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DICKENS'S
DICTIONARY

OF

THE THAMES,

FROM ITS SOURCE TO THE NORE.

1894.

AN UNCONVENTIONAL HANDBOOK.

WITH MAPS,

Published for the Proprietors by
J. SMITH, i2, ST. BRIDE STREET, E.C.

Telegrams: "Woodhouse, Maidenhead.Telephone: No. 9, Thames Hotel. Telephone: No. 11, Bray.

MAIDENHEAD.

THE NEW THAMES HOTEL.

Postal Telegraph omice in the Hotel. This COMMODIOUS FIRST-CLASS HOTEL, situated in one of the most charming spots in the Valley of the Thames, commanding lovely and picturesque Views of Taplow and Cliveden Woods, and within easy distance of the far-famed Burnham Beeches, is now replete with every requisite for the comfort and convenience of Oarsmen, Anglers, Private Families; and has great facilities for Large Parties, Public Dinners, Banquets, etc. It contains Suites of Private Apartments, Sitting and Bed Rooms, Lavatories, and a magnificent Public Cyffee Room, and Ladies' Drawing Room

Splendid Hunting and Fishing in the immediate neighbourhood and vicinity. Excellent Stabling and Coach-houses, ioose Boxes. Carriages at the Hotel.

FIRST-CLASS BILLIARD SALOON.

STEAM LAUNCHES For Hire (from Two Guineas per day), including the commodioue Steam Launch.

“Queen of the Thames,” capable of accommodating 150 persons. A FIRST-CLASS SELECTION OF BOATS, PONIS, CANOES, etc., at the HOTEL, and a: the NEW BOAT-HOUSES, MAIDENHEAD COURT,

(Above Brulter's Lock)

AND AT STAINES. WOOD HOUSE, STEAMLAUNCH, HOUSEBOAT, PUNT, BOAT, AND CANADIAN CANOE BUILDER. Works: Bray. Show Rooms : Bridge St., and New Thames Hotel, Maidenhead.

Estimates Forwarded on Application.

CRYSTAL PALACE.

GRAND

FIREWORK DISPLAY

Every Thursday throughout the Summer,
By Messrs. C. T. BROCK & CO.

T. TIMS.

THE 0.U.B.C. WATERMAN, Has now a good Selection of Boats suitable for Large or Small Parties intending to Row from Oxford to London.

", PRICE LIST SENT FREE ON APPLICATION. COMPETEIT WATERMEN at REASONABLE CHARGES. T. TIMS has always a good stoot va poats at Henley Regatta for hire.

COLLEGE

PREFACE.

The objects aimed at in this book, which follows naturally on the original Dictionary of London, have been to give practical informa-' tion to oarsmen, anglers, yachtsmen, and others directly interested in the river; to serve as a guide to the numerous strangers who annually visit the principal places on its banks; to furnish a book of reference for residents; as well as to provide in a concise form a: ụseful handbook for those connected with the port of London and its trade.

A Dictionary of the l'hames which should include a Dictionary of London was obviously incompatible with the space at my disposal. From Kew to Woolwich, therefore, it has been necessary to omit all matters not immediately connected with the river itself.

The favourite excursion from Oxford to London will be found fullydealt with under the head, “Trip from Oxford,” which includes full descriptions of locks, etc., and distances from place to place. The numerous maps already in existence vary so much as to the latter point, that I have thought it best to adopt the measurements kindly given to me by the Thames Conservancy, which are sufficiently accurate for all practical purposes. For convenience of reference the guide to Oxford is divided into two parts, Oxford City and Oxford 1 University. Under the latter head will be found descriptions of the i University buildings.

Since the book was first published, the trip from Cricklade to Oxford and a description of the principal places on the Thames above Oxford have also been added to its contents.

In conclusion, it is my pleasant duty to express my grateful thanks : for the courteous readiness with which my applications for information and assistance have been responded to, both by the authorities of the Trinity House and Thames Conservancy, as well as by the very numerous correspondents who have afforded me valuable assistance.

CHARLES DICKENS. i!

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FIRST-CLASS TEMPERANCE, 6. 7. 8, 9, Bridgewater Square, Barbican, London.

VISITORS TO LONDON will find many advantages by staying at this quiet, home-like and comfortable Hotel, MOST CENTRAL FOR BUSINESS OR PLEASURE; near St. Paul's Cathedral, G.P.O., and all places of interest; two minutes' walk from Aldersgate

St., and five from Moorgate St. Metropolitan
ER'S HOTEL

Railway Stations, Termini of the G.W., G.N.,
G.E., Midlard, and in connection with ALL
Railways. Trains, Cars, 'Buses every three
minutes to all parts of London and Suburbs.
Terms-Single Bedrooms, Is. 6d. to

2s. 6d.; Double, 3s. to 4s., with use of 44

Sitting, Smoking, and Coffee Rooms. BRIDGE WATER SQUARE, BARBICAN, LONDON Breakfast or Tea from 1s to ls. 9d. Siroton TOTOO

NO CHARGE FOR ATTENDANCE. Special inclusive Terms to Colonists, Americans and others, 58. 6d. per day.

(Includes Good Bedroom, "Attendance, Meat Breakfast and Meat Tea.) The Most Economical First-Class Temperance Hotel in London. Highly recommended. Established 1859. Recently enlarged. Perfect Sanitary Arrangements.

Night Porter. Write for “Visitors' Guide." Showing “How to Spend a Week in London," with Testimonials and Tariff Post Free, to G. T. S. TRANTER, Proprietor,

TELEGRAPHIC ADDRESS: "HEALTHIEST, LONDON.”

DICKENS'S

DICTIONARY OF THE THAMES.

Abingdon, Berkshire, on theright bank, from London 1038 miles, from Oxford 74 miles. A station on the Great Western Railway, from Paddington 60 miles. The time occupied by the trains varies from one hour and three-quarters upwards ; the station is about twelve minutes' walk from the river. Population, about 6,000. Soil, gravel. Abingdon is situated at the junction of the Ock with the Thames, and can boast very considerable antiquity. It appears to have grown up round a great abbey which was founded here so far back as the 7th century, but it is probable that much of the early history of Abingdon is entirely of a legendary kind, and that little is known about it with absolute certainty until the time of the Conquest. The evidence of Domesday Book goes to show that the abbey at that time was rich in landed property. Desperate quarrels occurred between the monks and the citizens, and in 1327 a great part of the abbey was burnt in a riot, in which the Mayor of Oxford and certain disorderly students of that University took the part of the inhabitants of Abingdon. The town gradually grew into importance, principally through its extensive cloth trade, but received a severe blow when the abbey was abolished in 1538 and its large revenues diverted into other channels. Another reason for the importance of the town in ancient days was the building of its bridge by

John Huchyns and Geoffrey Barbur in 1416. In the reign of Queen Mary, 1557, a Charter of Incorporation was granted to the town at the instigation of Sir John Mason, an influential inhabitant, and it has ever since been represented in Parliament until the Redistribution Act of 1885 was passed, when it was incorporated with one of the divisions of the county, and is no longer a Parliamentary borough. The town is governed by a mayor, four alder, men, and twelve councillors, the Recorder being Mr. Wm, Harry Nash, who succeeded Mr. Bros, appointed a metropolilan police magistrate in 1888. The principal business centre is the Marketplace, with High-street, Stert-street, East St. Helen's-street, The Square, and Ockstreet. It is a clean, quiet little place, with many good houses both modern and ancient. Among the latter may be instanced an excellent example of old timbering in a house in Stert-street. A fair amount of trade is carried on, one of its principal in. dustries being that of the manufacture of ready-made clothing, thus, oddly enough, carrying out the old traditions of the place, which, as Leland says, at one time, "stood by clothing." The market-house stands on an open arcade of stone pillars with a timbered roof, and is the work of Inigo Jones. Built in 1667, it was restored in 1853, and stands on the site of the famous old market cross which was destroyed by the Parliamentary General

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