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LIST OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.
Lives or Balboa and Pizarro, by Mrs. Hudson, fcp. 7S.
Sc-jtcherd's Memoirs of Eugene Aram, 12mo. la.
Rowbotham'a Lectlones Latins, 12mo. Os. 6(1.
Lardner's Cabinet Cyclopscdia, Vol. XXXI. (Switzerland, in 1 vol.) fcp. 8a.
WUcock's History of Russia, 12mo. 6s.
History of England, by a Clergyman, Vol. III. Igmo. 7l.
Edinburgh Cabinet Library, Vol. VII.—British India, Vol. II., lsino. 5s.
Williams on Executors, 2 vols, royal Svo. 27. 10j.
Questions concerning Parliamentary Jurisdiction, by M. dc Pej ronncl, fcp. 3s. Gd.
HOVELS, TALES, &C.
Henry Masterton, 3 vols, post 8vo. 1/. lis. fid.
Fitzgeorge, 3 vols. post 8vo. U. lis. (Id.
Richard of York, a Novel, 3 vols, post 8vo. 11.4s.
Adventures of Barney Haboney, by T. C. Croker, fcp. 8s.
F.d<;eworth's Novels and Tales, No. II. (Moral Tales, Vol. I.) fcp. 5s.
Mitford's Lights and Shadows of American life, 3 vols, post Svo. II. lis. (hi.
La Coquetterie, 3 vols, post 8vo. It. 7s.
Scenes in Our Parish, Second Series, 12mo. 5s.
The Doomed, 3 vols, post 8vo. 11.7s.
Froissart, by the late Barry St. Leger, 3 vols, post Svo. If. Us. fid.
Dailey's Return of the Victors, Svo. 6«.
Beauties of Crabbe, 1 vol. fcp. Svo. 4s. Gd.
Gongh's Poems, fcp. 5s.
tblaude and other Poems, Svo. 5s. Gd.
The Messiah, a Poem, by Robert Montgomery, post Svo. 8s. Bd.
English Songs, by Barry Cornwall, 18mo. 0a. Gd.
The Village Poor-House, by a Country Curate, fcp. -is. Gd.
CaracaUa, a Tragedy, 8vo. 4s.
Caunter's Sermons, 8vo. lis.
The Young Christian's Sunday Evening, Vol. II. 13mo. 7s.
Knight's Sermons on the Lord's Prayer, 12rao. 3s. Gd. ; Svo. 5s.
Rev. R. P. Beachcroft's Four Sermons, 18mo. Us. Gd.
Bishop of Chester's "St. Luke," 2 vols. 12mo. 9s.; 1 vol. svo. 9s.
Bernard's Creeds and Ethics of the Jews, Svo. 1/. Is.
Earle's New Zealand, Svo. 13s. Downe's Letters from the Continent, 2 vols. 8vo. 1/. Is.
The Friend's Library, Vol. I. Is. Gd.
Henderson's Scottish Proverbs, 12ino. 7s. Gd.
Page's Fractional Calculator, 12mo. 4s.
Whittock's Painter's and Glaaier's Guide, 4to. plates, 2/. 14s.
Mndic's First Lines of Natural Philosophy, 18mo. Ss.
Laennec on the Stethoscope, I81110, 3s.
Hints on Wages, B*ukin?, &c. 8vo. Os.
Whewell on the Free Motion of Points, Svo. 10s. Gil.
Hansard's Debates, Third Series, Vol. VIIF., royal Svo. (firth an 1 last vol. of Session 1831), 1/. 4s.—If. 7s. Gd. In. i.ii.
Britton's Descriptive Sketches of Tunbridge Wells, Ate. with Fourteen Prints of Maps, Views, &c. 8vo. 5s.; royal 6vo. 8s.
The Frugal Housewife, 18mo. 2s.—2s. 6*1. roan.
Gallery of the Society of Painters in Water Colours, No. III., Prims 10s. Gd.; Proofs, co. lombier 4to. 18s.; India Proofs, 21s.; before letters, 1/. Us. Gd.
Tiie Music of Nature, with curious and inte* resting Illustrations, by William Guidiner, Svo. 18s.
Slaney's British Birds, 121110. 4s. Ad.
Speeches and Writings of Lord Iir0n5h.nn and Vaiix, &c. Svo. 7s. Gd.
Popular Zoology, royal ISnio. 112 wood cuts, 7s. 8d.
Hind's Manual of Veterinary Art, 12mo. 5s.
Gilpin's Hints 011 Landscape Gardening, Svo. 20s.
The Plain Why and Because, 4 vols. 18ino. 10s.
Forraan's Natural Philosophy, Svo. 5s.
Family Library, Vol. XXXI.—Trial of Charles 1., I8mo. 5s.
Little Mary grown older, 18mo. 2s. Gd.
New Reform Act, I81110. 2s. Gd.
The Family Topographer, Vol. II. 12mo. 5s.
Cooper's Proposal for a General Record Office, Svo. Gs.
Remember Me, Second Series, 3?mo. 4a.
Kabbaye on the Economy of Manufactures, 12mo. Gs.
Sheridan's Guide to the Isle of Wight, 12mo. 8s«
Qaooon e-Islam, or the Customs of the Moosolmans of India. ByJaffur Shurreef, oftheDeccan. Translated by Dr. Herklots, Madras Establishment.
The lovers of adventure in strange and romantic situations, far from the busy haunts of men, are about to be gratified by the Narrative of Captain Skinner's " Excursions in India." The author, wc understand, proceeded from Calcutta through the Sunderbuods to Dinapore, visited the once famous city of Delhi, Meerut, and other places; and, crossing the Himalaya Mountains, arrived at the sources of the Jumna and the Ganges. His voyage of 1200 miles up the latter river in small boats was attended with considerable loss of life.
The ** Private Correspondence of a Woman of Fashion."
"Sources of Health in Communities, or Elementary Views of Public and Private Hygiene." By Henry Belintye, Surgeon Extraordinary to the Duchess of Kent.
The scene of the forthcoming novel, called "Fortune Hunting," is said to be chiefly at Leamington, and the work will present, we understand, a picture of the rum adopted at fashionable watering-places by needy adventurers on the look out for women of property.
The " Law and Practice of Elections, as altered by the Reform Act, &c." By C. Wordsworth, of the Inner Temple, Student-at-Law.
A " Memoir on Suspension Bridges, abroad and at home—the History of their Origin and Progress; and also an Account of Experiments on the Strength of Iron Wires, Bars, &c. By C. S. Drewry.
Mr. Thomas Arnold is about to publish, under the title of" Dramatic Stories," a series of stories of various countries, which are likely to prove unusually attractive. The scene of the principal tale (Godwin and Goda) is laid at that period of our history, when the Sixons were involved in the most obstinate and bloody struggles with their Danish invaders.—" Alberic the GodlcsB," " The Impostor," and "Schelmkind," severally said to be German romances of extraordinary merit.— "Leonessa," an Italian tale, " Life in Death," and " The Conscript and his Dog," both French stories, are, we have heard, the titles of the remaining stories in Mr. Arnold's volumes.
A " Compendium of Civil Architecture (Question and Answer), By Robert Brindley.
"Introduction to Botany.'* By John Lindlcy,
A " Revolving Table for finding the Terminations, Tense, Mood, Voice, &c. of Greek Verbs." From a design by Thomas Castle, Esq. of Cambridge.
A " Selection from the Writings and Speeches of Lord Brougham, with a Memoir of bis Life," is in a state of forwardness for publication.
The Poetic Negligee.
A new edition of " Balydon on Rents," Ac. with Additions.
"The Prairie," by the American Novelist, corrected by its Author, is now added to his other productions already published in " The Standard Novels." In the present work the reader beholds not, as in " The Pilot," the majestic ocean spread out before him; nor dees it present the immeasurable shade of deep and trackless forests, nor the qniet of mountains untrodden by human footsteps, as in "The Pioneers," but interminable meadows, covered by long grass, sublime from their magnitude and their remoteness from human habitations. Yet even these level wilds become interesting from the power with which they arc delineated. A single rock which may serve fur an encampment—a little hollow, marked only by a stunted tree—a amall grove of tangled underwood, (all scenes of the most striking events in the tale) stand out in bold relief, and hold a place in the recollection as realities which we have visited on some long-past journey.
Illustrated with numerous designs, a " Narrative of the Excursion to Herne Bay, on the day of the opening of the Pier; with a full account of the Procession, Dinners," &c.
*' Supplement to Loudon's Hortus Britannicus."
"Fifteen Months' Pilgrimage through untrodden tracts of Kbuzistan and Persia, in a Journey from India." By J. H. Stocqueler, Esq.
"Lives of Eminent Missionaries." By J. Came, Esq. Author of " Letters from the East;" forming Vol. VI. of the Select Library.
The third and fonrth volnmcs, which complete the work of the English Translation of Madame Junot's Memoirs, will appear io the course of the present month.
"The Life and Times of Isaac Watts, D.D." with notices of many of his Contemporaries. By the Rcv.T. Milner, A.M. Author of the" History of the Seven Churches of Asia."
Mr. Grattan's" Legends of the Rhine and Low Countries" are also nearly ready for publication.
"Mirabcau's Letters, Anecdotes, and Maxims," during bis Residence in England.
"The Reformer." A Novel.
"The East Indian Sketch-Book," by a Lady; who intends to give some very amusing pictures of Anglo-Indian Life, as it at present exists in Bombay and Madras, may be very shortly expected.
"The Christian Warfare Illustrated." By the Rev. Robert Vaughan, Author of the " Lite and Opinions of Wycliffe," &c.
The new Novel, by Mr. Cooper, to appear about the middle of the present month, Is to be entitled " The Heidenmauer, or the Benedictines."
Devon and Cornwall Illustrated; from Original Drawings by Thomas Allom. With Historical and Topographical Descriptions by J. Britton and E. W. Brayley.
*' Memoirs of Captain Heywood," Midshipman on board the Bounty at the time of the Mutiny.
A " Manual of the Baronetage of the British Empire."
"History of Charlemagne." By G. P. R. James, Esq.
BIOGRAPHICAL PARTICULARS OF CELEBRATED PERSONS, LATELY DECEASED.
This eminent and excellent man died at his residence in Queen-square, Westminster, on the 1st of June. During the late unhealthy season he had been subject to repeated attacks of bronchitis, but as he had recovered from them with so much vigour, it was considered by many that he would return to his former health, and he again received tin: visits of distinguished foreigners and of public men with whom he was in the habit of friendly intercourse, and it was believed he would have been able to continue his labours for several years to come. Several days befoie his death he had taken up the portion of his manuscripts for the third volume of his unpublished Constitutional Code, which is reputed by jurists, who are acquainted with its progress, to be one of the most valuable of his productions, as it contains the principal for the formation of a judicial establishment and a code of procedure. Another attack of his disorder, however, arrested his labours for ever. His death was singularly tranquil. Only a portion of his works have been printed; and of those printed, some which have been spoken of by eminent men as the most valuable, such as the" Essay on Judicial Establishments," have never in reality been published. Hepeated proposals have been made to publish a complete edition of his works. A few weeks ago the Prince Talleyrand, who at all times, in common with the leading spirits of the age, has professed his high admiration of the author, made proposals to get a com
filete edition of all his works in French pubished in Paris. A short time before his death he had projected a new work on language, and one on mathematics. Amongst the unpublished works is one on the use of language, with a view to the giving certainty to the expression of the will of the Legislature. Some, if not all of these works, will, it is expected, be edited by gentlemen well conversant with the branches of science and art to which the works relate, and will at some future time be made public, in a complete and uniform shape. Besides those which were edited by the late M. Dumont, others of his works, which are little known in England, have great reputation on the continent of Europe, and in North and South America. He was the son of Mr. Jeremiah Bentham, and was born at a residence of his father, adjacent to Aldgate Church. He was remarkably precocious as a child, and soon after he was three years of age he read Hapin's History of England as an amusement. At seven years of age
he read Telemaque in French. At eight he played the violin, an instrument on which, at a subsequent period of his life, he became remarkably proficient. He was very distinguished at Westminster School, and at thirteen years of age he entered the University of Oxford.
The most prominent moral qualities which appear in Mr. Bentham's writings, are love of justice, and hatred of imposture: his most remarkable intellectual endowments, a penetrating deep-sighted acuteness, precision in the use of scientific language, and sagacity and inventiveness in matters of detail.
Many incidents of his early life mark the extent of his connexion with the last century. He was accustomed to relate with great pleasure, that when he was a boy, he was taken to drink tea with Hogarth, whose works he greatly admired. He was one of the class who attended the lectures of Sir Wm. Blackstone, when they were delivered at Oxford, and young as the mind of Bentham was, it even then revolted at the reasoning of the professor. As a law student, Bentham took notes of the speeches of Mansfield; and he was a member of the club ruled by Johnson, whom he never liked, considering him to be a gloomy mis* anthrope. He entered upon his profession with a prospect, amounting almost to a ceitainty, of the highest success. IIis father's practice and influence as a solicitor was considerable, and his (the son's) draughts of bills in equity were at once distinguished for their superior execution. In one of his pamphlets (Indications respecting Lord Eldon,) Bentham thus notices the circumstances which led to his retirement from the bar:—let every honest lawyer read it:—
"By the command of a father, I entered into the profession, and in the year 1772, or thereabouts, was called to the bar. Not long after, having drawn a bill in equity, 1 hait tu defend it against exceptions before a Master in Chancery. 'We shall have to attend on such a day,' said the solicitor to me, naming a day a wc»-k or so distant, ' warrants for our attendance will be taken out for two intervening days; but it is not customary to attend before the third.' What I learnt afterward was—that though no attendance more than one was ever bestowed, three were on every occasion regularly charged for; for each of the two falsely pretended attendances, the client being by the solicitor charged with a fee for himself, as also with a fee for Os. 8d. paid by him to the Master; the consequence was—that, for every attendance, the Master, instead of 6s. 8d. received 1/.; and that, even if inclined, no solicitor durst omit taking out the three warrants instead of one, for fear the uutto be hazarded displeasure of tint subordinate judge and hit auperiors. True it is, tbe Bolicitor is not under any obligation tbus to charge bis client for work not done. He is, however, sure or indemnity in doing ao: it is accordingly done ot course. • • • These things and others of the same complexion, In such immense abundance, determined me to quit the profession; and, as soon as I could obtain my father's permission, I did so: 1 found it more to my taste to endeavour, as I have been doing ever since, to put an end to them, than to profit by them."
In the year 1825 he went over to France for the benefit of his health, and was received with all the respect and enthusiasm which the French people always pay to men of superior mind. On one occasion, whilst in Paris, he casually visited one of the supreme courts. He was known on his entrance, when the whole body of the advocates rose and paid him the highest marks of respect, and the court invited him to the seat of honour. He corresponded with nearly all the most able statesmen of his time. "We understand," says the ' Examiner,' from which we have chiefly abridged this article, "that he has left all his correspondence, and a considerable portion of his auto-biography, for publication, to Dr. Bowring, his chief executor, to whom he also committed the whole of his manuscripts, with the charge of giving to the world a complete edition of all bis works, including those which are yet in manuscript. His principal woiks are—
"' Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation ;* the 'Fragment on Government;' * Rationale of Judicial Evidence,' in five volumes, inclnding a very full examination of tbe procedure of the English Courts; 'the Book of Fallacies;' tbe ' Plan of a Judicial Establishment,' one of bis most finished productions, printed in 1702, but never regularly published ; his ' Defence of Usury;' 'Panopticon,' a work on prison discipline; and many others."
Mr. Bentham was a bencher of Lincoln's Inn, and was the father of the bar. In conformity with the desire of his father, he practised for a short time in equity, and was, as we have stated, immediately remarked for the ability he displayed; but the death of his father left him with a moderate fortune, and the free choice of his course of life, when he immediately abandoned all prospects of professional emolument and honours, and devoted the whole of his subsequent life to those labours, which, he believed, would produce the greatest happiness to his fellow-creatures. His extreme benevolence and cheerfulness of disposition are highly spoken of by all who had the honour to be admitted to his society, which was much sought after; and also by his domestics, and by his neighbours who were acquainted with his habits. The news of
tlic Reform Bill having been carried, greatly cheered his last hours.
"Mr. Bentham," observes the True Sun, "was an old man, with venerable white locks, social and cheerful, robust in body, and promising a still longer life; but it is always impossible to say, in highly intellectual men, how far the spirit of life is kept up by the mere vivacity of the brain, and subject to abrupt extinction from causes of accident or weather. His appearance, both in the amplitude of his look, the flow of his reverend hair, and the habitual benevolence of his smile, had a striking likeness to Franklin; and, on a hasty glance, the busts of the two might be confounded. He had all the practical wisdom of one of the sages of good sense; took exercise as long as he could, both abroad and at home; indulged in reasonable appetite; and, notwithstanding the mechanical-mindedness with which his Utilitarianism has been charged, and the suspicious jokes he could crack against fancy and the poets, could quote his passages out of Virgil, 'like a proper Eton boy.' He also played upon the organ, which looked the more poetical in him, because he possessed, on the border of his garden, a house in which Milton had lived, and had set up a bust against it in honour of the great bard, himself an organ-player. Emperors as well as other Princes have sought to do him honour, but he was too wise to encourage their advances beyond what was good for mankind. The Emperor Alexander, who was afraid of his legislation, sent him a diamond ring, which the philosopher to his immortal honour returned, saying (or something to that effect) that his object was not to receive rings from Princes, but to do good to the world.*
• It was a part of the will of the late Mr. Bentham that his body should be devoted to the purpose of improving the science of anatomy. So determined was he on this point, and Bo resolved to secure its execution, that he expressly warned the three friends to whom he entrusted this delicate matter, of the difficulties they would have to overcome, and the obstacles they would have to encounter, and then asked them if they would undertake the task ( They pledged themselves to see his intentions carried into effect, and the result was, that the body was laid on the table of the Anatomical School, Webb-street, Borough. Dr. Southwood Smith pronounced a spirited eulogium on Mr. Bentham. He adverted to the source of those prejudices which the last act of Mr. Bentham is so well calculated to remove, and ascribed them chiefly to the aversion men have to behold
SIR JAMES MACKINTOSH.
Although we shall elsewhere have occasion to speak of this distinguished and highly-gifted man, some notice of his life belongs to this department of the Magazine. He expired at his house in Langham-place, on the 30th of May. The attack of which he died may be said to have originated in an accident. About the beginning of March, Sir James, while at dinner, attempted to swallow a portion of the breast of a boiled chicken; but the morsel remained in his throat, and gave rise to several distressing symptoms in deglutition and respiration. At the end of two days the obstruction was moved by an emetic, and it was found to consist of the flesh of the chicken, with a portion of thin bone, upwards of an inch in length, embedded in its centre, and projecting at one side in a sharp point. The effects of the accident completely unsettled his general health. He afterwards laboured under increasing debility, and occasional attacks of severe pains in his head, shoulders, and limbs. A few days before death the pains suddenly ceased. Febrile symptoms set in, and the head became affected. Although this change was met, and in a great measure subdued, by the treatment prescribed by his medical attendants, the consequent debility was too great for his constitution to resist, already oppressed by the weight of 66 years. Sir James Mackintosh anticipated the near approach of his dissolution with the greatest firmness, and with the most perfect resignation to the Divine will. He retained, nearly to the last, the command of the powerful mental faculties which distinguished him through an arduous life, a large proportion of which was spent in deep study. He was a native of Inverness-shire, and though his parents were not of high station, he was of gentle blood, being nearly allied to the chief branch of the clan of Mackintosh. He was intended for the profession of medicine, and studied at Edinburgh with that view; and he had even taken a medical degree before he betook himself to the more congenial study of the law. His introduction to Edmund Burke, as is well known, arose out of his answer to the work of that eloquent writer on the French Revolution; his defence of Peltier, and his appointment to the Kecordership of Bombay, are incidents with which the public are also familiar; and the more recent portion of his history, that which embraces his Parliamentary career during the last twenty
a corpse, particularly the corpse of a friend. A numerous audience testified, by their deep silence, their just appreciation of the lecturer's appropriate address.
years, has been the subject of general observation amongst the enlightened of all countries. It would be premature to talk of his character as a historian; and the specimen which he gave in Doctor Lardner's Cyclopedia of his powers in that way, would warrant no very sanguine expectation with regard to the more extended work, of which the public have heard reports from time to time, but without the means of ascertaining correctly whether they were founded in truth or in error. As a politician, Sir James Mackintosh has always appeared amongst the foremost to vindicate the rights, to extend the knowledge, and to promote the happiness of the people. He had great disadvantages to contend against as a speaker. Amongst the most prominent was a harsh voice, a strong provincial accent, and an uncouth delivery. But the power of his language, and not unlrequently the depth of his reflections, enabled him to triumph over his defects, and though it was late in life when he entered the House of Commons, he acquired a reputation, though not a popularity within its walls, such as many have not been able to acquire under circumstances much more favourable. It has been objected to Sir James Mackintosh that he was too fond of dealing in panegyric. Perhaps he was. But if he was fond of praising, he had the art of praising with great delicacy and elegance, and even his enemies cannot accuse him of having employed that power to promote his own interests, or to serve any unworthy object. In short, he was a man of benevolence as well as of genius, and the faults as well as the perfections of his character were tinged with those strong characteristics.
It is deeply to be regretted that Sir James Mackintosh has left so few literary productions behind him. They consist, besides the " \ indicia- Gallicae, of his published speeches—of articles in different journals, chiefly in the Edinburgh Review—of his Dissertation on the History of Ethical Science, in Encyclopaedia Britannica—and of his History of England, which forms a part of Dr. Lardner's Cyclopaedia. The public has heard, for many years, of a great English History in which he was understood to be engaged; but we are inclined to believe that very little, if any, of this work, has been left by him.
In society his manners and conversation were fascinating. He beautifully united the philosopher with the man of the world, and added the accomplishments of the gentleman to the attainments of the scholar. In his death, another of the few links is broken which connect us with a former age; —an age which calls up many bright—wo