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was then due east. The silvery colour be- 16. AM. overcast and drizzling rain at hind the red portion of the parhelion to the intervals : PM. cloudy and fine. In the north of the sun, was so brilliant as scarce- evening a yellow discus halo appeared in ly to be viewed with the naked eye; the an attenuated Cirrostratus, surrounded by parhelion to the south of the sun was form- a dull red colour. A brilliant meteor ed last, and both entirely disappeared passed between the moon and Jupiter at when the clouds had passed off. These 10 PM. and at 11 o'clock, a paraselene mock suns were followed by a faint solar was observed to the north of the moon. halo, and frequent showers in the day. 17. Fine, except dark passing clouds. Vivid lightning and distant thunder pre- 18. AM. an attenuated veil of cloud, vailed throughout the night.

yet warm and pleasant: PM. fine. At 10 7. A moderate gale from SW. and minutes past 8 PM. a meteor with a sparkshowers at intervals, except in the after- ling train appeared between the stars Alamon, which was fine.

mak in Andromeda and Algol in Me. 8. A fair day and night after 9 AM. dusa's head : and between that time and when the veil of cloud moved off by a NW. 10 o'clock, several other meteors were seen wind.

without trains, towards the east. 9. An overcast sky and light showers, 19. A fine sunny day, with a gale from with a brisk SW. gale. At a quarter past NW.: passing beds of Cirrostratus by 8 PM. a coloured meteor, with a short night. At 20 minutes past 8 PM. a bril. train, descended almost perpendicularly from liant meteor, with a train cxtending through behind a large cloud, and appeared to fall a space of about 15° and of a light red coin the western point of the horizon. A lour, passed towards the south, between very stormy night followed.

the Dolphin and Pegasus. In a quarter 10. A showery day, and cloudy and of an hour afterwards, a similar meteor fine by night. At half past 7 AM. a appeared in a northerly direction, and bebright parhelion appeared to the north of, tween this time and 10 o'clock, three and 220 40 radius from, the sun ; and at others without trains. 8 o'clock a perfect rainbow appeared, also 20. Light rain and wind, with little intwo others and a solar halo in the course termission. The swallows, previous to of the day. Between 7 and 8 PM. two their departure, have been congregating faint paraselenæ appeared, one on each side for some days past in this neighbourhood. of the moon, at the exterior edge of a large 21. Steady rain and calm nearly all day solar halo, on the top of which a sinall iñ- and night. After sunset the clouds near verted arc tended to create another para- the western horizon, presented a variety of selene : each of them was 22° 45' distant colours; pale lightning soon afterwards from the moon.

followed, and continued to discharge itself 11. A sunny day, with much Cirrus from the clouds at slow intervals from and Cumulostratus: passing beds of Cir. 7 o'clock till near midnight. rostratus after sunset, in which three co- 22. A Stratus early, followed by a fine loured paraselene appeared between 8 and day, but a moist air ; six small meteors 9 o'clock, one on each side of the moon, appeared in the evening: a clear sky and the other at the top of a large halo that a heavy dew by night. surrounded her : after these rare phenomena 23. AM. overcast and calm : PM. fine, had disappeared, the moon was apparently and six small meteors in the evening. encompassed by a close yellow corona, and 24. Drizzling rain nearly all day: a a green circle 14° in diameter, followed in clear dewy night. the night by heavy showers, and a gale 25. Overcast and showery; and a perfrom SW. this change was previously in- fect rainbow at mid-day. dicated by the sinking of the barometer in 26. Overcast nearly all day: light rain the afternoon.

and an equinoctial gale from the SW. by 12. A fair day, and a continuation of the night. gale from the same quarter : a large lunar 27. Light showers at intervals, and a halo, and a yellow corona encircled by continuation of the gale from the same two rings, followed by a light shower of

quarter. rain.

28. Mostly overcast in the day : a stiff 13. A fair morning: PM. steady rain, gale from the west, with rain in the night. with light shifting winds.

29. Nimbi and frequent showers in the 14. Drizzling rain and light variable day, with a strong gale from NW. and a winds most of the day: a large lunar halo rising barometer : a clear star-light night, and much dew in the night.

four small meteors, and much dew. 15. A Stratus early, followed by a fair 30. AM. fair : PM. overcast, and rain day, with Cumuli, &c., and two winds : in the night. an overcast sky by night.

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Kept at the Observatory of the Naval Academy, Gosport.
The units under a Clouds” represent the days on which each modification of cloud has appeared.

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Days of the Month.
Phases of the Moon.

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30-04129.93 29-985174,55 | 645 82 70

NW

0-03 30.12 30.09 30.105 | 75 61 68

61 / 100 NW to SE 29-9829-9429-960 | 73 64 68-5 80 78

S to SW
29-90 29.83 29-865 | 77 60 | 68-5

67
SW

-05
5
30-01 29.88 29.945 | 72 6066 78 64

sw
6
29-96 29.85 29-905 | 75 64 69-5 75 68

SE

.17 29-7229-67 29.695 | 69 58 63-5 88

SE to SW

13 29-7829.68 29.730 || 68 57 62-5 84 62

NW to SW
2907329-64 29-685 || 70 56 63

66
SW to W

151 54 29-9829-84 29.910 | 70 54 62 85 70

SW to NW

.19 10 30-09 30-02 30-055 70 57 63.5 81 64

W to SW

-24 29.86 29.72 29.790 | 69 54 61:5 96 74

SW to NW

• 251 .02 30-07 30-0230-045 68 561 62 75 58

NW 30-1129.96 30-135 | 67 5159 87 82

SE to N

-03 30-29 30-2630-275 | 69 | 62 | 65.5 76 66

NW to W

•10 30.28130:26 30 270 | 73 61 | 67 85

80 100 NW to W 30-21 20 16 30.185 73 60 66.5 83 75 NW to SW 18 ( 30.06 30:00 30-030 | 71 55 63 80 78

NW 30-04 29.95 29.995 | 66 49 57-5 76 54

NW 30-01 29.87 29.940 | 67 59 63 74 78 100 SW

09 21 29.76 29.72 29-740 | 67 54 60.5 86 97

SW to SE

.50 29.78129.7729-775 | 70 55 62-5 96 70 100 NW to SE 23 29-7229-70 29-710 70 57|6345 94

NW to W 29.90 29.68 29.790 69 4959 86 75

W

.101 -03 30-05 30-02 30-03568 61 645 85 76

W to SW

-08 30.05 30-03 30-040 | 725965-5 95 74

SW

-12 29-9829-92 29-950 || 67 55 61 82 78

NW to SW

201 -0.5 29 96 29.60 29.780 | 67 5460-5 80 70 100

SW

301
29
29.78 29-5029-6-10 | 61 45 53 74 70

W to NW
30
29.95 29.9029-925 61 54 57-5 75 59

NW

1 111 .25 -06) 30-29 29-50 29.929 77 45 63-06 | 80-270 988-9

222328 5 20 25 19 | 2003-34 The observations in each line of this Table, under Barometer, Thermometer, Wind, and Rain, are for a period of 24 hours, beginning at 8 AM.

RESULTS.
BAROMETER Maximum...... 30-29 Sept. 15th, Wind West.

Minimum...... 29-50 Do. 29th, Do. West.
Range of the Mercury ........ 0.79
Mean barometrical pressure for the Month

29.929 for the lunar period, ending the 25th instant...

29.920 for 15 days, with the Moon in North declination

29-973 for 14 days, with the Moon in South declination

29-868 Spaces described by the oscillations of the Mercury

5.550 Greatest variation in 24 hours ..

0:460 Number of Changes, caused by the variations in the Weight of the Atmosphere....

27 THERMOMETER { Minimum

770 September 4th, Wind Sw.

Do. 29th, Do. NW.
Range......

32
Mean temperature of the Air

63.06 for 31 days with the Sun in Virgo 6-4.72 Greatest variation in 24 hours...

20-00
Mean teinperature of spring water at 8 AM.....

544:57
DE LUC'S WHALEBONE HYGROMETER.
Greatest humidity of the Air

100° in six different evenings.
Greatest dryness of.... Ditto

........ 54 in the afternoon of the 19th. Range of the Index

.. 46 Mean at 2 o'clock PM.

70-9 --- at 8 Do... AM..

80-2 - at 8 Do... PM.

88-9 of 3 observations each day at 8, 2, and 8 o'clock Evaporation for the month ..

2.00 inches. Rain, for Ditto

...... 3:34 ditto. Prevailing Winds, sw.

A SUMMARY OF THE WEATHER.
A clear sky, 2; fine, with various modifications of clouds, 11; an overcast sky, without raiv, 8; rain,
9,-Total, 30 days.

CLOUDS.
Cirrus, Cirrocumulus, Cirrostratus, Stratus, Cumulus, Cumulostratus, Nimbns.
22
23

25

19
A SCALE OF THE PREVAILING WINDS.
N NE E SE S SW W

5 20

NW Days. 3 1 11 5 9 30

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45°

80-0

COMMERCIAL REPORT.

(London, Oct. 23.) The state of the corn-market (undotibt does not appear likely to obtain the object edly the subject of most general interest) proposed. It is acknowledged on all hands, since the date of our last report, has fully that it would be highly desirable to remove justified the opinions we there expressed the impediments to internal commerce, by In fact, had there been any real grounds abolishing the entries on goods passing to apprehend such a deficiency in our own from one of the Confederated States to crops, as to call for the opening of the another, and to establish custom-houses on ports to foreign grain, the truth must by the frontier of the Confederation, to levy this time have been ascertained. The de duties on goods exported to, or imported cline in the prices, therefore, allows us to from, states not members of it; but this presume, that the public in general now regulation would cause a deficiency in the see that their fears were ill founded. From revenue of each member, which it would the present state of the averages, all pro. be difficult to supply. bability of the opening of the ports after The fair at Leipsic is stated to be very the 15th of November, seems done away. unfavourable on the whole; and the EngWith respect to the importation from lish cottons and printed calicos are said to Canada, barley and oats are at present the have been neglected, notwithstanding their only articles which are at prices that would low prices, and, the dearer French, Swiss, admit them from our North American pos. and Saxon preferred to them on account sessions.

of their superiority both in quality and The state of our foreign trade has not yet in the beauty of the patterns. This stateessentially varied. But a great change ment has been so often repeated nearly seems on the eve of taking place in our verbatim et literatim, that we hardly cominercial relations with Portugal. The le. know what credit is to be attached to its gislature of that kingdom seems disposed to We should imagine, however, that the adopt a rigorous prohibitory systoni, similar English manufacturer must soon learn how to that which, contrary to general expectati. to suit the taste of his customers, and we on, was introduced into Spain by the Cortes ; cannot doubt his ability. and which has had the c:fect of deluging We are happy to find that the accounts that kingdom with contraband goods, and of from Yorkshire for the last quarter are causing a system of smuggling to be expe- highly favourable to the manufactures of rienced which sets the laws at defiance, that great county. and is equally ruinous to the national ma- Cotton. The sale of cotton at the India nufacture, to the honest merchant, and to House which we mentioned in our precedthe public revenue. The Portuguese Cortes ing, naturally tended to depress the prices, have already resolved to raise the duty on the quantity declared being above 19,000 British woollen manufactures to 30 per bags, of which 12,000 were Bengals, and cent. instead of 15, which they state to be 6,000 Surats. according to the true sense of the existing The following are the particulers of this treaties between the two nations.

sale at the India House, 12th instant, inThe Commercial Confederation of the cluding about 3,000 bags taken afterwards States of the South of Germany, which we at the sale prices :have had frequent occasion to mention, 12,000 Bengal, of which 9,209 sold, viz. 1,570 good and very good. .5}d. a old.

6,650 fair and good fair.. .5£d. a 5 d. 1,051 very ordinary

.54d. a 5%d. remainder bought in from 5d. a 7d.

500 good to very superior Toomel 7 d. a 8.d. 6,000 Surat...... .3,000 sold...... 845 good fair to very good......61d. a 7 d.

1,650 very ordi. leafy to middling 6d. a 6 d.

remainder bought in from 5fd. a 7H. 576 Madras.... .510 sold...... fair to good fair..

.6 d. a 7d.

remainder bought in from 7 d. a 714. 230 Bourbon..... ..130 sold......very ordinary stringy to good ....9da12d.

remainder bought in at 114d. 116 Packing.... .116 sold..... .fair to good.....

54d. a 6 d. 18,922

12,962 It is estimated that of the quantity sold For this week past the sales have been 9,000 bales were taken for home-consump-. considerable, particularly of East India tion, 2,000 for export, and the remainder descriptions; the demand, which was steady, on speculation : the Bengals sold at a re- appcars, however, to have rather subsided duction of £d. a fil., Surats at the decline yesterday and this forenoon ; the purchases of d. a gd. per lb.

cxceed 2,300 packages, chiefly for home

:

consumption ; the Brazil and New Orleans Muscovades this forenoon, the buyers waitfor the French market, the remainder on ing the event of the public sale, there was speculation, the particulars are 966 Ben- no alteration in the prices by private congals, very ordinary 541. a 5 d.; fair 5fd.; tract. By public sale to-day, 257 hhds. and good fair 6\d.: 767 Surats, common 44 trs. Jamaica sugars were brought forordinary 6d. a 6 d.; good fair 7d. a 710.; ward, the whole went off heavily, and gegood 7 d.; and a few very good at 8d. ; nerally 6d. a ls. per cwt. under the pre25 Pernambuco, good 12 d.; 50 Paraiba, vious market prices ; low dry brown 51s. fair 124d. ; 15 Para, 94d., fair : 580 New 6d. a 52s. 6d., the good brown 548. a 56s., Orleans 10 d., ordinary a 11 d., good : all, a few lots sold 58s., 598., a 62s. Od. The in bond. The sales during the last four Barbadoes sale this forenoon, consisting of weeks (exclusive of the India sale) have coloury sugars, went off at very full prices, been about 5,300 bags.

one lot at 76s. 6d., the remainder 618. a : At Liverpool the market has not been 70s; the previous rates were fully supinteresting, and the prices have rather de- ported; the sale consisted of 137 casks clined this week. The sales for five weeks Barbadoes. from 15th September to 20th October were The grocers continue to be the chief pur37,600 bags; the arrivals 33,000 bags. chasers of refined goods, and such has lately Of the sales 14,000 bags were in the week been the demand for fine parcels, that the ending 22d September ; the favourable prices must be stated a shade higher ; the commencement of which we noticed in our inferior goods are without alteration. There report. The importations of Bengal, Surat, is some request for single loaves for crush Madras, Bourbon, and Manilla, which ing.--Molasses are heavy. amounted to 44,900 bales in the first nine By public sale on l'riday, 320 chests months of 1820, have been only 15,300 Havannah sugars were brought forward, up to 1st October this year. The stock on chiefly yellow descriptions, for which the the 1st October, 1820, was 213,850 bales, request some weeks ago was considerable ; and 1st October, 1821, 162,850 balcs. good brown sold 26s. 6td. ; all the yellow

Sugar.-- There have been no remarkable good and fine quality was taken in at one fluctuations during the preceding four weeks; price, 298.; fine strong white at 45%. the demand for good Muscovacies has been Accounts of a most distressing nature steady and considerable, and the prices have have been received froni Jamaica, where a not much varied, but low browns have been drought of above a year's duration, threatens heavy for some time past. Coloury sugars not only destruction to the sugar crops, but have been in great request and scarce.

At even universal famine, the soil being burnt a public sale on the 13th instant, of 91 almost to a cinder, and affording no vegetahogsheads 9 tierces Barbadoes, of which a tion to supply food either for man or ani. large proportion were coloury. These de- mals. Should these statements be fully scriptions sold 2s. a 3s. higher than at any confirmed, their influence on the market previous sale; 70s, a 76s. 6d. for middling cannot well be doubted. to good white; other sugars 658. a 678. Average prices of Raw Sugar by Ga.

The request for refined goods for homeconsumption has been very considerable Setember 29

30s. 7d. during the course of this month ; but the October 6

31s. 2 d. purchases for exportation have been on a

13

308. 5ed. very limited scale. The only demand for

20. 35s. 9 d. shipping to any extent has been for the Coffoc. During the week succeeding Mediterranean.

our last report, the coffee market was in a East India sugars are extremely low; it very unusual state ; St. Domingo being seems singular, that though the importation 68. to 8s. per cwt. higher in proportion of East India sugar has been considerably than Jamaica ; and Demarara to Berbice less the first nine months of this year, than from 10s. to 128. higher than the usual during the same period, 1820, and though proportion. The first public sales this the consumption has increased, the prices inonth accordingly excited some interest ; have continued to decline at each succeed- and the circumstance being rather peculiar, ing sale. The following is the report of the we shall give the particulars of the sales sugar market for the last week.

rather more fully than usual. There were There was a steady and considerable de- five sales amounting to 56% casks, 662 mand for good sugars last week ; the brown bags, at which the prices began to return continued neglected: no alteration what to the usual proportions of value. Ordinary, ever in the prices by private contract could good, and fine ordinary Jamaica, fully supbe stated. The public sale of St. Lucia ported the prices of the preceding week, and sugars on Friday consisted of about 350 in several instances went a shade higher : casks; the proportion sold went a shade all other descriptions falling into the usual higher than the previous rates, low brown proportion of the market; Foreign Coffee, 50s. 6d. a 52s. Cd., remainder 53s, a 58s. St. Domingo and Hayamah, 45.a vs. lower, 6d.

extensive parcels of good ordinary HavanThere was very little business done in nah selling at 92s. 92s. Odand 935.; St.

zette:

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Domingo very ordinary at 97s. ordinary Spices. The market is heavy, and prices in casks 100s. Dominica coffee again 25. but little varied. The Company's laxed lower. Middling, good, and fine middling price of mace is reduced to 5s.; nutmegs coffee at an irregular reduction of 3s. a 68. to 3s. An amount of 20,000 lb. of cloves several parcels of good middling Jamaica is reported from Holland, and advertised selling at 1208. a 123s. 6d. fine middling for sale the same day as the Company's 125s. a 128s. 6d.; for 200 bags very good sale of spices. St. Domingo 102s. was offered : the whole Silk. The prices of East India silk are were taken in 102s. 6d.; 130 bags Porto nominal, on account of the commencement Rico also withdrawn at 100s. 6d. The of the India House sale : the prices hitherto very great reduction in the prices was ex- are considerably higher than last sale ; pected to attract the attention both of spe- Bengals at the advance of 8 to 10 per cent. culators and shippers ; and we accordingly Cocoa._-The reduction of the duty, and find, in the succeeding week, a general im- the low prices seem to have a favourable provement. 1036 casks and, 1825 bags, effect on the consumption of cocoa. Groby public sale, going off very freely. The cers have lately purchased Grenada, 90s. to good or fine ordinary Jamaica at an ad- 958. Berbice, 54s. to 558. vance of 2s. to 4s. and all other qualities Tea.—The Company's sale is fixed for rather higher. During the second week of 4th December, viz. this month the prices continued firm, rather Bohea.....

..900,000 improving than otherwise ; but at these

Congou, Campoi, Pe- 4,850,000 public sales on the 16th of 452 casks and koe, and Souchong 1540 bags, the whole went off very heavily, Twankay:

. 1,000,000 the ordinary Jamaica ls. to 2s. lower ; good Hyson-skin..

. 100,000 middling 28. to 4s. lower. St. Domingo, Hyson.....

250,000 and other foreign descriptions, were also ls. lower, and the market heavy at the Including private trade 7,100,000 lb. decline. The quantity of coffee brought Rum, Brandy, and Hollands.-At the forward by public sale, last week, after beginning of the month there was a brisk (Tuesday), was 1637 casks and 2077 bags; demand for brandy, which, however, soon a great proportion was taken in, the de- subsided. Cogniac of a favourite mark mand being languid: no reduction in the realized 4s. 6d. and superior quality, 48, 4d. prices was however submitted to, till to- At a public sale on the 12th instant, 86 wards the close of the week, when mid- puncheons of Jamaica, and 84 of Leeward dling and good middling Jamaica and Islands, sold freely at prices rather higher than Dutch coffee gave way 2s. a 38. per cwt.

the previous sales by private contract, viz. There were three public sales of coffee Jamaica. . 9 to 12..OP..1s. 6d. brought forward this forenoon, consisting

12 to 16 1s. 70. of 374 casks and 743 bags ; the whole

18 to 21 ls. 8d. to ls. 9d. went off with great heaviness, but no re

22 to 24 ls. 10s. to ls. Ild. duction in the prices can be stated.—56 Leeward Islands, UP. Is. 4d. casks 705 bags very ordinary St. Domingo Last week there were few purchasers of were taken in at 100s. 6d., with the ex- rum by private contract ; the prices were ception of one lot sold at 1018.; the mid- maintained, except at a public sale of 104 dling and good middling Jamaica sold puncheons Jamaica, which went ld. per again at very low prices, at nearly the re- gallon lower.—A sale of 88 puncheons of duction we have stated'; good middling Leeward Islands, and 123 of Jamaica this 121s. and 121s. 6d.; middling 1158. 6d. morning was at about the same reduction fine ordinary coloury foxy 105s. and 106s. of Id. Brandies are nearly nominal. In 6d. Generally the market may be stated Geneva there is no alteration. heavy, and the biddings at public sale lan- Hemp, Flar, and Tallow.—The deguid, yet no reduction in the prices can be mand for tallow continues languid ; a fur. quoted, except the middling and good mid- ther depression of 6d. a ls. per cwt. must dling qualities, which are fully 28. a 3s. again be stated : the market is heavy at lower than on Tuesday last.

the reduction.—Hemp is in good request, Indigo. At the East India sale, which and the late advance in the prices is fully commenced on the 2d instant, every de- maintained : there is little alteration in flax. scription of indigo sold much higher than —Letters were yesterday received, dated at the preceding sale; fine 9d. per lb. St. Petersburgh, 28th ultimo; the Exgood ls., middling 1s. to ls. 3d. com- change remained nearly the same, 9fd. mencing fully ls. 3d. higher. About 300 Oils &c.--The oil market continues chests of shipping, and 250 chests of or- without briskness; there are several rather dinary were bought in by the proprietors. extensive buyers of Greenland at 217. but The importation which was 14,847 chests, we believe they cannot find any parcels at &c. in the first nine months of 1820, has at that rate. Seal and linseed oils are a been only 9,734 chests, &c. during the shade lower. same period this year. The prices have Cori. Referring our readers to the not changed since the sale.

tables, by which they will see the reduction

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