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aside; next succeeded something with great commendation, is Sistema more hobby-horsical — but equally de la Ciencia Social Ideado por

el Jushort-lived, viz. velocipedes, of which risconsulto Ingles Jeremias Bentham, such great expectations were at one y puesto en egecucion conforme á los time formed, that they threatened to principios del autor original, por el supersede the services of the equine Dr. D. Torribio Nunnez, &c.-Mar

Another hobby has now ap- shal De Haro's Account of the Depeared, of a somewhat portentous fence of Gerona, Relacion Historica description. It is said that a person de la Defensa de Gerona, is a publicaat Glasgow, of the name of Ken tion that may be consulted with adhas invented a machine, by means vantage both by the historian and of which he can walk on water the military tactictioner, and is parwith perfect safety. On the twenty- ticularly rich in materials for a narthird of April, Mr. Kent exhibited rative of the important events of the on the Monkhead Canal, in the pre- late war. Several works have been sence of about 200 spectators, who translated from the English and appeared satisfied as to the feasibilityFrench: even the Memoirs of Berof the scheme. Not having heard gami, and the Queen's Trial, have any thing respecting the nature of found both translators and pubthe machine, or its construction, it lishers. But books of more permais impossible to judge how far it is nent interest are not overlooked, as is likely to prove of real service; but proved by an anouncement of a Spait must be owned, that the term nish version of Robertson's Charles V. machine, sounds as if it were and of the Principes de la Legislation something, rather complicated, and Universel.— The Thirteenth Volume therefore does not promise much with of the translation of Mrs. Bennet's regard to simplicity and practica- Novels has appeared, containing bility: neither is much to be said at Rosa ó la nina Mendiga (the Beggar present in favour of its expedition,- Girl); and a female writer, named the rate at which Mr. Kent proceeded Donna Juana Barrera, has transbeing not more than three miles an lated another English Novel, under hour; this, however, might be owing the title of Cæcilia ó el Padre y al more to want of practice than to any Hija.-D. Vincente Fernandez Vildefect in the method employed. Mr. lares has produced a good translaKent has since exhibited with success tion from a French novel of Ducrayin Edinburgh.

Dumenil, called Dias en el Campo ó Portable Houses. — The Swedish Pintura Historica de una piquenu Fajournals speak very highly of certain milia.-Little original poetry has apportable houses, that have been in- peared; nothing indeed worthy of vented by Major Blom, who is cele- mention, except some political and brated at Stockholm for his know- patriotic Odes, and a performance ledge of mechanics. These edifices, of D. Rafael de Cæceres, which dewhich are constructed of wood, may serves notice merely from the exbe elevated in a single day, and con- travagance of the subject, it being tain, if not every comfort, at least a system of myology in verse. The all that is necessary for a small fa- title of this curious poem is, Exposimily. In cold weather they are cion Metrica Succinta y Exacta di warmed by a stove.

todos los Museulos del Cuerpo Humano Spanish Literature.- Don Torribio ó sea la Miologiu puesta en Nunnez, Professor of the University Castellano ! of Salamanca, has collected the va- Public Library at Lemberg:-Count rious statistical writings of Bentham, Ossolinsky has, with equal patriotism and formed them into a regular sys- and munificence, founded a Polish tem of politics; such a one as he National Library at Lemberg; and conceives to be particularly adapted Kopstynsky, a wealthy landed proto the wants of his countrymen at prietor, has presented to the same the present juncture. The title of the sum of 500 ducats. this work, which has already met




ABSTRACT OF FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC OCCURRENCES. We have of course very little in to fortify their hotels against the the way of foreign intelligence to infuriated mobs; and, indeed, the communicate to our readers since our whole Christian population of Confast, except with respect to the af- stantinople may be said literally to fairs of Turkey, where the insurrec- stand on the brink of the grave. tion of the Greeks, under Ypsilanti, These outrages have not been conbegins daily to assume a more for- fined to the capital ; whole streets midable character. It is now said have been set fire to in Pesa, and that a corps, under the Greek leader, men, women, and children, either had crossed the Danube at Sistow, murdered, or devoured by the concommanded by Colonel Colcotsony, suming element. The Greeks have and were immediately joined by a been instigated, by the murder of body of Bulgarians and Servians, to their patriarch, and the cruelties practhe amount of 10,000. The Greek tised on their priesthood, to the most army of Epines has advanced to- terrible reprisals; and, in short, there wards Thessaly; and 30,000 men, is nothing, either savage or sanguinary, who had been sent against it by the which may not be anticipated from a Sultan, have been almost annihilated. conflict, in which those who cannot The Peloponnesus also is almost claim the laurel of victory, are sure wholly delivered from the power of of at least obtaining the crown of the Turks; and all the fortresses of martyrdom. the Morea, with the exception of The affairs of Spain present noMothone and Corone, have been taken thing new ; every thing appears to by storm. In addition to all this, remain unsettled in that unfortunate the feast of the Rhamadan, during country; and, in order to render its which war is prohibited, by their own intestine divisions still more religion, to the Mahometans, is fast critical, the South American patriots approaching; and the month of Sep- have put an end to the armistice contember terminates the period of ser- cluded with the revolted colonies, vice of the present Oitoman army. and are represented as proceeding in If this news wanted any confirma- an uninterrupted career of success. tion, it would be found in the conduct A commission of the Spanish Cortes of the Turks themselves, in the city has reported, that there should be of Constantinople, where the scenes three sections of that body in South which daily occur are a disgrace to America-one for the northern prohuman nature, and baffle all credibi- vinces, and two for the south; and lity. The furious infidels have that a member of the royal family turned the contest into a war of ex- should be eligible to the office of termination; and, that nothing might Viceroy in each of these secondary he wanting to heighten the ferocity monarchies: this, however, is, we of its nature, they have given it ä fear, an expedient not very likely to religious complexion. Every Greek arrest the progress of successful infound in the city has been, without surrection; particularly where the exception, massacred; and even the revolt has commenced in a republican venerable archbishop, the patriarch principle. of the Greek church, has been, at the Intelligence has been received from age of eighty, barbarously murdered, Mogador, of a late date, which states and his mangled body dragged with the termination of the Moorish reevery indignity through the crowded bellion, and the complete restoration streets of the barbarians. His suc- of the old Emperor, Muley Soliman, cessor, appointed by the Porte, is to all his original power and soreported to have died of fright at his vereignty. promotion : surely never did Bishop With respect to our domestic news, say “ Nolo Episcopari

every thing almost is absorbed in the sincerity than this man. All the expectation of the grand ceremony of Christian embassies have been obliged the coronation, which, it is supposed,

with more

will take place on the 19th of July. ceedings, we should not be much inBets, however, to a considerable a- clined to credit the reports of his not mount, are said to be taken up daily, being able to undergo the fatigue of by persons in the secret, that it will his coronation. His Majesty has, inbe postponed still further, and, per- deed, it is said, suffered some surgihaps, indefinitely: the grounds for cal operation for an excrescence, of this surmise are said to be the ad- but little consequence, on his head, vanced age of his Majesty, and the which, happily, however, has had no great fatigue which such a ceremony ill, or even inconvenient effects. He must necessarily impose. Be this as has given a very splendid ball to the it may, every " note of preparation” children of the nobility during the speaks its approaching consumma- month, and honoured the Duke o. tion. The Hall, the Abbey, the Devonshire with his presence at a platform, the coronation robes, both banquet of unrivalled magnificence. of King and Peerage, the re-esta- A discovery of the original books blishment of the Court of Claims, of registry of births and marriages and, in short, all the necessary ar- which took place in the Fleet prison, rangements, are in active progress. and also at the Mint, and at Mayfair It does not appear that the Queen is chapel, between the years 1686 to to have any share in this august 1751, has been made, which is of ceremonial; and this is now confirm- great importance, as they will tend ed by better authority than mere to clear up many doubts with respect rumour; as Lord Londonderry, in to titles, previous to the date of the answer to a question from Mr. Monck marriage act. These valuable docuupon that subject, in the House of ments have been deposited with the Commons, declared that neither him- Registrar of the diocese of London. self, nor any other of the King's Mi- The intervention of Whitsun week nisters, were prepared to advise any has created some cessation of paract of the Crown by which the liamentary business; but still a few Queen should be included. In the discussions have arisen of much inmean time her Majesty has been so- terest, and measures of considerable lacing herself amongst her friends at importance have had their fates vaCambridge House, where she has riously decided. Amongst these, we given two dinners : she has also dined are sorry to have to record the failure at the Mansion House with the Lord of Sir James Macintosh's forgery Mayor, and visited the theatres.- mitigation bill, which was rejected The proclamation of the ceremony in its last stage in the House of Comhas actually taken place. The form mons, by a majority of only six ! was first read at Palace Yard, and This bill was intended to effect à then the procession moved to Charing change in the punishment attached Cross, where it went round the statue to the crime of forgery, and had its of King Charles—but there was no origin in the utter fruitlessness of the proclamation there; it then moved on more severe laws at present in existto Temple Bar, where the usual ce- ence, which have produced a melanremony of demanding, and receiving choly effusion of human blood, withpermission to enter the city was gone out operating any change in the through; and after grand proclama- progress of the crime. The bill was tion there, they proceeded, accom- an experiment, but when present panied by the Lord Mayor in city and long existing measures fail, exstate, to the Exchange, and all the periments are worth resorting to, at other customary places. We must least for the sake of humanity: It not omit to mention that at every is a very curious fact, and is proved place where the announcement took beyond doubt, by an official return place, it was received by the people now on the table of the House of Comwith reiterated and enthusiastic mons, that during the years 1818—shouts of “ Long live King George 19-20, only seventeen persons were the Fourth.” The progress of this convicted in Ireland of uttering forged splendid cavalcade was varied by notes of the National Bank of that alternate performances on the drums country, and of these not one was and trumpets.

executed. We do not believe that From the accounts with which the this clemency has had the effect of papers are filled of the King's pro- increasing the number of criminals.


Whether a go

Mr. Bennet has been following up cultural Committee, and informed the fruitless attempts of the Marquis them that Ministers, in consequence of Tavistock and Lord Nugent in of the expressed opinion of the House the cause of reform, by a motion to of Commons, had come to the resoexclude certain placemen from Par- lution of relinquishing the tax; a liament, and with similar success. communication which was received The exertions of Mr. Hume also do by the Committee with loud cheers. not deserve to be passed over in si- The important exposition of the filence; this gentleman has been in- nances of the country has taken place; defatigable in his scrutiny of the and the budget of the present year, different estimates as they were pre- presents the most flattering appearsented to the House, and produced ance: it seems, from the statement of more divisions than, we believe, were the Chancellor of the Exchequer, that ever before known in a similar period the national income of this year has in the House of Commons. His last exceeded the expenditure, by a sum motion was for an inquiry into the of two millions, which, upon every conduct of Sir Thomas Maitland human calculation, will next year be during his government of the Ionian encreased to four. May this calculaIsles, which was negatived by a ma- tion prove correct ! jority of seventy.

Sentence has been passed, in the vernment be correct or otherwise, Court of King's Bench, upon various the utility of such a man as Mr. public characters for libels and other Hume cannot be denied. Lord Nu- political offences. Mr. Flyndell, the gent's motion for a select committee, editor of the Western Luminary, has to inquire into the abuses of justice been adjudged eight months' impriin the island of Tobago, was also sonment in Exeter gaol, for a libel negatived by a considerable majority; on the Queen, which appeared in his and the usury laws repeal bill has paper during the late trial. Mr. been postponed to next Session. Our John Hunt, of the Examiner newgreaders may remember, that in the paper, has been sentenced to one year 1818, a provision of 60001. a year's imprisonment in Cold Bathyear was made for his Royal High- fields, for a libel on the House of ness the Duke of Clarence, in addie Commons. Maddox, Wooller, and tion to his previous income, which he, Edmonds, for the election of Sir at the time, for some unexplained Charles Wolseley as legislatorial reasons, thought proper to reject; attorney for the town of Manchester, during the last month, however, Lord have been respectively adjudged, the Londonderry proposed a revival of first, eighteen—the second, fifteenthe grant, in which he declared the and the third, nine months' confineRoyal Duke was now ready to ac- ment in Warwick gaol, and to find quiesce; and, in addition, moved for security for their good behaviour for an allowance of the arrears which a certain term, themselves in 4007. had arisen during the interval: both and two securities in 2001. each. of these motions were agreed to, Major Cartwright, who was convictthough not without a warm and ed along with them of a similar ofcontinued discussion. A motion was fence, was fined 1001. and discharged. made by Mr. Curwen, in consequence This mitigated punishment, with reof the unanimous opinion of the spect to him, has arisen out of comAgricultural Committee with respect passion, it is supposed, for his years. to the distress of the country, for the Sentence has also been passed, at the repeal of the agricultural horse-tax last Sessions of the Old Bailey, doombill, which, after a long debate, was ing no less than 26 unfortunate creaagreed to by a division of 141 against tures, men and women, to death. 113, leaving ministers in a minority We remarked that there was not one of 28. Government, however, de- case of murder in the calendar. clared their determination to combat, Surely it is high time that our crimiin all its stages, this repeal bill, by nal code should undergo revision. which a considerable diminution of It appears that no less than 107,000 its revenue would occur. Upon more persons have passed through the primature consideration, this determi. sons of the united kingdom in the nation was surrendered ; and Lord year 1818. Londonderry attended the Agri


The practical agriculturist is now em- one specics only, a black insect with yellow ployed in the preparation for raising his feet (Chrysomela nemorum of Linnæus), crop of turnips, and harvesting his grasses will attack the young turnips. He now de

- the beginning and the ending of two most stroys them by what he terms a decoy. He important branches of his industry. At sows one headland ridge of his intended this time it may, therefore, be particularly turnip field, on the south side, in May, with useful to commence our Report with a brief white turnips. He rolls it down to a very and condensed abstract of the various me- level surface. The flies, with their larvæ, thods for preserving the turnip from the assemble here in large quantities, and may ravages of the all-destroying Ay, which be readily caught, by passing the fly-catch have been lately put forth by those who rapidly along the surface, stopping occadirect the philosophical and technical pur- sionally to shake the insects to the bottom of suits of experimental as well as experienced the catch. Six or seven o'clock, in the farmers. The old prejudice against re- evenings of warm days, is the best time to search, as beyond the farmer's reach, or as take them. Thus Mr. Paul conceives, in dangerous to his profits, is fast wearing a few years, the fly miglit be exterminated. away, as those engaged in this employment The present season has been so cold and become better educated ; and, thanks to the backward, that perhaps it is not, even now, enlightened founders of aggregate meetings too late to employ this plan to advantage ; of the agricultural body, for the double appropriating a single ridge, carliest sown. purpose of inspection of facts, and partici- But the confidence Mr. Coke expressed in pation of knowledge, Farming is rapidly the Northumberland ridge system, at the collecting the materials, and adopting the last Holkham Meeting, will probably in. arrangement, as well as assuming the name cline the farmer to treat Mr. Paul's plan of a Science.

rather as an auxiliary than as a principal. The laborious author of the Code of It has been stated, by many practical men, Agriculture has condensed many of the that horse-hoeing has succeeded where Mr. methods employed to extirpate the fly- Paul's fly catch has failed : and Mr. Hearnongst which, are rolling the fields at rod, of Creake, Norfolk, a very intelligent raidnight, when the dew is on the ground; agriculturist, has witnessed this year the drawing tarred boards along the lands, to destruction of a crop, belonging to a neighwhich the flies skip and adhere, (Mr. Paul's bour, who sowed the same seed, and the trap ;)—train-oil and sulphur used with the samé quantity, with the same drill as him. seed; and preparations of lime: all which self: the plants looked equally well on both have been tried; but with partial and in- lands ; Mr. Herod horse-hoed his, and his adequate success. Radish seed has been neighbour employed Mr. Paul's fly-catch. sown with the turnip, as offering food more Mr. Herod's crop is safe—his neighbour's attractive :—the growth of the plant has perished under the devouring insects, al. been accelerated by extra quantities of ma- though a great many were caught. Indeed nure, with a' view to forward it rapidly, Mr. Coke declared himself certain as to the beyond the power of destruction : the quan- effects of the ridge system, and horse-hoetity of seed has been increased to three ing, and that he no longer entertained the pounds per acre, the crop carefully weeded, smallest fear of being able, in all seasons, and the soil frequently stirred. All these to secure a crop of turnips. An authority are attended with various degrees of benefit. so established, will, no doubt, meet the at. Sir John Sinclair himself has recently pro- tention and respect, which Mr. Coke has so posed to destroy the fly by flame and smoke meritoriously earned of the agriculturist. ---that is, by burning the stubbles and other The prevalence of northerly winds during combustibles, on the land, previous to sow- the month, and the consequent cold showing ; but Mr. Paul, of Starston, in Nor. ers, have kept vegetation very backward ; folk (the inventor of the fly-trap), a gentle. and the crops scarcely seem to have made man who has employed a diligent attention any advancement. The haymaking, which, and great acuteness in his experiments to ere this time in previous seasons, has been destroy the insect, asserts, that this plan approaching to a close, is scarcely begun; must be abortive, because the flies are then particularly in the eastern parts of the not to be found in such fields. There are kingdom : 'and, from the want of warm several species which, he says, during the weather, the crop is generally far more winter inhabit any thing affording shelter scanty than the spring promised. Neither from wind and weather. They are very are the meadows so abundantly clothed as tenacious of life, will remain for some mi. usual. The wheats are short in the stalk, nutes immersed in water, or bear severe and only just coming into ear: in some dispressure of the thumb and finger, without tricts, the wire-worm has injured the sprivg injury. Mr. Paul, however, considers that wheats, particularly where sown after tur

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