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The most prompt exertions have been made to check the progress of Cholera, which, in the beginning of February, made its appearance in several places at the East of London. The Central Board of Health have deputed the following gentlemen to act in the districts of the Metropolis, under the general superintendance of Colonel Marshall, Drs. Russell and Barry, and Major Macdonald :—Holborn and CoventGarden, Dr. Kidd; Marylebone and St. Pancras, Dr. Gregory; Whitechapel, Dr. Lindsay; Limehouse, Dr. Anderson; St. George's and St. James's, Dr. Daun; Rotherhithe, Dr. Key; Southwark, Mr. Maling; Clerkenwell, Mr. Evans; Westminster and Lambeth, under the care of Dr. Daun until the return of Dr. Macann; and similar appointments are in progress for the remaining districts. The inspectors have been enjoined to communicate with the parish authorities, and with the District Boards of Health; to render every assistance in their power to obtain early accounts of sickness; to cause faithful reports to be made, and to communicate in all cases of difficulty with the Central Board; to suggest arrangements for forming Dispensaries at public places, where medicine may be administered at any hour of the day or night; for establishing Cholera Hospitals for removing, wherever practicable, and keeping apart those who have been in communication with the infected; for disinfecting bedding and clothing by heat or other methods; for publishing handbills with the plainest medical directions, and the names of places where assistance may be found ; for obtaining subscriptions for soup and warm clothing. The Board of Admiralty have placed an hospitalship at the disposal of the Central Board. It has been fitted up for the reception of seamen, and has been moored off Limehouse, and an officer, with boats and medical men, attached to her; so that assistance may be conveyed to vessels lying in the river. At the same time that the Central Board endeavour by these means to arrange a system which may secure the most prompt assistance in any quarter of the metropolis in which the disease may appear, they feel that all their exertions must be ineffectual without the most cordial co-operation of all classes; and they earnestly exhort all those who have power and influence readily and zealously to second their efforts.

The alarm in the City, which was at first very great, has, however, much subsided, ana strong hopes are now indulged that, by the superior activity and skill of the medical men, and the arrangements made to prevent

its spreading, the disorder will be so far divested of its malignity as to be productive, comparatively, of but few deaths.*

A prospectus has been published, announcing the intention to establish an Orange Institution in Great Britain, on an extensive scale. At the head of the English Orangemen, are the Duke of Cumberland and Lord Kenyon; of the Scotch, the Duke of Gordon. Prelate—the Bishop of Salisbury. Grand Secretary—the Marquis of Chandos. Grand Treasurer — Colonel Fletcher!

The annual meeting of the Governors and other supporters of the London Vaccine Institution has been held, for the purpose of receiving the report for the last year. It appeared that within that period 4400 children and adults had been vaccinated by this institution.


Tbe Rev. 1. Muckleston, to the living of Wichnor, in the connty of Stafford.

Tbe Rev. W. Wilson, D.D. Vicar of Holy. Pood, Southampton, and formerly Fellow of Queen's College, to the Stall at Winchester, vacant by the death of the Rev. E. Ponlter.

The Rev. J. Hinckley, to the living of Sheriffhales, Staffordshire.

Tbe Rev. T. Woodroffe, one of tbe Secretaries to the Church Missionary Society, to the Rectory of Calbonrne, Isle of Wight, void by the resignation of the Risbt Hon. Lord Walsingham.

The Rev. W. Rennell, to the Ministry of tbe new Chnrch about to be consecrated at Paddington.

The Rev. W. Vawdrey, to the Rectory of Kinnerleigh.

The Rev. T. Vyvyan, to the Perpetual Curacy of St. Mary's, Penzance.

The Rev. B. Gilpin, M.A. Senior Fellow of Christ's College, Cambridge, to the Rectory of Burnham Westgate, in the connty of Norfolk.

The Rev. Mr. Hume, Curate of Farnham, to the Rectory of Meonstoke, Hants.

• Dr. Uwins, in a letter to " The Times," states his opinion that the present is no new disease in this country, and ascribes the increase in the number and malignancy of the cases to a particular condition of the atmosphere, and to the representations and reports of alarmists. He also expresses his doubts whether " there is any thing further to be feared than from epidemic constitutions of atmosphere generally, which now produce one kind, now another, of pestilential malady." This opinion is supported by several other eminent physicians and surgeons.


Appointments, Promotions.Marriages.


The Rev. J. Brigstocke, M.A. to the Rectory oi Barton, Pembrokeshire,

The Rev. E. Cookson, to the Living of Cherry Willingham, near Lincoln.

The Rev. J. White, B.A. to the Perpetual Curjcy of Fairfield, Kent.

The Rev. M. Vincent, of University College, Oxford, to the Perpetual Curacy of St. Thomas's Church, Brampton.

The Rev. S. B. Turner, A.B. to the Perpetual Curacy of Lin stead Parva, Suffolk.

The Rev. W. L. Weddall, B.A. of Catherine Hall, to the Rectory of Chillisford, Suffolk.

The Rev. F. Oakeley, to the Prebend of Dasser Parva, in Lichfield Cathedral, vacant by the resignation of the Rev. T. Broom field.

The Rev. T. Stanlforth, to the Rectory of Bolton, Suffolk.

The Rev. W. Clemioson, B.A. of Queen's College, Oxford, has been licensed to the New Church in Upper Trantnere.

The Rev. T. R. Broinfield, M.A. to the Prebend of Gaia Minor, in Lichfield Cathedral.

The Rev. W. Fraser, Perpetual Curate of Pirbright, Surrey, to the Rectory of North Waltham.

The Rev. Evelyn Levett Sutton, H.A. to the Prebend of Westminster, void by the death of Dr. A. Bell.

The Rev. Thomas Jarrett, M.A. Fellow of Catharine Hail, and Professor of Arabic at Cambridge University, to the Rectory of Trunch, Norfolk.

The Rev. J. B. Poulden, B.A. late of St. John's Colleges Cambridge, to the Rectory of Filton, Gloucestersb i re.

The Rev. George Bland, to the Prebend of Tborney, in the Cathedral Church of Chichester.

The Rev. £. G. Walford, of Elsfield, an Alder, man of the Corporation of Banbury, Oxon, to the Living of Chipping Warden, vacant by the death of Dr. Lamb.

The Rev. Dr. Wellesley has vacated the Vicarage of Chelsea, which is now divided into two parishes. Upper and Lower Chelsea, and Lord Cadogan has gratuitously appointed the Rev. H. Blunt to the Vicarage of Upper Chelsea.

The Rev. C. C. Beaty, B.A. of Clare Hall, has been appointed Domestic Chaplain to the Earl of Portmore.


The Lord Chancellor has appointed W. P. Roberts, to be a Master Extraordinary in the High Court of Chancery.

The Chamber of Exeter have elected J. T. Coleridge, Esq. Barrister, Recorder of that City, in the room of T. Stevens, Esq. deceased.

The Lord Chamberlain of his Majesty's Household has appointed Dr.H. G. Douglas, M.D. Physician Extraordinary to the King.

The London Gazette of Friday, Feb. 3, contained the appointment of Sir J. C. Hobhousc, Bart, to be his Majesty's Secretary-a t-War.

Mr. Sergeant Gould has been appointed to sue cced the late Master Ellis, as Master in Chancery for Ireland, with a salary reduced to WOOL per

annum. Mr. Perrin, K.C. has been appointed third Sergeant.

Mr. Gurney, the King's Counsel, has been appointed a Judge of the Court of Common Pleas in the room of Mr. Jostice Alderson, who is appointed to the Exchequer in the place of Mr. Baron Garrow, who has resigned on account of 111 health.

The King has appointed Admiral Lord I)e Saumarez, G.C.B., to be General of Marines, vacant by the decease of Admiral Sir Richard Bickerton, Bart.

The King has granted the office of Clerk of the Ordnance to Thomas Francis Kennedy, Esq.

The King has been pleased to direct letters patent to be passed under the Great Seal, conatituting and appointing the Right Hon. John Win. Ponsonby,commonly called Viscount Duncannon; Win. Dacres Adams, Esq.; and Major-General Sir Benjamin Charles Stephenson, Knight Commander of the Royal Hanoverian Gnelphic Order, to be Commissioners of his Majesty's Woods, Forests, Land Revenues, Works, and Buildings.

Harriett.]—At the British Palace, TbcrapU, Constantinople, by the Rev. Dr. Walsh, Chaplain to the British Embassy, Charles Blunt, Esq. of Ailriaoople, tu Carolina, daughter of M. M. Antonio Vitalis, H. B. M. Consul at Tinu.

At Oswestry, Sir Baldwin Leighton, Bart, of Loton-park, Shropshire, to Mary, eldest daughter of Thomas Netherton Parker, Esq. of Sweeneyhall, near Oswestry.

At Northenden, Henry Mainwaring, Esq. eldest son of Sir H. M. Mainwaring, Bart, of Over Penver, to Emma, eldest daughter of the late W. Tatton, Esq. of Witbenshaw, Cheshire.

At St. George's Church, Hanover-square, Lord Viscount Marsham, son of Earl Romney, to Lady Margaret Scott, sister of the Duke of Buccleugh.

G. C. Antrobus, Esq. M.P. to Charlotte, sister of Lord Crofton.

At St. Pancras Church, K. Dixon, Esq. of Tavistock Square, eldest son of the late K. Dixon, of Finsbury Square, to Juliet, second daughter of Sir E. Sugden, M.P. of Guildford Stree:, Russel Square.

By special licence, the Hon. C. Ashbornham, third son of the late Earl of Ashbnrnham, and attache to the British Embassy in Paris, to Sarah Johanna, second daughter of W. Murray, Esq. of Gros ve nor-stree t.

George, only son of G. Donne, Esq. of the Privy Seal Office, to Mist Knott, granddaughter of Major Knott, of Lyme.

At Dorchester, John Cox, Esq. banker, to Miss Sayers, eldest daughter of the late Colonel Saycrs, of Bath.

At Awliscombe, Major Prideaux, second son of the late Sir J. W. Prideaux, Bart, to Frances Mary Ann, third daughter of the Rev. W. E. Fitzthomas, of Awliscombe.

At Marylebonc church, the Viscount Tumour, eldest son of the Earl of Wlnterton, to Maria, third daughter of Sir Peier Pole, Bart.

T. E. Swetteoham, Esq. only son of the Rev. T. E. Swettenham, Rector of Swetlenbam, to Wilhelmina, second daughter of Sir Peter Pole, Bart.

At Horsley, the Rev. S. Lloyd, A.M. Vicar of (hat Parish, to Eliza, fourth daughter uf Vice* Admiral Young, of Baiton-End House.

At Dublin, by the Right Hon. the Lord Bishop of Kildare, Lieut.-Col. S. Blane, of the Scot* Fusitter Guards, son of Sir G. Blane, Bart, to Eliza, eldest daughter of J. Armit, E»q. of Kildare Street.

At Donibristle Park, Sir J. A. Stewart, Burt, or Grandiully, to Lady Jane Smart, cldeBi daughter of the Earl of Moray.

Major H. H. Farquharson, of the Royal Regiment, to Elizabeth Ann, daughter of the late Lieut. Gen. Reynolds, of the East India Company's Service.

At the Government Chapel, Valetta, Malta, F. B. Atkinson, Esq. to Mary Ann Stoddart, youngest daughter of the Hon. Sir John Stoddart, Chief Justice of Malta.

Died ]—At Bath, in bis sixty-sixth year, Sir F. N. Burton, Bart. G.C.H. twin brother of the Most Noble the Marquis of Conyngham.

At Roydon Parsonage, the Right Hon. Lady Margaret Cameron, widow of the late Governor Cameron, and daughter of James, 14ib Earl of Errol, aged sixty-two.

In Dublin, A. Nimmo, Esq.F.R.S.E.

At Worthing, the Hon. Mrs. Beauclerk, of St. Leonard's Lodge, Horsham.

At Newport, Isle of Wigat, Dowager Lady Holmes.

The lady of the Right Hon. Sir E. Thornton, G.C.B. of Wembury House, Devon.

Lady Sarah Ton may Staines, the wife of G. Gunning, Esq. of Frindsbury and Dent de Lion, Kent.

At St. Helena, Capt. R. M. Slatham, aged fifty-six, of the Hon. Company's Pension Establishment, who was an active, brave, and zealous officer.

At Ragwell, near Yorkshire, D. Sykes, Esq. He represented Hull in two Parliaments, and Beverly in one.

In Guernsey, J. Saumarez, Esq. In Ms seventyseventh year, eldest brother of Lord de Saotnarex.

At Woolwich, in the eightieth year of his age, J. Douglas, Esq. R.N. late Master Intendaot ntf his Majesty's Docks at Deptford, Sbeerness, and Plymouth.

At We&lhill Lodge, Hampshire, the Right Hon. Lord H. Paulct, K.C.B. Brother to the Marquis of Winchester, and a Vice-Admiral of the Red.

At Hoddesdon, William Peere Williams Freeman, Esq. Senior Admiral of the Fleet, in the 91st year of his age.




The President of the Hampshire Agricultural Society has liberally announced his intention of offering the following premium, and of repeating it annually:—for the person who shall let to agricultural labourers in Hampshire the greatest quantity of land, in allotments of not leas than half an acre, nor more than two acres to each individual, the quantity so let not bting less than twenty acres, and the rent thereof not exceeding Mi it of the land in the vicinity, similar in quality and situation, a medal of the value of twenty guineas. The conditions will be detailed in the list of premiums about to be printed. LANCASHIRE.

The authorities of Manchester (having first, it is said, received the sanction of the Home Secretary) on Sunday the 39th Jan. issued a proclamation against the continuation by an adjournment of a Meeting held on the previous Sunday, at which seditious and inflammatory speeches had been delivered. The meeting notwithstanding took pi.-ice in St. George's fields; when, under the protection of a military force, special constables, headed by the Boroughreeve, with the regular police force, armed with cutlasses, seized the chairman and seven other individuals, and conveyed them to a place of security, and dispersed the meeting by a liberal use of their sticks. A pike or dagger, of about three-quarters of a yard in length, of which the blade was nearly twelve inches in length, was concealed under the jacket of one of 'In- men arrested.

At a meeting in Liverpool of the subscribers to

the monument to the memory of Mr. Canning, it was resolved that the most eligible site on which to fix the monument was on the first landing of the principal stairs of the Town Hall.


The sentence on three out of the five unhappy man condemned to death at the late Special Commission at Nottingham has been carried into effect. The three who soffered were George Beck, George Hearson, and John Armstrong: the other two, Charles Beck ins and Thomas Shelton, have been respited during pleasure. The multitude present at the execution consisted of from 6000 to 10,000 people. At the moment the wretched men were turned off, a thousand voices from the crowd act up the cries of" Murder I" and "Blood I" The event passed off, however, without any popular disturbance.


The Upper Division of the line of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Railway, forming a junction with the Avon and Gloucestershire Branch. \* now open for the transit or goods. The Avon and Gloucestershire Railway is also opened, and coals have been conveyed on it to the river Avon, and from thence to Reading.

Several scientific gentlemen are at present actively eni^ed, under the direction of the Board of Admiralty, i(, taking surveys of the Bristol Channel and the adjacent prominences. It la suspected that considerable errors exist iu the recorded longitude of former observations, recent experiments on the pendulum, relative to the

NorthumberlandNottinghamshireSussex, SfC.


form of the earth, having afforded more correct data than were previously attainable. SUFFOLK.

As some labourers on the estate of Mrs. Sheppard, of Campsey Ash, were felling an old pollard oak, they discovered two parcels of ancient coins, enclosed in ibin lead cases; one of them was quite embedded in the solid part of the root. They are chiefly pennies, of Edward the Confessor and Harold the Second, and amounted altogether to nearly 600 pieces. What appears most singular is, that many of them are divided into halves and quarters, which evidently show that at that remote period these divided part* were circulated as halfpence and farthings. SUSSEX.

At tbe last Quarter Sessions held at Lewes, the Magistrates came to a decision relative to awarding costs in cases of Appeal, which cannot fail to diminish the trials of what are called" Expert, mental Appeal*." The following is the declaration alluded to: "This Court being of opinion that the present practice of leaving the patties in almost all csues of Appeal to the Sessions to pay their own costs, leads on the one band to the bringing forward many unnecessary, and what may be very properly called Experimental Appeals, and on tbe other hand to a negligent mode of inquiry by parishes removing; and believing that a more frequent payment of costs by tbe unsuccessful parly would tend very materially to diminish litigation on this subject—doth declare, that in future, on the trial of every Appeal, the whole circumstances of the case will be attentively considered, and the decision as to awarding costs regulated accordingly."

.STAFFORDSHIRE. Tbe Iron trade, which has been long depressed, is aow reviving; orders have been refused by some masters at tbe old prices; iron is quoted at an advance of 30s. per ton, and it is considered certain 12s. per ton advance will be realized on all fature orders.

YORKSHIRE. The woollen cloth trade, which generally begins to improve in February, is still very flat in Yorkshire, and many of the manufacturers are working short time, and diminishing the number of tbeir workpeople. The home trade is dull, and the foreign orders scanty. Well informed people, however, are of opinion, that the restoration of public confidence, which would certainly arise from tbe passing of the Reform Bill, could not fail to secure the revival of trade, if the manufacturing districts remain free from the cbolera. The blanket trade was scarcely ever so dull as at tbe present. This may be partly owing to the mildness of tbe winter—the season having always a considerable influence upon the demand for that article. In the stuff trade there is not much cause for complaint; a great deal is doing, but the prices are scarcely remunerating. A late failore of some consequence in Bradford has had a depressing influence on that market. Flannels art very little in demand; the American tariff Ins cut np the trade dreadfully, and the effect continues to be seriously felt in Rochdale, and the whole of that manufacturing district. Bock

Ings (baize), which used to keep a great number of the operatives in employment, are now little in demand, owing to the unsettled state of the markets in Sooth America, to which tbe manufacturers do not chouse to venture their gooda except upon order. Tbe price of wool, both of home and foreign growth, continues pretty steady and is considered fairly remunerating to the grower. The flax spinning trade, In the West* riding of Yorkshire, is also dull, and the accumulation of stocks has compelled many of the manufacturers to reduce the hours of labour, to the great regret of tbe workpeople. From tbe cotton districts onr accounts are more favourable. Tbe demand for yarn has improved within tbe last month, and the weavers, both by power and hand, are fully employed, though the latter at starvation prices.—Leeds Mercury. IRELAND. The inteUigence from Ireland is of the most gloomy and heart-rending description. Party spirit and sectarian hatred, miscalled religions zeal, rage as hotly as they ever did in tbe worst of times, and in many parts of this unfortunate country society seems to be completely disorganized. In tbe county of Donegal the peasantry have assembled in great numbers for tbe purposes of resisting tbe collection of tithes and requiring their total abolition; and it is said that one body of them, amounting to several thousands, gave notice to their landlords that in future they would only pay a tithe of tbeir rents. A large military force, nnder the command of a fleld-officer, has been despatched to tbe scene of the disturbances, and stipendiary magistrates have been appointed. Id Galway things are in the same frightful state. Several of tbe Catholic clergy have been threatened with death by the wretched and misguided peasantry, if they do not cease preaching against the Terry Alt system. On the 18th, a notice of this kind was served at the convent near Fort urnna, by two armed ruffians,one of whom discharged his pistol, fortunately without effect, at one of tbe friars. Four men, who were sworn to murder the Rev. Mr. Sbiel, P.P. of Trina, have been apprehended at Portumna. On the 20th January, two Terry Alts were shot dead by tbe police in the same neighbourhood. On Tuesday, the 24th the Rev. Mr. Whttty, Rector of Golden, in Tipperary, was barbarously murdered whilst returning home after visiting a sick parishioner. The horrid deed is supposed to have originated in some dispute about tithes, as a numerous assemblage cf hurlers took place a short time ago to compel the unfortunate gentleman to make some reductions, and forty of them, who refused to disperse when the riot act was read by the magistrate, were committed to prison.

SCOTLAND. Tbe Cbolera is now rapidly subsiding in Tranent, Musselburgh, Prestonpans, and Haddington, and will, we may reasonably hope, soon disappear from all these places. In Edinburgh, it still continues remarkably light: in Glasgow and Paisley, it is rather more severe ; but even in these towns the proportional mortality is still trifling when com* pared with what it was at its first appearance in Sunderland, Newcastle, Musselburgh, and some other places.


The commercial part of the community has been violently agitated in the coarse or the month just ended, by two occurrences, which threaten serious damage to their interests. Though, from the first moment of the Cholera's appearance in England, it was evident that its spreading throughout the country would, soon or late, become unavoidable, not any of the persons engaged in commerce appear to have contemplated the risk of the restrictions to which such an occurrence could hardly fail to expose them. Their operations were in no manner regulated by any reference to snch a prospect; and the consequence has been, that the moment the Asiatic Cholera was declared to be in London, and clean bills of health refused, a great number of shipments had to be suspended, and considerable orders for British goods have since been countermanded. The quarantine regulations which will be necessarily enforced against all vessels coming from London, so completely alter the prospect of a favourable market after the goods have undergone that formality at the places of their destination, that the risk of shipping, under those circumstances, became greater than the danger of losses to be Incurred by a suspension of shipments, or a countermanding of not yet completed orders. A great deal of angry feeling appears to be entertained by most of those who are thus likely to suffer from the visitation, against those who have authoiitatively announced its presence; and between the party who are interested in its being believed that no Asiatic Cholera exists among us, and (hose who are accused of having an equal interest in a belief of its existence, it would be difficult to decide on the real state of the matter. The quarantine imposed on goods coining from London will not be shorter than three weeks in any of the continental ports; but in many, it is to be as long as forty days. In some of the distant transatlantic ports, vessels arriving from England with foul bills of health, are not to be admitted at all.

The other occurrence by which the mercantile interests of the country are partially threatened, relates to the insurrection of the negroes in Jamaica, and a similar one which is expected to take place in some others of our West India possessions. This is not the place to inquire into the justice or injustice of a violent attempt of any set of men to gain and maintain that liberty which is the undoubted right of every human being. But so great a portion of our colonial trade having been long since regulated by the system of slave labour, it is impossible not to lament the ruin which appears to await a great number of our countrymen, by the convulsions which a forcible overtbow of that system must give rise to. Already the Colonial Markets in the metropolis are so affected by the news, that all business there seems to be at a stand still. The order in Council regulating slave labour, has thrown confusion into many of the Leeward Islands; and if the plantations do not suffer from any violence on the pari of the slaves, they may from a justifiable determination of the latter to abide by the spirit of the order in question.

In the early part of the month, business was brisk in the Coffee and Sugar Markets, and in those of many of the leading commodities; but

the quarantine regulations about to be established, and the West India news, have completely altered the face of things there, and hardly any thing has been since done.

The transactions in the Cotton Market at Liverpool have lost nothing of their previous importance. During the four weeks ending the 2lst of February, the total sales have amounted to 80,5&J bales, averaging at 30,145 bales per week. The prices obtained were generally the same as at the previous corresponding period.

The transactions in the Indigo Market have, for some time past, been unimportant, dealers having thought it prudent to wait for an authentic account of the last season's crop in Bengal, before they ventured on any operations. That account only arrived on the 23rd of February. The general crop is rated at 110,000 maunds, a smaller aggregate, perhaps, than most of the European dealers have been anticipating. Some of the leading brokers in London bad, however, been fixing the next July average price of finest Bengal Indigo, at 7s. 0d., on the supposition that the crop would be between 110,000 and 120,000 maunds; but they did not take into account the possibility that shipments might be chiefly directed elsewhere. This is now likely to happen, as the French markets are much more in want of supplies than the English, and the shippers at Bengal were, according to last advices, rather disposed to direct their shipments to France.

It has not frequency happened tons to have so little to 6ay of the importance of transactions in the funds, as on the present occasion. Speculation* at the Stock Exchange have been completely out of the question for some weeks past, and hardly any investments at all have taken place. The funds have, therefore, experienced no variations in price of the smallest consequence. Since the 20th of January, the quotation of Consols bas ranged from 82 one-eighth to 82 fiveeighths, but undergoing such slow aad gradual variation as to make it of still less consequence even to that extent. The premium on Exchequer Bills has been from 8s. to 12s. during the same space, and as little demand for that species of public securities has existed as for Consols. The other domestic stocks have been equally without important variation or demand.

In the Foreign Stock Exchange, the only features have been a rise of 4 per cent, in Greek Stock, which suddenly took place on the news that a Sovereign was at length found for that country; and a decline of 2 per cent., equally sudden, in Mexican Stock, on the arrival of the news that an insurrection had broken ont in the State of Vera Cruz, and that General Santa Ana had possessed himself of a sum in dollars, which he intended for the farther payment of the English dividends. The former has since maintained the price to which it rose, and the latter has not recovered the depression which befell it- But in these, as well as in other descriptions of foreign Stock, business has been extremely limited.

Money has been rather more scarce in the City, the threatened effects of the Cholera panic having Induced holders to keep it by, for the emergencies which might arise therefrom. For the best bills the rate of discount bas been at 4 half per cent..

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