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of tbe friends with whom he acted to propose a considerable disfranchisement, and to establish, in addition to the £10 qualification, tbe old scot-aml-lot right of voting
Earl Grey congratulated the Noble Baron on this and other odd changes in his opinion on the subject.—The Committee was postponed, and the House adjourned.
May 8. Earl Grey rose to present several petitions in favour of Parliamentary Reform. Having done so, he addressed the House.
"My Lords, after what pawed in this House on Monday night, and the remit of that debate, yoor Lonlships will probably be prepared for the Information which it is now my dnty to give. The result of that decision certainly was anch as to reduce me to the alternative, either, in conjunction with my colleagues, of at once withdrawing ourselves from his Majesty's service, or of tendering to his Majesty our advice, which then appeared justified by the necessity of the cam, to take such means aa might insure the success of the Reform Bill now before your Lordships, or in the event of that advice being refused, to lender humblyand respectfully our resignations. My Lords, the Utter alternative we, alter much consideration, adopted. We offered that advice to his Majesty which we thought our duly in the circumstances of the times required, and the alternaUve snbmitted to his Majesty has been accepted by htm, and he has graciously accepted our resignations—at the same time honouring us with the fullest expression of the approbation of our serTieea dsning the time we have been in bis Majesty's Councils, and daring which we certainly have received from his Majesty a confidence and support, for which 1 must be thankful during tbe years t have yet to live. My Lords, under these circumstances then, we now, having given in our resignations, and those resignations having been accepted, only bold our offices till our successors can be appointed; and, therefore, my Lords, 1 think your Lordships will see the propriety of our not proceeding with any pnblic business, on which anything like a difference of opinion or contest could arise, until a new Administration shall have been formed. I shall, therefore, not propose to-morrow to proceed with the Committee on the Reform Bill.
Lord Brougham, having presented a petition in favour of Reform from Birmingham signed by 200,000 persons, said—
"1 stand in the same situation as my Noble Friend, having with him humbly tendered my resignation to bis Majesty in conseqnence of the advice, which with my Noble Friend I had numbly tendered to the King, not having been accepted by his Majesty. My Lords, with my Noble Friend, to the latest hour of my existence, I shall never cease to entertain the deepest heartfelt sense of the gracious kindness and confidence which my Noble Friend and his colleagues have received from tbe King during the period 1 have I Use honour to be a Member of his Majesty's
After a few words from Lord Suffolk, the Earl of Carnarvon expressed his gratitude for tbe constitutional manner in which his
Majesty had treated the "atrocious" advice and measures of the noble Earl and his colleagues.—Earl Grey condemned this language as most unparliamentary and unbecoming; but expressed his conviction that his character would not suffer in the House, nor with the country, by such aspersions. That advice which had been denounced as "atrocious" he bad delayed till the last moment; he was prepared to defend it; and ithadbecomeabsolutelynecessary, unless he would consent to be the shadow of a Minister, and to see the Hill mutilated. "I certainly cannot,"said the noble Earl, "proceed with the Bill under the circumstances I have stated. I trust that out of all these unhappy differences of opinion that exist, a measure of Reform, a great, extensive, effectual, and beneficial plan of Reform—for if it is not great, extensive, and effectual, it cannot be beneficial—will be produced, and will restore the confidence of the public in the Institutions of the State. I trust, I say, that out of these unhappy differences now prevailing a measure will arise that will give satisfaction. If it fall short of what I think is right and necessary, yet if it has that effect, it will give me sincere pleasure and satisfaction; but I could not attempt, under the circumstances in which I was placed, to carry a measure, subject to daily defeats and alterations that would be forced on me by a majority of the House differing with me so widely in opinion."—Earl Carnarvon moved "that the House go into Committee on the Reform Bill on Monday next," which was agreed to without a division.—The House then adjourned.
May 14. The Earl of Carnarvon moved the postponement of the Committee on the Reform Bill, as the details of the New Administration were not yet arranged. The motion was agreed to.
May 15. Earl Grey moved the adjournment of the House until Thursday. He did so because he had received a communication from his Majesty.—Lord Kenyon asked, were the House and the country to understand that the result of the communication was the reinstatement of the Noble Earl and his colleagues in the places they had lately held ?—Earl Grey was sure the House would see that it would not be discreet in him to explain farther. He had stated all he had a right to state under the circumstances — namely, that he had received a communication from his Majesty.
May 17. The Duke of Wellington, after presenting a petition from Cambridge against tbe Reform Bill, described the late Ministerial negotiations, as far as he was concerned. He said, that in consequence of what had occurred in that House on Monday se'nnight, his Majesty's Ministers had been pleased- to tender such advice to their Royal Master, which the Sovereign refusing to comply with, had caused them to resign office. His Majesty thus deserted, sent for a noble and learned friend of his, for his advice under the peculiar circumstances in which he was placed; and that noble friend was commissioned to honour him with the king's command to assist in forming another Cabinet, so as to prevent the destruction of the House of Lords by a large creation of Peers. Under these circumstances, he waited upon his Majesty and gave him the best advice in his power; not with any view to his own appointment to office, but to recommend others to his Majesty who, he thought, would be fully qualified to cany on the Administration of the country. And in doing this, he did no more than he should always do, by giving all the assistance in his power to his Sovereign, whether he was in office or out of office. In or out of place, he had always given the best advice he was capable of giving. Some of his best and oldest friends thought that he ought to have been excluded from office by the strong language he had formerly held against Reform, and they felt that they themselves must be so, from taking a prominent part in the Government at this juncture. Owing to that feeling, in conjunction with what had occurred in the other House of Parliament on Monday night, he found that it would be impracticable to form an Administration which would secure the confidence of the country and the prosperity of the nation. In consequence, he, onTuesday, waited upon his Majesty, and communicated that fact, when the King was pleased to state that he should communicate with his former Ministers.—After a few observations to the same effect by Lord Lyndhurst — Earl Grey, at some length, proceeded to state his opinions and conduct with reference to this Bill, from the time when the Noble Lords opposite had left their master deserted. He had accepted office with the view of carrying the question; and, at all events, he could not be accused of giving up his opinions for the sake of office. 1 le had always thought that a full and extensive measure of Reform was necessary, and would be most likely to set the country, as related to it, at rest, and it was with that view he had introduced the present Bill. He was not prepared to state at that moment the result of the communication he had had with his Majesty. All he should state was, that his continuance in office must depend on his ability to carry into full effect the Bill on their Lordships' table, unimpaired in all its principles, and in all its essential particulars.
May 18. The Archbishop of York entered into an explanation of the conduct he had pursued, and meant to pursue, in regard to (he BUI. He was most friendly to its prin
ciples, and to its essential details; bat be thought enfranchisement should lead, and disfranchisement follow. He admitted, however, that his residence in Yorkshire, where there were many unrepresented towns and few close boroughs, might have biassed his judgment on this point. He expressed his confidence in Earl Grey, as tha only man who could carry the Bill, and earnestly hoped that the towns in schedules C and D would soon receive the boon which they so earnestly courted anil so justly deserved. —Earl Grey said, the communications which were the result of the Duke of Wellington's having given up his commission to form a new Cabinet had ended in this:—In consequence of his Majesty's gracious desire to that effect, and in consequence of his perceiving those grounds of confident expectation of ability to enable him to redeem his pledge of yesterday, not to continue in office unless possessing an authority which might afford security for passing the Reform Bill unimpaired in principle and in all its essential details—in consequence of now finding himself able to state that he had a confident expectation of being able to pass the measure, and having received his Majesty's gracious commands expressed to that effect, he had now to announce that Ministers were to continue in office.—A long discussion followed, in which the Duke of Rutland, the Earl of Harewood, the Earl of Winchelsea, Lord Brougham, Lord W harncliffe. Lord Radnor, and the Earl of Carnarvon took part.
HOUSE OF COMMONS.
May 7. The House met pursuant to adjournment.
May 8. On the motion of Mr. Hume, a return of the number of clergymen of the Church of England who hold more than one living; the gross value of their incomes, at an average for three years, and also the amount of stipends paid to the curate, was ordered.
May 9. Lord Althorp having made a similar statement to that given by Lord Grey in the House of Lords, Lord Ebrington rose. He felt deep regret at having heard this statement, and thought it his duty, although he wished that duty had been placed in abler hands, to give notice, that he should tomorrow move a respectful address to his Majesty upon the present state of the affairs of the country, and he should follow that up by moving that the House be called over.
Mr. G. Langton was sure that the communication which had been made would spread terror and alarm through the whole country—Lord Althorp wished the motion to be postponed, in order that no impediments might be thrown in the way of the formation of a new Ministry; but several Members protested against this delay.— Mr. J ames asked what was the nature of the advice, the rejection of which had led to resignation ?—Lord Althorp said he was not prepared to make any farther communication.—Mr. Laboucheie, in urging Lord Ebrington to persevere in his motion, expressed a hope that the friends of Heform would not now act as "cravens," but do their duty—Mr. Baring would not anticipate the debate of to-morrow, but he would venture to hope, that whilst the House justified its own opinions, it would respect that of other Committees of the legislature, and that whilst they did not behave like " cravens," neither would they behave like bullies. He rose, however, principally to suggest to the Noble Lord, whether it was not fit that he should follow the course customary upon such occasions, and state to the House what that advice was, the rejection of which by his Majesty had occasioned the breaking up of the Administration Colonel Davies declared that the
Ministers had required a carte blanche to create a hundred Peers if necessary; if such advice had been given, the King had acted well in rejecting it.—Sir R. Peel submitted that the House ought to know the causes which led to the dissolution of the Ministry, and his Majesty's leave ought to be obtained to make a communication on the subject.— Lord Althorp said he had no farther communication to make; the Ministers had tendered advice which was not received, and thereupon they resigned—Lord Ebrington afterwards stated, that he should persevere in his motion, especially after the rumours of the last few days of strange changes of opinion in particular quarters.—The call of the House was ordered; all the orders of the day were postponed, and the House adjourned.
May 10. Lord Ebrington having spoken It much length upon the subject of the recent change, moved an Address to his Majesty, to the following effect :—
1. To express regret at the retirement of the Ministers, and to state that the House continued to repose unabated confidence in the authors of the Reform Bill.
2. That, in compliance with the recommendation of his Majesty's Speech, they had prepared a Bill to amend the representation of the people, but that it had experienced resistance in the other House, which had led to the resignation of Ministers, the authors of the BUI.
3. That the people were looking with intense anxiety for the passing of that Bill; so much so, that the adoption of any proceedings that would impair the efficiency of the Bill would create the most serious disappointment.
4. In consequence of such opinions, to
implore his Majesty to call to his Councils such persons only as would carry into effect, unimpaired in all its essential provisions, that bill for the Reform of the Representation which had recently passed the House of Commons.
Mr. Strutt seconded the motion.—Mr. Baring said, he should oppose the Address; the more especially as he was unacquainted with the cause of the resignation of Ministers, on which point he thought the House ought to receive some information.— Lord Althorp, although he regretted that the motion was brought forward at all, considered it his duty to vote for it.—Mr. Hume, Mr. Macauley, Lord Morpeth, Mr. U. Robinson, and Mr. O'Connell, supported the motion, which was opposed by Sir Robert
Peel, Sir C. Wetherell, and Mr. Hunt
The House divided For Lord Ebrington's
Motion, 288; against it, 208; majority, EIGHTY.
May 11. On the presentation of a petition from Manchester, by Mr. J. Wood, Sir F. Burdett said he had just been at a crowded meeting of his constituents, and the feeling of that meeting was one of undisguised regret at the resignation of Ministers. He wished, however, that all exciting language might be abstained from at such a moment. The change in the government would be most disastrous, for the confidence of the country in Lord Grey had risen to an unprecedented extent. He trusted that his Majesty would recover from his surprise, and cast away the leprous distilment which had been poured into his ear. He could not understand how any persons could be mad enough to take office and deny Reform.
On the third reading of the Anatomy Bill, Mr. Robinson moved an Amendment, that it be read that day six months. For the third reading, 42—For the amendment 4— Majority 38. On the question that the Bill
do pass, an amendment was proposed ;— Ayes, 5.—For passing the Bill, 43.—The Bill was passed.
May 14. Lord Ebrington took the opportunity of inquiring if there were any truth in the report that the Duke of Wellington had been appointed Minister. His Lordship commented very severely on the supposed fact. If the Duke had been induced to accept office with the intention of passing the Reform Bill, after solemnly protesting against it, such conduct would be most mischievous in effect—it would be the greatest example of public immorality he ever witnessed;. — Sir H. Hardinge contended, that from the well-known character of the Duke of Wellington, it was impossible to conceive that he would be guilty of any political immorality.—Mr. Baring also bore testimony to the high character of the Duke, and felt convinced that he would never take office upon the condition of carrying measures which he thought hurtful to the Constitution. Change of opinion did not necessarily lead to political immorality, though so great a change as that contemplated in the report was calculated to shake all confidence in public men.—A long and desultory discussion followed: Sir G.Murray, Sir R. Peel, Sir E. Sugden, and other Members urged the House to have patience; whilst Lord Ebrington, Sir F. Burdett, Mr. Macauley, Mr. T. Duncombe, Mr. Hume, and others, contended that the House ought at once to declare that it could have no confidence in men who had recorded by public protest their conviction that the Reform Bill was prejudicial to the country.
May 15. A number of petitions praying for Reform having been presented, Mr. Baring rose, and suggested the expediency of not discussing the subject. He had to inform the House that the negotiations for a new Ministry had terminated, and that they would not be resumed. He had only, therefore, to hope, that the measure adopted by the late Administration, now they had resumed power, would be such as would tend to perpetuate the happiness and prosperity to the country.—Lord Althorp, who entered the House during the time Mr. Baring was speaking, said that he intended to take the earliest opportunity of informing the House that Earl Grey had this day received a communication from his Majesty, and in consequence to move that the House should adjourn until Thursday.
May 17. Lord Althorp, being called upon by Mr. Paget, rose and said, that having stated on a former evening that a communication from his Majesty had been received by Lord Grey, he now rose to say, that the arrangements were in a train to be completed, and he had no doubt they would be found to be satisfactory to the country. The House might be assured that Earl Grey
and his colleagues would not feel justified in re-accepting office unless they had every possible assurance of carrying the Reform Bill in all its essential and main principles. —Lord Ebrington congratulated the House on what they had just heard, and expressed an anxious hope that no time would be lost in bringing the arrangements to a final termination, because, although a comparative calm had succeeded to the frightful state of alarm into which it had been thrown, the country would not be satisfied until positive assurance had been received of the completion of arrangements, and the consequent absolute certainty of the passing of the great measure of Reform.
May 18. Lord Althorp having explained that it was the intention of his Majesty's Ministers to retain their places, Sir Robert Feel entered into an explanation somewhat similar to that of the Duke of Wellington. On Wednesday se'nnight he was called on by Lord Lyndhurst, to know if he were willing to enter into his Majesty's serviceLord Lyndhurst explained the embarrassed situation of the King, from the resignation of Ministers consequent on his refusal to create Peers ; that he had communicated with the Duke of Wellington, who would not take office himself, but would, if necessary, support Sir Robert Peel if he would accept of the Premiership. The clear understanding was, that if he did so, be must support an extensive plan of Reform. His reply to Lord Lyndhurst, given on the impulse of the moment, was, that it was utterly impossible for him to take office on such a condition. He had been decidedly opposed to the present and every extensive plan of Reform, and he could not come into the Ministry when an extensive plan was to be carried.—A discussion took place, in which Lord Althorp, Mr. Baring, Sir Richard Vyvyan, Mr. J. E. Gordon, Mr. Hume, and Lord Stormont took part.
A Bill has passed the Assembly and Council of Lower Canada, imposing a tax of 5s. currency on every passenger or emigrant that shall arrive at the Port of Quebec or Montreal after the 15th April, 1832, from any part of the United Kingdom, if such passenger or emigrant shall have embarked under the sanction of his Majesty's Government; but should the passenger or emigrant have embarked without such sanction, the tax is to be 10s. currency for each individual so arriving at Quebec or Montreal. The duty thus levied is "for the purpose of creating a fund for defraying the expense of medical care and attendance for sick emigrants, and of enabling persons of
that description to proceed to the places of their destination." ,
SWAM RIVER. . .
The last accounts from Swan River were cheering. The crops were said to look well; the country over the mountains was located; the soil was good; there was but little wood met with; vegetables were in great abundance, growing to a very large size; the charter had arrived and Captain Stirling was proclaimed Governor and Commander-inChief of Western Australia on the 7th of October. A weekly paper, called the Western Australian, has been published at Freemantle. It is of a very small size; but this is accounted for in the fourth number, in which it is stated, that " in the printing and compositor's department we have but one person to act, there being no other in the colony, and thus the whole weight of those departments falls upon one young man, who is obliged to work day and night to get the paper out at all." The cholera morbus raged at the date of the last accounts, and six or seven persons had died of the disorder. At certain seasons it appears that this complaint has always been common in the colony.
The Jamaica House of Assembly was opened on the 5th of March, with an address from the Governor, in which he regrets the difficulty of providing the necessary supplies occasioned by the late disturbances. The reply of the House to this address is, as usual, a mere echo; but there are passages in it which evince how independent a tone the Legislature of Jamaica is inclined to assume in regard to the late insurrection, as well as the unsatisfactory feelings entertained by the planters with respect to the recent Orders in Council forwarded by Lord Goderich, and their unwillingness to comply with them.
[The Colonial Department is busily engaged in preparing a series of documents, and a succession of information, illustrative of the progress made by the colonies to ameliorate the condition of the slaves.
Some of the documents will bo—1. Copy of reports from the Bishop of Jamaica, and any other information in the possession of the Government, showing the means furnished by that colony for the religious instruction of the coloured and slave population, the number of churches, chapels, and other places of worship, and of the rectors, curates, and catechists, and schools therein.—2. As
regards Barbadoes and other colonies 3.
Returns of the civil, ecclesiastical, and military establishments of Jamaica, the expenses of which are defrayed by any revenue raised in that island; the annual amount of such expenses, and of any other expenditure incurred, and which is defray* ed by a revenue raised in the island ; and of the annual ways and means for raising such revenue, during the last tea years— 4. The like returns regarding all the other West India islands—5. Copies of the laws passed by the several Colonial Legislatures, "for the removal of the disabilities of the free persons of colour," during the last six years.—6. Of all laws passed by the several Colonial Legislatures " for the amelioration of the slave population" since 1822.—7. Returns of all "manumissions" granted in Jamaica, and in the other West India colonies, distinguishing the numbers in each year, and those which are " gratuitous," or "for which only a nominal consideration was paid," from those which are paid for.]
The Senate at Washington have agreed to the resolution proposed by Mr. Clay, on the 9th of January, for a modification of the tariff, by a majority of 23 to 18, and it was ordered that the committee on finance should report a bill accordingly. The following is a copy of the resolution referred to:—" Resolved, that the existing duties upon articles imported from foreign countries, and not coming into competition with similar articles made or produced within the United States, ought to be forthwith abolished, except the duties upon wines and silks, and that they ought to be reduced."
The people of Brussels are exceedingly dissatisfied at the qualified recognition of Russia. The Ministry are not much more agreed than the people. The Chambers, in their address, call on Leopold—" If Holland should persist in opposing just arrangements — if it should continue acts of hostility,—then, Sire, at whatever cost it may be, we pray you to vindicate the national honour. The King entirely agrees with the Chamber; and perhaps their agreement may weigh with Holland. The Convention respecting the demolition of the for
tresses, Menin, Ath, Mons, Philippeville, and Marienburg, has appeared. Preparations for their demolition are to commence immediately, and it will be completed by the 31st December 1833.
A conspiracy has been formed at Brunswick, the object of which was to restore the expelled Duke, and to replace the Government in the state in which it was before the Revolution of Sept. 1830. As the banished Duke has recovered none of his popularity during his absence, but is as much dreaded and detested as ever by his former subjects, the project could have had no chance of success.
Canton papers have contained the Governor of India's letter to the Governor of Canton, and his reply to Lord Bentinck; the former referring to the inimical and insulting character of the measures adopted by the Foo-yuen of Canton towards British subjects; the factory taken possession of; the portrait of the British Monarch treated with disrespect, at a time when no differences existed between the Chinese and British. He trusts this procedure is not sanctioned by his Excellency, and requests that the wrongs