페이지 이미지

selves have none of the hesitation the refinement, suavity, and graceand uncertainty of terror arrested ful delicate chastity of this portrait, by pity; of love coinbating self- form its essential bars to popularity. hood; they do not start wildly With respect to the copy, or translaaway, nor bend and knock with tion, by Mr. Golding, it is decidedly joint-loosening dread, nor stiffen ri- inferior to no line engraving of the gidly, as if struck into marble-but present English school. The first they are_graceful, composed, and essential of a print is implicit fidelity elastic. Perhaps this is hyper-criti- to the original,* (which of course we cism. About the Acis I feel more suppose worthy of multiplication); confident,- he is carefully drawn, where the want of this is acknowevery muscle and bone have their ledged the real connoisseur will rights well-acknowledged, and the reject the misrepresentation with expression of his face is far from contempt.. Therefore, the possestame; but precise marking is of little sion of this qualification should, of avail when the outline is pinched and itself, render the present plate vawithout style. Extraordinary genius luable to all admirers of Lawrence; may merge the accidental pettiness if Golding had not also flattered of parts in the overpowering gran- the eye of the print collector by deur of the whole; but an inferior the most varied and appropriate talent, out-balanced by mediocrity, workmanship, firm, delicate, solid, will certainly be smothered as in a airy, clear, rich, and brilliant. The quicksand. Mr. Cook then may be a pathetic tenderness of the eyes, the little proud, that not he himself has great attraction of the large drawing been able to ruin his own composi- (formerly alluded to), is not so pertion, even by such a prominent dis- ceptible in the plate; but its omis figurement. He has lately been very sion is rather the graver's misfortune idle, but I trust we shall meet him than its fault. The expression, though again on the high places, raising his true, was too subtle and ethereal to ears at the loud twang of Homer's bear the touch of steel.-But who is phorminx, and giving chase to the the author of this large Dentatus, thick-thrilling sounds. This print is from Mr. Haydon's well-known picetched with artist-like feeling, by the ture? I am quite ignorant of his firm hand of William Taylor, a young style-where is my glass ? “ Drawn man struggling for fame under great and engraved on wood by Harvey !" disadvantages, and whose execution On wood! So it is by Jupiter! Truly does honour to Mr. Cook's selection. this is the most effectively elaborate LO! here is Mr. Golding's long ex- performance that I ever met with ; pected Princess Charlotte, after Sir and can it be the work of the very Thomas. I have mentioned this pic- young man I have had pointed out ture in terms of the warmest admi- to me as the co-pupil of the Landration (see account of the last Exhi« seers and young Bewick? His arbition) and am not the least inclined dour for excellence, and unwearied to retract, though my opinion has perseverance under the most harrassbeen strongly opposed by several ing privations, were not unknown to who ought to know better than mye me; but who could suppose that raw self; and when I consider how little twenty-one should thus shame'experiSir Thomas's favourites, the old Ita- enced fifty, and create a new era in lian masters, and the antique, are xylography? Up to this day, our hisappreciated among our artists and torical wood-cutters have thought it connoisseurs, I feel quite satisfied that much to follow in some fashion those

* I have heard some people say, that the engraver has been unfaithful to such and such a part only to improve it:--granting the possibility of that occurring, which I am prepared to say never occurred yet, stil, when I would purchase a Leonardo's Last Supper, or a Raffaëllo's Transfiguration, I shall be much disappointed, and (unless previously taught better) much damaged in my taste, if, instead of the severe intelligent lines, and the forcible shadows of the Florentine and the Roman, I am presented with a woolly, metally, indecisive, tame improvement, by that mannered petty toolsman, Raffaelle Morghen--the admiration of fallen, immasculate Italy, and nose-led, wellmeaning England; whose copies bear about the same relation to the pictures, as does' the polished bombast of Pope's Iliad to the downright passion of Ilomer's.

lines ready pencilled by the inventor pursue his studies with more attenon the blocks; but here a good-for- tion to a delicate constitution; which, nothing fellow, taking it into his head secondly, I take it will give you to break through all the established some very comfortable sensations; customs of the craft, copies a picture, and, thirdly, your portfolio or bouand a complex one too, on an out-of- doir will be enriched with nearly the the-way sized piece of box; with largest, and certainly the most astoskill in drawing, knowledge of ana- nishingly tooled wood engraving tomy, fire of expression, character of that England has ever produced : touch, and general feeling, beseeming and, whoever does me the honour to much rather a practised inventor find my judgment amiss, I beg leave than an inexperienced engraver !- to inform him that my name is Van What is not to be apprehended to Vinkbooms, and that I carry a pen! modern art, if such an innovating I have nothing more to say just and radical example is to be spread now about recent publications, exover all the print windows in town? cept to recommend the new volume I see only one way, which is for all (5th) of Mr. Daniel's Coasting Tour, reform-hating loyal people to follow as fully equal in interest to the my example, and unite in buying up fourth. Also, an excellent large his whole edition; and, no doubt, folio etching of Windsor, from the this will be so discouraging to Mr. forest, by Mr. Delamotte, whose StuHarvey, as to induce him (more dies from Nature about Sandhurst Dibdini) to shatter his block. Se- (2. Nos. 4to.) are the most genuine riously, you to whom a guinea is a things of the kind ever published in mite not missed, think, if ye can this country, though a little too painthink, of the super-wretched situation ter-like for beginners. From Gerof the young artist; who, in that many I believe nothing has arrived trying season wher uncertain of lately, but Mr. Bohte has sent me either future fame, or even the means some outline compositions from the of a miserable subsistence, devotes Eleusinian Mysteries which have all his energies to preparatory study much spirit and elegance. The clasby day, while his dim lamp burns sical scholar will be highly pleased till four in the morning, that the few with them, and their price is modeshillings afforded by an obscure pub- rate. In a pocket book edited by lisher for some little desigus, may La Motte Fouqué, are inserted ten or procure him the means of appearing twelve prints illustrative of Undine, among his companions with decency. Hieronymus Von Stauf, &c. very Exhausted in mind, chilled with cold characteristic of the German school. and hunger, he throws his weak fe- From the former most bewitching of vered limbs on a hard old flock-bed, tales, C. F. Schultze has made fourfrom which he awakes to act anew teen designs in outline, which I shall that most pitiable of all characters, notice some time or other; though the poor gentleman! I am very far perhaps more for the delight of refrom wishing the public to take up curring to their ever-fresh source every man who chooses to fancy than on their own account. Still, himself a painter ; but when there is though by no means equal to Retsch, real and great merit suffering under the decorator of Goethe's wonderful sickness of heart and body, shall we dramatic poem, Schultze has in se refuse ourselves a hundred pounds veral instances risen far above meworth of pleasant feelings for the diocrity. Take, for example, the insake of a guinea, which a glass of imitable stunted Gnome, in plate 6; Madeira the less for a day or two and Kühleborn among the 'reeds of will amply make up to us? Recollect the Black Valley, plate 12; two fithis you, who lightly salving your gures pronounced unimprovable by consciences by the plea of necessary a judgment which I have found ineconomy, refuse a shilling or two to fallible. wards a poor family's dinner, and yet The present tendency of British that very evening will carouse deep art is towards mean, hald matter of in "rich-glowing cups.” In the pre- fact; which is just coming round asent instance, I can furnish you with gain to the first state of painting, three incitements. 1st. You will en- when simple undiscriminative imitaable a most deserving aspirant to tion was the sole object; if the eye

was dazzled and deceived, no care and ridicule, on account of some suwas taken for the satisfaction of the perficial eccentricities. I mean Giumind.* This tendency, far from de- lio Pippi, surnamed Romano, the fapressing, fills me with great hopes, vourite disciple, and, in mythic subwhen I consider that Michael An- jects, the successful rival of D'Urgelo, and Raffaëllo, rose from the bino; and also the head of a seruins of similar barbarity. Art is parate school, honoured by the names grown old and imbecile a second of Francesco Primaticcio, Teodoro time, and must, like the phenix, de- Ghisi, Rinaldo Mantovano, Battista vote its crazy shell to the re-produc- Bertano, and Giulio Campi, the Cretion of one stronger and better able monese. The pictures occasionally to exhibit its in-dwelling, never-dying exhibited in England as the works flame. This is the course of nature, of this master, will certainly not bear where life ever springs from death; me out in the following observations a truth beautifully shadowed forth in on his style; neither will the frescos the fable of Medea, who, unable to executed in the Vatican, from the re-invigorate the ruin of what once cartoons of Raffaëllo; but if you was Æson, was forced to decompose, will turn over the folios of Messrs. reduce to its original atoms, and, as Woodburne, Molteno, and Colnaghi, it were, create anew. Though in I think we shall not materially disaEngland the principle of life is still gree. Poussin is vulgarly considered inert, and does not yet feel the in- the most eminent in Grecian fable :fluence of the regenerative fermen- the visitors to Mantua know othertation now working so perceptibly in wise, and that the agility, untramGermany, I do not deem it alto- melled motions, vigour, and earnestgether impertinent to endeavour to ness of Giulio's actors, show a far prepare a few minds to receive pa- deeper penetration into the spirit of tiently and unpetulantly, the tender the traditional days,ếof the age of shoots which will

, I trust, spring up the demi-gods,- than the painted in the good time. There are many statuary of the Frenchman, classical, reasons why the moderns can never and high-thoughts-creating" as it succeed in the pure classical execu- is. « We must form our estimate of tion of any given subject, except at Giulio's powers," says Fuseli, (2d second hand ; and, as the expected lecture) « less from his tutored outbreak will be necessarily some- works at Rome, than from the coloswhat wild and licentious, I think it sal conceptions, the pathetic or subbetter to dispose the public to indul- lime allegories, and the voluptuous gence, by accustoming them to the reveries, which enchant in the Paflights of the romantic masters, than lazzo del T. near Mantua. Whatever to harden their hearts and judgments be the dimension, the subject, or the by insisting on extreme correctness, scenery, minute or colossal, simple, and nice propriety. With such in- or complex, terrible, or pleasing; we tention, I endeavoured to call more trace a mind bent to surprise, or to real and general notice towards the dazzle by poetic splendour. But, suavity, amorous languor, and ser- sure to strike by the originality of pentine grace of Correggio, most his conception, he often neglects procommonly obtained by the sacrifice' priety in the conduct of his subjects, of drawing and truth (once or twice considered as a series ; and, in the even of appropriateness and com- arrangement, or choice of the conmon sense); and, in furtherance of it, necting parts, hurried into extremes I shall try to reconcile the intendenti by the torrent of a fancy more lyric to the somewhat repelling inventions than epic, he disdains to fill the inof a painter apparently far more ex- termediate chasms, and , too often travagant, though, in reality, more leaves the task of connexion to the correct and legitimate; not with any spectator." If the embellishments wish to hold up these derelictions for of this palace testify the inexhaustiimitation or praise, ,but merely to bility of his fancy, and the universality prevent sterling genius from neglect of his pencil, his diversified attain

To simplify and be perspicuous it is necessary to make this broad opposition of terms, though it is neither sufficiently delicate, nor indced strictly philosophical.

ments are displayed in the erection, are starved by the adust rigidity of any notices on the beauties of which his execution. Such are the jarring I shall leave to more able judges. elements of this master's works, The outrageous

contradictions of whose characteristic is an erudite Giulio's tastes and style make it dif- universality. ficult to arrest and stamp him with

Giulio's a mighty raging flood any unmistakeable mark. He has more grand and poetical conceptions Rapid, and warm, and deep, and loud, thạn Raffaëllo, and commits more

Whose force no limit knows. impertinencies than Paolo Veronese. Equal in simplicity to Fra. Bar- He was a decided imitator of the antolomeo, he dislocates more limbs tique ; but it was of the kernel, not than Bandinelli, or Goltzius, No of the shell, like the modern French one ever understood the mechanism school. He thought in their spirit, of the human frame better, and no- instead of copying their remains. body ever played such tricks with it. Thus he was always original and His composition is as compact and racy. The vigorous vitality of his united as his chiaroscuro is unprin- own mind runs through all his comcipled and frittered. It is difficult positions, and, as the Faëry wine to conceive any thing warmer, more tingles, like youth, along the veins of attractive, more in harmony with grey Sherasmin,t so does his breath Tasso's chorus, o bellà età del oro, infuse life into a caput mortuum. He than his amorous groups or Bacchic drags forth some musty mythologic scenery; or more repellant than his fable, re-models it, and, placing it ungenial tone and opaque colour with before our eyes in all its primeval “ its red-bricky lights, violet demi- bloom, commands and obtains our tints, and black shadows.' From sympathies. He will give you an aphis mode of treating them, the most petite for any dish which Ovid has familiar attitudes assume an import- sickened you with, and, like Æneas, ance and novelty, while impossible and Othello, shall tell you his story twists wear without detection the

over and over again, while you shall prerogatives of suppleness. Though listen like Dido and Desdemona. thoroughly imbued with the gran. Even his numerous and offensive exdeur of Homer, and the purity and travagancies serve his purpose of beauty of the antique, he had an in- striking and rivetting his works in cessant itch for grotesque deformity: the mind. Like Fuseli, he may be ill a master of expression, he preferred apprehended, but never despised ; the grimaces of an Italian mounte- you may hate, but cannot forget: bank: with a mind capable of con- this is the prerogative of only true ceiving, and a hand of executing and very high genius. You shall be every thing joyous, gentle, elegant, placed before Carlo Marratti, and be and sublime, he revelled in brutal fore Guido, before Ann. Caracci, Alvulgarity, depressing meanness, and bano, Domenichino, Lanfranco, and diabolical torture, and he drops from Mignard, and stand neuter on the the heaven of sanctity into the abo- question of their merits; but M. Anminations of Caprea.* In his choice gelo's Brazen Serpent, Giulio's Rape of attitudes he is at once endlessly of Hylas, Rembrandt's Crucifixion, • various, and mannered ; in folds and or Fuseli's Hero and Leander, shall

flying curls, apparently natural, yet compel you perforce to an election! * arbitrary; in the luxurious head-dress- It is peace or war-intense love or es of his females, at once antic intense detestation ! and that mere and modern, classical and fantas- wildness will never have this effect tic; and, to crown the whole, his is fully evidenced by Rosso, Spranideas, young, lusty, and full of sap, ger, Van Mander, and Hemskirk.

• In allusion to the lost Aretino prints. Fuseli says, “ some have objected to the character of his physiognomies as more salacious than enamoured, less simple than vulgar, and often dismal and horrid, without being terrible.

+ See Wieland's Oberon, a beautiful romance, much in need of congenial translation. In the mean time, I advise you to read Mr. Sotheby's, if you have not already.

Perhaps this last observation only ap- ment. We have nearly the same plies to those already initiated in the images in both. For either victim theory of the art, inasmuch as it the high groves and forest dells mur. supposes the exercise of critical mur; the flowers exhale sad perfume judgment; and judgment in painting, from their buds; the nightingale as well as in poetry, " is an acquired mourns on the craggy lands, and the talent which can only be produced swallow in the long-winding vales. by deep thought, and a long conti- “ The satyrs too, and fauns darknued intercourse with the best models veiled groan," and the fountain of composition!” This unanswer- nymphs, within the woods, melt into able truth should temper the rashness tearful waters. The sheep and goats of decision, and suggest, " that if leave their pasture; and oreads, painting be a subject on which much " who love to scale the most inaccestime has not been bestowed; the sible tops of all uprightest rocks," judgment may be erroneous; and hurry down from the song of their in many cases must be so.” The wind-courting pines; while the dryproceedings and notions of people who ads bend from the branches of the regard poetry and painting as mat- meeting trees, and the river moans ters of amusement are immaterial ; for white Procris “ with many-soba but those who wish to form their bing streams," taste, and elevate their imagination, Filling the far-seen ocean with a voice. must begin by submitting themselves

Leigh Hunt. humbly to the acknowledged mas- The golden bees are silent on the ters, imputing all want of relish to thymy Hymettus; and the knelling their own immature or distorted vi- horn of Aurora's love no more shall sion, and taking especial care never scatter away the cold twilight on the to risque a criticism, until fully satis- top of Pelion !- The foreground of fied that they enter into, and compre- our subject is a grassy sun-burnt hend, the principles and aim of the bank, broken into swells and hollows object of their study. This will ask like waves (a sort of land-breakers); some pains. The mysteries of Eleusis rendered more uneven by many footwere not penetrated by the aspirants

tripping roots, and stumps of trees in a day: many remained in the por- stocked untimely by the axe, which ches. « Non uti Dædaleam licet om

are again throwing out light green nibus ire Corinthum.. “Every man's shoots. This bank rises rather sud. nose will not make a shoeing horn.” denly on the right to a clustering It happens not to every one to have grove, penetrable to no star, at the brains of sealing-wax, ready to melt entrance of which sits the stunned in the Muse's flame, and take the Thessalian king, holding, between signet of Apollo. One thing, how- his knees, that ivory-bright body ever, is certain : viz. that he who which was, but an instant agone, never sets out will never arrive at parting the rough boughs with her his journey's end.

smooth forehead, and treading alike

on thorns and flowers with jealousyCan we get in easily ? Old Woman. The Greeks got Troy by stung foot; now helpless, heavy, trying for't, sweet wench !

void of all motion, save when the All's got by trying Elton's Theocritus.

breeze lifts her thick hair in mockery: I shall now endeavour to entice

Oh God! what does not one short hour

snatch up you on by a slight descriptive sketch of one or two of Giulio's inventions:

Of all man’s gloss! Still overflows the cup and first for the Cephalus and Pro- of his burst cares ; put with no nerves to

gether, cris ; a composition of seventeen ani- And lighter than the shadow of a feather. mated figures, which, as a whole,

Chapman's Epicedium. bears us to the age when honey stilled from oaks, and when no storms or

From between the closely neighbourfrosts stripped the green roofs from

ed boles astonished nymphs press the wons' of the sylvans. We forward with loud cries; should read Moschus's' Lament for Arid deer-skin-vested satyrs, crown'd with Bion, the sweet Shepherd, before ivy twists, advance; looking at the picture; or study the And put strange pity in their homed counpicture as a preparation for the La- tenance.

« 이전계속 »