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VOLUTION, OLD AND NEW; OR, THE Theories of Buffon, Dr. Erasmus Darwin, and Lamarck, as compared with that of Mr. Charles Darwin, first

appeared in 1879. A second and enlarged edition was published in 1882. In 1911 the late R. A. Streatfeild brought out a new and corrected edition of the work; and from this the present edition has been printed, with a few further corrections, and some slight alterations which Butler made in the text of those passages which he included in his Selections from Previous Works (1884).

In the Preface to this book Butler puts forward a plea for the numbering of literary works on the same plan as that commonly used for music. Accordingly he numbered this book “ Op. 4,” and his next five books were numbered on a similar plan.

After Ex Voto (1888), he abandoned the system-the remaining six works published by him being unnumbered. In this edition the numbering has been omitted.

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HE DEMAND FOR A NEW EDITION OF
Evolution, Old and New gives me an opportunity

of publishing Butler's latest revision of his work. 1 The second edition of Evolution, Old and New, which was published in 1882 and re-issued with a new title-page in 1890, was merely a re-issue of the first edition with a new preface, an appendix, and an index. At a later date, though I cannot say precisely when, Butler revised the text of the book in view of a future edition. The corrections that he made are mainly verbal and do not, I think, affect the argument to any considerable extent. Butler, however, attached sufficient importance to them to incur the expense of having the stereos of more than fifty pages cancelled and new stereos substituted. I have also added a few entries to the index, which are taken from a copy of the book, now in my possession, in which Butler made a few manuscript notes. October 1911.

R. A. STREATFEILD

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