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complained of a speech delivered at the tions of the changes in our navigation laws Political Union of Sunderland by Mr. Lar- and commercial policy since 1820. The kin, the friend of Dr. Headlam, describing Hon. Member contended, at great length, “ Earl Grey as a weak instrument in the that the experiment of what was called free bands of the people—a Minister who, with- trade had been thoroughly tried, and failed. out the Unions, would have been nothing." -Mr. Hume opposed the motion, and conHe wished to know if it was the intention tended that the principles of free trade were of his Majesty's Government to allow those such as cemented the bonds of amity beSocieties to assemble and issue their edicts. tween nations; and that any country which -- Earl Grey condemned Political Unions, expected to sell its produce, without taking but thought the law could not be applied the produce of others in exchange, pursued with effect, and that it would be better to a policy highly injurious to her best inteleave them to the good sense of the people. rests.--Mr. Alderman Waithman, in a long He disapproved the language of Mr. Larkin, speech, contended that all our commerbut also the injustice of holding Dr. Head- cial distress was owing to the want of a suffilam responsible for words used in his pre- cient protecting legislature.-Mr.P.Thompsence.
son answered the Alderman at considerable June 19. On the motion for a second length, and said, he was prepared to show, reading of the Anatomy Regulation Bill, when the worthy Alderman made his annual Lord Wynford strongly resisted the Bill, motion, that all his arguments were errodeclaring that there was in the minds of the neous, and his deductions false. The motion poor the most decided repugnance to dissec. was negatived.- The Chancellor of the Extion; nor was that fear always limited to chequer moved for a Secret Committee, to inthe poorer classes of society. His Lordship quire into the propriety of renewing the illustrated this opinion by mentioning a Bank Charter, and also to inquire into the conversation he had with Col. Despard just general system of banking in England and before that individual was about to suffer Wales. The Noble Lord expressly exdeath for treason. The Colonel's bravery cluded from the consideration of the Secret was indisputable; he had no dread of death, Committee the question of standard value, but he contemplated dissection, which was a but left the small note question open to the part of the sentence, with the greatest hor- consideration of the Committee, if it should ror. His Lordship concluded with moving think proper to enter upon it.-Sir R. Vy. that the Bill be read a second time this day vyan protested against the appointment of six months.--The Earl of Harewood op. a Committee at such a moment.--Mr. Baposed the Bill. The Lord Chancellor and ring wished the small note question to be the Earl of Fife supported it. Their Lord- excluded from the consideration of the Comships then divided on the motion. There mittee.--Mr. Pearse hoped the Government were for the Bill 15, and against it 10 ; the would take care, as the Committee was to be Bill was read a second time.
so large as thirty, to have a sufficient numJune 20. Earl Grey moved an Address to ber of practical men upon it, to counteract the King, in consequence of the flagitious the efforts of the people called philosophers. and treasonable attack on his Majesty at The motion was agreed to. Ascot Heath, and in doing so his Lordship M ay 24. Mr. F. Buxton moved for the adverted to the precedents in favour of such appointment of a Select Committee, to rea course of proceeding. The Address was port as to state of slavery in the British doagreed to, and a message sent to the Com- minions, the means of extinguishing slavery, mons desiring a present conference in the and the easiest means of accomplishing the Painted Chamber. The conference took same at the earliest period possible, with place, and the Address was communicated safety to all the parties interested.--Mr. to the Commons, whose concurrence was O'Connell seconded the motion. -- Mr. C. received.
Pelham maintained that there were more June 21. The Marquis of Wellesley, in his Christians amongst the blacks than there character as Lord Steward, announced the were in that metropolis.--Mr. Strickland exgracious intention of his Majesty to receive pressed his approbation of the motion.—Mr. the Address of the two Houses on Wednes. K. Douglas opposed the motion, contending day next, and intimation was sent to the that there were no adequate grounds for it, Commons to that effect.
the House having already come to very de.
cided resolutions on the subject, especially HOUSE OF COMMONS.
in 1832.--Mr. Macaulay said, that the moMay 22. Mr. Robinson presented a peti- tion had his most cordial support, and he tion from Worcester, praying for an inquiry trusted that it would have the sanction of into the state of the trade of the country; the House. He was quite sure, for safety's after which the Hon. Member moved that a sake, that some remedy must be adopted, Select Committee, be appointed to inquire and speedily.-Sir R. Peel thought that a into the present state of trade, commerce, public declaration against slavery would be and navigation, and to report on the opera- extremely disadvantageous, and wished
Ministers to take the affair into their own ment of death in certain cases, a good deal hands.---Lord Althorp thought there was a of desultory conversation took place, almost question of justice between this country and all who spoke sanctioning the principles of the colonies, which should be carefully at the Bill, and expressing hopes that the tended to, but which should not prevent the ameliorated system of America would expeendeavour to obtain an extinction of slavery. rience more extended imitation. He could not see any danger in the ap- May 31. Several petitions were presented pointment of such a Committee as the one against all dramatic monopoly, and Mr. E. proposed, though it was his opinion that the L. Bulwer, pursuant to notice, moved for a slave population were not at present in a select committee to inquire into the state of state for immediate emancipation. It was the laws affecting dramatic literature, and the duty of that House to take such mea. the performance of the drama. The extent sures as should in the speediest manner and power of the patents granted to the two prepare them for the enjoyment of liberty.- great theatres had long been matter of disSir George Murray thought it was impossi- pute, but by a late judicial decision all perble that there could be any difference of formances, except those of the most mounte. opinion on the subject, that slavery was an bank and trumpery description, were deevil which ought to be remedied. He con- clared to be infringements of the law, subject ceived, however, that, of all the difficult to serious penalties. The original reason tasks ever undertaken by any Government, for suppressing the minor theatres had long that of the abolition of slavery in the West ceased to exist, and the only ground on Indies was the greatest, with a view to the which the exclusive patents were granted interests of the colonists, and, above all, of had not been fulfilled. In the licentious the slaves themselves. – Mr. Buxton was period in which the first patents were grantstrongly opposed to giving any compensa- ed, the reign of Charles II, the minor theation to the slave owner.- Lord Howick was tres were the scene of very disorderly and glad to hear from the Right Hon. and gal- improper exhibitions, and it was therefore lant Officer, that he looked to the extinction desirable to suppress them; that was no of slavery as the proper consequence of all longer the case. The patents were granted proceedings on that important subject; and to two theatres, "for the preservation of the added, that there were means of ameliorating dignity of the national drama." They had the condition of the slaves, and leading to the not produced that object. No sooner were extinction of slavery in a manner as cautious the patents obtained than the national draas the most timid could desire.--Lord San- ma began to deteriorate, and a love of scenic don yielded to no man in his abhorrence of effect to supersede it. This reproach to the slavery, but would not lose sight of common patentees had constantly existed, and existprudence in dealing with the interests of the ed with peculiar justice at the present time. colonists.-Lord Althorp moved that the We were tempted to ask with the Lord words should be introduced to secure atten- Chancellor, not how many plays had been tion to the interests of the colonists. The produced of our literature, but rather how amendment was supported by Sir C. We many plays had been produced fit for growntherell, Messrs. Hume, G. Knight, Baring, up men and women to go and see? They Lord G. Bentinck, &c. and opposed by might be assured there would be no more Messrs. Evans and O'Connell, and Dr. theatres than could find audiences to fill Lushington. On a division, there appeared them; and he thought there ought to be as -For the amendment, 163; for the original many theatres as the public were willing to motion, 90; majority for Ministers, 73. support. He wished all restrictions on the The appointment of the Committee was then legitimate drama to be removed. He repostponed.
quired no novel experiment, he only asked : May 25. Mr. Stanley moved the second them to leave it such as it was in the days reading of the Irish Reform Bill.-Mr. of Massinger, and Beaumont and Fletcher, Lefroy moved as an amendment, that it be and Jonson, and Shakspeare, when sevenread that day six months. A long debate teen theatres were constantly open to a meensued; after which the House divided, tropolis a tenth part of the size of London at when the numbers were-For the second present, and a population by a hundred dereading, 246; against it, 130; majority grees less wealthy and iniellectual. The for Ministers, 116.
Hon. Member then adverted 10 the laws reMay 30. Lord Milton, in reply to inqui- garding literary property and dramatic copyries, said he was anxious to bring forward right in particular, and remarked upon the his motion regarding the Corn Laws as injustice done to literary men, who were the early as possible.-Nir. Hume said it would only portion of the community to whom was be much better to dispose of the Reform denied that necessary blessing pledged by Bills before any of these subjects were every free state to its subjects, the protection brought forward, a sentiment that was sanc- of property.-Mr. O'Connell seconded the tioned with loud checring. In the Commit, motion.-Sir C. Wetherell opposed it. He tee on the Bill for the repeal of the punish- contended that the abrogation of the patents would tend to multiply theatres, not to im- that whether the Government were com. prove them. At Paris there were thirteen posed of Whigs or Tories, or of both, an or fourteen theatres, but he had never heard end should be put to the Local Parliaments that it made any modern Corneilles or Ra. –the Political Unions.-Lord J. Russell cines. They had already reforms enough replied, that where a Union was only a sort on their hands, and the proposed inquiry of Club, whatever speeches might be made, was useless, and might be mischievous. provided they were not seditious, he knew Mr. Lamb considered that the time had are not that the law recognized in the Crown rived when some inquiry ought to be insti- the power of issuing a proclamation like tuted into the anomalous state of privilege that of last winter. The other chief speakers and law respecting the theatres and drama, were Lord Althorp, Sir R. Peel, Lord Miltie copyrights, and he hoped that the in. ton, Mr. Stanley, Mr. Croker, Colonel quiry would lead to amendments of the law Torrens, Mr. Praed, and Mr. C. Grant. on the subject.-Mr. W. Brougham, Mr. J. June 6. The House went into Committee Campbell, Mr. Hume, and Mr. Robinson, on the Reform (Scotland) Bill. The 230 supported the motion.-Mr. Sheil said ex and 24th clauses passed after some observ. perience showed that a dramatic censorship ation.-Clause 25 was postponed. The was neither necessary nor desirable. In clauses in succession up to 36 were agreed Ireland a licence for a new play had never to.-Mr. A. Johnstone moved as an amendbeen required. When a national stage did ment that the clergy of the Church of Scotindeed exist, when Garrick, and Mossop, land be excluded from the right of voting and Barry performed before the assembled for Members of Parliament under the new nobles and gentry of that country, no li. Reform Bill. On this a division took place, censer was found necessary. Why? Be, when the amendment was negatived by 72 cause the spirit of true decorum and refine- to 7. ment forbade the performance of irreligious June 7. The House took into consideraor immoral compositions.-Sir E. Sugden tion the report of the Boundaries Bill.—The opposed the motion, which was, however, clauses for divisions of the counties of agreed to, and a committee appointed. Cheshire, Cornwall, Cumberland, Derby,
June 1. The House went into Committee Devon, Durham, and Essex, were agreed on the Scotch Reform Bill.-Sir G. Murray to stand part of the Bill.-The clause for complained of injustice to Scotland, and the division of the county of Gloucester was said it ought to have 85 members.--Mr. put.-Lord G. Somerset submitted that Sheil asked why none of the four Scotch Thornbury was a more convenient place for Universities had a member - The Commit. the western division than Wootton-undertee then divided, and the members were, for Edge.-Lord J. Russell assented, and the the motion, 168; against it, 61; majority, amendment was agreed to.—The clauses 107.
for the division of the counties of Hampshire June 4. In reply to various questions, and Kent were agreed 10.—The clause for the Chancellor of the Exchequer stated the division of the county of Lancashire that the new Municipal Police Measure having been put, Lord J. Russell moved was not ready; that the Order in Council that in the southern division of the county, would still be acted upon in the Crown Newton should be substituted in the clause Colonies; and that the payment of the as the place of election, instead of Wigan, Russo-Dutch loan was suspended. - The which was carried by 54 to 5.-The clauses Scotch Reform Bill was then committed, for dividing the counties of Leicester, Norand various clauses passed.-The English folk, Northampton, Northumberland, NotReform Bill was returned from the Lords, tingham, Salop, Somerset, Stafford, Suffolk, and the amendments ordered to be consi. Surrey, Sussex, Warwick, Wilts, and Wordered to-morrow.
cester, were also agreed to. June 5. The Lords' amendments to the June 13. Mr. Stanley moved the order Reform Bill were agreed to, after a long, of the day for going into the Irish Reform important, and animated discussion, in Bill.-Mr. O'Connell said he had to prowhich the Political Unions were deprecated pose an instruction to the committee that on both sides of the House. Mr. Hume the Irish forty-shilling freeholder in fee having stated that he would not give a pin should have a right of voting for members for the Bill if it were to stop here, without of parliament. The English people had leading to farther changes, Lord John Rus- nobly done their duty ; the Irish people assell declared, that he considered the Bill sisted them in their need ; so had the people final, and would consent to nothing beyond of Scotland; and it was fitting that imparit. He also repeated that charters would tial justice should be done to all. The be given to the new boroughs ; but he could franchise of Ireland was taken away in not pledge himself that it would be done be- 1829, and he now called for its restoration. fore they were called upon to exercise their In its details this Bill was founded upon a elective franchise..Sir E. B. Sugden said, narrow basis, and would make an oligarchy in Ireland, and confer the power of repre- cluded by moving the previous question. sentation upon absentees. He would not Sir C. Wetherell denounced it as an unjust attribute motives to any man, but the result interference with copyright, and the enorof the Irish Reform Bill would lead to the mous capitals which were now embarked in disfranchisement of the majority of the peo- such establishments. -Sir M. Ridley sup. ple of Ireland. After some further observa. ported the amendment, because it would be tions, he moved that it be an instruction to absurd at this time of the Session to hold the Committee “ to enable persons in the out any hope that relief could be afforded. counties of Ireland seised in fee, and occu. -Mr. Warburton, Mr. Sturt, Mr. Hunt, pying lands or tenements of the clear yearly and Mr. Robinson supported the motion. value of forty shillings, and not subject to After a few observations from Colonel any rent, save quit rent or crown rent, to Evans and Lord Althorp, Mr. Bulwer revote at the election of Members of Parlia- plied, and concluded with declaring, that ment."-A short discussion followed, in in consequence of the almost universal sense which the exclusion of the forty-shilling of the House, he felt, reluctantly, that he freeholders was condemned by several Irish could not press the House to a division, but, members as an act of injustice; but on a if he should have the honour to be a Memdivision, the amendment was lost by 122 ber in the next Parliament, he would, at to 73.
the earliest opportunity, bring forward a June 14. Mr. E. L. Bulwer rose to make similar motion.-The question was then put his promised motion for the repeal of the pro forma, and negatived. Newspaper Stamps, or, as they have been J une 15. In the Committee on the Cussignificantly called, the taxes on knowledge. toms Duties' Bill, Mr. Poulett Thompson The Hon. Member entered into various de. explained that it was the intention of God, tails to prove the connexion between igno- verament to reduce the duties on hemp, to rance and crime, and maintained that it the extent of £60,000 annually, with a was the duty of Parliament to promote view to ensure a cheaper supply in future of knowledge, by removing every tax that this essential article, for the rigging of could operate as an impediment lo its cir- shipping. The schedule annexed to the culation. Another fact to which the Hon. Bill was drawn up with a view to effect Member appealed was the great number of this object ; and also a decrease of the precheap and mischievous publications to which sent duties on medicines imported, and it was important that cheap answers should upon dyeing woods. Mr. Alderman Thombe opposed. The present Government had son, Mr. Goulburn, Mr. Burge, and several long legislated for property and intelligence; other Hon. Members, contended that the let them at last feel the necessity of legis- duties were not fairly equalized. The schelating for poverty and ignorance. Crime dule was agreed to had fast increased-enough of human blood June 18. On the motion that the House had been shed ; was it not time to make the resolve into a Committee on the Reform experiment, whether cheap knowledge might Bill for Ireland, Mr. O'Connell moved an not be made a better political agent than instruction to the Committee. In doing so dear punishment? The Hon. Member con- he observed that it was the only instruction cluded by moving the following resolutions: he should move, and that he had no expecta-" That it is expedient to repeal all taxes tion of carrying it. He particularly comwhich impede the diffusion of knowledge." plained of the present Bill omitting the re--" That it is peculiarly expedient at the gistration which was adopted in the Engpresent time to repeal the stamp duty on lish Reform Bill, which was introduced into Newspapers.”_" That it is also peculiarly the first Irish Reform Bill, and which would expedient to repeal or reduce the duty on have been an invaluable boon to Ireland. advertisements."_" That it is expedient, in His motion was, “ That it be an instruction order to meet the present state of the re- to the Committee to make provisions for exvenue, to appoint à select Committee to tending the elective franchise to persons consider the propriety of establishing a cheap seised of any freehold estate, and occupying postage on Newspapers and other publica- the same, of the clear value of 51. at least, tions.”—Mr. O'Connell seconded the mo- over and above all charges, except only pubtion.--The Chancellor of the Exchequer ex- lic or Parliamentary taxes, county, barony, pressed his concurrence in the view taken church, or parish cesses, or rates and cesses of the beneficial effects likely to result from on any townland or division of a barony." the more extended diffusion of knowledge, The motion led to a good deal of desultory, but opposed the motion at present, on the and much personal remark, arising out of ground that the revenue would suffer from charges of inconsistency preferred against the abolition of the tax, and that the ad. Mr. O'Connell.- Mr. O'Connell was atvanced state of the Session precluded the tacked by the Solicitor-General for Ireland, possibility of coming to any satisfactory on account of having held different opinions result upon the subject. His Lordship con respecting the franchise; but the learned
Member for Kerry declared that “the re felt, if Honourable Members would talk porters" had misrepresented him ; that they about “physical force," that ignorant men had not understood what“ freehold” meant, should make bad use of such opinions.and that, though the matter was in print, he Mr. Stanley regretted that the Right Hon. had not uttered it. After much debate the Baronet should have deemed it necessary to House divided, and negatived the motion by touch on a jarring string-to introduce any a large majority, the numbers being--ayes thing of a political or party character ; but 44, noes 177.
he, nevertheless, hoped that the Address June 19. Mr. Sadler brought forward his would have a unanimous vote.—Mr. Hume long-promised motion respecting a perma- complained of the unwise and ill-timed renent provision for the necessitous poor offerences to expressions which were separated Ireland: he moved a resolution declaratory from speeches delivered by him on former of the expediency of making such a provi. occasions ; and added, that although he had sion by a permanent charge, and particularly explained them at the time, he was ready to by a tax on absentees.- Mr. Stanley resistvindicate any language that he had ever ed the motion on the ground of its vague. used.—Sir F. Burdett deplored that any poness. They knew not whether the whole, litical allusion had been introduced, and or only parts, of the English Poor Laws contended that the attack was one of an were required to be extended to Ireland; isolated character, and with which the counand as to absenteeism (which was mention try could not be identified. He added, that ed, but not in the speech), how was that to he could not but condemn the base and unbe defined! The question was brought for- manly attacks that had been made on an ward at so inconvenient a period, just“ on illustrious lady in this country ; they had the eve of the dissolution of Parliament," almost led him to fear the existence of an inthat he should meet it by moving “ the pre- cipient spirit, which, if it did exist, would vious question.”—Mr. Chapman and Mr. occasion him the most sincere grief. Mr. Grattan supported the motion, but said that Croker complained of other attacks on the their hopes for redress extended to the la. King-attacks that had rendered it requisite bours of a Reformed House.—Mr. O'Con- for his Majesty to change Iris route when nell and several other Members followed. coming from Windsor to London.--After Mr. Slaney reminded the House that the some further remarks from Sir C. Wetherell, Government had appointed a Commission and other Members, the motion was agreed to investigate the state of the Poor Laws; to, and the concurrence communicated to and it might be assumed that the inquiry the Lords. would not neglect the state of the Poor in The House resolved itself into a Committee Ireland. Most of the Members who spoke on the Coroners' Bill.-Mr. Hume said he agreed with Mr. Slaney that the tendency thought it was of importance that Coroners of the motion was to pledge the next Par- should understand the value of medical evi. liament to take up this question, and that dence, and he should, therefore, propose, the House had no right to pursue such a that at the end of Clause 8, there should be course. The motion was pressed to a divi- inserted words, by which it should be resion, when there appeared a majority of quired, that before any man was admitted nineteen in favour of Ministers. Mr. Hunt's to be a Coroner, he should produce certifiproposition for a temporary suspension of cates of having attended two courses of lecthe practice of Alogging in the army was tures on medical jurisprudence.- After a afterwards brought forward. — Sir J. C. short debate, the amendment was negatived Hobhouse made some interesting communi- by a majority of 69.-Mr. Warburton then cations on this subject. He stated that a proposed an amendment, in order to provide regulation had been adopted which reduced that all Coroners' Inquests should be held the maximum of lashes, that a regimental in open Court, to which the public might court-martial could inflict from 300 to 200 obtain admission.-Mr. Cripps objected to lashes ; and that a garrison court-martial the Motion, on the ground that inquests could inflict from 500 to 300 lashes. were most frequently held in private houses,
June 20. In consequence of a message from which the public could of right be exfrom the Lords, a conference took place in cluded by the proprietors.-Mr. O'Connell the Painted Chamber, after which the Chan- said, that if there were any obstacle opposed cellor of the Exchequer moved an Address to the publicity of an inquest, on the ground to his Majesty, similar to that which had that it was to be held in a private house, the been adopted in the Upper House. In Coroner could adjourn to any other place, seconding the proposition, Sir Robert Peel But now that he had seen something of priadverted, in a low tone of voice, to the at- vate inquests, he could understand why so tack on the Duke of Wellington, as well as many persons were desirous of becoming to that on the King, urged the necessity of Coroners. Having the power to exclude combined efforts to calm the public mind, witnesses and reporters, they might expect and intimated that surprise could hardly be to turn the office to account. To put such