent or faltered, in the for the supper which I had taken. Primitive Friends, or gave way to the She would not relax in her demand. winds of persecution, to the violence So they all three quietly put up their of judge or accuser, under trials and silver, as did myself, and marched racking examinations. “ You will out of the room, the eldest and never be the wiser, if I sit here an- gravest going first, with myself closswering your questions till mid- ing up the rear, who thought I could night,” said one of those upright Jus- not do better than follow the example ticers to Penn, who had been putting of such grave and warrantable perlaw-cases with a puzzling subtlety. sonages. We got in. The steps " Thereafter as the answers may went up. The coach drove off. The be,” retorted the Quaker. The as- murmurs of mine hostess, not very tonishing composure of this people indistinctly or ambiguously prois sometimes ludicrously displayed in nounced, became after a time inaulighter instances. I was travelling in dible—and now my conscience, which a stage coach with three male Qua- the whimsical scene had for a while kers, buttoned up in the straitest suspended, beginning to give some non-conformity of their sect. We twitches, I waited, in the hope that stopped to bait at Andover, where a some justification would be offered meal, partly tea apparatus, partly by these serious persons for the seemsupper, was set before us. Mying injustice of their conduct. To friends confined themselves to the my great surprise, not a syllable was tea table. I in my way took supper. dropped on the subject. They sate When the landlady brought in the as mute as at a meeting. At length bill, the eldest of my companions the eldest of them broke silence, by discovered that she had charged for enquiring of his next neighbour, both meals. This was resisted. Mine “ Hast thee heard how indigos go at hostess was very clamorous and po- the India House ?" and the question sitive. Some mild arguments were operated as a soporific on my moral used on the part of the Quakers, for feeling as far as Exeter. ELIA.
TRAVELS OF COSMO THE THIRD, GRAND DUKE OF TUSCANY,
THROUGH ENGLAND, IN 1669.* If any of our readers, instead of a galotti, the scribe of the party), a trip to the Continent this summer, painter,+ and an architect, prepare should prefer visiting a part of our themselves to partake of the good own country, in the company of the fare that every where awaits them. great and learned, they have nothing We trust, however, that none of to do but fall into the suite of the them will have the same motive for hereditary prince of Tuscany (after- quitting home as occasioned Cosmo wards Grand Duke, with the title of to set out on his journey. It was to Cosmo III), and joining six other get rid of an ill-conditioned wife, of Italians of distinction (among whom whom he is said to have been fonder the most remarkable is Lorenzo Ma- than she deserved; but who had
• Travels of Cosmo the Third, Grand Duke of Tuscany, through England, during the Reign of King Charles II. (1669); translated from the Italian Manuscript in the Laurentian Library at Florence ; with a Memoir of his Life, &c. 4to. Mawman, 1821.
† Sigismondo Coccapani was the name of the painter who accompanied the expedition. This could not have been the Florentine artist of that name, mentioned with much commendation in the Abecedario Pittorico of Orlandi, as he died in 1642.
used him so ill, that his father, Fer- the journal is literally translated from dinand II. in order to estrange his “ the Italian manuscript in the Lauaffections from her, had more than rentian library at Florence,” and the once sent him roving about the drawings engraved. An abridgment world. In dutiful compliance with might have been rendered more athis design, the prince, in September musing, but would have lost much 1668, set sail from Leghorn, landed at of its information, and many of the Barcelona, “and passing from thence drawings must have been omitted. to Madrid, in the usual incognito of A fairer report of the book could not princes, traversed the whole western well have been made, than has been part of Spain, and proceeded into given by its editor. Portugal. “A most elaborate ac- Having lost their course at sea, count, we are told, in a life of the the prince with his retinue touched prince, that is prefixed, “ was kept at Kinsale, where the oppression of of all that occurred in these travels, their catholic brethren did not fail to accompanied by designs made upon excite their commiseration. On rethe spot, wherever the royal stranger connoitring the hills in the neighwas received, rested, or was detain- bourhood of that port, they discovered.” These designs, indeed, now formed that the Irish natives « rested on the principal object of curiosity in the bare earth ;” “and lived like what remains of this journal; they wild asts." Sailing from hence are, however, feebly executed, the they land at St. Mary's, one of the perspective of them is very deficient, Scilly islands; and thence proceed and they strongly mark the decline to Plymouth, which, says Magalotti, of art which had then commenced “ in the last century was a poor vilin Florence. The state of manners lage inhabited by fishermen. It is of Spain, at that period, appears to now so increased in buildings and have been nearly what it now is; population, that it may be reckoned but some future traveller, desirous of among the best cities in England, affording information respecting a having between twelve and fifteen country, which has lately engaged so thousand inhabitants."
“ The city much attention in England, might, cannot be seen from the sea, and is in all probability, derive some ad- almost shut up by a gorge of the vantage, by comparing his own de- mountains, on the lowest skirt of signs with those of the artist who which it is situated. Its extent is accompanied Cosmo in the seven- not very considerable. The buildteenth century.
ings are antique, according to the From Lisbon the prince proceeded English fashion ; lofty and narrow, to Corunna, and from thence embark- with pointed roofs, and the fronts ed for England. At this period com- may be seen through, owing to the mences the description of his tour, of magnitude of the glass windows in which a faithful translation is given each of the different stories." The in this volume.
dress of the mayor and aldermen at This account of the actions of a Plymouth, as at every other
corpoprince, in the common occurrences of rate town, does not escape the milife, may, perhaps, be found minute nute notice of the ceremonious Itaeven to tediousness, but this minute- lian. Due respect is every where ness is not destitute of interest. It paid to the illustrious foreigners by opens a transient view of the state of the gentlemen of the country; and the society in England at that time, as far following incident affords a trait of as a prince could be admitted into it: the manners and courtesy of the times. it affords an opportunity to record “ When they had proceeded about a the names, and even the circum- mile, there came galloping up to the stances of many families, who hast- coach Sir Copleston Bampfylde, with ened to show him honour, or to offer his wife and sister. They happened him hospitality; and the drawings to be hunting in that neighbourhood, made of the different towns and and wished not to lose the opportuhouses are highly interesting, parti- nity of performing an act of respect cularly those of London and West- to his highness. The serene" prince minster. At the risk, therefore, of stopped his carriage, and received fatiguing the patience of the reader, their compliments, but did not alight
to salute them, not knowing till way they see Stonehenge,“
a celeafterwards who the ladies were.” brated piece of antiquity, supposed Passing “ through the small village to be a sepulchre or a trophy," where of Halbombridge,” they sleep at his highness alighted from the carOkehampton, and next day reach riage in which he was with Lord Exeter. "We cannot stop to describe Pembroke and his son, and conthe surrounding country, nor the de- versed with them for nearly an hour. voirs of the worthy aldermen, nor If the late Bishop of Worcester the curiosity with which they visited had been living, he might, perhaps, the cathedral, attended the whole of have made an entertaining dialogue the morning service, and saw at it the out of this conference, which, as Bishop with his wife and children, matters are, we must leave in the “ no less than nine in number,” and same obscurity as our worthy guide heard the choir sing the psalms " in a has left it, and having partaken of chant similar to the Gregorian," and the sumptuous entertainment pro“ an organ of most exquisite tone," vided for us at Wilton, amuse ourand “the preacher in his surplice selves with looking at the grotto, the begin his sermon, leaning on a cushion playing fountains, the maze park, placed in the middle of a pulpit;" but and Vandyke's pictures. At Salismust hasten on as well as we can to bury, the cathedral again attracted Axminster, travelling through a the attention of the travellers. road full of water, and muddy, though though the architecture is Gothic in not deep.” On the ninth of April, the all its parts,” no trifling objection party arrives at Hinton St. George, with the Florentines; “yet it is magà villa of my Lord John Paulet, nificent and sumptuous. They say, where in the evening Mr. John Sid- that the windows which light it corney, cousin of my Lord, comes from respond with the days of the year, his villa, six miles distant, bringing the small marble pillars with the his Lady with him to pay his re- hours of a whole year, and the doors spects. “ His highness” knew bet with the twelve months." Pursuing ter how to act to this lady, than the route to London through Sutton, when he met the two huntresses, for Basingstoke, Okested, Egham, and “ he took her by the hand, and con- Brentford (of all which places views ducted her to a gallery hard by, and are given, besides more than thirty departing after a short conversa- others) they make their entry into tion, continued in discourse with the the capital, “ finding the whole tract above gentleman till the close of the of seven miles, after leaving Brentday.” We again regret that we can- ford, truly delicious, from the abunnot stay to speak more particularly dance of well-built villas and counof my Lord's garden, park, deer, try-houses, which are seen in every pheasantry, and the village, and direction.” “ Without the city a church, with its curious monuments. numerous crowd of people were asThe same must be said of the Roman sembled on foot, in carriages, and camp near Dorchester, and of the on horseback, to see the prince pass; manner of angling for trout (so dif- and the names of many noblemen ferent from the Italian) in the small and foreign ambassadors are enumeriver Frome. On the 11th they de- rated, who waited on him at his arpart from Dorchester with a military rival. The account of his introduction escort to secure them from the rob- to Charles II., of the service which bers, who molested this district; and he attended at the chapel of the passing through Blandford, a little Queen, of the different noblemen town of four thousand souls (is this who paid their respects to him, of right? it is more than it contained the etiquette observed at court, of in 1901), arrived safe at Salisbury, the ruins of St. Paul's after the recent having declined the invitation given fire, of the meeting of the Royal Sothern by the Earl of Pembroke, and ciety, of the theatre,—all this is very his son Lord Herbert, to pass the curious. The same may be said of night at Wilton-house; who, how- Cosmo's visit to Newmarket, Camever, were allowed to come with bridge (where, owing to the protheir equipage to fetch his highness nunciation, he did not understand to breakfast next morning. On their the Latiu oration recited in his