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cond time. Sir James Graham corrected a stated that he should not oppose the motion, misapprehension that prevailed as to the though it was expedient to alter the wording saving of expenditure that might result from of it; and maintained that all the difficulties this Bill; the general opinion was that the of the trade were not traceable to the reamount would not exceed 49,0001. The moval of protections, as they were termed, fact was, however, that a saving to that ex- that had previously been extended to the tent had already been effected, indepen- trade. He strongly defended the principles dently of what might be further expected and measures of his late Right. Hon. Friend from the operation of the Bill.
(Mr. Huskisson), as applied to this question. Feb. 28. The House resolved into Com- He begged to move an amendment to the mittee on the Reform Bill, and (again post- motion, to the effect that the Committee be poning the postponed item of Dartmouth, in directed to inquire also into the state of Schedule B) proceeded to Schedule C, which smuggling. The motion was agreed to. is the enfranchising schedule, containing March 2. The House in Committee on Birmingham, Manchester, Leeds, the me. the Reform Bill, the Chairman put the tropolitan districts, &c. The “ Metropoli. question, that Finsbury, in the county of tan Districts” were strongly debated, in Middlesex, do stand part of Schedule C, consequence of the Marquess of Chandos which was agreed to without any observahaving moved for the uniting of the metro. tion. Marylebone (Middlesex), Lambeth politan parishes to London, Middlesex, West. (Surrey), and Great and Little Bolton minster, and Southwark, for election pur- (Lancashire), were also put, and agreed to poses, instead of making them separate stand part of Schedule C, without comboroughs, with additional Members of their ment. The question was then put and carown. They were supported as an essential ried, that Bradford (Yorkshire) stand part part of the Bill, and resisted as giving too of Schedule C.--The same question was put much power to the democracy. The pro- and carried with respect to the following position, however, was carried by 316 to places :- Blackburn (Lancashire), Brigh236, being a majority in its favour of 80. ton (Sussex), Halifax (Yorkshire), Mac
Feb. 29. The llouse having resolved itself clesfield (Cheshire), Oldham (Lancashire), into a Committee of Supply, on the motion Stockport (Cheshire), Stoke-upon-Trent of the Chancellor of the Exchequer, a grant (Staffordshire), Stroud (Gloucestershire). of 100,0001, was voted for the relief of the -The list of the new boroughs contained in distressed at Barbadoes, occasioned by the Schedule C having been thus gone through, late destructive hurricane.
Lord J. Russell proposed that the CommitMarch 1. Numerous petitions were pre- tee should now return to the postponed case sented, complaining of the severe distress of the borough of Dartmouth. lle therefore under which the silk and ribbon trade la- moved that that borough stand part of Scheboured ; after which, the Earl of Grosvenor dule B.-Lord Althorpe said, that upon rose to make his promised motion for the consideration he could not consent to exappointment of a Select Committee to in- clude Dartmouth from the schedule.- The quire into the state of the trade generally. Committee then divided, and the numbers His Lordship said that he had adopted ge- were, for the question, 205 ; against it, neral words in his motion, but his object 106; majority, 99,—The question that Totwas that the distresses of all branches of the ness stand part of Schedule B, was then silk trade should be inquired into. He con- put and negatived. tended that ground for inquiry was estab. March 5. In Committee on the Reform lished by the fact of the trade having flou- Bill, it was resolved that the following rished previously to the removal of Parlia- towns be inserted in Schedule D, and return mentary restrictions, by the proceedings of one Member each ; viz. Ashton-under-Line, 1824 and 1826.--Mr. H.L. Bulwer second Bury (Lancashire), Chatham, Cheltenham, ed the motion, and reprobated as highly Dudley, Frome, Gateshead, Huddersfield, impolitic the adoption of the stern dictates Kidderminster, Kendall, Rochdale, and of political economy, and the baneful conse- Salford. quences produced by free-trade. He said, March 6. A long discussion took place exposed to the effects of such a range of po- on the presentation of further petitions from Jicy, with a population so dense, and society parts of Ireland, complaining of the Governconstituted as society was at present in this ment plan of general education. It was country, it must inevitably have the tend- attacked as being inimical to Protestantism ency to throw out of employment thousands as well as to Christianity.-Mr. Stanley deof artisans at every turn and change in trade fended it as a certain "experiment," to try which might take place.-Mr. P. Thompson whether general education might not be
promoted to a great extent amongst all * Counting the four tellers and the chair classes and sects, without exciting rancour man, it thus appears thai there were 557 and prejudice; and contended that the seMembers present.
lections and extracts made from the Bible
by the Board-consisting of two Catholics to Tithes in Ireland, moved that the House and five Protestants--were not“ mutila- resolve itself into Committee. This prelitioos," but were in accordance with the re- minary proposition led to a very extended commendations of various reports and cleri- debate ; Mr. Sheil, and others, strongly procal authorities. Therefore, to say that the testing against the contemplated measures. plan was unprotestant or unchristian, or was It was vehemently urged that, if they were a mutilation of the Bible, or denied the chil. adopted, Ireland would be still more exdren the use of the Bible, was contrary to asperated, would be driven to desperation, the truth, and was only falling in with that and that servile warfare only could be the extensive misrepresentation which still con- result. Mr. Wallace afterwards proceeded tinued to be most actively directed against to discuss the measures as if they had been this plan.-Lord Acheson, Mr. Johnston, &c. proposed. – Mr. Stanley interrupted him, observed that the plan had caused so much observing that he was not only debating dissension in Ireland, that it would be bet- what had not been proposed, but measures ter to withdraw the grants altogether, and that were not those of the Government.leave the work of education to the different Mr. H. Grattan contended that the plans communities.--A protracted discussion also were useless.- Lord Ebrington, as a memarose upon a motion of Mr. Dawson for cer- ber of the Tithes' Committee, observed that tain returns respecting the appointment of what the Government had to propose was two joint secretaries by the Lord Chancellor founded on the recommendations of that of Ireland, the Hon. Member contending Committee ; and that, as to the great questhat the noble and learned Lord had unjust- tion, he should not deem any measure to ly and unwisely exercised bis patronage in be final that did not secure the complete that country.-The returns were not ordered. revision of the Church Establishment of
March 7. In a Committee of Ways and Ireland.-The Chancellor of the Exchequer Means, the Chancellor of the Exchequer complained of the way in which the evening proposed the continuation of the annual had been occupied. The question of going Sugar Duties, observing that it was not his into committee had been debated as if the intention on the present occasion to propose measures of Government were before them, any reduction or alteration in those duties and as if agreeing to the question, that they -The Marquess of Chandos opposed the resolve into committee, pledged members to motion, and proposed a reduction of duty- the adoption of measures to be brought for. namely, that it should be 20s. instead of ward. Nothing could be more contrary to 24s. This led to a very extended debate, the experience and practice of Parliament. the opponents of the amendment resisting it After some further discussion, the House on the ground that the revenue could not divided on the question of going into the afford the defalcation that would be the re- Committee, when the numbers were, Ayes, sult of such a reduction of duty; while its 314 ; Noes, 31. The Committee was postsupporters strongly urged it as absolutely re- poned. quisite for relief, and as that which they M arch 9. The House resolved itself into were entitled to demand at the hands of a Committee on the Reform Bill, and prosome of the members of the present Admi- ceeded with the remainder of Schedule D, nistration, as they had on former occasions beginning with Waisall, which Mr. Croker called for a reconsideration of these sugar- thought had claims much inferior to many duties.- The Committee divided; but the other places. The case called forth much amendment was lost by a very small majo- conversation.—Mr. G. Bankes proposed that rity, there being for it 134 ; against it, 148; Purbeck should be inserted instead of Walmajority, 14 only.-The House went into a sall; but this amendment was withdrawn, Committee on the Reform Bill, and resumed and eventually the Committee divided on the consideration of Schedule D. On the the original motion, which was carried by first proposition, South Shields, Mr. Croker 165 to 87, being a majority of 78.-Whitby moved that South Shields, North Shields, also called forth a good deal of desultory and Tynemouth, be united, and stand in discussion, and a division-namely, 221 for the place of South Shields in Schedule D.- the motion, and 120 against it; majority, The Chancellor of the Exchequer opposed 101.- The Committee afterwards proceeded the motion. The Right Hon. Gentleman to Schedule E, which enumerates the places said he would not divide the House. Lord in Wales that are to share in elections for Granville Somerset complained that greater the shire towns. It was adopted with very consideration had been given to the Tyne little comment.-The Committee then came than to the Severn.-Tynemouth was next to the consideration of Schedule F, which placed in Schedule D, as was also Wake- regards the division of counties. held.
March 10. The House in Committee on March 8. Mr. Stanley, for the purpose of the Reform Bill, when the remaining schebringing forward the same subject that had dules, some amended clauses, and some been proposed in the other House, relative amendments to clauses, were agreed to ; and the report ordered to be taken into conside- ture of a “protest," or written speech. ration on the 14th.
Mr. Croker said he had endeavoured to emMarch 13. Mr. Stanley moved the ad. body the arguments which had been adjourned question, that the House go into duced against the Bill, in order that they Committee on the Tithes in Ireland; which might be found in the journals.- A pro, was acquiesced in, after some ineffectual op- tracted discussion took place relative to seposition. Mr. Stanley pursued the course veral clauses of the Bill ;-the report, how. adopted by the Marquess of Lansdowne in ever, was ultimately taken into considerathe House of Lords on a former evening. tion, and the Bill was ordered to be enHe adduced evidence to show the systematic grossed and read a third time on the 19th. opposition to tithes, and of the effective cha March 15. Mr. Hunt proposed his longracter of the combinations. He dwelt on promised motion for a Committee of Inquiry the inutility of military or police interfer- into the affairs at Manchester, on the meence to defeat those combinations-gave af. morable 16th of August, 1819. It was fecting details of the absolute destitution seconded by Mr. Hume, and resisted by which had, in consequence, fallen on many Mr. G. Lamb and the Chancellor of the of the Clergy, and urged the necessity and Exchequer, on the ground of the inexpejustice of affording them relief. He also diency of inquiry after the legal proceedings contended that the relief must be accom- that had taken place, and the time that had panied by a remedy for the existing evils re- elapsed. These, however, admitted in effect garding tithes, otherwise the relief extended that no time could alter the character of the to the now suffering and destitute Clergy transaction.- Mr. Lamb moved “ the previ. would operate as a premium upon disaffec. ous question." - Dr. Lushington strongly tion, and resistance to all law. He proposed urged the necessity of inquiry, adding that resolutions founded on the recommendation he should be well pleased to see so credit. of the Select Committee's report. The reso. able a proceeding distinguish the close of lutions led to extensive discussions though the career of the unreformed Parliament; not decided opposition.--Mr. Sheil said the but if it were not now resolved on, he felt proposition was impracticable—the police quite assured that inquiry into those transand the military had been unable to enforce actions would be amongst the first demands tithes, and what could be expected from of a reformed House of Commons. The making the King the Tithe-Proctor-Gene- question led to much discussion, in which ral ? -Sir R. Peel consented to the resolu- Sir H. Hardinge, Sir R. Peel, &c. took part. tions, on the understanding that the pay- The original motion was eventually negament of tithes now due should be enforced. tived, there being for the previous question He was willing to ascertain whether there 206 ; against it, 31. might not be a mode of sustaining the March 16. Sir J. Graham brought for. Clergy less objectionable tban tithes. But ward the Navy Estimates, repeating that he also understood that the support extend there were savings in every item of charge, ed to the Irish Church should be fair and with three exceptions--that the net saving equal—that the revenues raised for the was 961,0001. and that the reduction in the Church in lieu of tithes should be devoted number of men was 5000, namely, 4000 exclusively to the Church.-The Chancellor seamen and 1000 marines. — Mr. Sadler of the Exchequer expressed his concern at moved the second reading of the Factories' the manner in which some Hon. Members Bill, in a speech of considerable length. had urged the question ; they viewed the His desire was that the Bill should be conClergy in the light in which the French sidered in a Committee of the whole House, emigrants had been considered, and not as but it appeared to be resolved that it should individuals who had rights. The debate be referred to a Select Committee, and he was eventually adjourned.
had no alternative.-The Chancellor of the March 14. The Chancellor of the Ex- Exchequer said that would be the best chequer having moved that the report of course, especially after the allegations made the Reform Bill be taken into consideration by the Hon. Member. The statements ap. -Mr. Croker proposed, by way of amend peared to be incredible. If they were true, ment, a series of resolutions of immense there ought to be some regulations. At the length, examining the objects and fallacies same time he would not pledge himself to of the Bill, and declaring that they would support this Bill, whatever might be the rebe unjustly, inconsistently, and capriciously port of the Committee.-The second readcarried into effect by the Bill. They were ing was not generally opposed, though it led negatived. The Chancellor of the Exche. to a good deal of conversation. The Bill quer observed, that they rather surprised was read a second time, and ordered to be him, but that he viewed them in the na- referred to a Select Committee.
&c. The settlers were in better spirits : the Accounts from Upper Canada state that Governor held out a bounty of 15s. per the movements of the people are every day bushel for grain grown in the colony. The assuming a more serious aspect. A meeting number of settlers at Swan River was estiof the freeholders and inhabitants of the mated at about 1600. About 200 acres of home and adjacent districts had assembled, land were under cultivation. to the number of three thousand, in York,
WEST INDIES. Upper Canada, and an Address was adopt
The most recent accounts from Jamaica ed by acclamation to his Majesty upon the describe the island as comparatively quiet, state of the Colony, and a petition to the the insurrection having nearly subsided, and House of Commons. A Resolution also the negroes having for the most part returnpassed, recommending to the several dis- ed to their labour. The number of plantatricts, townships, &c. the formation of polit- tions described as destroyed is 150 ; the loss
tions described as destroved is 150 ical societies, on the plan of those of Eng- of property is said to be 15.000.000... land. Scotland, and Ireland. The prayer the Blacks. 2000 are described as killed of the Address is, that a new Provincial
and 500 fled to the mountains. This is on Parliament be called without delay; that
the face of it a gross exaggeration. By the Legislative Council be made elective
way of precaution, martial law had been by the people; that the present Lieute prolonged for thirty days, from the 23rd of nant-Governor be removed ; that the
January. The total European loss in the Royal Assent be withheld from the
insurrection seems to have been twelve Upper Canada Bank Stock Bill; that the
wounded, two of whom have died. There representation of the people in the Assembly
may be great damage, but where there is so be made more equal ; that education little personal loss, the danger cannot be very may be promoted ; that the law of primoge- great. A heavy moral responsibility has nitúre be abolished; that sufficient popular been incurred by the Authorities in Jachecks be established on the expenditure of maica. They knew long before the late the provisional revenue. The Address con- insurrection commenced, that the slaves becludes with the most ardent expressions of lieved they were to be emancipated on the attachment to his Majesty's Government. 1st of January. The same opinion was NEW SOUTH WALES.
entertained in Demerara and in other coloThe accounts from New South Wales and nies. The Authorities in Jamaica should Van Diemen's Land are satisfactory. From have imitated the example of the Governor Sydney, the dates are to the 5th of October ; of Demerara. He promptly visited the seand from Hobart Town to the 1st of Septem veral estates; informed the assembled slaves ber. The expectations that the wools of “ that the report was a wicked invention of Germany and 'Spain would become liable to their enemies; that the King was desirous severe quarantine regulations on entering of doing every thing in his power to ameliothe port of London, had led to the hope of rate their condition; and that he (the Go. an increased demand for the wools of Aus- vernor) felt it to be not only his duty to his tralia. The spring lambing was proceed Sovereign, but also his duty as a man, to ing very favourably in most parts of the carry his Majesty's benevolent intentions colony. A Government notice had been into effect. But this could not be done, issued, with a view to promote the introduc- unless they continued cheerfully and faithtion of agricultural labourers and mechanics, fully to perform their duties to their masters, by allowing an abatement in the quit-rents. in which if they failed, he would certainly For every family of the classes stated, con. hang up every one of them.” This concisisting of a man, his wife, and two children, liating yet firm conduct produced the desired 351. would be allowed; for every man 121. effect, and by the last accounts Demerara for every woman 151. and for every child, was in this respect quiet. above two in one family, 41. each. This In the other West India islands, the notice had given much satisfaction. Go greatest excitement prevails on the subject vernipent had undertaken two other steps, of the Order in Council for regulating slavewhich had also given much satisfaction, viz. labour ; but those at which the most violent the establishment of King's schools in the conduct has been adopted were Trinidad, colony, and a mission that was to be sent Demerara, Berbice, St. Lucia, St. Kitt's, to conciliate the Aborigines.
and at Antigua. In St. Lucia the most SWAN RIVER.
extraordinary course has been pursued. The Recent accounts from the Swan River settlement state that provisions were cheap The Governor, Lord Belmore, has been and abundant, ample supplies having been recalled, and the Earl of Mulgrave is apobtained from England, New South Wales, pointed his successor.
planters, on the first appearance of the debate was, however, so vehement, that the Order, declared their determination not to angry expressions reached the ears of the adopt it; and on the Governor's declaring persons waiting without. One member is that he had no discretion, and must carry it said to have proposed that it should be kickinto effect, they proceeded so far as to with. ed under the table, or thrown out of the hold all supplies of provisions; and on a window. The members of the Council of vessel being dispatched to Martinique for Antigua showed more moderation than the that purpose, contrived to frustrate it, by Assembly, and were disposed to meet the preventing the acceptance of the Government Order half way. The Legislature of GreBills offered in payment. The Government, nada had so far entertained the propositions in retaliation, laid an embargo on all vessels as to refer the Order to a Committee, but at St. Lucia, against which, however, a spi- not the least expectation was entertained rited protest was sent on the part of the agent that it could become a law in that island. to Lloyd's; and on the 23rd of January the It should be recollected that the Order has embargo was taken off. At St. Kitt's, re- the force of a “recommendation" only in solutions were passed by the House of As- those Colonies which possess legislative bosembly to refuse all grants of money, and to dies, but in the Crown Colonies, such as disregard all recommendations whatever from Trinidad, St. Lucia, Demerara, &c. its the English Government, until some mea- adoption is preremptorily required. The sure is adopted showing a proper regard to planters have met in Trinidad, and were to the rights of property in the West India Co- assemble in Berbice. On all sides the utlonies. At Antigua, a discussion of the most indignation is expressed, accompanied Order in Council by the Legislature had with threats of inflicting all the injury postaken place, but with closed doors. The sible on the mother-country.
of the fortress, to which they procured ac. The Chamber of Peers has resolved, by a cess by breaking down the gates, which the majority of 89 against 46, that on the 21st Papal troops, it appears, would neither de. January, the Anniversary of the Execution fend nor open. This gentle violence exceptof Louis XVI, the public administrations, ed, the troops of the two Powers seem to the courts, and the tribunals, shall be have displayed a reasonably accommodating closed in token of mourning. This has spirit; for the fort was subsequently agreed created much dissatisfaction among the to be kept possession of by guards equally Deputies, who had proposed a law for re- selected from each. The entire of the pealing the law of 1816, which established French force amounts to but 1500 men, å national funeral service on the day in while that of the Austrians amounts to
20,000 ; but it does not appear that there is * M. Casimir Perier has failed in the pro- any disposition on the part of the Austrians secution which he instituted against M. or French to molest each other, and the Pope Carrell, the well-known and spirited editor is quite unequal to cope with either. When of“ The National,”—and with whom the Re- the French Ambassador demanded an auvolution of July really originated, as he was dience for M. Cubieres, the commander of the first to denounce the famous Ordinances the expedition, the Holy Father gave him a -and the Editors of “The Mouvement,” flat refusal, andCardinal Bernetti exclaimed, for a seditious libel; but, on the other hand, that since the time of the Saracens, nothing he has escaped a defeat in the Chamber of like the French invasion had been attemptDeputies upon the question of reducing the ed against the Sovereign Pontiff. A formal salaries of the Marshals, after a hard-fought protest against the landing of the French struggle. The Ministerial proposition was forces was issued by the Pope on the 25th ; preserved by a majority of only three, the and a formal demand of their instant denumbers being 163 to 166. In another di- parture, and also of compensation for the vision, Ministers were left in a minority of damage they had occasioned. 14. The Opposition papers exult loudly “ The presence of our troops at Ancona," over both these occurrences as undoubted says the “Messager des Chambres," " is a victories.
real guarantee to the Italians, and to Austria ITALY.
a significant engagement, to show to her our On the 22nd of February the French firm determination not to allow her to estatroops landed at Ancona ; on the following blish herself in Romagna, as she has done in morning they proceeded to take possession Lombardy."