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youth ; misanthropic in hit manhood, ll is difficult to be more entirely displeasing. The last part has no connexion with the first; it contains sketches of Spain, Turkey, and Syria, which are full of poetry and beauty. Your imaginative traveller is a delightful companion, for the richness of a»o ciation is around him. As a specimen of style, how happy it the following: speaking of Jerusalem and the city of Minerva, after an exquisite description of both, he says:—"Athens and the Holy City in their glory must have been the finest representations of the beautiful and the sub* Ume." The history of " Manstlen" and its successor, i. e. the First and Second Parts of " Vivian Grey," is very attractive ; it it both curious and pleasant to know the Author's own view of his case. We now leave "Contarlni Fleming" to public favour: it has power, passion, and beauty: its opinions, like its theories, ate often extravagant and untrue, but still they are such as would not have entered into the mind of an untbougbttul person. Mr. I)rIsraeli (and we cannot but say this book is his) is among the very few writers of the day whom we would urge to write again, from the assurance that his best is to come.
Lithotrity and Lithotomy. By Thomas King, MJ). M.R.CJS.
This work deserves a place In the library of every surgeon and anatomist. The author has described in a clear and impartial manner, the relative merits of the operations of lithotomy and lithotrity, and he concludes by giving the verdict in favour of the latter. Dr. Crocale was the first who brought lithotrity before the surgical profession, In France, and Mr. Castello and Baron Heurtelop have introduced it Into Ibis country; yet, strange to say, it has met with but few supporters here, and in order to put forward its claims to notice In a clearer point of view, Dr. King has, In a most able manner, brought the comparison of the two operations before the profession.
Rebecca; or the Times of Primitive Christianity. A Poem, in four Cantos. By the Rev. A. G. H. Hollingsworth, A.M.
We have been greatly gratified by the perusal of Rebecca; it is a very beautiful, and very evenly written poem. The story is that of a fair young Jewish maiden, betrothed to a Roman officer of rank, but becoming a convert to Christianity, and alter a vain effort to change the faith of her Pagan lover, preferring martyrdom for the name of Christ, to rescue, and the enjoyment of her earthly love. The scene is laid in Bithynla, In the Proprietorship of Pliny, and the beginning of the second century, whilst, as St. Jerome expresses h, the blood of our Lord was yet warm, and recent faith was fervent in the hearts of the believers.
It Is hardly possible for us, at this time of day, to appreciate, or even to conceive, the contempt, opprobrium, and detestation which the profession of Christianity uniformly inenrred from its Pagan adversaries during the first and second centuries. Persecution after persecution pursued with relentless and incessant ferocity the wretched Christians. They were exposed to the most cruel
and Insulting torments that, devilish ingenuity could suggest, to try their faith and overcome their constancy. Humanity shudders at the recital, even by Heathen poets and historians, of their multiplied sufferings, and the variety and novelty of the tortures to which they were exposed. But by patience in tribulation, by praying, and dying, and praising God in death, they did at length insensibly win victory from the very weapons of persecution, kindle the flame of the martyrs' pile into an undying blaze of gospel light, and tarn an unbelieving and unholy world into a Christian and repentant.
Besides being a very admirable poem, Mr. Hotlines worth's work has the advantage, by a variety of ably written or well selected notes, of presenting the general reader with a more fall and accurate picture of the state of the primitive Church than can anywhere else be found in so popular and engaging a form.
The Agamemnon of JEschylus, translated from the Greek. Illustrated by a Dissertation on Grecian tragedy. By J. S. Harford, Esq. D.C.L. F.R.S.
We look upon the Agamemnon of /Escbylns as one of the most valuable relics of ancient dramatic genius, and as exhibiting, more than any other single piece, the varied and gigantic powers of its sublime author. The judgment of the great poet was particularly manifested in the choice of this subject at a time when the spirit of political independence was at its height among his countrymen. It was well calculated to keep alive among them that indomitable spirit of lofty daring in the cause of freedom, and the maintenance of their preeminence, which once taught Asia that memorable lesson when sbe felt the vengeance of insulted Greece under the conquering arms of Agamemnon, and by which she was again humbled, M iltiades being the Grecian leader. The fatal consequences of an abuse of power, and the horrors attendant on war, served on the other hand to teach his fellow citizens a salutary lesson of peaeefalness, and to inspire a relish for those pursuits which tend to the happiness and real aggrandisement of a State. But the poetry is of the highest order, and that, and not its didactic merits, constitutes the proper and extraordinary excellence of this play. The plot of the Agamemnon, like that of all the ancient dramas which have come down to us, is of great simplicity. The hinge on which all torns is the guilty passion of Clytemneatra and her piramour /Egysthui. The hostility of both to Agamemnon is stimolated by revenge, in the one as mother of the immolated Ipblgenia, in the other as the offspring of Tbyestes, for there is a constant reference to the enormities of the Atrcus line. Its members are evoked as furies from the regions of Plato to plunge their burning brands into the bosoms of its descendants. Nor is the flame to be allayed until it bursts out in one widespread conflagration destroying the persons and desolating the very dwelling places of the votaries of crime.
Mr. Harford's translation of the Agamemnon Is very respectable, and the preliminary essay contains a considerable body of useful information on the subject of the ancient drama, collected from a variety of sources. The volume is very expensively embellished, and is altogether a work of elegance and scholarship which we only fear is too costly for the taste of the present day.
An Indian Tale and other Poems. By B. Gough.
As Mr. Gough professes that his claims to public patronage are humble, and is thereby encouraged to hope that the iron mace of criticism will be held lightly over his head, we shall do our possible net to disturb either his cranium or bis repose, but content ourselves with transcribing a wholesome little poem, the one that pleased us best in the volume, and which is most Apropos to the present sultry season:—
*' The streams I the streams! the summer
How freely do they flow along >
Of blossom trees, and love, and song.
Melodious as creation's voice,
And solitary heart rejoice.
The streams! the streams I the summer
'Tis sweet, at twilight's earliest blush,
And listen to the streamlet's gush.
That bathe within their crystal tide,
That cluster lovely at their aide.
The streams I the streams I the summer
t love to linger wrapt in thought,
With supernatural music fraught—
And gusts of rapturous bliss are given,
And everlasting streams of Heaven 1"
The Story of the Life of La Fayette, as told by a Father to his Children. By an American Lady.
The new Chapter added to the Life of La Fayette, the two unhappy days of June 1832, suggests an excellent occasion of considering the character of this remarkable man. In consequence'of his early heroism having been displayed, apparently to the cost of England, in North America, and inconsequence also of the false steps taken by Great Britain in the first years of the French Revolution, we have been disposed in this country to look upon bis career with unfriendly eyes: and even at home, meeting with difficulties in the national character attributable to centuries of misrule, it has not yet produced all the good which such qualities as La Fayette possesses must one day produce. When, however, his calm steadiness of conduct shall be more carefully Imitated
by the millions amongst his countrymen, and when bis soundness of principle shall have duly influenced the corrupted few in France, the true use will have been drawn there from his glorious example, and the whole world will do his noble character justice. Remarkable for qnalities himself in which the French are singularly deficient, his honours will rest opon their improvement. Almost destitute of the power of calculating and combining the meting of civil action, their efforts against universally admitted misrule, are sudden antl misdirected. Their zeal for particular opinions amonnts to intolerance ; and gives to the common enemy a false Influence only to be destroyed by the union and mutual forbearance of real patriots. Hence the policy, that could not stand for a short year before Judiciously planned and perseveringly pursued attack, actually gains unexpected strength in the defeat of honest, bat Injudicious assailants. La Fayette, however, falls into no errors of this kind. Never hesitating to offer himself to danger, when fortune, and liberty, and life can be usefully hazarded, he proves to his countrymen, and he has especially done so in these latter days, that the calmer efforts of mind arc in certain conjunctures likely to be more effectual than the most resolute physical resistance.
It is said with apparent truth, that after the revolution of July 1830, La Fayette was deceived through the guiltlessness of his own heart; and then mischievously placed in Louis Philippe a degree of trust which more crafty politicians would have withheld. This undoubtedly detracts from the patriot's reputation for judgment; and hitherto the event has been most unfortunate for France, in the postponement of guarantees for good government to be secured only by future struggles. Bu„ the error may be corrected; and the brave men who have thrown themselves away in the late mad contest, must find consolation for their defeat in the better considered means of victory which the generous career of La Fayette •o well exemplifies.
The Americans have proved themselves worthy of the devotedness of La Fayette to their cause by unwearied acknowledgment and gratitude. If Englishmen have treated this glorious citizen of the two worlds with neglect, and even with vindictive Insolence, he is amply indemnified in the admiration of our countrymen across the Atlantic, whilst we, as a people, may only encounter enmities where by being just we should secure respectful and affectionate attachment.
These reflections have arisen from the perusal of a recent little work upon the Life of La Fayette, written by an American Lady for young readers—a work which ought to be read by all to whom the success of good principles, and the best reward of that success, the applause of an enlightened people, are matters of proper concern. The object of this work is to exhibit the superiority of civil glory, such as that which has been obtained by La Fayette, over the military fame of conquerors like Alexander and Napoleon. The Story of La Fayette's Life, told by a Father to his Children, is the subject by which this most important lesson is exemplified in a familiar style, well adapted to the understandings of youth.
Encyclopaedia of Cottage, Farm, and Villa Architecture.
This work is calculated to support the wellearned fame of its author, whose many useful and laborious publications have been long before the public. It is very well got up, and is written in a remarkably clear, though concise manner, explaining all die mysteries and technicalities of domestic architecture in such language as to render them perfectly comprehensible to the before uninitiated reader. This is as it should be; the days of quackery are past—we are no longer satisfied with the mere dicta of an architect; we wish to know the rationale of bis art; and instead of accepting the declaration of his intention as law, we require him to give bis reasons for the plana he proposes, in cider that we may be enabled to judge of them for ourselves. This, the book before us is admirably calculated to enable ns to do. It sets out with the professed object of " improving the dwellings of the great mass of society in the temperate regions of both hemispheres;" and to do this effectually it proposes to " initiate the general reader in the principles of architectural taste, and to enable young persons, and especially ladies, to educate themselves in architecture as an elegant art." One great advantage possessed by this work is, tbat in the Critical and Analytical Remarks on each design, wood cuts are introduced, showing the effect of different alterations and Improvements, such as adding additional rooms, or another story, or a porch, or a veranda, &c. This appears to ns extremely useful; not only for the reasons given by the author, viz. to illustrate the principles laid down, and to teach the reader bow to apply them; but practically, as affording hints for the Improvement of dwellings already erected. Plans for cottage gardens, with directions for laying them out, and planting them, are subjoined to several of the designs.
The Natural and Artificial Right of Property Contrasted.
"By a deduction from principles not here enunciated, the Author has satisfied himself that all law making, except gradually and quietly to repeal all existing laws, is arrant humbug."
"The God of our Priests is not the God of Nature; not that great Being who fills and sustains all, who spreads life and happiness through creation, but a malicious and revengeful Being, born of the barbarous fancies of a cruel and barbarous people."
We quote the above sentences, which, however startling the propositions they contain may appear, are yet fair specimens of the whole work from which they are extracted, merely to show the nature of the principles from whence the Author draws all his subsequent inferences. When a writer, at the very commencement of his argument, hazards opinions no utterly at variance with the common notions of society, he either deserves to be dismissed as a heated speculator, or examined with profound and detailed attention. We cannot allow him space for the latter, but are unwilling to dismiss him as the former. Our Author supposes that society contains naturally and inherently the
seeds of perfection in Itself, and that man, born with few evil passions to impede his advances to excellence, has only to be left to himself, unrestricted by those regulations which he is pleased to designate as "arrant humbug," to show how villainously he has been traduced by annalists and historians, from the time of the Author of the Pentateuch downwards. There is no doubt but that man has for ages been the victim of legislation—there is no doubt but that priests have distorted religion, and statesmen have played for a private interest with public politics. These are truths from which we roust not skrink, but the deductions onr author draws from them are not always sound. Happily, however, that era has arisen in the Christian world when we can hear opposing opinions without intolerance—when we can canvass great truths without giving hard names; and we, as Christians ourselves, are willing to set the first example of differing without violence, and contradicting without hatred. We dislike, then, many of the notions of the author before us: had we time, we would undertake to disprove many of his conclusions; but as it is, we leave him, with a regret that one who has learned to think has not thought more deeply—tbat one who can write so ably bas not written more profitably to the solid interests of mankind. We hope when he next appears before the public to greet him with more kindness, and examine bis claims to notice with a more ceremonious respect.
This is a work of talent, spirit, and promise, spoilt by an evident Imitation of Vivian Grey. Of tbat book it may be indeed said that it is as bad as a model, as it is clever as a composition. We advise our author to appear again before the world with a more settled purpose, and after more deliberate study. He bas talents which ought to insure popularity.
This is one of those works in which a philosophic and sarcastic mind cover* bitter truth in smiling fiction. The character of George the Fourth and the favourites of bis Court are presented to us under false names—but with little other departure from reality. Perhaps indeed the author somewhat maligns the mind, tue intellect, and the conduct of the late King. We incline to believe that George IV. had a fine nature, but that it was early and permanently corrupted. This as it may be, the author of Filz George bas produced a work full of that ability which few living can rival—full too of a grave and sad experience of human folliea—of the disparities of the world—of the half monkey, half tiger dispositions of mankind. We confess we should like to see the author of Fitt-George (we recognize *' the fine Roman hand") engaged in some work tbat should not be the offspring of one season. Let him take time in a deliberate and consummate plan, and time will reward him for the trouble. He has some of the priitcip.il requisites for the formation of a great Novel. Let him not furgct that the greatest of ail requisites is matured design.
Economy of Manufactures. By C. Babbage, M.A.
Among the many circumstances wbicb In a more peculiar manner distinguish the present age from those which have preceded it, and induce os to consider the history of the past* as it a fleets man, as existing in that relation to his future prospects and powers, which the dreams and fallacies of infancy bear to the sober and matured •trength of more advanced years, no circumstance is so calculated to excite the astonishment of the observer as the Titanic efforts of which oar manufacturers, aided by the combined exertions of intellectual skill and unlimited mechanical power, have now become capable. A new Prometheus in the form of chemical agency, applied to counteract the natural inertia or stubborn texture of matter, has descended upon earth within the last fifty years. Manufactories which were formerly considered the mere abodes of industry and individual exertion, are totally changed in their character, and may now be considered as schools of the most exalted science. The experience of the first philosophers is brought into requisition by the minutest operation. Truths acquired by the employment of patient analysis, or its converse method of investigation, through many a series of watchful observations, are rendered the willing instruments of the unlettered artisan. Every gaseous principle has been enthralled for the production of beneficial practical effects, and the knowledge of one of the simple properties of fluid bodies, arms the hand of an infant with force, compared with which the fabled exertions of the Syracosan of old sink into insignificance. Nor is this all: by these means Great Britain is rendered the vast factory of the whole truth. The face of the teas is covered by her fleets, and the products of the looms of Manchester and the workshops of Birmingham bartered for the riches of Asia, or the raw material supplied by American commerce, cause that increased reflux of wealth into her harbours, which immediately assumes the form of increased capital, and in that shape supplies the encouragement to fresh exertions, improved skill, and more extensive exportation. Truly, in that word manufacture Is comprehended something more than the mere effects of physical labour. These reflections have, of course, been made many hundreds of times before, yet it is impossible to prevent their recurrence after the perusal of Mr. Babbage's book, which, althongb prevented, by the extensive nature of the subject, from containing any minuteness of detail, supplies us, at least, with the vast outlines of our producing system, in its several relations to science and political economy. The Author thinks it advisable, and all rational persons will agree with him in opinion, that every one engaged in the pursuit of an individual branch of art, should have a general knowledge of the whole system, of which his own occupation forms a constituent; and to forward this desirable result, he has produced,
with great labour and accurate personal investigation, what may be considered a digest of all
the collateral information affecting the principles on which the prosperity of our manufacturing interests is founded. To examine any position
separately would involve a longer discussion than
our limits at present permit, as it is one of the
characteristics of political^ science that all its parts are so intimately connected with each other as to preclude the examination of any single subject, without considering, at the same time, those immediately connected with it, and ultimately, the very fundamental principles of the science itself. We must, therefore, content ourselves with general commendation, and have merely to observe, that a more clear, explicit, and unprejudiced treatise upon the important subject to which It is devoted, has never yet, to the best of our belief, issued from the press, nor one from which we could with greater confidence augur satisfaction and benefit to all classes of readers.
Maternal Sketches; with other Poems. By Eliza Rutherford.
There Is mnch feeling and tenderness in the "Maternal Sketches," which form the principal poem in this modest little volume. The sensations of a mother on the birth of her first-born, the charms of opening infancy, parental anticipations, with a number of illustrative anecdotes of maternal tenderness and filial affection, are given with great truth and beauty. The minor poems are numerous, and from one of these we select a sonnet to the Hon. Mrs, Hope, the lady to whom Mrs. Rutherford's interesting and elegantly written volume is dedicated :—
TO THE HON. Mils. HOPE.
"O thou! whose lovely character displays
The tender virtues of that name most dear, To thee I dedicate my humble lays.
And pour my numbers on thy polished ear. No tale with proud enchantment seeks to move,
Fraught with the glow of eastern Imag'ry; Yet, haply, dearer to thy heart may prove
My simple song of cradle minstrelsy. When master spirits strike the sounding lyre,
Enchanted nature owns the magic thrall; Yet simple strains may some sweet thoughts inspire.
Some pleasing visions of the past recall: So, when the sounds of martial music cease,
Sweet through the valley breathes the pipe of peace.'*
Standard Novels. No. XV. Vol. XVI. Discipline and Self-Control. By Mrs. Bruuton.
At the time these novels were first published they created a great sensation in the world at large, whether literary or otherwise. Their excellent moral tendency, pure religious feeling, an acute description and discrimination of character, placed them at once high in the esteem of all who had any sense of the value of female worth : and notwithstanding the amazing strides that have more recently been made towards perfection in the writing and arrangement of rictitious works, we would place them first, or, at least, amongst the first, in a young lady's bookcase.
"Discipline," although written some time after "SelfConlrol," is particularly interesting, from its containing a Memoir of the Interesting Author, and copious, bnt not too numerous extracts from her beautiful letters, which are samples of a graceful, elegant, and flowing style, devoid of any thing bordering upon affectation or pretension. Her modest shrinking from public knowledge; her love of domestic happiness; her appreciation of all that is beautiful in nature or art; and her fine, elevated religion softening and sanctifying all her acta and feelings to the best and purest end, cannot be contemplated without much sorrow at her early death. The embellishments in these volumes are amongst the best that have adorned this Interesting and well-chosen library: those of " Discipline" are from the pencil and burin of Stephanos* and Bull, while " SelfControl'* owes its adornments to the tasteful drawings of Miss Lucy Adams.
Poland, Homer, and other Poems.
There is a great deal of true and beautiful poetry, and much enthusiasm iu the cause of freedom in this little volume: but alas for Poland 1 what signify our songs and sayings if we only Incite her sons to combat in order to look tamely on while they perish in the death-struggle? Far better had it been to have left them in their old repose than rouse them to an Impotent effort, which, unaided, could only end in riveting their chains more firmly. Of the second poem Homer Is the hero, and a most philosophic and poetical picture of the past it is, such as none but a true son of the muse could have penned. The principal remaining poem is a "Lament for Percy Bysaba Shelley." We gladly recommend the volume to public attention.
Scenes from the Belgian Revolution. By C F. Henningsen, Author of " The last of the Sophis."
Broken Chains; a Poem, in Four Cantos. By a Young Englishman.
Here are too little books of verse, not much overburdened with any other pretension to poetry, the first of which is an outpouring of wrath upon the authors of the Belgian Revolution, which the Author ascribes to a troop of glaxiers* apprentices and disorderly printers' devils, and a lament over our foreign policy, and the wrongs done to our ancient ally of Holland. The second, on the other hand, is a glorification of the Three Days of
the Barricades, engrafted upon a tale, not particularly intelligible, of a Norman woman beloved by a gentleman with an Irish name. The conclusion, which is separate from the story, consists of a lament over the fall of Poland. The book is printed in Paris, and is, altogether, a good deal more in French than English taste.
Popular Zoology* comprising Memoirs and Anecdotes of the Quadrupeds, Birds, and Reptiles, in the Zoological Society's Menagerie ; with Figures of the more important and interesting. To which is prefixed a descriptive Walk round the Gardens, with illustrative Engravings.
This little book contains a vast deal of information, conveyed in a popular and anecdotic style. "The Animal Biography" of Bingley is apparently the model adopted by the compiler, who has industriously availed himself of the labours of recent naturalists and travellers. The figures are well executed, and unusually numerous. They are, moreover, faithful representations of the animals from which they are taken, and will be readily recognised by those who have seen the originals. The book is altogether an attractive one, and for unscientific, more especially youthful readers, an entertaining and unexceptionable com* panion.
Letters to the Young. By Miss Jewsbury.
The fact of any work having reached a third edition at a time like the present, when the fresh and useful current of literature is choked by a multitude of political thoughts, surmises, and speculations, 1b a sufficient proof of Its excellence and popularity. It is impossible to eulogise these letters too highly, or recommend them too strongly to tbe parents or guardians of our young friends, for they contain tbe essence of all that is pure, and necessary, and holy, for them to feel and know. There Is more sound and practical religion condensed in the pages of the little volume now upon our table, than in half the tomes of homilies and sermons that have been published during the last five years. Tbe language throughout is wull chosen and elegant, and the style carefully polished ; in some places we are Inclined to think It almost too didactic, an error it is more than difficult to avoid In such a work.