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by the king; the revival of an ancient branch of the prerogative, which enables the Sovereign to crate boroughs at pleasure; and, finally, the vo1'intiry surrender of their charter* by the several dose corporations. Of these, men will of coarse jndfe according to their various opinions and temperaments; bat of the two latter expedients, one appears at least an unnecessary exercise of a power which has long been properly suffered to fall into disuse, and the other a measure which can only be partially relied upon. Such are the outlines of an essay, in which a rhetoric at times a little too prone to exhibit its "dazzling fence," bat upon the whole lucid and convincing, is united with an ardent zeal for the interests of justice, and a strict regard to troth. Every position is proved by the highest legal opinions, and Coke, Pryune, and Selden, enlisted as advocates, bear witness to the accuracy of the writer's statements.
His treatise is undoubtedly well written, bot this is not its chief merit. Elegant diction and subtle pleading are equally the characteristics of his opponents; but the facts and authorities he brings forward are unanswerable; and these in the present, as well as in every case where mere oratory is brought into competition with truth, resemble the spear of Britomartis in the legend, against which the strongest arm and most elaborate panoply proved of necessity equally futile and unavailing.
The Geographical Annual; or Family Cabinet Atlas.
Of all the annuals, this is unquestionably the mcM useful, perhaps the most agreeable, and, in mauy cases, it will doubtless prove the most welcome. A well-written preface states that it is to be republished from year to year, " for the purpose of including the latest discoveries and the changes that are continually taking place in various quarters of the globe." We have so frequently noticed the numbers of the " Family Cabinet Atlas/* as they appeared, that we trust oar readers are already acquainted with the nature of its claims upon their attention. It is, therefere, unnecessary for us to say more than that In its present complete and attractive form, it is one of the most delightful and valuable books that can be given or received, at a season of the year when to make a present becomes a sort of duty.
The Gate to the Hebrew, Arabic, and Syriac Unlocked by a new and easy Method of acquiring the Accidence.
Although, at first sight, it might appear superfiaooj to urge upon the notice of the Christian scholar the expediency, and indeed the absolute necessity of attaining an accurate knowledge of the Hebrew tongue, yet all who arc acquainted wiih the real state of theological learning in this country, will allow that no argument can be considered too strong, nor any inducement supcrogatory to cause this acknowledged trnth to be practically acknowledged. Of profane learning we have enough and to spare, but it can scarcely be reckoned to the credit of a Church, which has gained to high a reputation for erudition as our own, that many of its members distinguished for talent and attainments are much more conversant
Jan~— vol. xxxrx. No. Cxxxiii.
with the oiiginal of Aristophanes than of the Pentateuch. I'nder these circumstances we are happy to welcome any endeavour to facilitate the acquisition of the Oriental languages and dialects connected' with the sacred writings. The present work seems well adapted to the purpose, and contains, in addition to an interesting miscellaneous collection of facts relative to the Scriptures and the Talmudic Commentaries, the Hebrew, Syriac, and Arabic articles, nouns, adjectives, and pronouns, together with the .Samaritan alphabet. It is net the author's intention to supersede the study of the grammars commonly in use. His design is merely to show, by means of his new arrangement, the points of affinity between the languages above mentioned, in order to render their attainment more easy and expeditions. In this undertaking, as it appears to us, he has fully succeeded, and we wish him the success bis learning and abilities warrant him to expect. His work may be considered a necessary adjunct to the library of every Orientalist.
An Introductory Lecture to the Study of the Civil Law. Intended to have been read at the London University. By Thomas Jefferson Hogg, Barrister-at-Law.
Judging from the lecture before us, we have little hesitation in stating, that both the London University and the public in general have great reason to regret the circumstances, which prevented the author from occupying the Professor's chair, his 7,1-al and talents would so well have qualified htm to fill. HuW much such a Professorship is required, need not now be stated, nor in what profound Ignorance of one of the most elegant branches of literature, by far the greater proportion of ev^n the lettered part of the community arc contented to remain. Indeed, but for Its use within the precincts of Trinity Hall, or Doctors* Commons, we believe the whole Roman Code might as well be still slumbering quietly at Amalfi. The consequence is, that throughout Ftirope an English jurist is almost considered as a production yet within the womb of nature, and that our magistrates at home, men, who from the nature of their office, and the leisure they generally enjoy, might be supposed eminently skilinl in jurisprudence, are universally acknowledged to be as Ignorant of every point connected with the subject, beyond the mere common and practical parts of the criminal law, as an equal number of individuals selected from any cla^s in the kingdom. It is much to be regre;ted that the principal features of the Pandects are not presented to notice in an abridged and popular furm, with the necessary annotations. Such a work would prove a general benefit, and if Mr. Hogg himself, with his ardour for the advancement of his favourite study, should find leisure to undertake it, we might confidently predict, that the great work of Justinian would no longer remain an authority, much more frequently quoted than perused. With many of the propositions in his pamphlet we readily agree, and would especially speak in terms of commendation of the gentlemanlike spirit, in which the introductory letter to the Lord Chancellor is written, and the total absence of acrimony, in speaking of a body by whom he certainly cannot be considered to have been well treated. We cordially recommend this eloquent lecture to the notice of students and the enlightened ptftlic in general.
The Catechism of Health, to which are added Facts respecting the Cholera. By A. B. Granville, M.D.
As a treatise, in which a great deal of necessary admonition is presented to the unprofessional reader, undisguised by the parade of technicalities, we can safely recommend the Catechism of Health to the notice of every family. The most useful rules with respect to diet, clothing, exercise, &c. are clearly communicated, and the author stops exactly where a writer upon this subject should lay down his pen, giving his attention solely to the preservation of health, where enjoyed, and leaving the whole science of therapeutics to those who are best qualified by long study and practice for the application of its precepts. The present volume is, therefore, wholly free from the objection usually urged against books of Domestic Medicine, which, in nine cases out of ten, are productive of infinitely more harm than good. It appears to us rather singular that the catechetical style should have been preferred in a work of this nature, but where so much valuable advice fs bestowed, we should not be too fastidious as to the medium through which it is presented. The remarks upon Cholera are distinguished by the same plain sense which characterises the other part of the work. The diagnosis and proper treatment of this formidable epidemic in Its first stages are concisely laid down, as well as the most efficacious precautions against its attacks; and we must say that the remedies Dr. Granville proposes appear macb more consistent with common sense, than the thousand heterogeneous specifics usually pre. scribed. Cajeput oil. pure stimulants, the oils of peppermint and cloves, portable vapour baths, &c. he utterly discards, and places his chief reliance upon alkaline stimulant* administered internally, laudanum, hot brandy and water, and the application of boiled bran to the chest and belly of the patient. In addition to these, he recommends the use of a lotion, which be asserts will have the infallible effect of raising a blister on the skin in a few minntes, and prove a powerful counter irritative. This method of treatment, it must be confessed, is simple enough, and much more easily carried into effect than the numerous remedies of the Board of Health, which are enough to perplex any ordinary brain by their variety. We consider that the author of this able and perspicuous volume has a strong claim upon public gratitude, and, in concluding our notice, we may observe that we cannot express a wish for the health of our readers more effectually, than by recommending his directions to be carefully perused, and widely clrculatfd. We may add, that, as the contagions nature of Cholera is ably disproved In the work, it will have a great tendency to alleviate the general panic, a consequence almost as desirable as an effectual cure for the disease itself.
Bassola per lo Studio Pratico della Lingua Italiana, per online di difficolta, da F.C.Albites.
The principal contents of this valuable Introduction to Italian Literature are a Table of Idio
matic phrases with tbe corresponding forms in French, several useful Dialogues, an interesting Memoir of the Author's Father, and a selection of letters, partly original, and partly from the correspondence of Algarolti, Metastatic, Canganelli, &c. As an accompaniment to tbe grammars most in use, we think it likely to prove of essential service in schools as well as to private students. The writer has turned his principal attention to the Illustration of tbe colloquial and epistolary peculiarities of the tongue, which must be acknowledged the most difficult of acquisition, and of the most practical utility when attained. Signor Albites will be found an intelligent guide and preceptor. His lessons are calculated to remove the usual obstacles gradually and effectually, and those who avail themselves of his compass to carry them through many difficulties of phraseology and construction, will have no reason to repent their confidence.
Hood's Comic Annual for 1832.
We shall endeavour to write a notice of Mr. Hood's " Comic Annual" without committing a pun ; and thus, at all events, lay claim to the merit of being original. Some two or three rivals have appeared upon the stage since the Author of the Comic first made his bow to tbe public : they have passed in review before us, but the real Simon Pure is not the less welcome because we have yawned somewhat under the deleterious influence of his competitors. They remind us of the story of the great mimic, who, at a private party, was thus addressed by a little lisping maiden :—" Mr. Matthews, mamma sends her compliments, and hopes you arc going to be funny I" Mr. Matthews laughed a hollow laugh —" ha! ha!"—-but, during tbe rest of the night, there was nothing merry about bim but his name. Now, it is doubtless a sad case to be introduced, through the medium of a Humourist, to
"Tired nature's sweet restorer."
To pay for a Ungh, and to find yon have bought a sigh, is abont as bad as to " ask for bread and to receive a stone." Bnt Mr. Thomas Hood is of another stamp. If he does now and then write a dull thing, turn over a page or two, and be is sure to make amends. The chances are, at least, that three-fourths of his book will at any time create a cheerful countenance; and this is, at all events, an untaxed luxury, for which men and women willingly pay a reasonable price. Christmas will be come and gone before our recommendation has been sent forth—but not so the cold and cheerless weather that ushers in tbe new year. In solitude or in society Mr. Hood will be found a pleasant and a profitable guest; and under his influence a time of gloom may easily be converted into a season of mirth. His volume for 1833 abounds in matters that may put care and tbe doctor, and those devils that are even worse than printers' devils—the bine devils—to flight. As a Christmas present for the present Christmas, (this is Mr. Hood's,) we shall find nothing like it until the Comic Annual for 1833 has been placed in our hands.
It may not be amiss to notice here another work of Mr. Hood's—"The Dream of Eugene Aram," a poem of the most powerful and effective character. It has been republished from one of the annuals, accompanied by a series of woodrat*, by Messrs, Branston and Wright, from the designs of Harvey. They are of extraordinary merit, and scarcely inferior to any engraving! on copper we hare ever seen. Indeed, "The Comic Annual" is also much indebted to these accompsssfced artists, by whom the greater number of Mr. Hood'sdesigns have been executed.
Chaunt of the Cholera.
Songs for Ireland. By the Author of "The O'HaraTales."
Ir this had been Mr. Banim's tint work, it would have obtained him no inconsiderable reputation. The critic might have found abundant proofs that the Aotbor 's mind was of no common order, and have foreseen the successful career he has pursued in a more profitable, though not less honourable path of literature. Mr. Banim has many of the better qualities that constitute a true poet; bat be lacks one, without which all the others are comparatively valueless—good taste. The little volume be has recently published will now add nothing to his fame. "The Chaonl of the Cholera ," although manifesting great strength of thought and facility of versification, Is an unpleasant poem to read, and the " Songs for Ireland" onght to have been committed to the flames rather than to the press. The Author, indeed, conceives that some apology is necessary for their introduction to the public, and states that they "were written before the passing of a great political measure"—Catholic Emancipation; and concludes that " now they can do no barm, and may help to remind as of feelings that have been." Bat Mr. Banim most be aware that feelings that M have been" have not lost their influence in Ireland: they are, in reality, feelings that are. Although Mr. Banim, as an Irishman, may consider himself justified in exciting his fellow countrymen to mnnnor under " a foreign yoke," he must not expect that English readers will take exactly the same view of the case. To as the " Songs for Ireland," and the ** Irish Peasants' Songs," appear dangerous to the best interests of that unhappy country; and we are tempted to quote the prayer groaned forth some centuries ago, by one of her sons," God preserve me from my friends!"
Selections from the Poems of Robert Southey, Esq. LL.D. Chiefly for the use of Schools and Young Persons.
The very favourable reception which the Selections from Mr. Wordsworth's Poems, recently aaentione«i in onr notices, so deservedly met with, ba* led to the publication of the present volume, Basilar, in plan and arrangement, to its predecessor. The world will not willingly allow any Han to be master in two arts, and as It has conceded to Robert Southey the palm of prose com* position, be mast needs be content with the second rank in poetry. In troth, it is impossible not to feel, in turning over the leaves of these two delightful little volumes, that the first is the pare emanation of the heart and soul of a poet of Nature's own making, while the other, though abounding in poetry, and gentleness, ami goodness, and gladness of heart, is still rather the production of one who tarns to cultivate the muse as a relaxation from other studies, tbau of one who bursts, forth into song as the spontaneous language
of natural excitement. Both books are full of wi-di-m—that best 01 all wisdom, that teachetb the heart. Southey has told us, and it i - a pleasant record to read of any man, that his life has been a singularly happy one, and that it has owed its happiness first to religion, and next to that, to literature. "In omnibus requiem qusesivi," said Thomas a Kempis, "sed non inveni nisi in angiitis et libellis." The Laureate, too, bas found repose, where alone, however, he ever sought It, in books and retirement. Prom the penthouse of his study he has indeed sometimes shot forth bis arrows, even bitter words, and thereby has brought enemies enough upon his house-top; bat we believe tbelr paper pellets of the brain rarely have dashed his tranquillity one jot. This volume of Selections contains tolerably copious extracts from all Mr. Soathey's poems, down to "The Tale of Paraguay," inclusive, arranged in the order in which the poems have been published. We could have forgiven the omission of the Sbufflcbottom Sonnets. Now that the originals have been consigned to the vile dust from which they sprang, the satire of the imitations loses its point, and it ought, at all times, to have been unintelligible to those for whose especial use the present volume professes to be designed.
Divines of the Church of England. By the Rev.T. S. Hughes, B.D.—Hall's Contemplations. Vol. II.
This volume of the well-known " Contemplations" of Bishop Hall extends from " Dagon and the Ark" to the hanging of Haman. To those unacquainted with Bishop Hall's writings, the following conclusion of the thoughts on the adultery and murder committed by David in the mailer of Uriah, the HUtite, may afford a favourable specimen of his forcible style and manner: —" U God! thou hadst never snffered so dear a favourite of thine to fall so fearfully, if thou hadst not meant to make him a universal example to mankind, of not presuming, of not despairing. How can we presume of not sinning, or despair for sinning, when we find so great a saint thus fallen, thus risen V There is a famous sentence very like this in a sermon by Dr. Dodd about the two thieves on either side the cross:—"One was saved, that none might despair, and but one, that none might presume."
The Social System. A Treatise on the Principle of Exchange. By John Gray.
The title-page of this book prepared us to find the Author an Owenite, or, at best, a doctor of the doubting science. But he cares for none of these things: be has got a crotchet of his own into his head, about the reformation of society, and be stands up for it in a bold, bluff, straightforward sort of way, that pleases us extremely. The specific object of his book, as he tells us, is to state, to prove, to exemplify, and to force upon public attention, the important fact, "That It would be by no means difficult to place the commercial affairs of society upon such a footing, that production would become the uniform and never failing cansc of demand ; or, in other words, that to sell for money may be rendered, at all times, precisely as easy as it now is to buy with money." Assuming that our whole system of exchange is at present founded in the ilcplh uf ignorance and folly; that a proper or rational instrument for effecting exchange* between man and man has never existed since the world began, he uudertakes to show how produce, in qualities without any known or conceivable limit, may be disposed of advantagcoosly, at all limes, in a single hour, aud without the chance of the time ever arriving when there can, by any possibility, be a market over* stocked, or demand be overtaken by production. England, he assures us, has only to be made acquainted with the immensity of her own strength, to spring, as it were, in au instant, from the very depths of poverty and wretchedness, np to the height of prosperity and commercial happiness. -All she requires is to let loose her enormous powers of production, which arc now tied and bound down by the chain of commercial error. Freedom, domestic freedom of exchange, he odds, is what this nation chiefly wants to make Its people prosperous and happy. No miracle on human nature lias to be performed to bring this plan of exchange into operation. Apply that principle of unity of action to the whole, that has ever been found indispensable to the right working of every part of man's affairs, and the thing is done. But how is this momentons exchange to be effected f "Head the book" is the Author's answer, and we cannot conclude with a better.
The Seventeenth Century a Beacon to the Nineteenth.
This little tract is a second republication of a letter on the character and conduct of Charles the First, originally printed in 1747, and reprinted about ten years ago, under the title of" Charles the First ponrtrayed." The views of the writer are strongly prejudiced against that erring and unhappy King. A better caose than that of the Parliament, at its commencement, there could not be. Clear heads and stout hearts were on its side. Grievance after grievance, abuse after abuse, Ml with a touch. The maxims of the Constitution were vindicated from the absurd glosses of courtiers and sycophants, and llberticides in Church and Stale were detected and exposed. But the sun of liberty that rose in so bright a morning, set in a storm of el,.mis, and tempest, and thick darkness. Professing patriots deluged their country with civil blood, and hacked and mutilated the Constitution till it fell prostrate and lifeless at the feet of a military usurper. Di meli.-ra piis. If history be philosophy leaching by examples, we trust this memorable lesson will not now be forgotten or disregarded.
Edinburgh Cabinet Library. Vol. V. Early English Navigation.
The plan of the Edinburgh Cabinet Library is admirably calculated to si cure its popularity, and the manner in which (lie volumes hitherto published have been executed, amply confirms our original opinion of its excellence. Geographical science increases in interest as a nation becomes more enlightened and inquisitive. We love to compare the brightness uf our own torch with the dimness of that of others, and the present age is moreover expressly alive to whatever concerns the condition or destiny of man, not only in his political re! itions, but in his abstract character.
The present volume of the library recounts the adventures of those who led the way in the great work of discovery; and independent of the general interest attached to such subjects, affords us materials for studying the character of travellers, who, it has often struck ns, have no slight affinity in their dispositions, and In some of the habits of their minds, to poets. A sketch is also given of the wild exploits of the Buccaneers, which will considerably increase the interest of the volume to yoothtul readers.
A Treatise on Geometry. By Robert Wallace, A.M.
This Ib the best and cheapest edition of the Elements of Euclid we have ever seen. The first six books, for plane geometry, the eleventh and twelfth tor the doctrine of solids, and a series or deducible questions for exercise, at the end, form the contents of the book; but the arrangement is excellent, the demonstrations brief without being obscure, and every difficulty is folly and satisfactorily explained. The mind of the student is also carried on beyond the limits of each separate proposition by the theoretical and practical comments generally appended; and we can safely congratulate Mr. Wallace on having produceil a most admirable school-book, on a most interesting subject. We look forward with interest and pleasure to his promised Treatise on the Elements of Plane and Spherical Trigonometry. With the same diligence and good sense which are manifest in every page of the present work, it cannot tail of meriting and meeting the most complete success.
The Cabal, a Tale of the Reign of William the Fourth. 2 vols.
A very sad affair is " The Cabal, a Tale of the Reign of William the Founh." We presume the writer is aware of its intent and meaning, but we assure him that such of his readers as have labonred through his two volumes—if any such there have indeed been—are about as learned upon the matter as if tbey had contented themselves with a simple glance at the title-page. It must assuredly be a tale of the Reign of Williora the Fourth— because " Reform" and the " Age " newspaper are now and then referred to, aud however fashionable they may both have become during the Reign of the Fourth William, the former at least was honoured with but small patronage during that of the Fourth George—hut it passes, at all events, our understanding to discover a single point, or a single incident, or a single character that belongs exclusively to the year of our Lord eighteen hundred and thirty-one—if the Lord William, and the Lord Mortimer, and the Lord Tewkesbury, of the novel, arc in realily portraits, the Lord only knows who arc the originals: we, at least, confess ourselves utterly unable to trace the slightest resemblance between them and any noble personages of whom we have ever heard or read in this the nineteenth century. Whether the book is meant to be political, historical, or romantic, we are equally at a loss to guess—but we are compelled to slate that it is neither useful nor agreeable—and lllat we have just cause to be somewhat angry with the author for having wantonly wasted about two hoars of our valuable time.
The Usurer's Daughter. 3 vols.
Id terminating the perusal of this very powerful tale, (and we assure the Author that the fact of every page being severed is no small compliment,) we felt that to review it honestly, would be both a pain and a pleasure : a pain to find fault with any portion of to clever a book; and a pkasare to award the praise so richly due to the formation and develupeinent of, at least, the two principal characters. The time chosen is the commencement of the year 1780, during the "No Popery** riota which disgraced London; and in the second page of the first volume we are at once introduced to the Usurer,'* A man on whom all lovers of wealth looked enviously, and all lovers of moral worth looked contemptuously." Throughout the two first volumes, even onto the last scene, where, grovelling amid his riches, and grasping In hi» lean and attenuated fingers the gold accumulated by the basest means and watered with the tears of the unfortunate, the character of the V sorer Er pi ogham is vigorously and powerfully drawn; so powerfully that the Author of " Caleb Williams" might have been proud to have con. reived or penned it. It stands forth In all the hideous deformity of avarice, and is rendered still more revolting by the contrast afforded by ■he pore and elevated nature of his daughter Margaret. Had not the Author relieved the darkness of the one by the brightness of the other, the book wonld have been unreadable ; and we can only regret that subordinate portions of the volumes have not been managed with similar skill and good taste. We mast especially object to the introduction of a royal personage, lately deceased, in the character of a gentleman seducer: it was perfectly unnecessary in the formation of the story, and not at all needed for developing the heroine's character. It must be evident to the most ordinary observer of womankind, that ■sen a woman would have spurned the devotion of kings and princes as the dust beneath her feet, if proflered as a compensation for the loss of honour. All such scenes belong to the " Pamela" school of adventures, and must be protested against in days like the present, when matters of real life only, or of high-wrought and enthusiastic romance, interest the reader. We also object to the a ttjtant manner in which our Author sometimes regards men and actions. If a person wishes to be ill at ease with himself and the world in general, let bim, in the name of wormwood, sit down and read Kochefoucault until he become one huge mass of Tartaric acid; but let him not distill Its essence for us. In a work of fiction it is most uopalatable to be told, for Instance, " That there is not a blessing that God gives to his creatures which is not accompanied with a snare, a danger, a trial." Is it rational, we would ask, to suppose that the Almighty blesses us to destruction '. This is but one little ensample amongst many, of a caustic and bitter feeling breaking forth, even at the moment when it is least expected, and tainting pages which otherwise would interest by the simplicity of their style and the purity of their diction. The character of Lord Singleton is powerful from its extreme weakness. The Author bis either an antipathy to the Peerage, or a wish to render Peers unpopular; for a greater compound of meanness and imbecility never came
before the public. But the faults we have noted
are only blots upon a work in which will be found much that is excellent and interesting. It is impossible to conceive a more perfect, a more gentle, a more exalted, or more feminine creature than "The Usurer's Daughter:" yet in no one instance is the character overdrawn. We believe there are thousands of our fair countrywomen who would suffer as patiently, and act as nobly, as she did under all her trials. As to Erpingham, he is one who fixes himself upon the memory with so linn a bold, as never to be forgotten. The mind capable of conceiving two such characters as the Usurer and his Daughter is evidently cast in no common mould.
Newton Forester; or the Merchant Service. By the Author of "The King's Own." 3 vols.
Captain Marryatt slates, at the termination of this very interesting and amusing book, that he is anxious to keep on good terms with the world. He may rely upon it, that as long as he paints the people of" the world" in such agreeable and flattering colours, they will be anxious to keep ou good terms with him. He never seems at ease until he brightens his shadows into light: he makes it a point to reform (with one exception) all his bad characters. And if the simple Nicholas Forester was astonished at the miraculous change effected in his shrewish wife, what must toe have been at so extraordinary a metamorphosis! There Is much good feeling, much kindliness of heart, mingled with shrewd habits of observation, and an entertaining, perhaps, more than a useful knowledge of society in general, mingled throughout this novel. The hero is exactly what a hero ought to be—brave, generous, and enterprising: and nothing can be more naturally or charmingly sketched than the simple-minded Optician, Newton's fatber, who, when his business failed to prosper in Liverpool, believed that nobody there wore spectacles. The slave proprietor assuring his company that " there was nothing they might not do in the climate (Barbadocs) provided they were temperate, and did not check perspiration/* while at the very time he was indulging in reiterated draughts of Bangaree, Is a most amusing person. But we know not what the Anti-Slavery Society will say to the gallant Captain's portraiture of slavery. He makes it appear a most sweet, rather than a bitter draught; one that thousands of our own poor would be delighted to swallow. Newton's character throughout all his trials is admirably sustained. No young man entering the merchant service can do better than take him for his model. The other dramatis person* are, it is true, mere sketches, but sketches by a master hand—a sort of literary Wilkie, endowed with a gentler spirit. We have lately been favoured with snch disgusting details of the early portions of a seaman's life, that we were tempted to avoid every" Middy" we encountered, as we would a mad dog, or a venomous serpent. Captain Marryatt has restored our confidence in the blue jackets; for, with the exception of a yonth who cnt off " three inches of Ponto's tail," and then pleaded, as au excuse, that the dog did ft himself, because " I was chopping at the block, and Ponto pat his tail under the chopper"—with this one exception—there is not a single prank played by the Middles in which wc, in our youth, would not gladly have joined.