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tors of these islands are the missionaries who have and the friendly advisers both of chiefs and people taken op their residence among them, and the in any case of emergency in which it is deemed greatest blessing that has ever been conferred expedient to consult them. The missionaries have
gion which the Saviour of usurped no property ; their families are uppro mankind has commanded to be propagated in bis vided for, and must depend upon their personal nume among all nations.
exertions for their maintenance. All the cattle on It is surprising with wbat a spirit of malignity the island the property of the missionaries! the successful and most beneficial labours of these What can we think of the moral feelings of a man self-denying men have been reprobated in some who could, in the teeth of the strongest evidence of the current literature of the day. Even “ The to the contrary, venture upon such an assertion as Family Library," as if determined to rob Chris this ! We refer to Mr. Ellis's “ Polynesian Retiavity of its exclusive honours as a divine re- searches" for the code of laws, which the asligion, in order to gratify the most vulgar intole sembled rulers and their people unanimously rance against those who do not belong to the adopied for the regulation of their social state, dominant Church-" The Family Library" has It would be well for civilised Europe if its various set itself in bartle-array against the missionaries, nations possessed laws as equitable, and instituand has fouud a coin piler foolish enough to weave tions as conducive to public good, as those which into his account of the mutiny of the Bounty the distinguish the government and jurisprudence of following shameless statement. Speaking of the these islanders of the south. Tahitians tbis writer observes:-"All their usual Mr. Stewart's volumes are in perfect corrobo. and innocent amusements have been denounced ration of what we have thus ventored to offer in by the missionaries, and in lieu of them these poor justice to those who have been so wantonly people bave been driven to seek resources in abused. We were struck with the following senhabits of indolence and apathy: that simplicity of sible and just observation wbich a woman of rank character which atoned for many of their faults in Tahiti maile to Mr. Stewart on these very has been converted into cunning and hypocrisy; topics. « Speaking of the wealth and power of and drunkenness, poverty, and disease have England and America, in comparison with the thinned the island of its former population to a islands, she remarked, that they were a poor frightful degree : there is too much reason to as people, but in the arts of reading and writing, and cribe this dininution to praying, psalm singing, in a knowledge of the word of God, they still had and dram drinking." The missionaries are farther the highest blessings; adding, that all the people, accused of “taking from them what little trade however, did not love these, and that she sup. they used to carry on, to possess themselves of it; posed it was in America and in England as it that they have tbeir warehouses, act as agents, was with them--some were good and some were and monopolise all the cattle on the island ; but bad- some regarding and some disobeying the in return, they have given them a new religion laws of God." and a Parliament, (risum teneatis ?) and reduced
The letter of Qneen Pomare I. to the President them to a state of complete pauperism; and all,
of the United States is highly characteristic, and as they say, and probably have 80 persuaded
the remarks on the contrast between the for. themselves, for the honour of God and the salva.
mer and the present state of the islanders are tion of their souls." In all this statement there is
worthy of the enlightened mind of the Author. not an iota of truth. The innocent amusements
He observes:which were intimately associated with the grossest licentiousness, the most ferocious cruelty, and the “ If the aspect of the people in general, and most loathsome superstition, necessarily gave the animated declaration and lively sensibility, place to the pure dictates of the Gospel, which even to tears seemingly of deep feeling, of those bids every man respect himself, love his brother, who have a full remembrance, and who largely and honour God with the reverence of one who shared in their own experience of the evils of aspires to the enjoyment of bis favour and the heathenism, are to be accredited, the islanders possession of immortal life beyond the grave. themselves are far from being insensible to the When did the writer of this calumny ever dis. benefit and blessing of the change they have excover simplicity of character in savages? Is not perienced ; and would not for worlds be deprived cunning the vice of their barbarism? Were of the light and mercy they bave received, or there greater hypocrites upon eartb than the un. again be subjected to the mental and moral civilised Tabitians wbile they were idolaters? darkness, and various degradation from which Dram drinking was likewise the all-destroying they have escaped. habit of their lives long before they were visited « Yet there are those who have visited the South by the missionaries. At that time it was the Seas- men bearing the Christian name, with a general character of the people; now, it is reputation for science, and holding stations of hothe exception, and is regarded as in the highest nour, who have affected to discover a greater degree disreputable Disease, the consequence of degree of depravity, and more wretchedness, at depravity, has almost been banished from the Tahiti and Raiatea, than was known in the reign island by the introduction of the Gospel; and and terror of idolatry; and have ventured to pro. never did greater improvements mark the progress claim to the world, that Christianity has here, for of a people from barbarism to civilization, than the first time in eighteen hundred years, had the have gladdened the heart of the Christian philan- effect of rendering the inhabitants vindictive and thropist in contemplating the changes which have hateful, indolent and corrupt, superstitions and taken place at Tahiti and the Sandwich Islands. unbappy, and more pitiable in all tbeir circumIt is not true that the population has decreased; stances, than when fully in a pagan state! And it is not true that pan perisin prevails; it is not that the wars introduced and encouraged by the true that the missionaries sustain any other cha. MESSENGERS OF PEACE, have nearly extermin. racter than tbat of the teachers of a pure faith, ated the race !
* Whence the data for such a sentiment could were burdened, and the many goading evils arishave been drawn, must for ever remain a mys- ing from a slavery both of mind and soul, abomi. tery, at least to all who, like ourselves, have nations would be disclosed against wbich the eye hart the advantage of a personal observation in would revolt in involuntary disgust - while the the case.
sbrieks of victims torn from their midnight blum. « The last wars in the islands were previons to bers to be burried to a terrific death, and the any ipfiuence gained by the missionaries over plaintive moanings of infants, writhing in the either chiefs or people. Since the establishment agonies of dissolution, beneath the murderous of Christianity there has been an uninterrupted grasp of an inhuman parent, would peace; and as to other bloodshed, the Rev. Mr.
• Wake the nerve where agonies are born,' Nott assured me, that he had not heard of a murder among the natives for fifteen years.
and fill the soul with a horror not readily to be « Theft is occasionally known, though we met forgotten!' Wita no evidence of it; and instances of secret The gross misrepresentations on this subject, to vice and licentiousness doubtless occur; and may, which we have referred, and for which certain when diligently sought, be found-though not
voyagers have made themselves responsible, Mr. openly hoasted of--by foreign visitors; but do
Stewart bas accounted for very satisfactorily, in these facts justify the assertion of a general and some measure exonerating them from the guilt utier depravity ? and do they forfeit the claim of
of having deliberately invented the falsehoo Is the nation to the epithet, pore morals, and gen.
which they have propagated. bine piely of a Christian people? As well might
istian people! As well might We make no apology for the anasual length the traveller, in visiting New York or London,
on, of our quotation from the present work: it is,
o bermuse he has soffered from a thief or discovers
we are aware, a deviation from our almost con. a baunt of debauchery, gravely state in his journal,
stant practice. But the extract speaks for itself. that there is not an honest man or a virtuvus woman in the t'nited States or in Great Britain-
Traditions of Lancashire. Second Series. an assertion which I have heard made of the So. ciety Islands—and that the state of the one nation
2 vols. By J. Roby, M.R.S.L. is worse than in the time of the Druids, and of We are again debtors to Mr. Roby for a very the other, than when the red man alone prowled interesting work. It is not often that a " second in her forests.
series" equals a first. We suspect and with some Such a presentation of the state of this peo. reason that the more valuable materials had been ple can arise only from gross ignorance of their previously employed and forin our expectations original condition, and from a very limited per accordingly. In the present instance we have sonal experience of the high happiness connected been mistaken; Lancashire is a romantic county, with tbe moral habits and spiritual affections of and its store of traditional wealth is not so speedsincere piety. What were the characteristics, I ily exhausted as we had imagined. We doubt, Would ask-pot now discoverable in the islanders indeed, whether the volumes now before us are --lo be seen when they were in a state of hea. not more valuable than those by which they have thenism? Only Snch as would be exhibited in been preceded. A mingling of history with ficconnexion with facts, such as the following facts tion is at all times pleasant and profitable; more to which I have, at the Sandwich Islands, when especially so when there is a plain and prominent they were in a similar condition, myself been an line drawn between both. Mr. Roby is a skilful eye-witness. A vessel wonld scarce have dropped collector of legends-he exhibits first the naked ber anchor before she would have been surround. truth, and then arrayit in the garb of fancy, ed and boarded by crowds of hooting and shout. but always so as to excite the attention and cuing savages-men and women, almost, if not en- riosity of his reader. His style is clear and com. tirely, in the nakedness of nature, testifying their prehensive where it onght to be so, but strange, joy in a prospect of gain from the visitor, by wild, and dramatic, where it is but just that im. every variety of rude noise and levity: and this agination should be permitted free licence. We only in prelude to a licentiousness of intercourse, have read some of his stories, until we have ac extending frequently from the cabin to the fore- tually trembled, our lamp has burned blue, and castle, too gross to be named, while pilfering and we have desired a nightly sojourn among the dishonesty in every form--filth, vermin, and dis. Hartz mountains rather than amid the cheerfu). ease, followed in the train. Such would be the looking villages and the joyous peasantry of Lanexbibitions on abip board and what would be cashire. To produce such an effect, is, we doubt the character of those on shore?
not, the end and aim of Mr. Roby, and he has « No peatly whitened European cottage would fully succeeded. Those who love the wild and meet the view, beneath the foliage of their groves, wonderful, and in a time of long nights and short nor lofty temple invite the admiration of the eye, days, look upon a blazing hearth and a terrible while it raised the thoughts to heaven; the hum tale as the chief blessings of the season, will read of no thriving school would come like music on his traditions of Lan the intelligent ear, nor the hymn of devotion be They bave, however, bigher claims upon the critic. beard floating on the brecze: but the putridity of the march of intellect is rapidly destroying the a corpse, lying in cruel sacrifice before an idol of character of gone-by-days. Our grandfathers and wood or stone, would direct to the altar of their grandmothers have told their tales of mystery or gods, wbile the shouts and wild sounds of the song magic to those who will not repeat them to their and dance, and the beating of drums, would pro- descendants. In claim a scene of revelry and sin,
will be of rail-roads and steam-boats; and it will " And could the veil be removed from all the be necessary to analyse a spirit and a death. iniquity of the system under which they dwelt, candle before we may believe in having seen besides the terrors of superstition by wbich they them. To preserve such legends is, however, not unworthy a man of the greatest talent--they are come. Will the time ever arrive when men will not only amusing, bnt they often illustrate the be wise, and consider the happiness arising from character and habits of a people of whom they making others bappy more precious than silver are, it inay be, the only records; and it requires and gold ? no very deep skill in philosophy to know that what we are to be depends greatly upon what we Considerations on the Necessity and have been. We have not space to enter at greater Equity of a National Banking and Annuity length into the work of Mr. Roby, and must System. Second Edition. content ourselves with recommending it as one of It is impossible for us, within the brief limits the most interestiny we have ever read. A very
necessarily assigned to a literary notice, to give learned introduction afiords proof that he has
any thing like a detailed or satisfactory account bestowed much thonght and labour ppon his task,
of a systein which is intended by its author, eviand that while catering for our amusement, be
dently a man of ability and reflection, as the has considered it an essential part of his plan, that
means of regenerating and perinanently amelio. he should add to our information.
rating tbe whole state of society. We have The volumes are embellished with considerable
already bad occasion to mention, in our last numtaste. Each description of scenery is accompa. har
ber, a plan for etecting a similar object, by a Mr. nied hy an illustrative engraving from the burin
John Gray, of Edinbuigh. The principle of his or Edward Finden, and the legends have their
project seenied, as far as we conld understand it wuod cuts descriptive of some passage in the
in a cursory perusal, to forin the whole nation lext.
into one great company, acting with such unity of Letters on the State of Ireland in 1831. purpose, under the guidance of a superintending
purpose, under the guidance of A temperately written pamphlet about Ireland,
body, appointed for that end, that the proceedings in a series of letters, from an Englishman travel.
of no one individual should ever interfere with ling in that country. The conclusion at which the
those of another; and the distribution, both of writer arrives is, that the great physical distress
employment and of reward, be such, that cach
should have enough, and none too much. The which generally pervades the agricultural popula. tion of Ireland, is occasioned, not by inisgovern
saine desirable object is proposed to be attained
by the Author of the pamphlet now under con. Hent, nor by any acts of the legislature, but by the domestic system which has crept into the state
sideration, by means, apparently, at least, less of society in Ireland, and especially as regards
restrictive of individual interest and enterprise,
by establishing a National Parish Bank System, the relation between lan ilord and tenant. The
and engrafting thereupon the system evil, iu his opinion, and he seems a reasonable,
of cash well judging man, who has taken mach paing to
credits, or loans on security, wbich have been
long practised in Scotland with the most bene. iniorin himselt correctly on the subject, consists
fcial results. To this an Aunuity System is prochiefly in the general exorbitance of the rent of land, and the smallness and insecurity of the
posed to be annexed, and by both coinbined a tenures. He holds that the whole of the state
large revenue is to be reaped by the State. Of of Ireland would assume a new aspect, the people
the sanguine expectations of the writer, from the become coutented, orderly, and flourishing, if the
adoption of his proposed change in our mone. condition of the farmers, the large and really
tary systein, soine notion may be formed from
the following declaration :-“There can be no important class in that agricultural country, could
doubt that, if the impulse were once given, such be improved, so that they might become, in a
a renovation would succeed in Britain, as would greater or less degree, capitalists, instead of living
give her people for ever the pre-eminence among from band to month, or starving, as they do now.
the nations, and if any secondary cause, more If this view be correct, and in the main we
than another, will have any effect in bringing think it is, the remedy cannot come from Govern.
about the millennial age, it will be the adoption, mnent, or from the legislature, at least not in the
among all Chris ian nations, of a system of finance shape of direct enactment. It can only be elect
similar to what this essay briefly points out.” ed by attording the tenantry encouragement and
However this be, whatever may be thought of advantages which they do not now possess, so as to enable them to become the instruments of their
the pretensions of this or that particular plan of
improvement, we are rejoiced to see the minds of own prosperity : in the words of our Author,
ihon yhtiul and ingenious men earnestly turned “ By lowering their rents considerably, and by
towards so great and so truly poble a subject. enlarging and prolonging their tenures. That the
Sure we are, that great and crying necessity ex. Janded proprietors can afford to make this sacri.
ists for searching inquiry into the present dis. tice may be inferred from the fact, that they are
eased and unbappy state of our social system, and in the receipt of high rents, while they are liable to little or no drawbacks, no taxes, no poor rates,
for vigorous reinedies to promote the well-being
and happiness of the great mass of the com. no repairs of farm buildings, or other ontgoings,
munity in these kingdoms, where, with plenty to that reduce, to so great a degree, the value of an
satisfy the wants and wishes of all, and plenty to English rent roll.” Now we verily and indeed
do in satisfying these wants and wishes, inany are believe, that the cause of Ireland's inost unhappy
involuntarily idle, and most are discontented, and condition is greatly attributable to the indolence
not without cause. and appetency, and other omissions and inis. doings of her landed proprietary. But it is a The Chameleon. By Thomas Atkinson, capital detect of the cure here proposed, that it
of Glasgow, lies wholly in the hands of the very persons who, in the tirst instance, at least, must sutter in their very clever little volumea complete Mosaic purses by its adoption. The dominion of regina of prose and verse, which is well worthy of find pecunia is, of all others, the most ditlicult to be over ing a place in the cabinets of the curious, and
which, we have no doubt, like its namesake in Letters from the North of Europe ; or a The fable, will bave twenty dissimilar opinions Journal of Travels in Holland, Denmark, pamet opon it, each awarding it a different, N though not less attractive bue, arising out of the and Saxony. By Charles Boileau Elliott. particular points of view in which they have seen Eso. of the Bengal Civil Service, of Queen's it. Like the great Volume of Life, viewed at the
College, Cambridge, and Member of the Onset, and only externally, it appears all couleur de rose : though, turn we over but a few pages, and
Royal Geographical Society. lol there are clonds as well as sunshine, tears as One striking evidence of the rapid progress well as smiles. Yet, npon closing the book before which we are making in civilization is the conus, even its very clouts and tears blend so hap- stant and increasing demand for travels ai. I voy. pily with its snnlight, as to form a perfect rainbow ages. We are no longer contented to live within of “ bright and pleasant memories." Like the ourselves. The whole world is our theatre. We asnials in its appearance, with its pretty silk explore all its regions ; nor is there a spot visited Vest ant golden letters, it is very unlike them in by the sun that is wholly unknown to os. Our reality--those literary pic-nics being, in many enterprising countrymen go forth to collect their instances, not unlike Matthews' Pic-Nic, where intellectual treasures, and return home to enrich each individual being ignorant of what the other us with their stores. Every month adds some. meant to contribnte, the thing terminated in four thing valuable to the general stock. We enjoy teen legs of mutton, which left the expectant the benefit withont encountering the peril. We
0451> no alternatives but indigestion or starvation; sympathise with danger, while we feel that it is ubereas Nr. Atkinson, like an hospitable host, past, and luxuriate in pleasurable emotions, while farnishes the whole banquet himself, and in truth our hearts thrill with the interest which the dariny with suficient variety to please all palates. Of adventurer has thrown round himself. This spe. bis entertainment we, however, confess that we cies of writing has also a charm for every reader. prefer the viands to the confectionery; that is to The man of science and the rustic, the scholar and may, the prose to the poetry; though we must, in the mechanic, sit down with equal zest to par. justice, extract the following, which is very ticipate the mental feast; and thus knowledge is suinple and toqching :
widely diffused -- knowledge which invigorates
the inward man, enlarging his capacity, and ex. “ THE SILENCE OF THE GRAVE.
tending the sphere of his enjoyment, and which
prepares a whole people for liberal institutions, « There's quiet where the dead are laid,
which invests them with political and commercial There's silence where they sleep;
importance, and thus raises them high in the scale No matter where a grave be made,
of nations. The success of works of this deThere peace will vigil keep,
scription stimulates enterprise, and opens the And spread o'er that small stride of earth
largest field for the useful employment of energies A canopy of gloom;
which might otherwise be wasted, or spent in And noiseless is the step of mirth
equivocal or dangerous undertakings. Above the tomb !
Mr. Elliott justly ranks among the most en. The bav'net-scooped and slender grave,
lightened and intelligent of his class. His maFilled ere the batile's o'er;
pretending volume discovers an enthusiastic love The corse-gorged dark and veasty wave
of Nature, and the most liberal views of man in That heaves with sullen roar
all his diversified conditions. We scarcely ever Roond these may rave earth's wildest din,
read a work in which there is so little to censure Yet silence droops its head
and so much to approve. Unlike many of his It is enough-they hold within
brethren, he is a good writer: his style is pnre The voiceless dead !
and classical. He is likewise a philosopher and
a Christian. We first become his willing assoYon church-yard in the noisy street,
ciates, and onr intercourse soon ripens into friendWith many a lie prved o'er,
ship. We close the book with reluctance, and Hath it a quiet, sad but sweet?
take leave of him with a sigh of regret. We Oh no! but it hath more
wish to detain our accomplished companion, who A silence, borrid as the gap
imparts to ns so much amusement and instruction, Between each fitful sigh
and would feel happy, as we have travelled with That gnilt respires when in the lap
him so far, to go with him another and another Of agony !
stage. The most interesting portions of the vol.
ume are his descriptions of natural scenery in Then, where the flowers their odours throw,
Norway, and his observations on the Russian All noiseless in the air,
character, as displayed on his sojourn at St. Where, without voice, the lilies grow,
Petersbnrgh. From the latter we select the folOh! be my last rest there!
lowing passave, which, on several accounts, is For, wearied of the world's wild strife,
higbly important to the civilized world, and I fain would quiet be;
especially to our own country : And peace were cheaply bought with life To one like me!”
“I have long been convinced of the impro
bability of our Indian possessions being endanger. In "The Focus" there is much shrewdness and ed by a war with Rusia. This conviction is originality, and many true and clever observa confirmed by observations during my short sojourn tions: and all who suffer from conjugating the here. There is a want of system in every poblic Verb “ ennai" cannot do better than perase “The department; in none, perhaps, more than the Chameleon."
military; and there is a surprising ignorance of every thing connected with the east. Between object-certainly not an angel blest. What is he, Russia and Persia there is no cordiality. It is then 1-not “a goblin damned;" for be wields not to be expected that it should ever exist: the thunderbolts of Heaven-is in the secret but even could the latter be induced to favour an councils of the Almighty--and renders blasphemy invasion of India by Russia, could the difficulty oracular by the assomption of super-homan power. of procuring sustenance for an army on the route We think he is bewitched or befoled. What be overcome ; and could the constitutions of the can Dr. Chalmers now think of his protegé ? soldiers be fortified against the climate! Yet and will the Church of Scotland suffer herself to Russia is not furnished with resources to enable be any longer disgraced, and one of her noblest her to carry an eflicient army through the terri edifices desecrated by the pauseous exhibitions tory oecapied by tbe warlike nomade hordes of which profane every Sabbath, and present an Afghanistas, and of neighbouring countries. Na inoculating station for madness till it become an tional power consists neither in money nor men, epidemic ? but in the relative proportion of these to the territory occupied, and in the ability to apply An Essay on the Elective Right and the them to practical purposes. Tried by this test, Rejected Bill. By George Condy, Esq., the wealth of Russia will be found to be less, and Barrister-at-Law. ber disposable military force smaller, than that of any of the kingdoms with which she is likely A sonnd jurist, an acute reasoner, and a writer to be embroiled, and greatly inferior to that of considerable strength and cominand of lanagainst which she would contend in the event of guage, Mr. Condy appears in the lists as one of her ambitious hand grasping at India. Such is the most able disputants who have yet turned their the case at present; but who shall venture to attention to the important question which conconjecture what may be her power a century tinues to occupy so large a share of popular hence ?"
attention. His essay will be considered by the “ It is impossible to visit this country, and to rational party a complete refutation of the sothink of wbat she was a hundred years ago, with. phisms and subtleties, which the opposers of the ont being astonished at what she is now. The great measure of Reform with an obstinate perrapidity of her progress is extraordinary. Every tinacity, worthy of the schoolinen of former times, new invention in mechanics, and every improve have exhausted their energies to prepare, while ment in manufactures, in wbatever corner of the even those who may differ from him in their world originated, is immediately adopted or tried views of the point at issue, will at least look at St. Petersburgh. An absolute monarch never upon him with the respect due to a skilful and wants money, and many expensive failures weigh honourable antagonist. His cbief object is to little in the balance against one snccessful ex prove the elective right to have been originally periment. With arts and manufactures, the moral vested in all payers of scot and lot, and to trace condition of the people is undergoing a change. the gradual perversion of this undoubted popolar There can be little doubt that improvement of the privilege through the various stages of corruption intellectual faculties is the first step to moral ele of the shrievalty, municipal monopoly, Quo Warvation. Education must precede a change of ranto writs, and aristocratic nomination, until we habits, and the mind's fetters be struck off before arrive at that epoch wbicb may be considered as moral obligations can be fully appreciated."
the full brightness of the golden cycle of Lord
Tenterden, and the season of the free operation of A Sermon preached at Hull on the 13th that well-working system, whose effects under our of November 1831, on the Unknown
own observation may be briefly expressed by two
hundred millions of debt, and something more Tongues. By R. M. Beverly, Esq.
than a quarter of a century of continued convulA sermon by a layman-that layman, too, a sion. The melancholy fruits of this triumph of man of considerable distinction-a Beverly of might over rigbt are next successively traced in Beverly! This gentleman is well known to the the corrupt administration of Sir Robert Walpole, public as the author of a celebrated Letter to the the expulsion of Lord Chatham from the direc. Archbishop of York, in which he exposes the tion of public affairs, the American war, and that evils resulting from a secular establishment of consequent upon the first French Revolution, a Christianity, and suggests the necessity of a com schedule of events which might be thought quite plete divorce of the Church from the State. He sufficient in itself to answer the impudent asser. has consequently been denounced either as a tions of those who allege the utility of the present heretic or a fanatic : one party accusing him of plan of representation, were it not well known Socinianism, and another branding him with that self interest is as obstinately blind, as it is insanity. Of his orthodoxy he has given the hypocritically specious. The author then proceeds most decisive proofs in his subsequent publica to comment upon the principal features of the tions; and that he is of sound mind the present lately rejected Bill; and the disfranchisement of discourse is a most conclusive evidence. He bas decayed boroughs, the throwing open of close proved himself to be both a scholar and a divine. corporations, and the limitation of the rigbt of The notes are adinirable : in these he has shown being elected as a representative to actual resi. up the fanatics, the impostors, and the dupes of denis, are ably vindicated. He, lastly, considers the Scotch Church in Regent-square. But what the measures which may safely be adopter to se. is sober reason when opposed to inspired ab. cure the ultimate success of a Reform Bill, in the surdity! Mr. Irving, we fear, is incorrigible event of its second rejection by the House of The gifted sisterhood have caught him in their Lords. The remedies proposed are various, and toils, and the poor man is shorn of his strength, all apparently effectual. We shall merely men. though, it must be owned, his raven locks continue tion the creation of peerages for life; the withto dangle as beretofore. He is truly a fearsome holding of the issue of writs to certain boroughs,