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I. FOR OCCUPATIONS AND PRIVILEGES. m5(1) (App.D.C.) Relationship between
Om8(1) (App.D.C.) Statute specifically enuowner and occupant held that of master and servant, and not of landlord and tenant.-Turn
merating classes of business requiring consent
of adjoining property owners presumed not aper v. Mertz, 3 F.(20) 348.
plicable to business not enumerated.-Coombe
v. U. S. ex rel. Selis, 3 F.(2d) 714. III. LANDLORD'S TITLE AND REVERSION.
On 22 (App.D.C.) Consent of adjoining prop(B) Estoppel of Tenant.
erty owners not condition to issuance of license em 61 (U.S.D.C.N.Y.) Tenant may not ques
to junk dealer.-Coombe v. U. S. ex rel. Selis, tion landlord's title.-Jones v. Peacock, 3
"Peacock. 3 3 F.(20) 714. F.(20) 827.
cm37 (App.D.C.) Police regulation requiring Defendants' counterclaim in action for rent
site counterclaim in action for rent consent of adjoining owners to operation of held attempt to question landlord's title.-Id.
junkshop held not to require consent on trans
fer of business, in view of administrative inIV. TERMS FOR YEARS.
terpretation.-Coombe y. U. S. ex rel. Selis, 3
F.(20) 714. (D) Termination.
Transfer of license, called to licensing officer's Om 103(1) (U.S.D.C.Pa.) Lessee cannot plead attention, notice that assignee has succeeded to equities of its subtenants to avoid forfeiture of assignor's right to have business licensed.-Id. the lease.-Vincent v. National Drug Stores, 3 F.(20) 504.
LIMITATION OF ACTIONS.
II. COMPUTATION OF PERIOD OF USE THEREOF.
LIMITATION. (F) Eviction.
(H) Commercement of Action or Other
Proceeding 180(3) (App.D.C.) Plaintiff, who brought
Om 124 (U.S.C.C.A.S.C.) Underwriters' petiaction as tenant for unlawful eviction, could
tion of intervention in shipper's action against not recover on theory of negligence.-Turner
owner for delay held not to state new cause of v. Mertz, 3 F.(20) 348.
action.-U. S. v. Middleton, 3 F.(20) 384. VIII. RENT AND ADVANCES.
III. ACKNOWLEDGMENT, NEW PROMISE, (B) Actions.
AND PART PAYMENT.
Cow 157 (2) (U.S.D.C.Pa.) Payment from which en 223(1) (U.S.D.C.N.Y.) Lessee's counter
no promise may be implied will not toll the claim, in action for rent, seeking cancellation
statute.-Charles Warner Co. v. Nazareth Ceof instruments, held equitable.-Jones v. Pea
ment Co., 3 F.(20) 152. cock, 3 F.(20) 827. on 223(2) (U.S.D.C.N.Y.) Defendant in ao
Payment held not to toll statute.-Id. tion for rent held not entitled to counterclaim for cancellation of lease, supplemental agree
LIQUOR SELLING. ment, and bond on ground of failure to perfect See Intoxicating Liquors. title.-Jones v. Peacock, 3 F.(2d) 827. Defendant in action for rent held not entitled
LITERARY PROPERTY. to cancellation of instruments making lease ineffectual on lessors' failure to perfect title.-Id.
Om2 (U.S.D.C.Ga.) Scenario of photoplay is
property entitled to protection in equity.(D) Distress.
Thompson v. Famous Players-Lasky Corpora264 (U.S.C.C.A.Del.) Statute by which
tion, 3 F.(20) 707. third party's goods on leased premises are made
LOGS AND LOGGING. subject to distraint held not repealed by Conditional Sales Act.-In re Brittingham Mfg. Om2 (U.S.C.C.A.Cal.) Contract for sale of Co., 3 F.(20) 807.
timber land held valid and enforceable.- Ward
V. Pearsall, 3 F.(20) 365.
II. WANT OF PROBABLF CAUSE. LEGISLATIVE POWER.
Om 16 (App.D.C.) Either probable cause or
want of malice defense.-Chapman v. Anderson, See Constitutional Law, Oum 55.
3 F.(20) 336.
On 22 (App.D.C.) Advice of prosecuting atLIBEL AND SLANDER.
torney held probable cause.-Chapman V. An
derson, 3 F.(2d) 336. I. WORDS AND ACTS ACTIONABLE, AND On 23 (App.D.C.) Lack of probable cause not LIABILITY THEREFOR.
inferred from malice.-Chapman V. Anderson, w21 (App.D.C.) Newspaper item reporting
3 F.(20) 336. arrest of "Harry Kennedy, an attorney," held
III. MALICE. libelous as to "Harry F. Kennedy," only attorney in city.--Washington Post Co. v. Kennedy,
32 (App.D.C.) Malice presumed from lack 3 F.(20) 207.
of probable cause.-Chapman v. Anderson, 3
V. ACTIONS. (B) Parties, Preliminary Proceedings, and
Cum 56 (App.D.C.) Matters to be proved stated. Pleading.
-Chapman v. Anderson, 3 F.(20) 336. 77 (U.S.C.C.A.TII.) Under Illinois laws, ac- m71(2) (App.D.C.) Probable cause question tion for libel of reciprocal insurance associa of law, if facts are undisputed.-Chapman v. tion may not be maintained by its attorney in Anderson, 3 F.(20) 336. fact in own name.-John L. Walker Co. v. Na Refusal to instruct facts proved constituted tional Underwriters' Co., 3 F.(20) 102.
probable cause held error.-Id.
(3) (App.D.C.) Malice question for jury.
See Divorce; Husband and Wife.
MASTER AND SERVANT.
1. THE RELATION. RELIEF.
(B) Statutory Regulation, m 164(3) (App.D.C.) Facts alleged in peti; em 13 (U.S.C.C.A.III.), Yardmaster directing tion accepted as true on defendant's refusal to answer after overruling of_demurrer.
train movements held "operator, train disCoombe v. U. S. ex rel. Selis, 3 F.(20) 714. patcher, or other employee," within Hours of
Service Act.--Atchison, T. & S. F. Ry. Co. F. MARITIME LIENS.
U. S., 3 F.(20) 138.
Telephone communications by yardmaster as 1. NATURE, GROUNDS, AND SUBJECT
to train movement held “orders," within Hours MATTER IN GENERAL.
of Service Act.-Id. (A) Under Maritime Law.
II. SERVICES AND COMPENSATION. 7 (U.S.C.C.A.N.Y.) Food and supplies for
(A) Performance of Services. passengers are necessaries.—The Gdansk, 3 F. (2d) 565.
62 (U.S.D.C.Me.) Employer held to bare em (U.S.C.C.A.N.Y.) Contract to supply food irrevocable license to use invention made and to alien passengers while temporarily removed
patented by employee.-Scott v. Madison Woolto quarantine station held not to give mari
en Co., 3 F.(2) 331. time lien on vessel.--The Gdansk, 3 F.(20)
(B) Wages and Other Remuneration. 565. 9 (U.S.D.C.Mass.) Services rendered in
Om69 (U.S.D.C.III.) Whether action of Labor fumigating baggage of passengers held to give
Board is arbitrary determined by character of right to lien.--The Susquehanna, 3 F.(20)
act itself.-Railroad Labor Board v. Robertson, 1014.
3 F.(20) 488. Om 12 (U.S.C.C.A.N.Y.) Immigration Act held III. MASTER'S LIABILITY FOR INJURIES not to create lien on vessel for maintenance of
TO SERVANT. alien passengers, temporarily removed to quarantine station.-The Gdansk, 3 F.(20) 565.
.(B) Tools, Machinery, Appliances, and
Places for Work. (B) Under Statutory Provisions,
mw 101, 102(8) (U.S.C.C.A.N.J.) Reasonable On 24 (U.S.D.C.N.C.) Statute held not to bar
care required in providing appliances and place proof that supplies or equipment were fur
of work.-Standard Oil Co. of New Jersey F. nished on credit to owner alone.—The Defiance,
De Vries, 3 F.(20) 852. 3 F.(20) 48.
Om 103(1) (U.S.C.C.A.N.J.) Master's duty DODSale of marine engine to owner of vessel on
delegable.-Standard Oil Co. of New Jersey v. credit of owner alone held not to create lien.
De Vries, 3 F.(20) 852. -Id.
(G) Contributory Negligence of Servant Seller's opinion that maritime lien existed held not to create lien.-Id.
m228 (3) (U.S.C.C.A.Or.) Foreman, failing Lien defeated by failure to make delivery of to comply with statutory duty as to safety deengine to vessel's side.-Id.
vices, held not entitled to recover for injuries. One who advanced money on personal cred- -Marks v. Bauers, 3 F.(20) 516. it of master for purchase of marine engine
(H) Actions. acquired no lien.-İd. Om 25 (U.S.D.C.Md.) Stevedoring rendered to
em 285 (2) (U.S.C.C.A.N.J.) Evidence of cause ship not in home port lienable.-In re Atlantic, of freight conductor's death held insufficient Gulf & Pacific S. $. Co., 3 F.(2d) 309.
for jury.--Smith v. Philadelphia & R. Ry. Co., Cm 25 (U.S.D.C.Mass.) Services rendered in 3 F.(20) 604. fumigating baggage of passengers held to give Om286(1)(U.S.C.C.A.Ala.) Railroad's Degliright to lien; "necessaries.”—The Susquehan- gence in failing to guard employee, shot during na, 3 F.(20) 1014.
strike, held question for jury.-St. Louis-San em 25 (Ù.S.D.C.Mass.) Use of canal held a Francisco Ry. Co. v. Mills, 3 F.(20) 882. "necessary.”-In re Burton s. s. Co., 3 F.(20) Ow286(3) (U.S.C.C.A.N.J.) Negligence in not 1015.
providing safe appliances and place of work
Co. of New II. CREATION, OPERATION, AND EFFECT.
Jersey v. De Vries, 3 F.(20) 852.
in On 26 (U.S.C.C.A.N.Y.) Not to be extended not providing safe gangplank or passageway
Cm286(21) (U.S.C.C.A.N.J.) Negligence by construction.- The Gdansk, 3 F.(20) 565. em 30 (U.S.D.C.Md.) Stevedore not required Oil Co. of New Jersey v. De Vries, 3 F.(20)
from lighter to tanker held for jury.-Standard to make inquiry as to existence of nonmaritime 852. liens.-In re Atlantic, Gulf & Pacific S. S. Co.,
287(3) (U.S.C.C.A.Mass.) Whether 3 F.(20) 309. em 30 (U.S.D.C.Mass.) Failure to inquire as
ployee, injuring coemployee, was acting within to ownership of vessel held_to defeat right to
scope of employment, held for jury.--List .
New York Cent. R. Co., 3 F.(20) 434. lien.-The Susquehanna, 3 F.(20) 1014.
31 (U.S.D.C.N.C.) Transferee of note acquired no lien where seller itself had no lien.
MECHANICS' LIENS. --The Defiance, 3 F.(2d) 48.
II. RIGHT TO LIEN. mw37 (U.S.D.C.Me.) Lien cannot be enforced
(A) Nature of Improvement. by part owner as against a stranger having a lien. -The Frank Brainerd, 3 F.(2d.) 664.
em 25 (U.S.C.C.A.Ark.) Oil tanks and fixtures cm 37 (U.S.D.C.Md.) Assignee of freights held held “erections and improvements" within statto have no lien and claim for supplies furnish- ute.-American Tank Co. v. Continental & ed ship on voyage in which freights were earn
Commercial Trust & Savings Bank, 3 F.(24) ed superior to claim of assignee.--In re At. 122. lantic, Gulf & Pacific S. S. Co., 3 F.(20) 311.
III. PROCEEDINGS TO PERFECT. ww49 (U.S.D.C.Me.) Lien claimants held not Com 118 (U.S.C.C.A.Ark.) Ten-day notice to entitled to challenge validity of attachment.- owner before filing notice of lien not required The Frank Brainerd, 3 F.(20) 664.
of original contractor.-american Tank Co. F.
For cases In Dec.Dig. & Am.Dig. Key-No.Series & Indexes see same tople and KEY-NUMBER
in II. TRUSTS AND OTHER COMBINATIONS
IN RESTRAINT OF TRADE. 90 days after last item of continuing contract held to cover all materials furnished.--American w 17(2) (U.S.C.C.A.Ohio) Discrimination in Tank Co. v. Continental & Commercial Trust price to different purchasers not unlawful, un& Savings Bank, 3 F.(2d). 122.
less it lessens competition or tends to create a
monopoly.-S. S. Kresge Co. v. Champi ion VII. ENFORCEMENT.
Spark Plug Co., 3 F.(20) 415.
Discrimination in prices held not in violation mm 260(4) (U.S.C.C.A.Ark.) Enforcement in
of Clayton Act.-Id. federal court not defeated because lienholder did not commence suit in state court within statutory time.--American Tank Co. v. Con
MORTGAGES. tinental & Commercial Trust & Savings Bank, See Chattel Mortgages. 3 F.(20) 122. 281(1) (U.S.C.C.A.Ark.) Evidence held to
MUNICIPAL CORPORATIONS. show that materials were furnished to specific leasehold estates, not on personal credit of See Counties; Street Railroads. lessee.-American Tank Co. v. Continental & Commercial Trust & Savings Bank, 3 F.(20) XI. USE AND REGULATION OF PUBLIC 122.
PLACES, PROPERTY, AND WORKS. 281(2) (U.S.C.C.A.Ark.) Evidence held to
(A) Streets and Other Public Ways. show continuing agreement under which lien filed within 90 days after last item covered
em 705(2) (App.D.C.) Mutual rights and duall material.-American Tank Co. v. Continent
ties of pedestrian and automobile driver statal & Commercial Trust & Savings Bank, 3
ed.-Reaver v. Walch, 3 F.(20) 204. F.(20) 122.
Ow705(10) (App.D.C.) Last clear chance doc
trine held inapplicable to injuries to pedestrian MILITARY LAW.
by automobile.-Reaver v. Walch, 3 F.(20) 204.
Om 706(3) (App.D.C.) Pedestrian has burden See Army and Navy.
of proving negligent operation of automobile.
Reaver v. Walch, 3 F.(20) 204.
Res ipsa loquitur doctrine held inapplicable
to pedestrian's injuries by automobile.-Id. I. PUBLIC MINERAL LANDS.
C 706 (6) (App.D.C.) Evidence of negligence (A) Reservation and Disposal in General.
of driver of automobile, striking pedestrian,
held insufficient for jury.-Reaver v. Walch, 3 5 (U.S.C.C.A.Wyo.) Oil-leasing act held to F.(20) 204. permit leases only to holders of valid placer locations.-Richardson y, Western Oil, Coal &
XII. FISCAL MANAGEMENT PUBLIC Investment Co., 3 F.(20) 403.
DEBT, SECURITIES, AND TAXATION. (B) Location and Acquisition of Claims.
(A) Power to Incur indebtedness and Ex.
penditures. 27(4) (U.S.C.C.A.Wyo.) Contract between 864 (4) (U.S.C.C.A.Colo.) Bonds for murival claimants contemplating lease from goy- nicipal light plant held not "debt,” within conernment held to entitle plaintiff to royalties stitutional limitation.--Franklin Trust Co. v. only in lands to which it had a valid existing City of Loveland, Colorado, 3 F.(20) 114. claim.-Richardson v. Western Oil, Coal & Investment Co., 3 F.(20) 403. 36 (U.S.C.C.A.Wyo.) Public oil lands can
NATIONAL BANKS. be acquired only by compliance with placer See Banks and Banking, am 256–28872. mining laws.--Richardson v. Western Oil, Coal & Investment Co., 3 F.(20) 403.
NATURALIZATION. (C) Patents.
See Aliens, Em 62-69. Om 43 (U.S.C.C.A.Wyo.) Patent held to cut off rights of claimants to oil lands.-Richardson v.
NAVIGABLE WATERS. Western Oil, Coal & Investment Co., 3 F.(20)
I. RIGHTS OF PUBLIC. 403.
20(8) (U.S.D.C.Pa.) City held liable for II. TITLE, CONVEYANCES, AND CON negligent operation of drawbridge.--The BrimTRACTS.
stone, 3 F.(20) 1011. (C) Leases, Licenses, and Contracts.
Duty of those maintaining drawbridge to see
that draw is properly operated.-Id. Cm79(I) (U.S.C.C.A.Tex.) Deed to royalty held to convey interest in realty under terms
II. LANDS UNDER WATER. of lease.-Emerson v. Little Six Oil Co., 3 F.
m38 (U.S.D.C.Fla.) Title to land between (20) 265. w79(1) (U.S.C.C.A.Tex.) Lessor held own
high and low water mark under Florida statute er of that part of oil reserved as royalty, both
construed.-Commodores Point Terminal Co. v. before and after production.-W, T. Waggoner
Hudnall, 3 F.(20) 841.
NEGLIGENCE. remove machinery and supplies on forfeiture of See Master and Servant. 101–287: Rail... lease.--In re Midland Oil Co., 3 F.(20) 112.
roads, 307–328; Street Railroads, Om
98-117. III. OPERATION OF MINES, QUARRIES, AND, WELLS.
1. ACTS OR OMISSIONS CONSTITUTING (A) Statutory and Official Regulations.
NEGLIGENCE. . 87 (U.S.C.C.A.W.Va.) Privilege tax for (A) Personal Conduct in General. coal mining held to apply only to mining for ml (U.S.C.C.A.N.J.) “Negligence" defined.sale or profit.-Norfolk & W. Ry. Co. v. Hall, Standard Oil Co. of New Jersey v. De Vries. 3 F.(20) 254.
3 F.(20) 852
(C) Condition and Use of Land, Buildings,
PATENTS. and Other Structures.
II. PATENTABILITY. 52 (U.S.C.C.A.Ala.) Owner of premises engaging independent contractor to work there.
(A) Invention, on may incur duty to warn contractor's em w16 (U.S.C.C.A.Colo.) Mere improvement, ployees of dangers.-U. S. Cast Iron Pipe & to secure better result by original method, not Foundry Co. v. Sullivan, 3 F.(20) 794.
"invention."-Lehman y. Ripley, 3 F.(20) 518
17 (U.S.C.C.A.N.Y.) Claims for hair-war. U. PROXIMATE CAUSE OF INJURY.
ing device designed to apply borax to one porm59 (U.S.C.C.A.Ala.) When negligence prox tion of hair and protect another portion held imate cause of injury.-St. Louis-San Fran- not_to embody invention.-E. Fredericks, Inc. cisco Ry. Co. v. Mills, 3 F.(2d) 882.
v. Eugene, 3 F.(2d) 543. Ow62(1) (U.S.C.C.A.Ala.) Intervening cause
20 (U.S.C.C.A.N.Y.) Mechanical change or which should have been foreseen will not re
alteration not invention.-E. Fredericks, Inc. lieve from liability.-St. Louis-San Francisco
v. Eugene, 3 F.(20) 543. Ry. Co. v. Mills, 3 F.(20) 882.
Transfer of idea of device from art of medi
cated plasters to art of permanent hair wais. IV. ACTIONS.
ing held not invention.-Id.
35 (U.S.C.C.A.III.) Doubt as to invalidity (B) Evidence.
must exist before evidence of commercial sucOm 122(5) (U.S.C.C.A.Porto Rico) Presump cess warrants finding in favor of validity.tion from instinct of self-preservation appli U. S. Sanitary Specialties Corporation v. West cable only in absence of evidence.-American
Disinfecting Co., 3F.(20) 997.* R. Co. of Porto Rico v. Lopez, 3 F.(2d) 876.
36 (U.S.C.C.A.Ohio) When sales are evien 134(8) (U.S.C.C.A.Ala.) Death of em dence of invention stated.-Wellman-Seaverployee of independent contractor while working Morgan Co. v. William Cramp & Sons Ship & in clay pit shown to be due to owner's negli Engine Bldg. Co., 3 F.(20) 531. gence.-U. S. Cast Iron Pipe & Foundry Co. v. Commercial success has evidential force.--Id Sullivan, 3 F.(20) 794.
(D) Anticipation. (C) Trial, Judgment, and Review
66 (U.S.D.C.N.Y.) Effective date of Brit. 136(9) (U.S.C.C.A.Porto Rico) Contributo- ish patent is date of sealing.-A. Schrader's ry negligence questions for jury, on conflicting Son, Inc., v. Wein Sales Corporation, 3 F.(20) evidence.-American R. Co. of Porto Rico v. 999. Ortega, 3 F.(20) 358.
Effective date of French patents is date of 136(14) (U.S.C.C.A.N.J.) Question for issue.-Id. jury.-Standard Oil Co. of New Jersey v. De Effective date of German patents is date of Vries, 3 F.(20) 852.
Om72 (U.S.C.C.A.Ohio) When superficial simNEGOTIABLE INSTRUMENTS. ilarities must be minimized in destructive effect
on advance of great commercial value state See Bills and Notes.
-Wellman-Seaver-Morgan Co. v. William
Cramp & Sons Ship & Engine Bldg. Co., 3 NEW TRIAL.
F.(20) 531. See Criminal Law, Cw957.
73 (U.S.D.C.N.Y.) Anticipation by foreign
publications.-A. Schrader's Son. Inc., v. Wein III. PROCEEDINGS TO PROCURE NEW
Sales Corporation, 3 F.(20) 999.
(E) Prior Public Use or Sale.
Om75 (U.S.D.C.N.Y.) Experimental use of held not abuse of discretion.-Economon v.
device does not bar patent; "public use."-A. Barry-Pate Motor Co., 3 F.(20) 84.
Schrader's Son, Inc., v. Wein Sales Corpora
tion, 3 F.(20) 999. OFFICERS.
III. PERSONS ENTITLED TO PATENTS. See Judges; Public Service Commissions; Re- 91(4) (App.D.C.) Affidavit of senior par. ceivers; United States Commissioners.
ty in interference proceedings antedating active
ity on part of junior parties held disclosure of PARTIES.
invention.—Taggart v. Shilstone, 3 F.(20) 95. For parties on appeal and review of rulings as to parties, see Appeal and Error.
IV. APPLICATIONS AND PROCEEDINGS
THEREON. For parties to particular proceedings or in
struments, see also the various specific top m107 (App.D.C.) Nolan Act, relieving apics,
plicants for patents whose applications had be.
come abandoned during war of burden of showPARTNERSHIP.
burden of show
ing delay unavoidable, held within authority of IV. RIGHTS AND LIABILITIES AS TO Congress.-Seror v. Dick, 3 F.(20) 92. THIRD PERSONS.
Verified representation in application for (D) Actions by or Against Firms or Part patent that applicant was citizen of France ners.
held prima facie showing in interference pro217(3) (U.S.C.C.A.Tenn.) Evidence held
a ceeding that applicant was entitled to benefits
of Nolan Act.-Id. insufficient to show deed of trust was partner
Om 113(6) (App.D.C.) Jurisdiction of Court of ship indebtedness.-Meriweather-Graham-Oli
Appeals in interference proceedings limited to ver Co. v. Bank of Commerce of Earle, Ark., 3 F.(20) 513.
determination of priority.-Taggart v. Shilstone,
3 F.(20) 95. VI. DEATH OF PARTNER, AND SURVIV- V. REQUISITES AND VALIDITY OF LET. ING PARTNERS.
TERS PATENT. e 258(7) (App.D.C.) Failure of surviving 120 (U.S.C.C.A.Or.) Patent issued after partners to 8o designate themselves in come application filed for second patent is not in plaint held not fatal.-Briesen V. A Certain the prior art.-Cookingham . Warren Bros. Fund, 3 F.(20) 509.
Co., 3 F.(20) 899.
prioritz F.12d) 740.
For cases In Doc.Dig. & Am.Dig. Key-No.Series & Indexes see same topic and KEY-NUMBER
121 (U.S.C.C.A.Or.) Inventor may obtain Onn 245 (U.S.D.C.Ohio) Interchangeability of separate patents, although standing in rela- parts standard test of infringement, lacking tion by way of genus and species.--Cookingham which presumption is against infringement.V. Warren Bros. Co., 3 F.(20) 899.
Auto Hone Co. v. Hall Cylinder Hone Co., 3
F.(20) 479. VII. REISSUES. em 148 (U.S.C.C.A.III.) Surrender and reissue
(C) Suits in Equity. nullifies original patent, and forecloses right to m292 (U.S.D.C.Cal.) Defendants' denial of recover damages for prior infringement.-Lu- assignment to plaintiff held not to authorize minous Unit Co. v. Freeman-Sweet Co., 3 F. interrogation of plaintiff as to other assign(20) 577.
ments.-Miller & Pardee v. Lawrence A. Sweet
Mfg. Co., 3 F.(20) 198. IX. CONSTRUCTION AND OPERATION OF
Answers not sealed and deposited with court, LETTERS PATENT.
unless by consent of parties.--Id. (B) Limitation of Claims.
297(4) (U.S.C.C.A.Pa.) Effect of decision Om 165 (U.S.D.C.Mass.) Patent cannot be con of Court of Appeals of District of Columbia, strued to cover wider field than indicated in
determining priority of invention, stated.-
Rousso V. Barber, specification.-Nash Engineering Co. v. W. D. Cashin & Co., 3 F.(20) 686.
Om 297(8) (U.S.C.C.A.Pa.) Validity notesem 165 (U.S.D.C.Mont.) Patentee bound by
tablished by consent decree.-Rousso v. Barber, his own construction of claims.-Greenawalt v.
3 F.(2d) 740. American Smelting & Refining Co., 3 F.(20)
313 (U.S.C.C.A.N.Y.) Permitting plaintiff 658.
to withdraw suit without prejudice after issue Om 167 (1) (U.S.C.C.A.N.Y.) Specifications fol
joined held error.-E. Fredericks, Inc. v. Eulowed to determine meaning of terms.-E. Fred- gene, 3 F.(20) 543. ericks, Inc. v. Eugene, 3 F.(20) 543.
XIII. DECISIONS ON THE VALIDITY, CONOm 172 (U.S.C.C.A.N.Y.) Patentee limited by STRUCTION, AND INFRINGEMENT claims which cannot have limitations read into
OF PARTICULAR PATENTS. them for purpose of avoiding anticipation.E. Fredericks, Inc: v. Eugene, 3 F.(2d) 543.
UNITED STATES. Om 178 (U.S.C.C.A.Ohio) Claim limitation pertaining only to accessory may be minimized,
ORIGINAL. where liberal rule of equivalency justified.
727,505. Street pavement, held not anticipatWellman-Seaver-Morgan Čo. y. William Cramp
ed and valid; claims 3, 5, 6, and 11. & Sons Ship & Engine Bldg. Co., 3 F.(20) 531. 178 (U.S.D.C.N.Y.) Patentee cannot claim
held infringed (C. C. A. Or.) 3 as equivalent something claimed and rejected.
927,298. Pressure gauge for pneumatic tires, Lewis v. Merritt, Chapman & Scott Corpora
held not anticipated, claims 1, 2, tion, 3 F.(20) 66. 178 (U.S.D.C.Ohio) Not entitled to con
and 3, held not infringed (D, C. N. struction broad enough to cover all means of 985,709. Method of forming water proof faced
Y.) 3 F.(20) 999. accomplishing same result -Auto Hone Co. v.
cement block, held not infringed (C. Hall Cylinder Hone Co., 3 F.(20) 479.
C. A. Or.) 3 F.(2d) 244. X. TITLE, CONVEYANCES, AND CON- 1,030,890. Hydraulic valve, held not anticiTRACTS,
pated and valid; claims 1 and 4, (C) Licenses and Contracts.
also held infringed (C. C. A. Ohio)
3 F.(20) 531. 211(1) (U.S.D.C.Del.) License to corpora- 1.152,326. Apparatus for laying submarine tion held not to extend to subsidiary compa
pipe, held valid, but not infringed nies.-De Forest Radio Telephone & Telegraph
(D. C. N. Y.) 3 F.(20) 66. Co. v. Radio Corporation of America, 3 F.(20) 1,157,046. Towel cabinet, beld void (C. C. A. 847.
Pa.) 3 F.(20) 740. 214 (U.S.D.C.N.Y.) Nonpayment of royalty 1,164,815. Device for tightening barrow teeth. under license agreement showing intent not to
claim 4, held not infringed (C. C. practice invention entitles licensor to cancel
A. Wis.) 3 F.(20) 993. lation of license.-Hazeltine Research Corpo 1,168,945. Foldable cuff, held void (C. C. A. ration v. Freed-Eisemann Radio Corporation, 3
Colo.) 3 F.(20) 518. F.(20) 172.
1,180,799, Spark plug, claims 1, 3, and 6, held Delay in payment of royalty pending nego
not anticipated, and valid as limittiations for annual lump sum royalty held not
ed; also held infringed (C. C. A. repudiation of license agreement.--Id.
Ohio) 3 F.(20) 415. Acceptance of overdue royalties waived for- 1,193,884. Portable grinder for truing up cylinfeiture of license agreement.-Id.
ders, claim 5, held void; claim 6 Burden on plaintiff to prove that sublicense
held valid, but not infringed (D. contract should be canceled.-Id.
C. Ohio) 3 F.(20) 479. Clear and satisfactory proof required to show 1,237,717. Motor-horn, held void (C. C. A. N. forfeiture or repudiation of contract.-Id.
Y.) 3 F.(20) 539. Court should consider whether, under facts, 1,304,534. Improvement in cable splice, held cancellation of license contract would be un
invalid (C. C. A. W. Va.) 3 just and inequitable.-Id. w219(1) (U.S.D.C.N.Y.) Courts of law have
1,313,232. Hair-waving device, claims 5 and exclusive jurisdiction, where issue solely non
7, held invalid (C. C. A. N. Y.) payment of royalty under license contract.
3 F.(20) 543 Hazeltine Research Corporation V. Freed. 1,346,337. Deodorizing material, claim 2, held Eisemann Radio Corporation, 3 F.(20) 172
not patentable invention or disXII. INFRINGEMENT.
covery (C. C. A. III.) 3 F.(20)
997. (A) What Constitutes Infringement. 1.348,407. Improvement in apparatus for roast226 (U.S.D.C.Cal.) Adoption of patentee's
ing ores, held void; also held preferred methods not essential to "infringe
not infringed, if conceded validity ment."-Casey v. Bennett, 3 F.(20) 640.
(D. C. Mont.) 3 F.(20) 658. em 236 (U.S.D.C.Cal.) Change of form, though 1,355,283. Motor for electric horn, claim 1, an improvement, will not avoid infringement.
held void (C. C. A. N. Y.) 3 Casey v. Bennett, 3 F.(20) 640.