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rather than exchange, for demurrage charges
CITIES. on cars held by exchange.--Id.
That rule of coal exchange enabled railroad wee unicipal Corporations to charge demurrage on cars not actually detained held not to render tariff rule affecting
CITIZENS. demurrage unreasonable.-Id.
m3 (U.S.C.C.A.Vt.) Member of Mongolian (K) Discrimination and Overcharge.
race, born in United States of parents sub200 (U.S.D.C.N.Y.) Shipper, making no re- ject to its jurisdiction, is "citizen" of United quest for rates between points constituting States.--Soo Hoo Yee y. U. S., 3 F.(20) 592. most direct route, as to which there was no C 9 (U.S.D.C.N.Y.) Later of two statutes on published tariff, not entitled to refund of freight same subject-matter prevails.-U. S. y. Tod, 3 charges in excess of reasonable rate on shorter F.(20) 836. route.--Swift & Co. v. New York Cent. R. Co.,
Feeble-minded child, permitted to enter coun3 F.(20) 826.
try temporarily under bond, not "dwelling" in
country within naturalization statute.-Id. IV. CARRIAGE OF PASSENGERS. (D) Personal Injuries.
CIVIL RIGHTS. 280(1) (U.S.C.C.A.Mass.) Care required of See Constitutional Law, 90. railroad to nassenger under law of Costa Rica stated.-Page v. United Fruit Co., 3 F.(20)
CLASS LEGISLATION. 747. m284(2) (U.S.C.C.A.Mass.) Passenger on See Constitutional Law, fm229–251. train in Costa Rico held not to have assumed risk of being shot by soldiers searching for
CLEARING HOUSES. revolutionists.-Page v. United Fruit Co., 3 F.(20) 747.
See Banks and Banking, w319, 320. 318(1) (U.S.C.C.A.Mass.) Evidence held to warrant finding railroad in Costa Rica negli
COLLISION. gently failed to inform officers of troop train of harmless character of occupants of passen VII. VESSELS AT REST, AT ANCHOR, OR
AT PIERS. ger train.-Page v. United Fruit Co., 3 F.(20) 747.
Om68 (U.S.C.C.A.N.Y.) It is a fault for a CERTIORARI.
barge to be without an anchor.-The Red Eagle,
3 F.(20) 541. 1. NATURE AND GROUNDS.
Om70 (U.S.C.C.A.N.Y.) Master of stakeboat el (U.S.D.C.Wash.) Scope of remedy.-U.
pe of remedy.-U. not under duty to look after fastenings of boats S. v. Elliott, 3 F.(20) 496.
moored to it.- The Red Eagle, 3 F.(20) 541.
Om71 (3) (U.S.C.C.A.N.Y:) Rendering of lines II. PROCEEDINGS AND DETERMINATION.
of barges moored to stakeboat, causing flotilla
to drift. hela proximate cause of collision with 37 (U.S.D.C.Wash.) Court cannot enjoin other vessels. The Red Eagle, 3 F.(2d) 541. strangers to the action.-U. S. v. Elliott, 3 Om71(3) (U.S.D.C.Wash.) Anchorage of log F.(20) 496.
raft, in harbor without written permit not a CHANCERY.
bar to recovery of damages.-The Libby Maine, See Equity.
3 F.(20) 79.
VIII. LIGHTS, SIGNALS, AND LOOKOUTS. CHATTEL MORTGAGES.
75 (U.S.D.C.N.J.) Rule of International I. REQUISITES AND VALIDITY. Rules of Navigation requiring stern light on
vessel being overtaken by another is manda(A) Nature and Essentials of Transfers
tory.-The Augusta G. Hilton, 3 F.(20) S08. of Chattels as Security,
Om79 (U.S.D.C.N.J.) Evidence held to prove 5 (U.S.D.C.Fla.) Instrument held chattel owner of schooner at fault because of failure mortgage.--In re Farmers' Co-op. Ass'n of to maintain stern light, while being overtaken Marion County, Fla., 3 F.(20) 708.
by respondent's steamship.-The Augusta G. (D) Validity.
Hilton, 3 F.(20) 808. Om74 (U.S.D.C.Va.) Mortgage void as to IX. FOG OR THICK WEATHER. part of property covered held void in entirety. -U. S. v. Lankford, 3 F.(20) 52.
81 (U.S.D.C.Wash.) A log raft is a "ressel," subject to the rules as to fog signals.--The
Libby Maine, 3 F.(20) 79.
Cam 82 (2) (U.S. D. C. 'Wash.) Vessel entering 190(1) (U.S.D.C.Va.) Provision
harbor in fog held in fault for collision with authoriz
anchored flotilla of logs.-The Libby Maine, ing mortgagor to sell and take the profits ren
3 F.(20) 79, ders mortgage void.-U. S. v. Lankford, 3 F.(20) 52.
X. NARROW CHANNELS, HARBORS, RIV
ERS, AND CANALS.
e 90 (U.S.C.C.A.N.Y.) Buttermilk Channel is
a “narrow channel.”—The Dauntless, 3 F.(20) (A) Rights and Liabilities of Parties. ,
529. Ow219 (U. S. D. C. Va.) Rendered invalid as Om95(4) (U.S.C.C.A.Md.) Steamer held solely against creditors by sales by mortgagor with in fault for collision with tow at night.-The knowledge of mortgagee.-U. S. v. Lankford, 3 Lizzie M. Walker, 3 F.(20) 921, F.(20) 52.
Om95 (4) (U.S.C.C.A.N.Y.) Tug held solely in
fault for collision for violation of rules. IX. FORECLOSURE.
Dauntless, 3 F.(20) 529. On 262(1) (U.S.C.C.A.N.Y.) Rules as to auc- Om 104 (U.S.C.D.A.Md.) Where fault of one tion sales do not apply literally to sales by chat. vessel is gross, contributory fault must be tel mortgagees in New York.-In re Packard clearly shown.-The Lizzie M. Walker, 3 F.(20) Press, 3 F. (20) 232.
For cases in Dec.Dig. & Am.Dig. Key-No.Series & Indexes see same topic and KEY-NUMBER
See Husband and Wife, Ow257-276.
See Accord and Satisfaction.
Om6(2) (U.S.C.C.A.S.C.) Adjustment of dis(D) Damages.
pute between seller and buyer by abatement in 126 (U.S.D.C.Pa.) Damages recoverable price held to constitute accord and satisfacconsidered.-The Benjamin A. Van Brunt, 3 F. tion.-Woodside Cotton Mills Co. V. Kaustine (20) 655..
Co., 3 F.(20) 523. em 128 (U.S.D.C.Pa.) Measure of damages for loss of vessel.-The Benjamin A. Van Brunt,
CONDITIONAL SALES. 3 F.(20) 655.
See Sales, em445. Loss of vessel; loss of profits of future charter not an element of damages.-Id.
CONSPIRACY. w 133 (U.S.D.C.Pa.) Measure of damages
II. CRIMINAL RESPONSIBILITY. for loss of vessel is market value, if that can be shown.-The Benjamin A. Van Brunt, 3 F.
(A) Offenses. (20) 655.
28 (U.S.C.C.A.Ohio) Persons not bankrupts Where the cost of repairing an injured ves
may be guilty of conspiracy to conceal goods sel exceeds her market value, that value is
from trustee in bankruptcy.-Israel y. U. S., the measure of damages.-Id.
3 F.(20) 743.
One may be guilty of conspiracy, though inCOMMERCE.
capable of committing the crime itself.--Id. II. SUBJECTS OF REGULATION.
Persons may be guilty of conspiracy to con
ceal goods from trustee, though overt acts m27(6) (U.S.C.C.A.Tenn.) Outgoing trip to committed four months before bankruptcy.-Id. distribute empty cars, and return trip to pick m28 (U.S.C.C.A.Tenn.) Essentials of convicup loaded ones held separate, though made tion for conspiracy to commit crime stated.pursuant to one order.-Grigsby v. Southern Williams v. U. S., 3 F.(20) 933. Ry. Co., 3 F.(20) 988.
33 (U.S.C.C.A.Tenn.) Legality of seizure of 27(7) (U.S.C.C.A.Ohio) Employee killed automobile immaterial as respected existence when moving car to make up train held em- of conspiracy to defraud the United States.ployed in Winterstate commerce.”—Pennsyl- Cagle v. U. Š., 3 F.(20) 746. vania R. Co. y. Morrison, 3 F.(20) 986.
Possession of garage keeper held sufficient On 27 (7) (U.S.C.C.A.Ohio) Brakeman held possession of United States to sustain proseemployed in "interstate commerce" when in- cution for conspiracy to defraud United States. jured.-Baltimore & O. R. Co. y. Darling, 3 -Id. F.(2d) 987.
Defendant held guilty of conspiracy to deWork of brakeman when injured held a part fraud the United States of title and possession of interstate commerce.-Id.
of automobile seized by marshal.-Id. m27(7) (U.S.C.C.A.Tenn.) Brakeman, while em 40 (U.S.C.C.A.N.J.) Persons who were not switching, held not employed in "interstate government officers could be convicted of concommerce" at time of death.-Grigsby v. spiracy with government officers to commit Southern Ry. Co., 3 F.(20) 988.
crime against government.-Downs v. U. S., 3 27 (8) (U.S.C.C.A.Ala.) Railroad car in- F.(20) 855. spector held employed in "interstate commerce" when killed.--St. Louis-San Francisco Ry. Co.
(1) Prosecution and Punishment. v. Mills, 3 F.(20) 882.
On 43(2) (U.S.C.C.A.Pa.) Indictment charging Em 27 (8) (U.S.D.C.Wash.) Railroad employee, conspiracy held sufficient.-A. Guckenheimer & helping to dismantle engine, held not employed Bros. Co. v. U. S., 3 F.(20) 786. in interstate commerce when injured.-Connol On 43(6) (U.S.C.C.A.N.J.) Indictment chargly v. Chicago, M. & St. P. Ry. Co., 3 F.(20) ing conspiracy to commit offense against the 818.
United States held sufficient to show official 40(1) (U.S.D.C.Ga.) Taking orders on capacity in which defendants acted.-Downs v. which contracts are made and executed in an- U. S., 3 F.(20) 855. other state is not "interstate commerce." ww 43(6) (U.S.C.C.A.Tenn.) Indictment for Fenner v. Boykin, 3 F.(20) 674.
conspiracy to violate National Prohibition Act
held sufficient.-Williams v. U. S., 3 F.(20) 933. III. MEANS AND METHODS OF REGULA Om43 (6) (U.S.D.C.Del.) Indictment for conTION.
spiracy to unlawfully possess liquors held suffiC 50 (U.S.D.C.Pa.) Pennsylvania act requir
cient.-U. S. v. Bockol, 3 F.(20) 197. ing inspection of mattresses, etc., held constitu
Cum 43(10) (U.S.C.C.A.Tenn.) Allegation that tional. --Palmer Bros. Co. v. Weaver, 3 F.(20)
United States was in actual possession of sub333.
ject of conspiracy held unnecessary.-Cagle v. 74 (U.S.D.C.Ohio) Computation of excise
U. S., 3 F.(2d) 746.
0. tax under state statute held to impose burden
Cm 41 (U.S.C.C.A.Ohio) Existence of conspirain interstate commerce.--Air-Way Electric Ap.
cy may be shown by inference.-Israel v. U. pliance Corporation v. Archer, 3 F.(20) 669. Archer 3 F (22) 669
S., 3 F.(20) 743.
· 47 (U.S.C.C.A.Pa.) Not necessary to prove IV. INTERSTATE COMMERCE COM. accused knew and participated in every action MISSION.
of every other conspirator.--A. Guckenheimer 85 (U.S.D.C.N.Y) Commission without au- & Bros. Co. v. U. S., 3 F.(20) 786. thority to allow shipper a refund.-Swift &
K-Swift Evidence held sufficient to warrant conviction Co. v. New York Cent. R. Co., 3 F.(20) 826.
for conspiring to obtain bonded whisky by
forged permits and subsequent sale and delivCOMMERCIAL PAPER.
47 (U.S.C.C.A.Tenn.) Circumstantial eviSee Bills and Notes.
dence sufficient.-Williams v. U. S., 3 F.(20)
Evidence held to sustain conviction for con
spiracy to violate National Prohibition Act. See Public Service Commissions.
Om 48 (U.S.C.C.A.N.J.) Existence of conspir- 296(1) (U.S.D.C.Pa.) Pennsylvania aet reacy to ask for and receive bribe for not re- quiring inspection of mattresses, etc., held conporting liquor found in search under warrant stitutional.-Palmer Bros. Co. v. Weaver, 3 F. held for jury.-Downs v. U. S., 3 F.(2d) 855. (20) 333. Om48 (U.S.C.C.A.Ohio) Evidence held suffi- ww 298 (1) (U.S.C.C.A.N.Y.) Statute limiting cient for submission of case to jury in prose- attorney's charges for services rendered benecution for conspiracy to conceal goods from ficiary under War Risk Insurance Act held trustee in bankruptcy.-Israel v. U. Š., 3 F.(20) valid.-Margolin v. U. S., 3 F.(20) 602. 743.
301 (U.S.C.C.A.Ala.) Statute authorizing Om 48 (U.S.C.C.A.Wis.) Evidence held suffi- punitive damages for wrongful death held not cient to raise issue whether accused's interested unconstitutional, as denying due process.-U. in unlawful manufacture and transportation of S. Cast Iron Pipe & Foundry Co. v. Sullivan, beer.-Kasuba v. U. S., 3 F.(20) 270.
3 F.(20) 794.
Ow318' (U.S.D.C.Wash.) Administrative proCONSTITUTIONAL LAW.
ceedings as due process dependent on authori. See Statutes,
ty of Congress to confer power exercised.64.
Dukich v. Blair, 3 F.(20) 302. For validity of statutes relating to particular Enforcement of taxes under National Prohibisubjects, see also the various specific topics. tion Act by administrative proceedings held
violation of due process clause.--Id. III. DISTRIBUTION OF GOVERNMENTAL POWERS AND FUNCTIONS.
m319 (U.S.D.C.Colo.) City has police power
to regulate fares and service of street railway, (A) Legislative Powers and Delegation
but cannot fix confiscatory rates.-Westinghouse Thereof.
Electric & Mfg. Co. v. Denver Tramway Co., 3 55 (U.S.D.C.Ga.) Presumptions cannot be F.(20) 285. made sufficient evidence of crime.-Fenner v. Boykin, 3 F.(20) 674.
CONTRACTS. (B) Judicial Powers and Functions.
See Bills and Notes; Compromise and Settle74 (U.S.D.C.III.) Court may exeşcise ju
ment; Frauds, Statute of; Guaranty; Re
lease; Sales; Specific Performance; Stipula. risdiction in aid of investigations by administrative bodies.--Railroad Labor Board v. Robert
tions; Vendor and Purchaser. son, 3 F.(20) 488.
I. REQUISITES AND VALIDITY. V. PERSONAL CIVIL AND POLITICAL
(A) Nature and Essentials in Genera). RIGHTS. em 90 (U.S.D.C.Mo.) Freedom of the press
OM 10(4) (U.S.C.C.A.S.C.) Plaintiffs' statement violated by limitation on publication of income
that they “hoped” to be able to make certain
shipments held insufficient basis for binding tax returns.-U. S. v. Dickey, 3 F.(20) 190.
contract to accept such shipments.-Meade IX. PRIVILEGES OR IMMUNITIES, AND
Fibre Co. v. Varn, 3 F.(20) 520.
Om 10(4) (U.S.D.C.Tex.) Agreement to fill or. am 205 (7) (U.S.D.C.Colo.) Perpetual ease
ders at certain prices, without obligating buy
er to place orders, held void for want of muments to street railway held not violative of
tuality.—Texarkana Casket Co. v. BinswangConstitution.-Westinghouse Electric & Mfg. Co. v. Denver Tramway Co., 3 F.(20) 285.
er & Co. of Tennessee, 3 F.(20) 611. X. EQUAL PROTECTION OF LAWS.
(B) Parties, Proposals, and Acceptance. 229(1) (U.S.D.C.Ohio) State tax statute
20 (U.S.C.C.A.N.Y.) Failure to accept offer held not invalid. as discriminating against for constitutes rejection.-Columbia Malting Co. v. eign corporations.-Air-way Electric Appliance
Clausen-Flanagan Corporation, 3 F.(2d) 547. Corporation v. Archer, 3 F.(20) 669. **
m23 (U.S.C.C.A.N.Y.) Acceptance must not ww240(1) (U.S.D.C.Pa.) Pennsylvania act re
change, add to, or qualify terms of offer.quiring inspection of mattresses, etc., held con
Columbia Malting Co. v, Clausen-Flanagan Corstitutional.-Palmer Bros. Co. v. Weaver, 3 F.
poration, 3 F.(28) 547. (20) 333.
em 24 (U.S.C.C.A.N.Y.) Introduction of new
term into offer constitutes counter proposal.XI. DUE PROCESS OF LAW.
Columbia Malting Co. v. Clausen-Flanagan Cor251 (U.S.D.C.Wash.) “Due processo defin
poration, 3 F.(28) 547. ed.-Dukich v. Blair, 3 F.(20) 302.
(D) Consideration. 258 (U.S.D.C.Okl.) Due process of law requires criminal statutes to have definite, ascer
47 (U.S.C.C.A.Cal.) Agreement by em. tainable standards of guilt.-General Const. Co. ployee to deferred payment of salary held unv. Connally, 3 F.(20) 666.
enforceable as without consideration.-Banque 275(2) (U.S.D.C.Okl.) State statute pro
Russo-Asiatique v. Dolch, 3 F.(20) 266. hibiting payment of less than current rate of wages to laborers on state contracts held vio
(E) Validity of Assent. lative of due process clause.-General Const. 93(4) (U.S.D.C.Ga.) Parties are bound by Co. v. Connally, 3 F.(20) 666.
written contract, regardless of differences in On 278(1) (U.S.D.C.Ga.) Provision of Federal their understanding of its terms.-Swift & Co. Reserve Act held not to deprive bank of prop- v. Bullard & Son, 3 F.(20) 814. erty without due process of law.-Pascagoula · Nat. Bank v. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta. (F) Legality of Object and of considera3 F.(20) 465.
tion, 283' (U.S.D.C.Wash.) Due process in tax- Om 103 (U.S.D.C.Or.) Contract tending to ination cases does not require judicial procedure. terfere with enforcement of law, or offering -Dukich v. Blair, 3 F.(20) 302.
temptation to violate law, or indemnifying cum 290 (1) (U.S.D.C.Tex.) Legislature may de- against consequences of illegal act, void.--Fideltermine benefits from construction of public ity & Deposit Co. of Maryland' v. Moore, 3 road, and determination not violative of due F.(20) 652. process unless palpably arbitrary.-Browning Om 108 (1) (U.S.D.C.Or.) Power to declare v. Hooper, 3 F.(20) 160.
contracts void as against "public policy" should Om 295 (U.S.D.C.Ga.) Statute prohibiting mar- be exercised only where case free of doubt.gin contracts not denial of due process.-Fen- Fidelity & Deposit Co. of Maryland v. Moore, ner v. Boykin, 3 F.(20) 674.
3 F.(20) 632.
Counties For cases in Dec.Dig. & Am.Dig. Key-No.Series & Indexes see same topic and KEY-NUMBER
141(1) (U.S.D.C.Or.) Presumed parties in- Emergency Fleet Corporation.-Providence Entend legal contracts, where subject-matter gineering Corporation v. Downey Shipbuilding thereof not illegal.-Fidelity & Deposit Co. of Corporation, 3 F.(20) 154. Maryland v. Moore, 3 F.(20) 652.
IX. REINCORPORATION AND REORGAN· II. CONSTRUCTION AND OPERATION.
IZATION. (A) General Rules of Construction.
574 (U.S.C.C.A.Wis.) Stockholders estop143 (U.S.C.C.A.Ohio) Law will not lightly
ped to disavow reorganization plans, as against
creditors of newly organized corporation.-In subject parties to code governing relations dif.
re Union Food Stores Co., 3 F.(20) 736. ferent from code they have deliberately agreed on.-Stark v. Bauer Cooperage Co., 3 F.(20)
X. CONSOLIDATION. 214. 147 (1) (U.S.D.C.S.C.) Intention governs.
583 (U.S.C.C.A.Wis.) Consent of every -S. B. McMaster, Inc., v. Chevrolet Motor Co.,
stockholder not necessary to transfer of as3 F.(20) 469.
sets to other corporation.-In re Union Food em 147 (2) (U.S.D.C.S.C.) Intention determin
determin. Stores Co., 3 F.(20) 736. ed from contract terms.-S. B. McMaster, Inc., v. Chevrolet Motor Co., 3 F.(2d) 469.
XII. FOREIGN CORPORATIONS. 154 (U.S.C.C.A.Wyo.) Will not be given un- m642(4/2) (U.S.C.C.A.S.C.) Nonresident reasonable construction contrary to intent of corporation, maintaining agents within state to parties.- Richardson v. Western Oil, Coal & purchase pulpwood, held doing business within Investment Co., 3 F.(20) 403.
state.-Meade Fibre Co. v. Varn, 3 F.(20) 520. em 176(1) (App.D.C.) Legal import of con- 642 (412) (U.S.D.C.S.C.) Contract held not tract as to terms of which there was no dispute to create agency.-S. B. McMaster, Inc., v, was question of law for court.–Turner v. Mertz, Chevrolet Motor Co., 3 F.(20) 469. 3 F.(20) 348.
Om668(4) (U.S.C.C.A.S.C.) 'It is competent
for state, within lawful bounds, to designate (D) Place and Time.
agent on whom process may be served.-Meade em212(1) (U.S.C.C.A.Cal.) Agreement by em Fibre Co. v. Varn, 3 F.(28) 520. ployé to wait for his salary held to bind him 668(10) (U.S.C.C.A.S.C.) Agency held not only for reasonable time.--Banque Russo-Asia such as tó render unreasonable holding that tique v. Dolch, 3 F.(20) 266.
service on agent was binding on nonresident
corporation.-Meade Fibre Co. v. Varn, 3 F. V. PERFORMANCE OR BREACH. (2d) 520. 318 (U.S.D.C.N.Y.) Forfeitures not favored
668(15) (U.S.C.C.A.S.C.) That agent for in equity.--Hazeltine Research Corporation v. nonresident corporation may be found within Freed-Eisemann Radio Corporation, 3 F.(20) jurisdiction does not make it suable therein, 172.
unless it is there doing business.-Meade Fibre
Co. v. Varn, 3 F.(20) 520.
Om668(15) (U.S.D.C.S.C.) Foreign corporaSee Banks and Banking: Carriers; Gas; Mu
tions held not to be "doing buisness" in state nicipal Corporations; Public Service Commis- so as to be subject to service.--S. B. Mcsions; Railroads; Street Railroads; Tele Master, Inc., v. Chevrolet Motor Co., 3 F.(20)
469. graphs and Telephones.
COUNTIES. 1.' INCORPORATION AND ORGANIZATION, 30(6) (U.S.D.C.Ga.) Corporation's agree
III. PROPERTY, CONTRACTS, AND ment to pay liabilities of partnership taken
LIABILITIES. over by it held to include additional excess prof
(B) Contracts. its tax assessed after corporation organized.
124 (2) (U.S.D.C.Tenn.) County cannot In re W. J. Marshall Co., 3 F.(20) 192.
ratify void action.-First Nat. Bank v. Obion Rule in Georgia that corporation taking over County, Tenn.. 3 F (28) 623. assets of partnership not necessarily liable for partnership debts.-Id.
IV. FISCAL MANAGEMENT, PUBLIC DEBT, Common-law rule that corporations taking
SECURITIES, AND TAXATION. over partnership business liable for partnership debts held general rule.--Id.
167 (U.S.D.C.Or.) General indorsement Effect of corporation's taking over assets
carries title to paper.-Nyssa-Arcadia Drainage of partnership determined by general rather
Dist. v. First Nat. Bank, 3 F.(20) 648.
Paper indorsed "for collection," "for acthan local law.-Id.
count," etc., remains property of indorser. IV. CAPITAL, STOCK, AND DIVIDENDS,
om 173(1) (U.S.D.C.Tenn.) County without (C) Issue of Certificates.
power to issue bonds except as expressly auCarn 98 (U.S.C.C.A.Mass.) Measure of damages
thorized by state Constitution and statutes.for breach of contract to deliver stock stated. First Nat. Bank v. Obion County, Tenn., 3 -New England Oil Refining Co. v. Wiltsee, 3
3 F.(20) 623. F.(20) 424.
Laws authorizing counties to issue bonds
strictly construed.Id.. (E) Interest, Dividends, and New Stock. em 174 (U.S.D.C.Tex.) Texas statute authorem 151 (U.S.D.C.Md.) “Undivided profits" de
izing issuance of bonds by counties and road fined.-Chesapeake & Potomac Telephone Co.
districts held constitutional and valid. --Brownof Baltimore City v. Whitman, 3 F.(20) 938.
ing v. Hooper, 3 F.(20) 160.
em 183(1) (U.S.D.C.Tenn.) County bonds isVII. CORPORATE POWERS AND LIABILI.
sued without statutory authority are void.TIES,
First Nat. Bank v. Obion County, Tenn., 3 (D) Contracts and Indebtedness.
Validity of bonds determined by law as set448 (1) (U.S.C.C.A.Mass.) Corporation held tled at time of issuance.-Id. bound by contract made in its behalf before 183(3) (U.S.D.C.Tenn.) County estopped organization.--New England Oil Refining Co. to deny recital in bond that it was issued uvoer v. Wiltsee, 3 F.(20) 424.
statute giving the county authority.-First Nat. em 478 (U.S.D.C.N.Y.) Trust deed of corpora. Bank v. Obion County, Tenn., 3 F.(20) 623. tion, covering all property, held to include em 184 (U.S.D.C.Tenn.) Bonds issued by counclaims, against United States Shipping Board ty of Tennessee for benefit of drainage dis
trict not obligations of county.-First Nat. (D) Jurisdiction Dependent on Amount or Bank v. Obion County, Tenn., 3 F.(20) 623.
Value in Controversy.
m328(2) (U.S.D.C.Ala.) Amount involved VI. ACTIONS.
held within jurisdiction of court.-Wright F. On 223 (U.S.D.C.Tenn.) Evidence that county
Mutual Life Ins. Co. of New York, 3 F.(2d)
501. records do not show election authorizing issu
328(9) (U.S.D.C.Ala.) Matter in controance of bonds, and that they were issued under special statute for benefit of drainage district,
versy must exceed $3,000 to confer federal held competent.-First Nat. Bank v. Obion
jurisdiction on ground of diverse citizenship.
Wright v. Mutual Life Ins. Co. of New York, County, Tenn., 3 F.(20) 623.
3 F.(20) 501.
329 (U.S.D.C.Tex.) Jurisdiction shown by COURT RULES CITED.
pleadings not lost because proof before master Equity rules 18. 22, 23.-3 F.(20) 913.
shows want of jurisdictional amount.--SouthEquity rule 39.-3 F.(20) 819.
western Telegraph & Telephone Co. v. Walker Equity rule 58.-3 F.(20) 198.
Grain Co., 3 F.(20) 819. Equity rule 59.-3 F.(20) 926.
Allegation of jurisdictional amount, in good
faith, gives federal court jurisdiction.-Id. COURTS.
Finding on the merits held not to deprive
the court of jurisdiction.-Id. See Criminal Law, Em97; Judges; Removal of Causes.
(E) Procedure, and Adoption of Practice
of State Courts. I. NATURE, EXTENT, AND EXERCISE OF 332 (U.S.C.C.A.Tex.) Equity rule held pot JURISDICTION IN GENERAL.
to deprive court of power to refer cause inem 12(2)' (U.S.D.C.N.Y.) Scire facias not
volving investigation of complicated transacavailable to make foreign executrix party to
tions.----Walker y. Wilkinson, 3 F.(20) 867.
em 337 (U.S.C.C.A.Tenn.) Federal courts not action at law.-Heath v. Santa Lucia Co., S. A., 3 F.(20) 326.
bound by state practice or statute in conduct of cases.-Cagle v. U. S., 3 F.(2d) 746.
340 (U.S.D.C.S.C.) Procedure prescribed VII, UNITED STATES COURTS..
by federal statute excludes that of state prae(A) Jurisdietion and Powers in General. tice.-S. B. McMaster, Inc., v. Chevrolet Motor On 256 (U.S.D.C.III.) Jurisdiction to compel Co., 3 F.(20) 469. attendance of witness before Labor Board not E 344 (U.S.D.C.N.Y.) Service of summons limited to court of district where witness re- and complaint on defendant in another district sides.-Railroad Labor Board v. Robertson, 3 invalid.-Gioia v. Clyde S. S. Co., 3 F.(20) F.(20) 4$8.
Court may exercise jurisdiction in aid of in- Service on transportation agent of railroad vestigations by administrative bodies.-Id. within district held sufficient; state Practice em 257 (U.S.D.C.III.) Application by Labor Act not being applicable to federal District Board to compel attendance of witness is judi Court under Conformity Act.-Id. cial proceeding.-Railroad Labor Board v. Rob
Hing - Railroad Labor Board y. Rob- 349 (U.S.C.C.A.Cal.) Competency of wit. ertson, 3 F.(20) 488.
nesses in criminal trials in federal courts gorOn 264 (1) (U.S.D.C.Tenn.) Jurisdiction of erned by common law.-Parker v. U. S., 3 court extends to matters incidental to main F.(2d) 003. issue.-First Nat. Bank v. Obion County, Tenn., 351 (U.S.D.C.Cal.) Interrogatories should 3 F.(20) 623.
be of character that answer will state or illusOn 279 (U.S.D.C.Ga.) Basis of equity jurisdic trate material fact.-Miller & Pardee v. Lavtion of federal court should be positively aver rence A. Sweet Mfg. Co., 3 F.(20) 198. red.-Emerson y. Baker, 3 F.(20) 830.
Om 35142 (U.S.C.C.A.Utah) Dismissal of suit Jurisdiction of injunction to restrain deduc on the ground of prior jurisdiction of state tions from army officer's pay held not suffi- court held error as to parties and issues not ciently averred.-Id.
involved in state suit.-Boston Acme Mines 279 (U.S.D.C.N.Y.) Allegation that defend- Corporation v. Salina Canyon Coal Co., 3 ant was doing business within district indis F. (2 pensable to jurisdiction of federal District Om 352 (U.S.C.C.A.Tex.) Objection that apCourt under federal Employers' Liability Act. pointment of special master was void under ---Gioia v. Clyde S. S. Co., 3 F.(20) 822. equity rule 59, made for first time to master on
hearing, held too late.-Smith v. Brown, 3 F. (B) Jurisdiction Dependent on Nature of (20) 926. Subject-Matter.
352 (U.S.C.C.A.W.Va.) Statutes and court On 284 (U.S.C.C.A.Tex.) Action on bond take
rules relating to transfer of cases held remeen pending hearing in District Court held to
dial, and to be liberally construed.---Fidelity & arise under laws of United States.-In re Walk
Casualty Co. of New York v. Glenn, 3 F.(20)
913. er Grain Co., 3 F.(2d) 872. 293 (U.S.D.C.Ala.) State's suit against cor
355 (U.S.D.C.N.Y.) Federal District Court
without authority to order supplementary proporation organized under special act of Con.
ceedings to enforce decree in admiralty, in abgress held within jurisdiction of District Court, as "arising under laws of United States."
sence of District Court rule.-The Sagamore,
3 F.(20) 689. ' State of Alabama v. Acacia Mut. Life Ass'n, 3 F.(2d) 697.
356 '(U.S.C.C.A.ind.) Statute' providing for judgment without regard to technical errors held
applicable to common-law actions tried without (C) Jurisdiction Dependent on Citizen whip, Residence, or Character
jury.-Muentzer v. Los Angeles Trust & Sayof Parties.
ings Bank, 3 F.(20) 222. 303 (2) (U.S.D.C.Ga.) Suit to enjoin institution of criminal prosecution not a suit against
(F) State Laws as Rules of Decision. the state.-Fenner v. Boykin, 3 F.(2d) 674.
359 (U.S.C.C.A.N.Y.) Law of state in which 323 (U.S.C.C.A.Porto Rico) Evidence held contract made and performed governs decision sufficient to warrant finding plaintiffs not of federal courts.-Cudahy Packing Co. v. Narzidomiciled in Porto Rico, giving United States senfeld, 3 F.(20) 567. District Court jurisdiction.-Porto Rico Ry., Cm 366(1) (U.S.C.C.A.Ark.) Federal courts Light & Power Co. v. Cognet, 3 F.(20) 21. follow state court's construction of state Con