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of your feelings, in consequence of the attack made upon my person. I rely confidently on the continued loyalty and attachment of my people, and you may be assured of my anxious solicitude to ensure to my people the blessings which they enjoy under this free constitution."
June 28. The Marquess of Lansdowne laid on the table the second report of their Lordships' Committee on the Tithes of Ireland. — The Earl of Wickloiv declared it to be precisely similar to the second Commons' report, so similar that he doubted nut both had been manufactured by the same hand. In reply to an enquiry from the Duke of Cumberland, the Marquess of Lansdowne stated that it was the intention of Government to propose three remedial measures on the subject of Irish Tithes this session.
June 29. Lord Wharncliffc presented a petition from the coal owners, showing the fearful height to which the lawless proceedings of the pitmen have attained. — Lord Melbourne admitted the truth of the statement, and said the evil had arisen from Unions, and the repeal of the combination laws. — Some conversation then followed in reference to a Bill for establishing a police in all large towns; and the Lord Chancellor said that the measure had been delayed in consequence of the great local difficulties which presented themselves. — The Punishment of Death Bill passed the Committee; and the Boundary Bill was read a second time.
July 2. The Earl of Roden moved an address to His Majesty, beseeching him to take such measures as will protect the Protestant religion in Ireland, and protect the lives and properties of all denominations of His Majesty's Irish subjects. — Viscount Melbourne resisted the motion as unnecessary. — The Duke of Wellington attributed the resistance to tithes to a conspiracy, of which the Catholic priests were the head.— Lord Plunket spoke at considerable length against the motion. — Several other Peers spoke. — The motion was lost by 120 to 79.
July 3. In a short conversation on foreign affairs, the Duke of Wellington expressed his opinion that the Emperor of Russia had performed every article of the treaties by which he was bound. — The Division of Counties Bill was committed, and several clauses agreed to.
July 4. The Lord Chancellor moved the second reading of the Scotch Reform Bill. In doing so, be strongly defended the Bill, and submitted that all the arguments which applied to the English Bill applied to that for Scotland with at least double force. According to the present state of the representation, the minority of the electors had
the decided control. — After some discussion the Bill was read a second time. The Boundaries' Bill then went through a Committee.
July 5. The Lord Chancellor brought in a Bill to amend the Appellate Jurisdiction in the Ecclesiastical Courts; and in doing so his Lordship explained, at considerable length, the nature and constitution of those Courts. He also detailed the objectsof the Bill. One object was to prevent parties appearing at the bar as practitioners one day, and, on the next day, taking their seats on the Bunch, and deciding as Judges. Another was to abolish the High Court of Delegates, and to transfer the right of hearing appeals to the Privy Council. The Bill was nad a first time, and ordered to be printed.
July 12. The report of the Scotch Reform Bill being brought up, the Earl of Haddington submitted several amendments, but they were negatived.—The Appellate Jurisdiction Bill was passed.
July 13. The Reform Bill (Scotland) was read a third time, and passed. Earl Grey moved the third reading ; Lord Fife strongly supported, and the Earl of Haddington and the Duke of Buccleugh opposed it.
July 17. The Scotch Reform Bill received the Royal assent.
July 18. The Marquess of Londonderry made certain enquiries relative to the state of Greece; in reply to which, Earl Grey observed, the Noble Marquess must know that Greece was in a state of great wretchedness and anarchy, and the necessity for the measures in which England had taken part must be obvious to every one. The Noble Earl then said, that the statements respecting Prince Otho and the loans were correct; but that whether the arrangements were for the advantage of this country, of course time only would show. He trusted that, if peace could be secured in Greece, its revenue would meet the interest of the loan. He added, that the original interference with Greece he disapproved; but, after what had been done, the case assumed a different character. Die Noble Earl stated, that there would be no objection to produce the protocol.— The Earl of Aberdeen defended the course pursued by the last administration respecting Greece and Holland; but, though he was prepared to vindicate his conduct as regarded the negotiations for placing Leopold on the throne of Belgium, he could not view the nomination of Prince Otho in the same light. He and his colleagues thought Prince Otho too young, and that his religion was against his pretensions. — Earl Grey admitted that these might be objections; but the question was, whether, in the choice of difficulties, the government had not selected the least?
July 20. Lord Wynford moved the second reading of his Bribery Bill. — The Lord Chancellor hoped that this Bill would not be pressed, as the Bill in the other House (Lord John Russell's) would be proceeded with, and he hoped would soon he before their Lordships, so as to be passed this session. — Lord Wynford said, after this intimation, he would not press his Bill beyond the second reading pro forma.
HOUSE Or COMMONS.
June 25. The Housewentinto Committee on the Reform (Ireland) Bill—Mr. Stanley proposed to extend the 10/. qualification to •11 persons being boniJUe occupiers (as in the case of freeholds) for twenty-one years certain. — Mr. O'Connell said, he was so well pleased with the concession, that it would ill become him to make any remarks upon the Right Hon. Genlleman'sspeech.— After some remarks from Sir R. Peel, the clause was agreed to.— On clause 4th, Mr. Lefroy moved an amendment, to the effect that the 10/. voter should have an interest in his house to that amount above the rent which he should pay. — Colonel C.molly seconded the motion, and argued at some length against lowering the franchise in the manner proposed.— The House then divided, when there appeared—for the amendment, 26; against it, 152; majority for ministers, 126.—Mr. Stanley moved the order of the day for the House to go into a Committee on the Party Processions (Ireland) Bill.—-Mr. Lefroy was opposed to the Bill, on the ground that its real, though not avowed object, was to put down one particular class of processions (the Orangemen) in Ireland.—Mr. O'Connell objected to the Bill.—The House then divided—for the motion, 110; for the amendment, 29; majority, 81 —The House then resolved itself into a Committee on the Bill.
June 27. The Chancellor of the Exchequer moved the third reading of the Scotch Reform Bill in precedence of all other orders, and he did so on the ground of the urgency of the case, to afford time for the registrations, &c. previously to the elections — a matter that was most desirable. His Lordship, at the same time, intimated that the " qualification" clause, which had called forth so much opposition, would not be wholly persevered in, but that a qualification for county members only would be proposed; that for members for burghs would remain as at present. — Mr. A. Dundas opposed the Bill, and said he did not see why the qualification should not be the same in both countries. The alterations called forth a good deal of discussion, but the Bill was eventually read a third time; and, on the question that it do pass, the Lord Advocate announced that the government
would not press the county qualification clause—a communication that was hailed! with much cheering. The whole of the clause is, therefore, now omitted. Tim Bill was then passed, after some amendments.
June 28. Mr. H. L. Bulwer moved, that an address be presented to his Majesty, praying that trial by jury and a legislative assembly might be established in New South Wales.—Lord Howick said, that he had received a communication within the last four days from the Governor of New South Wales, stating that, in future, trial by jury would he extended to civil cases as well as criminal, in that country. His Lordship pointed out some of the difficulties in the way of establishing a legislative assembly, and then alluded to tin- virulent attacks that had been made on General Darling. One of them was by a man named Guard, who was transported in 1821 for picking a gentleman's pocket; and who, in 1829, became an emancipist and government contractor. The question was one of time. He admitted that, sooner or later, the colony must have a representative government; but the time was not arrived when it could be given with safety.—Mr. Bulwer having withdrawn that part of his motion relative to juries, the House divided, when there were, fur the motion, 26; against it, GG; majority, 40. — Mr. C. Ferguson then brought forward his motion relative to Poland, and moved for certain despatches and papers. — Lord Palmerston expressed his readiness to furnish them; and said that ministers were by no means blind to the right which the treaty of Vienna gave them to interfere on behalf of the Poles. After an animated debate, in which the Emperor of Russia came in for some sharp strictures on his conduct from Mr. O'Connell and Mr. Hume, the motion was agreed to.
June 29. Mr. Stanley stated, that as many Irish members had expressed their determination to oppose, in every stage, the Party Processions in Ireland Bill, he found himself reluctantly compelled to abandon the measure for this session. The responsibility would rest on those who thus opposed it.—The House then went into Committee on the Irish Reform Bill. — Mr. Shcil moved as an amendment the introduction of certain words into a clause, the object of which was to do away with the liabilities of electors to pay rates or taxes, before they can register or vote. On a division there were, for the original clause, 59; for the amendment, 21; majority, 38.—The House went into Committee on the question of granting a loan to the four West Indian Islands which have suffered from the hurri ■ canes and the late insurrection.—The Chancellor of the Exchequer said, the losses in the different islands were as follows: — Jamaica,838,170/.; Barbadoes, 1,151,000/.; St. Lucie, 81,000/.; St. Vincent, 2L>0,270/. He proposed to appropriate one half of the loan to Jamaica, and the other half to the other islands. The Noble Lord then moved a resolution to authorise the issue of Exchequer bills to the amount of one million, for the purpose in question.— Mr. Hume, Mr. Hunt, Dr. Lushington, and Mr. Buxton, opposed the motion; and Mr. Burge and Lord Sainton supported it. Ultimately the vote was agreed to.
July 2. In reply to a question from Lord G. Somerset, the Chancellor of the Exchequer, with a view of doing away all misunderstanding as to the continuance of the Assessed Taxes Composition Act, said explicitly that the measure would be continued, at least for the present. The House resolved itself into a Committee of Supply. — Mr. Watson moved a reduction of 10,000/. in the estimates respecting barracks ; but the proposition was negatived by 48 to 22. The various other items were agreed to.—In Committee on the Irish Reform Bill, Mr. Shaw complained of a different principle being applied to Ireland to that of England, in regard to freemen of boroughs and corporations being deprived of the right of voting; and moved, as an amendment, that they should be continued on the same footing as in England. The motion was negatived by 128 to 39. The eighth and ninth clauses were then agreed to.
July 3. Alderman rVaithman brought forward his annual motion respecting exports and imports, which, after considerable discussion, was negatived. — Mr. Hume moved for papers relative to Somerville, cf the Scots Greys, without having given any intimation, as appeared from Sir J. Hobhouse's reply, of his intention. — Lord G. Lennox bore testimony to the humanity of Major Wyndham; and the motion was negatived.
July 5. Mr. Stanley rose to bring forward his new system relative to the Irish Tithes. The Right Hon. Gentleman detailed his plan at great length, and concluded by moving for leave to bring in a Bill to amend the Tithe Composition Act; also for leave to bring in a Bill to establish Ecclesiastical Corporations in the several dioceses of Ireland.—Mr. James did not think the measure proposed would be satisfactory: it was only transferring the burthen from one to another, from the tenant to the owner of the soil. The Bill for turning the Church Tithe into land he did not think was a fitting measure. The Hon. Gentleman concluded with moving a series of resolutions, purporting the necessity of the adjustment of tithes, without robbing the clergy, or vio
lating vested rights; but that the consideration of the question should be left to a reformed Parliament. — Mr. Shiel objected to the measure, and opposed the Bills. The reform proposed in the tithe property in Ireland was a kind of East Retford reform, which would never satisfy the people of Ireland.— Mr. O'Connell rose to move an adjournment, as there were many members who wished to deliver their opinions. — Lord Althorp thought the debate should not be adjourned,and the House divided. Ayes, 25; Noes, 143.—Mr. O'Connell again moved an adjournment, which was negatived; when the lion. Member moved that the debate be adjourned to Monday. — Lord Althorp said, he would not persist in opposing the motion.
July 6. In a Committee of Supply, Lord Althorp moved, to grant the sum of 1000/., part of 5000/., for making a survey for providing a better supply of water to the metropolis. This motion led to some conversation, in which it was held that Sir Francis Burdett ought to pay the expense of the survey, as he had promised to guarantee all the expenses of it; but Lord Althorp and others would not agree to such a proposition. The motion was agreed to; and then Sir John Cam Hobhouse moved a grant of 202,482/. for the expense of the disembodied militia. The House afterwards went into Committee on the Irish Reform Bill.
July 9. The House was occupied by debates on the Irish Reform Bill. — Mr. Browne proposed, among other amendments, an additional member for the county of Mayo, which was met by Mr. Stanley, who asserted, that of the 300,000 inhabitants of that county, 240,000 had applied for charity last year. One amendment gives the elective franchise to the Irish University, as in England, to all Masters of Arts, and persons of superior degrees.
July 12. The Chancellor of the Exchequer brought forward the subject of the Russian Dutch Loan: and in doing so, his lordship entered into extended details of the origin of the treaty. He observed, that in reality the main question was, whether this country, now that Belgium was separated from Holland, was bound in honour and equity to continue the payment of its share of the interest of the loan? The object of the treaty was to prevent Russia, or any other power, interfering to cause the separation. A separation had taken place, not from the influence of any foreign power; but, being effected, it had been sanctioned by England. He, therefore, considered, that to resist the payment would be contrary ta all principles of honour or equity. The changes that had taken place required a fresh treaty— that treaty had been ratified —and the government now sought the sanetion of Parliament to carry it into effect. The payment made previously to the formation of the pew treaty was to preserve the faith of the country; and, if that were secured, the ministers would not regret the censure they might have exposed themselves to. He therefore moved, " That the House do resolve itself into a Committee of the whole House, to take into consideration the convention entered into between his Majesty and the Emperor of all the Russias, on the 16th of November, 1831, and presented to this House on the 27th of June last."—A long but uninteresting debate occurred on an amendment involving a censure on ministers, moved by Mr. Herries, with was at length terminated by the House dividing. For Lord Althorp's motion, 243 ; against it, 197 ; majority, 46.
July 13. The third debate on Mr. Stanley's motion regarding the Tithe Bills for Ireland was resumed. Mr. Callaghan contended, that the proposed plan of commutation was by no means likely to tranquillise Ireland.—Mr. W. Peel cordially supported the motion Lord Killeen offered his decided resistance to the motion, maintaining that the plan could not be carried into effect; and that to attempt it, would only be to agitate and arouse the resistance of all Ireland. Mr. Benet objected to the tithe system, as a tax upon agricultural improvement. The subject again led to extensive debate, and strong opposition; but, upon the division, ministers had a majority of 92; the numbers being, for the amendment, 32; against it, 124,
July 16. Lord Althorp moved the order of the day for the House to go into committee on the Russian loan.—Mr. Baring said, that as the recent majority for ministers had been procured by their threat of resigning if defeated, he felt it right again to open the question, by moving for papers connected with the subject; and he concluded a speech of some length by an amendment to that effect.—The amendment was seconded by Mr. Robinson, and gave rise to a protracted debate, in the course of which Mr. Hume said, that as the object of the opposition was to turn out the present Ministers, whilst they would, if in power, pay the money themselves, he should, though he disapproved the payment, vote against the amendment; being of opinion that it would be a greater evil to the country to have a Tory Administration, than to allow the payment to be made. — Mr. Praed, Lord Eliot, Sir R. Vyvyan, Sir C. Wetherell, Sir R. Peel, &c. supported the amendment, which was opposed by Mr. Shiel, Lord Morpeth, Lord
Althorp, Lord Palmerston, the Attorney General, &c.; who argued, that as the object of this country, in making the treaty, was to prevent the union of Belgium with France, and as that object bad now been attained by the erection of Belgium into a separate state, to which we had obtained the consent of the Russian Government, it would be unjust to refuse to pay the money on the ground of an event which we ourselves had induced Russia to sanction.—The House divided— for ministers, 191; against them, 155; majority, 36.
July 17. Mr. W. Harvey brought for. ward his motion—" That an humble address be presented to his Majesty, that be will be graciously pleased to direct the commissioners appointed to enquire into the state and practice of the Courts of law, to examine into the course of proceedings before the benchers and visitors of Lincoln's Inn, Inner Temple, Middle Temple, and Gray's Inn, upon the application of persons seeking to become students thereof, or to be called to the bar, and to report the evidence thereon, with any special circumstances, to the House."—The motion was opposed by Sir C. Wetherell, Mr. Knight, and Mr. Goulburn, and supported by the AttorneyGeneral, Lord Althorp, Sir F. Burdett, and others, and the House divided; but there not being forty members present, the House was adjourned.
July 18. Colonel Sibthorpe having enquired whether there would be any objection to produce documents respecting the state of the cholera in the metropolis, Mr. Thomson replied in the negative. He added, that there had been considerable exaggerations on the subject—that the average of deaths in and about the metropolis was from 20 to 30 a day—that for the last four days there had not been any case in the docks or along the river—and that such considerations induced the government to withhold daily announcements, as the effect would be the closing of the ports of other countries against our vessels.—The Reform Bill (Ireland) was read a third time, and passed.
July 20. The House went into Committee on the Russian Dutch loan. The Chairman having read the first resolution, agreeing to the treaty, Mr. Mills moved, as an amendment, that the Chairman do leave the chair. A long debate followed, in which some sharp remarks were exchanged for and against the measure. The Committee divided—for the amendment, 113: against it, J 91 ; majority for ministers, 79. The resolution was then agreed to.
The Legislative Assembly, under General Bourke, lield its first sitting on the 19th of January. His Excellency, the Governor, in his speech, states that the revenue was in a very flourishing state: after paying all claims, and an amount remaining in the Treasury, he recommended it to be applied to the formation of new roads, the erection of public buildings, and the foundation of public schools. He also announced, that in future all reports of the proceedings in the Assembly would be made generally public by the Press, instead of being exclusively given to one paper, as heretofore. The consumption of ardent spirits in the colony was very much on the decline.
It appears by an official paper laid before Pari lament,that the expense of the establishments at New South Wales, in the year
1830, was 242,989/. It. 7jrf.; Van Diemen's Land, 144,746/. U. 5\d.
CAPE OF GOOD HOPE.
Accounts from the Cape of Good Hope furnish us with the commercial report for
1831. The value of the imports amounted to SS2.527/., being less than that of 1830 by 69,792/. The amount of the exports was 176,618/., being a decrease from the preceding year of 34,146/. The decline in the value of exports is ascribed to the marked decay of the export wine trade; in 1830 the quantity exported being 10,483 pipes, while last year only 6108 pipes were exported. The amount of the shipping entered at the different ports of the colony for 1831 is 181 vessels, being 59,264 tons; while that of 1830 was 256 vessels and 69,382 tons; a decrease in the last year, compared with the preceding, of 75 vessels, and 10,118 tons. The Committee recommend an appeal to Government to avert the total annihilation of the export wine trade, by removing all colonial duties, and by establishing a more favourable rate of duty on its
importation into Great Britain. The entire value of the exports of the first quarter for the year 1832 is given at 38,358/.
A Legislative Assembly has been at length granted to Newfoundland. By a Commission issued on the 2d of March last, and now laid before parliament, Sir Thomas Cochrane, the Governor, is empowered to appoint a Council for himself of seven of the principal freeholders, and to authorise the freeholders and householders of the towns and districts to elect representatives, who are collectively to form the "General Assembly of Newfoundland," and to make laws, statutes, and ordinances for the good government of the island and its dependencies; but the laws and statutes so made require the Governor's consent to give them force, and are afterwards to be transmitted to England, where they may still be abrogated by the King in Council. The nature of the constituency, and the qualifications of the members, are described in a separate paper, which is not printed; but the system will, no doubt, be as liberal as in the neighbouring colonies, where the plan of suffrage is, in all cases, very wide. The Commission, or Charier, as it may very properly be called, issues from the crown, without any sanction from Parliament, and this power, we believe, the King has always exercised in relation to conquered colonies. A bill has, however, been introduced, making over the control of the revenue of the island to its legislature.
The Colonial Secretary has caused an official communication to be forwarded to Lloyd's, announcing that at New Brunswick a small tax has been imposed on all emigrants going to that place, and that the measure lias received the sanction of his Majesty's Council.
The Court of Cassation was declared against the legality of the Military Tribunals, and the decision was followed by an Ordinance in the Moniteur, dated the 29th of June, abrogating those of the 7th. The state of siege in the city of Paris was therefore raised. The opposition Journals consider the impeachment of ministers as the inevitable consequence of the decision. A misunderstanding has taken place between the King and M. Dupin, relative, it is supposed, to the ctat de siege, and the
refusal of M. Dupin to argue in favour of it before the Court of Cassation. Odillon Barrot, who pleaded the case of appeal before the Court, always a popular man, is now more popular than ever, and, to avoid the general applause, is obliged to make use of a carriage whenever he appears in public. The joy of the Parisians at the raising of the state of siege was loudly testified. The Viscount de Chateaubriand, the Duke de Fitzjames, and the Baron Hyde de Neuville, were respectively liberated, and have been exonerated from any charge of conspiracy or treason.