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if it were properly extended, and intro. passed for reforming the representation of the duced at a fit time.-The Bill was read a people have occupied, as was unavoidable, the second time.
greatest portion of your time and attention. August 14. On the motion that the
“In recommending this subject to your conReport of the Committee on the Forgery
sideration, it was my object, by removing the
causes of just complaint, to restore general con. Bill be agreed to, the Earl of Rosslyn
fidence in the legislature, and to give additional moved an amendment, with a view to ex
security to the settled institutions of the state. cept from the operation of the Bill forged This obiect will, I trust, be found to have been wills, codičils, or testamentary writings, accomplished. and powers of attorney to receive monies "I have still to lament the continuance of in the public funds. - The clause, after disturbances in Ireland, notwithstanding the some remarks from the Lord Chancellor
vigilance and energy displayed by my Governand Earl Grey, was agreed to.
ment there in the measures which it has taken
to repress them. The laws which have been August 15. The Forgery Bill was read
passed in conformity with my recommendation a third time, and passed, after the Lord
at the beginning of the session, with respect to Chancellor had renewed his objections to
the collection of titles, are well calculated to the amendment excepting from the opera- lay the foundation of a new system, to the comtion of this Bill the forgery of wills, &c. pletion of which the attention of Parliament, The amendment was reluctantly sanc when it again assembles, will of course be di. tioned. - On the third reading of the rected. To this necessary work my best assistConsolidated Fund Bill, the Duke of ance will be given, by enforcing the execution of Wellington entered into a detail respect
the laws, and by promoting the prosperity of a ing the state of the finances of the country.
country blessed by Divine Providence with 80
many natural advantages. As conducive to this He also touched on foreign affairs. He con
subject, I must express the satisfaction which I tended that the Chancellor of the Exche- bave felt at the measures adopted for extending quer's Budget was not justified by facts, generally to my people of that kingdom the and that the prospects held out would not benetit of education. be realised. The Government ought not to “I continue to receive the most friendly asbe left with such an alarming deficiency surances from all Foreign Powers; and though
I am not enabled to announce to you the final · present peculiar posture of affairs at home, arrangement of the questions which have been in Ireland, and abroad.-Earl Grey re
so long depending between Holland and Belplied that these remarks were inconve
gium; and though, unhappily, the contest in niently timed, coming, as they did, at the
Portugal between the Princes of the House of
Braganza still continues; I look with confidence, close of a Session, and when no particular,
through the intimate union which subsists be. opposition to this Bill was expected. He
tween me and my allies, to the preservation of regretted that there should have been a the general peace. deficiency in the revenue; but the causes “Gentlemen of the House of Commons, of it, owing to the reduction of taxes, “I thank you for the supplies wbich you had not been wholly unforeseen.
have granted me; and it is a great satisfaction August 16. This day being fixed upon to me to find, notwithstanding large deductions for the prorogation of Parliament, at two
from the revenue occasioned by the repeal of o'clock his Majesty, accompanied by the
some of the taxes which pressed most heavily Grand Officers of State, proceeded from
on my people, that you have been enabled, by St. James's Palace to the House of Lords,
the exercise of a well-considered economy in all
the departments of the State, to provide for the to perform that ceremony in person.- service of the year without any addition to the Shortly after two o'clock, his Majesty en- public burdens. tered the House of Lords, attended by
"My Lords and Gentlemen, the Lord Chancellor, &c. The Speaker " I recommend to you, during the recess, the of the House of Commons, accompanied most careful attention to the preservation of the by about 200 Members, then attended at public peace, and to the maintenance of the the Bar, when the Speaker addressed his authority of the law in your respective counties. Majesty in the usual form.-The King
I trust that the advantages enjoyed by all my read the following Speech
subjects under our free constitution will be duly, from the
appreciated and cherished; that relief from any Throne:
real causes of complaint will be sought only " My Lords and Gentlemen,
through legitimate channels; that all irregular « The state of the public business now ena. and illegal proceedings will be discountenanced bling me to release you from a further attend and resisted; and that the establishment of inance in Parliament, I cannot take leave of you ternal tranquillity and order will prove that the without expressing the satisfaction with which measures which I have sanctioned have not I have observed your diligence and zeal in the been fruitless in promoting the security of the discharge of your duties during a session of ex- State, and the content and welfare of my traordinary labour and duration.
people.” " The matters which you have had under your
Parliament was then declared prorogued consideration have been of the first importance; and the laws in particular which have been to the 7th of October.
2 2 2
HOUSE OF COMMONS.
tention of hereafter bringing forward a July 23. In the Committee of Supply, specitic motion on the subject. The RusMr. S. Rice moved a grant of 15,0007, on sian Dutch Loan Bill was read a third · account of the proposed “National Gal- time, and passed. lery" at Charing Cross. The Records July 27. The Chancellor of the Exalso to be deposited there. The payment chequer made his annual development of of that sum is to be spread over three his financial arrangements for the current years. The building is to be of stone.— year. He commenced by showing a comSir R. Peel, Mr. Colburne, &c. supported parison of the receipt and expenditure the motion, and highly eulogised the pro. for the years 1830 and 1831. In the for. posed building, and the site selected for mer vear the income exceeded the expenit.- A discussion arose on various grants, diture by 2,768,6001. In 1831 the ex. but a division only took place on that for penditure exceeded the income by 600,0001. the Ministerial plan of Education for Ire- to 700,0001. This seeming default, how. land, when the Ministers had a majority ever, as the Chancellor of the Exchequer of 51.
satisfactorily showed, had not arisen from July 24. Mr. Hume moved for a return any diminution in the consumption of of the number of persons who had been taxable commodities. The remission of imprisoned for selling Unstamped Public duty on coals and slate coastwise, the less cations, observing that the punishment amount received for duty on corn, and seemed to have been very unequally remission of certain excise duties exawarded, and that it was impossible to ceeded, by more than a million, the defi. execute the law, as it at present stood, ciency in the receipt; the increase of withont great injustice.-Lord Althorpe consumption, however, had not, he addid not object to the motion ; but ob- mitted, equalled his expectation, and served, that it was necessary to protect thereby accounted for the expenditure exthose publications which paid a duty to ceeding the income. The present and Government. He thought it might be prospective state of the finances was advisable to reduce the Stamp Duty on next submitted to the attention of the the public Journals, but was not pre House. After giving his predecessors pared to submit a measure of that de. credit for reducing the salaries and pay of scription during the present Session the subordinate employés of the Govern. The motion was agreed to, after some ment in the years 1828 and 1830, to the debate.—On the motion that the House extent of 340,0001., the Noble Lord took go into Committee on the Irish Tithes credit to himself for having already efComposition Bill, Mr. Sheil moved, as an fected a similar reduction to the extent of instruction to the Committee, that the 234,0001., and promised to extend it to preamble should recite, that the composi. another 100,0001.; and, after recapitulattion was to be extended, with a view to ing other reductions, he summed up the levying the first-fruits according to their estimated expenditure for the current real value, and the appropriation of tithes year as amounting to 45,696,3001. against to such purposes of religion, education, 47,858,4001. for the past year, being a diand charity, as Parliament, after mak: minution in the expenditure of 2,162,1001. ing a due provision for the Established To meet this expenditure, after anticiChurch, should seem proper. The pro- pating an increase on the last year of position was rejected by a majority of about 430,0001., by the expiring of bounties 73 against 18, when the Bill went through on linen exported, and increase of prothe Committee.
ceeds on wine, tobacco, &c., and a dimi. July 25. Sir E. Sugden expressed his nution of 100,0001. on the articles proregret that the office of the late Mr. posed for reduction of duty in the scheScott, in the Court of Chancery, had dule now before the House, 80,0001. for been filled up. He also complained that remission of duty on sugar lost by drain. the salary of the Lord Chancellor had not age, and the absence of all duty on corn, yet been fixed.-Lord Althorp said, that consequent on the favourable prospects of the Lord Chancellor had only temporarily the pending harvest, the Noble Lord refilled the place, having named his brother presented the Customs duty as likely to to it, subject to the fate of a Bill for the produce 15,871,0001., being 404,0001. less abolition of that and many other offices than in 1831. In reference to this dimiwhich it was intended to introduce. nution the Noble Lord adverted to cho
July 26. Sir F. Burdett called attention lera, the past political excitement, conto the state of the Sewers of the Metro. traction of currency, and the exchanges polis ; intimately connected as the sube having been against us, as having tended ject is with the pure and healthy sup- to occasion a less favourable result than ply of water, it was a matter that ought wished for. The Excise, which last year to be investigated. He intimated his in the Noble Lord represented to have pro
duced 16,516,6321., after anticipating an sion. The Noble Lord also stated, that increase on malt, hops, and spirits to the hopes were entertained of a favourable amount of 690,0001., and a diminution by arrangement being accomplished with the repeal of the duties on candles, &c., France, relative to the trade between the he expected would produce 16,850,000/.; two countries. His Lordship, in answer and other branches of the revenue he ex- to Sir R. Peel, said, he could not see the pected to produce the same as last year, utility of attempting the settlement of the making the aggregate net income to be Bank question before the next Session of 46,470,0001., being a surplus, over and Parliament. The resolutions were then above the estimated expenditure, of agreed to, and several sums were voted to 773,6241. This, of course, will be set make good the supplies for the year. against the deficiency of the year 1832, July 30. The Speaker, agreeably to which will reduce the deficit upon the two previous arrangement, intimated that at years to 446,789. Honourable Members, the close of the present Session he should would, he trusted, do him the justice to resign the Chair. He adverted briefly to admit that he had endeavoured to state the the arduous character of the duties of his prospects of the country as low as he possi- office-to the anxiety with which he had bly could. For the year now going on, the endeavoured to discharge those dutiesrevenue, as compared with the estimates, and to the liberal aid which he had ever ought to yield a surplus of 770,0001. He received from the several members in his had now stated the views of Government efforts to forward and to maintain the with regard to the income and expendi. order and the privileges of the House. ture of the country, and had only to add, The Chancellor of the Exchequer afterthat, after the most deliberate considera- wards moved a vote of thanks to the tion, he found himself called upon to Speaker, for his conduct in the Chair move the renewal of the Sugar Duties, during six Parliaments, or seventeen without any reduction. He moved that years. He highly eulogised the Speaker's the several duties, hitherto levied on urbanity and conciliatory demeanour in Sugar and Molasses, be continued till the the Chair—an eulogium in which se5th of April, 1833.—Mr. Goulburn re- veral other Members afterwards warmly prehended the policy of the Noble Lord joined. The Chancellor of the Exchequer for having reduced his receipt below the expressed regret that the retirement had expenditure; and Mr. Keith Douglas re- been resolved on, as he should be glad minded him of the breach of promise that the country, as well as the House, made by Lord Goderich to the West India might have the benefit of so experienced a interest, that in the general financial ar- Speaker to preside over the proceedings of rangement of the year that interest might the new Parliament. The vote was carexpect some substantial relief.- The Chan- ried literally by acclamation.-The Chancellor of the Exchequer said it was not cellor of the Exchequer then moved an the intention of Government to make Address to the King, to be pleased to be. any alteration in the Sugar Duties during stow on Charles Manners Sutton, Esq., the present financial year. The reason some distinguished mark of Royal favour, why Government had not brought for- and to assure his Majesty that the House ward any measure to relieve West India was ready to make good any expenses that produce from the burdens which were might attend the same. The Motion was imposed upon it, was, because that relief also unanimously adopted.--The Chancelwas contingent upon the adoption in the lor of the Exchequer brought forward, in chartered colonies of the Orders in Coun- a Committee on the Civil List Act, the cil regulating the treatment of the slaves. Civil List Charges left unprovided for-It was the intention of Government to namely, the mode of paying the Judges' introduce a measure by which crown colo Salaries, the Speaker’s Allowances, the nies would be relieved from a great por. Diplomatic Charges, the Pensions, &c.; tion of their local taxes, which was the all of which, previously to the present readiest mode of fulfilling the promises reign, were chargeable upon, and paid out which had been made to them; for any of, the Civil List. He stated that these fiscal measure, distinguishing their pro- matters had been frequently before the duce from that of the other colonies, House, and were referred to a Committee, would be unjust, and the method of re- which recommended these charges to be lief which he had suggested would have separated from the Civil List, as not forman equally beneficial effect on their agri- ing part of the King's Expenditure. The cultural produce. As far as he could see, Noble Lord went into extensive details of there was no reason to be apprehensive of those charges, enumerating the amounts, war. On the contrary, he thought there and how they are henceforth to be paid, was every liope that the pending negotia- which will be chietly out of the Consolitions would come to a favourable copclu dated Fund. He also generally adverted to the savings that would be effected, use his good offices to avert the threatened observing that, when the whole arrange- inroads upon the liberties of the German ments respecting what formerly consti- people. He addressed the House at contuted the Civil List Charges came into siderable length, detailing, generally, the full operation, there would be a diminu- state of Germany, and the security protion of Charge to the extent of 253,0001. mised to the different portions of it; and In speaking of the Judges' salaries, his pourtraying, in strong colours, the delinLordship observed that those Puisne quency and positive breach of faith, as Judges who were appointed before the re. well as of principle, that characterises gulation of 1828 were to have 5,5001, a the recent attacks upon, and declarations year-subsequent appointments 5,0001. a against, the liberty of the press in Geryear. The Lord Chancellor's retiring samany. He urged the necessity of the lary is to be raised from 4,0007, to 5,0001. interference of England to resist these a.year, with a reservation respecting the combinations of powerful potentates present Lord Chancellor.
against the liberties and improvement of July 31. Sir Francis Burdett moved mankind; and contended that it was not for a Survey of the Sewers of the Metro- the policy of England quietly to behold the polis-a subject that was defective, and chain thrown over the mind of Europe. that as loudly called for amendment, as The Honourable Member concluded by its supply of water, He stated that up moving, that an humble Address be preward of 200,0001. was annually collected sented to his Majesty, requesting him to for sewers, yet in many parts of the town exercise his influence with the Germanic there were no sewers. He urged this in- Diet, in opposition to the course it has quiry on the House as one that was of the pursued in respect to the liberties and in. greatest consequence to the health of this dependence of the German people.-Lord healthily-situated metropolis.-The Chan. Palmerston, without defending the resocellor of the Exchequer concurred in the lutions of the Diet, denied the right of motion, admitting that the proposed in this country to interfere with the proquiry was very desirable.-The Report of ceedings of confederated sovereigns in the Chancellor of the Exchequer's resolu- regard to their own dominions ; for it was tions regarding the Civil List Act and the external relations of states as separate Civil Charges was presented, and the nations that alone interested this country. resolutions were agreed to without any On grounds of discretion, therefore, his comment of consequence. The Attorney. Lordship would oppose the motion.—The General moved the third reading of the motion was eventually withdrawn. Forgery Bill; and in doing so he strongly August 3. In the Committee of Sup. urged the mitigating the capital punish- ply, the Chancellor of the Excheqner ment. The Bill was read a third time, moved a grant of 2,5001. to Sir Abraham and passed.
Bradley King, on account of the aboAugust 1. The Chancellor of the Ex- lition of his patent for supplying the chequer, in a Committee on his Majesty's Public-offices of Ireland with stationery. answer to the Address on the retirement - Mr. Hume resisted the grant as unof the Speaker, repeated his commenda- justifiable, and because the referees had tions of Mr. Manners Sutton, detailed the come to their conclusion on an erroneous course that had been pursued heretofore case ; they were led to believe the patent as to the granting of Pensions to Speakers was for life, whereas it was only during on their retirement, and moved a grant of pleasure.- Mr. S. Rice remarked, that the 4,0001. a year to the Right Ilonourable abolition had already produced a saving Manners Sutton for his life, and 3,0001. a to the country of 10,0001. – Mr. Hume year to his son. The latter grant is only pressed his division on the grant-Against to be enjoyed in the event of his not it, 2; for it, 50.-Lord Howick subsecoming into an office in Doctors' Com. quently moved a grant of 37,0001. for mons (worth, according to the Chancellor the relief of the Crown Colonies in the of the Exchequer, some 8,0007. or 10,0001. West Indies. Agreed to. a year) of which the son has the reversion. August 6. The Tithes (Ireland) Bill -Mr. Hume bore testimony to the great was read a third time, and passed-after merits of the Speaker, and to the justice which the Bribery Bill again went through of his claim to reward—but protested a Committee. - The Greek Loan Bill against the notion that pension was to passed by a majority of 43. follow as a matter of course. The resolu- August 7. Colonel Evans brought fortion was eventually adopted.
ward the question of Poland, in a speech August 2. Mr. H. L. Bulwer rose to reflecting strongly on the conduct of the bring forward a motion on the subject of Russian Government to that unhappy the declaration of the Germanic Diet, people, and concluded by moving a resoluproposing an Address to his Majesty to tion to the effect that the renewal of cer. tain obligations to the Emperor of Russia count or with his privity, since the time gave his Majesty a peculiar claim on that of such return, in pursuance or in furPower for a faithful interpretation of her therance of such bribery or corruption, engagements, especially as regarded Po- may question the same at any time within land.-Lord Palmerston moved the pre- twenty-eight days after the date of such vious question, and a sharp and spirited payment; or, if this House be not sitting, debate ensued, in which Mr. Huine, Sir at the expiration of the said twenty-eight Francis Burdett, and several other Mem- days, then within fourteen days after the bers took part.-The motion was finally day when the House shall next meet."lost, without any division taking place.- Colonel Evans moved, and Mr. Hume The Chancellor of the Exchequer moved seconded the following Address to the for a Bill to enable those to vote who had Crown :-" That his Majesty will be " tendered” the rates; but it was strongly graciously pleased to prorogue the present, opposed by Sir E. Sugden, as a departure and convene another short Session of Para from pledges that the Bill should not be liament, with as little delay as possible, to altered. He contended that, if there had take into consideration the unexpected been neglect to pay, it had been wilful; disfranchisement produced by certain reall knew the time. The Chancellor of strictive clauses of the Act for amending the Exchequer said he had no desire to the Representation of the People in Parpress the Bill if it were viewed as a vio- liament.”—The motion was negatived. lation of pledge, or against the sense of August 10. Mr. Leader, on presenting an unwilling House. — The motion was a petition from Ireland, complained with withdrawn.
much energy of the doctrine laid down by August 8. In the Committee on the the Lord Chancellor concerning the power Consolidation Fund Bill (in which the of Government to suspend the Habeas “ appropriation" clause is introduced), a Corpus Act in Ireland.-On the motion of discussion arose on a new arrangement, the third reading of the Civil List Bill, proposed by the Ministers, to allow naval Mr. Irving took occasion to give a correet and military officers on half-pay to hold statement of the Clithero outrage, which civil offices, under certain circumstances, was received with much cheering, and without forfeiting their half-pay. – Mr. corroborated by the Members of the GoHume objected to it, as it was against the vernment, to whom Mr. Irving returned recommendation of the Finance Com- thanks for the sentiments they had exmittee, and as it tended to prevent the pressed towards him. diminution of the half-pay list - a list August 15. Mr. Lamb stated, in reply that cost upwards of 5,000,0001. a-year, to inquiry, that the Bailiff of Clithero had and was as large as it was fifteen years not, at first, sanctioned the introduction ago.-Sir J. C. Hobbouse, the Chancellor of the military, but that, when introduced, of the Exchequer, &c. defended this ar- they had not acted until after the reading rangement, as securing to the public effi- of the Riot Act.-Mr. Hunt having recient service, without injury to the coun- marked that, if the elections were to be try.--A good deal of conversation took characterized by such proceedings, the place on the Lord Chancellor's Salary people would have to arm in self-defence, Bill. Mr. Sadler deemed the salary of the Chancellor of the Exchequer censured 14,0001. too much, and maintained that, such a sentiment as mischievous and uncalculating the change in the circulating called for, expressing a conviction that the medium, this was an increase, not a dimi law was strong enough to vindicate his nution, of the salary. He proposed a re Majesty's subjects, and declaring that any duction of 20001. ; but the original propo aggression made by the military would sition was carried by 52 to 5.—The Greek experience the prompt notice of the Go. Convention Bill was afterwards read a vernment. — A long conversation astersecond time, but not without renewed de- wards arose, as to the disqualification of bate, and a proposition to postpone it. votes from the non-payment of rates, Lord Palmerston said the appointment of the Chancellor of the Exchequer showPrince Otho was approved by most of the ing that the disqualifications at ManchesChiefs of Greece.
ter, Bolton, Blackburn, &c., were not so August 9. Lord John Russell moved numerous as had been represented on a the following resolution, which was agreed former evening -Sir G. Warrender, Mr. to :-" That all persons who will ques. Hume, and others havingurged a short sestion any future return of Members to sion, the Chancellor of the Exchequer said serve in Parliament upon any allegation it was desirable that the registration should of bribery or corruption, and who shall in be completed before a general election their petition specifically allege any pay- took place, but he could not pledge himself ment of money or other reward to have as to when the dissolution would be.—Sir been made by any Member, or on his ac, J. C. Hobhouse stated, in answer to in