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UNITED STATES AND MEXICO.

COMMERCE, TEADE,

POSTAL FACILITIES BETWEEN THE TWO COUNTRIES.

STATISTICS OF MEXICO.

BY CARLOS BUTTERFIELtt

Sttoub ©bilioit.

-NEW YORK:
J. A. H. HASBROUCK & CO., PRINTERS,
NO. 180 BBOADWAT.

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Enteral according to Act of Conjro**, la the year IBM; by OiaLOt Bimuiiu, la the Clork'e
Office of the District Court of the United Statca, for the Southern District of New York.

PREFACE.

Two years ngo thA Subscriber issued a Pamphlet, the object of whiolh was to bring before the Congress of the Unitod States, certain facts having a direct bearing upon his proposed lino of Mail Steamers from New Orleans or Mobile to Mexican ports in the Gulf of Mexico, and in support of his application to the Government of the United States for such reasonable compensation, in view of the mail service to bo performed, as would justify him in establishing said lino of Mail Steamers.

Since the period referred to, important changos in Mexico, and important ohanges in our relations with that country have taken place. The Mexican question is rapidly becoming the leading question in our national politics, and in again bringing the subject of the proposed line of United States and Mexican Mail Steamships before the Congress of the United States, the subscriber has been induced to issue a publication having the same end in view as his previous pamphlet, and which, in addition, will give to the public, such general information and facts as will be likely to lead to a better understanding as to the importance of inaugurating a new commercial system or policy, not only with Mexico but with all the Spanish American countries.

The particular enterprise herein proposed, is considered the first and most important step on the part of private individuals, towards aoquiring those vast commercial advantages with Mexico, which only await our action in the premises.

CARLOS BUTTERFIELD.

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CONTENTS.

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Preface, '•'

General Remarks, ---- '•

Preliminary Arrangements by General Gadsden 8

Liberality of Mexican Government, 9

Delay in Postal Arrangements, 9

Postal Contract concluded with Mexico, 6th December, 1857 9

Terms of the Contracts, 10

Mexico to pay $120,000 per Annum 10

Table showing the route of the proposed Steamers and the Ports at which they

arc to touch, 11

Proposed dates of departure of the Steamers, time of their voyages, Ac 11

Kind of Steamers required for this service, 12

Peculiarities of the route, 12

Degree of benefits to be enjoyed by the United States 13

Subject brought before 35th Congress, 13

Reception of the propositions by Congress, 14

Cause of the failure of an appropriation in 35th Congress, 14

Present position of our commerce with Mexico, and necessity for steam com-

munication 15

Commercial transactions between Mexico and the United States 16

Do. do. do. do. and Great Britain 16

Our exports to Mexico for the year ending September 3,1858 16

Commercial exchanges between Mexico and United StateB in 1835, 16'

Total value of the Imports nnd Exports of Mexico at the present time 17

England monopolizes the trade of Mexico, •. 17

England has acquired these advantages through her sagacious policy ofsup-

porting lines of Steamers, 18

Table of the commerce of Vera Cruz 17

Effects of Steam communication upon the commerce of Great Britain, 18

Table showing the value of British manufactures, Ac., exported to the United

States, from 1800 to 1856 ., 20

Result of Steam communication between Great Britain and United States, 21

Annual gain to Great Britain since the introduction of steam, 22

Cost of Steam Mail Lines 23

Total trade of Great Britain with North and South America, 23

Increase of commerce universal when Steam communication is introduced 24

English Steam communication to the west coast of Africa, exports, Ac 25

British exports to China, Egypt and India before and after the subsidy of Steam

Mail Lines, 25

Policy of the United States with reference to Mexico and other Spanish Ameri-

can countries, 26

Who controls the commerce of Mexico, and why, 27

Protection of the English Government to its commerce with Mexico, 28

Shipments of Silver from Mexico, 29

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