« 이전계속 »
BIOGRAPHICAL PARTICULARS OP CELEBRATED PERSONS, LATELY DECEASED.
LADY EDWARD FITZGERALD.
The story of this lady, who died at Paris during the past month, is, in truth, a romance of real life. The mystery of her birth has never been fully explained. It has been positively affirmed that she was the daughter of Madame de Genlis bv the Duke of Orleans (the infamous Egalite), and we observe she has been so desenhed by several of the newspapers, in giving publicity to her death. Upon what ground the statement has been made, we are at a loss to conceive. Madame de Genlis, who, we imagine, must have known pretty accurately whether or not she had given birth to the child, is exceedingly circumstantial in detailing certain particulars connected with her history, which, if they had obtained credit, would have silenced scandal and set the matter at rest. It would appear, that about the year 1782, the Duke of Orleans committed the education of his children to Madame de Genlis, who, anxious that they should become perfect in the living languages, had taken into their service English and Italian female domestics, and moreover resolved on educating with her pupils a young English girl of nearly their own age. The Duke was then in correspondence with a Mr. Forth, and requested him to find out and forward to France a handsome little girl, of from five to six years old. Mr. Forth immediately executed the commission, and sent by his valet a horse, together with the infant, and accompanied by a note in these words —" I have the honour to send to your Highness the finest mare and the prettiest little girl in all England." This infant was Pamela, afterwards Lady Fitzgerald.
When the gallant but unhappy Lord Edward proposed marriage to her young protogee, Madame de Genlis conceived it her duty to lay before his Lordship such papers as had reference to points upon which a husband might naturally desire to be infor-ned. "She was," says Madame, "the daughter of a man of high birth, named Seymour, who married in spite of his family a young woman of the lowest class, called Mary Syms, and went off with her to Newfoundland, on the coast of America, where he established himself at a place called Fogo. There Pamela was born, and received the name of Nancy. Her father died, and the mother returned to England with her child, then eighteen months' old. As her husband was disinherited, she was reduced to great misery, and forced to work for her bread. She had settled at Christ Church, which Mr. Forth passed through four years after, and being ommissioned by the Duke of
Orleans to send us a young English girl, he saw this girl, and obtained her from her mother. When I began to be really attached to Pamela, I was very uneasy lest her mother might be desirous of claiming her by legal process; that is, lest she might threaten me with doing so, to obtain grants of money it would have been out of my
fiower to give. I consulted several English awyers on the subject, and they told me that the only means of protecting myself from this species of persecution was to get the mother to give me her daughter as an. apprentice for the sum of twenty-five guineas. She agreed, and according to the usual forms, appeared in the Court of King's Bench before Lord Chief-Justice Mansfield. She there signed an agreement, by which she gave me her daughter as an apprentice till she became of age, and could not claim her from me till she paid all the expenses I had been at for her maintenance and education; and to this paper Lord Mansfield put his name and seal, as Lord Chief-Justice of the Court of King's Bench."*
Her arrival at the Palais Royal, however, occasioned odd conjectures. She was educated with the princes and princesses, as a companion and friend , she had the same masters, was taken equal care of, partook of their sports, and her astonishing resemblance to the Duke's children would have made her pass for their sister, were it not for her foreign accent. Whilst Pamela and the young Princesses were pursuing their studies in the delightful retreat of Helle-chasse, the Revolution broke out. The Duke of Orleans and his two sons, the Dukes of Chart res and Montpensier, warmly supported its principles. Madame de Genlis was then an admirer of the Constituent Assembly—Pamela participated in her enthusiasm for liberty, and every Sunday the distinguished members of that assembly met at Belle-chasse. Barrere, Petion, David, were constantly at her toirees, and there, in the presence of these young girls, seriously discussed the important questions of the day. Pamela, abounding in beauty and every mental accomplishment, had just reached her fifteenth year, and the Duke of Orleans had directed his notary to draw out a settlement of fifteen hundred livres a year upon her. The notary declared that the orphan was not competent to receive the annuity unless she had a guardian.' "Well then," replied the Duke, "let herself choose a guardian—enough of Deputies come to Belle-chasse, so that she
• Memoirs of the Countess de Genlis, vol. iv. p. 128-9.
can have no difficulty in selecting one." On the Sunday following the Duke's answer was communicated to Pamela, at a moment when the usual party had assembled. "I have not much time to reflect," she said, "but if citizen Barrere would favour me by becoming my guardian, I should make choice of him." Barrere gladly assented, and all the formalities of the contract were soon executed. When the Constituent Assembly had terminated its glorious, labours, Madame lie (jenlis proceeded to Kngland with Mademoiselle d'Orleans and Pamela, and attended by two Deputies, Petion and Voidel. It was then Lord Edward Fitzgerald first saw Pamela. The brilliancy of her beauty, the graces of her mind, and the free expression of her feelings of liberty, made a deep impression on the young Irish man; and when Madame de Genlis, alarmed at the turn which things were taking in France, retired with her pupils to Tournay, where the presence of Dumouriez and of the Duke assured them a safe asylum, Lord Fitzgerald accompanied them, and soon became the husband of Pamela.
During her residence in England, if we are to credit the statement of Madame de (Jenlis, the fair Pamela received an offer of marriage from Sheridan. A few years after the unhappy fate of her husband, she became the wife of Mr. Pitcairn, an American, and Consul at Hamburgh; from this gentleman, however, it appears, she was subsequently divorced; she then resumed the name of Fitzgerald, and lived in great retirement in one of the Provinces, until the Revolution of 1830 placed the associate of her childhood upon a throne. Lady Fitzgerald was, in consequence of this event, tempted to visit Paris; but, we understand, she received little notice from Louis Philippe or any of his family. If a closer tie than that of friendship had ever existed, the King of France was either in ignorance of its nature, or thought it wiser and more frugal to deny its strength. Pamela died in indigence; was followed to the grave by a few mourners, among whom was the Duke de Talleyrand, and the events of her life will perhaps, hereafter, form the groundwork of a romance.*
INCIDENTS, ECCLESIASTICAL PREFERMENTS, APPOINTMENTS, MARRIAGES, AND DEATHS.
The friendly societies of the metropolis, it is said, are about to petition the House of Lords in favour of reform, upon the ground that they, and their brethren similarly connected in the country, have very large "sums in the funds, the security of which will, they conceive, be shaken by any violent change in the government of the country, such as they anticipate if the Lords continue to refuse to permit the House of Commons to reform themselves.
The Rev. Thomas Arthur Powys, M. A. late Fellow of Saint John's College, C'rnibridye, to tin- Rectory of Sawlry-Saint-Andrew's, Huntingdonshire.
The Lord Bishop of Hereford has collated the Rev. Thomas Wynu, B.I), to the Rectory of Col. wall, vacant by the death of the Rev. J. Clark; and the Rev. Thomas Wynn has presented the Rev. William Jones to the Perpetual Curacy of Lin-jen, Herefordshire, by resignation of the same.
The Rev. E. R. Manlell, to the Vicarage of Lowb, Lincolnshire.
The Earl of Burlington has appointed the Rev. C. M. Cooper, M.A. to be one of his Lordship's Domestic Chaplains.
The Bishop of Ely has collated the Rev. Frederick Norris, B.A. of Queen's College, Cambridge, to the Ri-clory of Little Gransdeu, Cambridgeshire, vacant by the resignation of the Rev. T. C. Percival.
The Rev. Isaac Williams, B.A. has, on the resignation of the Rev. H. W. O. Jones, been presented to the Perpetual Curacy of Treyddyn, in the diocese of St. Asaph.
The Rev. Henry John Lewis, A.M. has been presented, by the Dean and Chapter of Worcester, to the Vicarage of Saint Peter, in that city, void by the death of the Rev. C. Copner.
The Rev. Mn Hewett, Vicar of Suobrooke, Devon, formerly private tutor to Earl Grey's family, has been presented to the valuable Living of Holbeach, Lincolnshire.
The Rev. Reginald Rabett, of Queen's College, Cambridge, to the Vicarage of Thornton and Bagworth, Leicestershire.
The Rev. Daniel George Stacey, B.C.L. Fellow or New College, to the Vicarage of Hornchurch, Essex.
The Rev. Charles Maybery, to the Rectory of Penderin, in the county of Brecon.
The Rev. John Morgan Downes has been licensed to the Chapelry of Uauulid, Breconshire.
The Lord Bishop of Eseter has collated the Rev. W. J. Phillpotts to the Vicarage of St. Ewnie Lelant, Cornwall, vacant by the death of the Rev. C. Canlen.
* The "Court Journal" states that she had three children by Lord Edward Fitzgerald, who were adopted by his Lordship's family; and adds that, " Of the two daughters reared by the excellent Lady Sophia Fitzgerald, one is married to Sir (irey Campbell; the other, Lucy, died the wife of Captain Lyon, the arctic voyager, having one child. Lord Edward's son is also married, but not at present a resident in this country."
The Lord Bishop of Winchester has presented the Kev. Marmadukc Thompson to Ihe Rectory of Brightwell, Berks.
The I*>rd Bishop of St. David's has instituted the Rev. William Bowen, Perpetual Curate of Emasharold, and Curate of Kcntchurcli, Herefordshire, to the Vicarage of H«y, Breconshire.
The Rev. H. B. Sunoke, of Portsea, Hants,has bei'ii licensed, by the Bishop of Exeter, to the Coracy ofTorjoint Chape).
Tlie Rev. John Hughes, B.A. late of Brasenose College, Oxford, has been collated, by the Lord Bishop of Hereford, to the Rectory of Coddington, near Ledbury, Herefordshire, vacant by the death of the Rev. J. P. Hockin.
The Kev. John Vaughan, LL.B. late Curate, and now Lecturer, of St. Clement Danes,baa been presented, by the Lord Chancellor, to the Rectory of Holmpton iu-Holderness, York.
The Rev. Augustus Earle Lk-yd Bulwer, M.A. has been presented to the Rectory of Cawilon, Norfolk; patrons the Master and fellows of Pembroke College.
The Rev. Jobu Storget Lievre, of St. John's College, has been presented, by the Lord Chancellor, to the Rectory of Little Ashby, in Leicestershire.
APPOINTMENTS, PROMOTIONS, &c.
The King has been pleased to direct letters patent to be pasted under the Great Seal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, granting unto Ralph Bii^land, Esq. Clarenceux King or Anns, (he ollice of Garter Principal King of Arms, with the name of Garter, and the style, liberties, and pre-eminences belonging to the said office, void by the decease of Sir George Nayler, Knight, late Garter; to William Woods, Esq. Bluemantle Pursuivant of Arms, the office of Clarenceux King of Anns, and Principal Herald of the South-East and West parts of England, vacant by the promotion of Ralph Bigland, Esq. to the oflice of Garter Principal King of Arms; and to George Harrison Rogers Harrison, Blanch Lyon Pursuivant of Arms Extraordinary, the office of Bluemantle Pursuivant of Arms, vacant by the promotion of William Woods, Esq. to the office of Clareuceux King of Amis.
His Majesty has appointed Major-General James Alexander Farqtiharson, Governor and Commander-in-Chief of the island of St. Lucia.
The Lord Chancellor has appointed Jacob Howell Cottison, Esq. and John Cutis, Esq. both of Witham, Essex, Masters Extraordinary In the Conrt of Chancery.
The Honourable Philip Henry Abbott, brother of the present Lord Colchester, has been appointed Recorder of Monmouth.
The following are the Commissioners appointed by the Lord Lientenant of Ireland lo superintend the education of the poor of that country :—the Most Rev. the Archbishop of Dublin, the Duke of Leinster, Dr. Murray, Romau Catholic Archbishop of Dublin; the Rev. Dr. Sadlier, Senior Fellow of Trinity College, Dublin; the Rev. Dr. Carlile, Presbyterian Minister, Scots Church, Dublin; A. R. Blake, Esq. Chief Remembrancer; and Robert Holmes, Esq. barrister at law.
Married.]—At the British Consulate, Alexandria, Egypt, Thomas J. Galloway, second son of Alexander. Galloway, West street, Loudon, to Elizabeth, eldest daughter of the late Henry Beckwith, of East Hall, Pnglesham, Essex.
At the hotel of the British Ambassador, Brussels, F. M. Montgomerie, Esq. youngest son of the late G. Mon'gomerie, Esq. or Garboldishamhall, in Norfolk, to Sophia, youngest daughter of H. Butler, Esq.
Count Alexander Walewski, to Lady Caroline Montague, daughter of the Countess of Sandwich.
Captain R. H. Fuller, R.N. to Margaret Jane, daughter of the late Rev. Sir R. Sheffield, Bart.
At Brocklesby, Lincolnshire, Joseph William Copley, Esq. only son of Sir Joseph Copley, Bart, of Sprotborongh, Yorkshire, to the Hon. Charlotte Anderson Worsley Pel ham, the only daughter of the Right Hon. Lord Yarborough.
Captain Charles Ogle Streatfeild, to Kate Elizabeth, eldest daughter of the Rev. John Savill Ogle, of Kirkley, Prebendary of Durham.
William Hooper, Esq. of the Royal Navy, to Elisabeth, youngest daughter of the late T. G. Brainston, Esq. of Skreens, Essex.
At Ley tun, Essex, Joseph Bowstead, Esq. Medical Establishment, Bombay, to Mary, eldest daughter of the late Captain Howarth.
B. Travers, Esq. of Bruton-street, Berkeleysquare, to Mary Poulett, youngest daughter of the late Colonel Stevens, of Discove-house, Somersetshire.
At Avening, Gloucestershire, Edward Dalton, Esq. D.C.L. of Stanmore Grange, to Elizabeth Head, only daughter of the late Nathaniel Lloyd, Esq. of Angerstone-honse, I'ley.
At Margate, George Gunning, Esq. of Friudsbury, Kent, to Sarah Tourney, widow of the late Sir Thomas Staines, K.C.JJ. of Denl de Lion, in the same county.
Died.]—At Lullingstoue-castle, Kent, Sir T. Duke, Bart, in the sixty-eighth year of his age.
At Hare Hatch, in his seventy.fourth year, Sir G. S. Holroyd, Knight, late one of the Judges of his Majesty's Court of King's Bench.
At Turnham-green, in his eighty-ninth year, Sir John Pinhorn, Knight, of Ringwood-hoase, Isle of Wight.
At Ah> hill, near Whitby, Richard Moorsom, Esq. one of his Majesty's Justices of the Peace, and a Deputy Lieutenant of the North Riding of the county of York.
In Abingdon-street, J. T. Hone, Esq. barristerat-law, a Bencher of the Inner Temple, and one of the Union Hall police magistrates.
At Oxton, in bis seventy-fourth year, W. C. Sherbrooke, Esq. for many years Chairman of the Quarter Sessions for Nottinghamshire, and Sheriff in 1803.
In Wimpole street, Harry Fonnereau, Eaq. aged eighty-four.
Aged seventy-seven, the Rev. Joseph Swain, B.D. Incumbent of the Perpetual Curacy of Beeston, Yorkshire.
At Brighton, in her nineteenth year, Elizabeth Isouisa, fourth daughter of Lieutenant-Colonel Bull, Royal Horse Artillery.
IN THE COUNTIES OF ENGLAND, AND IN WALES, SCOTLAND, AND IRELAND.
DORSETSHIRE. A r* markabls phenomenon lately occurred at Lyme. The sea suddenly rose to a tremendous height, several feet above its usual level, at the same lime making a tremendous noise, although at the time there was a complete calm: several venae's in the harbour received much damage. HAMPSHIRE. A meeting of the promoters of the London and Southampton Railroad has been held. The Hon. P. Blaqniere described the steps which had been already taken, and dwelt on the national advantages resulting from it. One Interesting feature wn, that the work would provide employment for at least three years to 10,000 persons. Amongst other advantages enumerated were, the carriage of coals for the line; supplying tie Loudon markets with foreign fruit, fish, butcher's meat, vegetables, Ate. from parts now shut out by the expense of carriage; great saving of life and property on the Cowl between *-e Land's End and the mouth of the Severn; enabling West India ships to perform two voyages in the time now occupied by one, &c. The statement was received with marked approbation.
WILTSHIRE, An Address to the Labourers of Wiltshire has been circulated largely in the neighboushood of the recent fires, reminding tbem that by firing the farmer's property they entirely miss their aim, inasmuch as the farmers of Wiltshire are to a man insured. That the loss caused by incendiary fires must consequently fall upon the Insurance Companies—persons who have never injured the latourers—that the only eflect of burning the ricks
of the farmer is to prevent labourers being employed in thrashing out the coin. In conclusion, the address reminds the labourers, that the law of the 1 uiii provides, that if any person be convicted of wilfully setting fire to property of any description, the punishment is death.
A meeting has been held at Worcester, of the operatives connected with the glove trade. It appears, by the petition agreed upon, that the persons present at the meeting ascribe the distress to the effect of foreign competition. A calculation has been made, that if foreign gloves were kept out of the English market, the share of business which would fall to Worcester and its neighbourhood, would give eleven weeks' employment to the work-people. The glove manufacture has given occupation to between 30 and 40,000 persons in this and the adjoining counties. When, therefore, it is depressed, the effects extend beyond the operatives themselves; they are felt severely by shopkeepers who deal in articles of food and clothing; they are felt, too, in the great increase of poor-rates. At the Worcester House of Industry, the precepts, which have been raised to 4s. in the pound, will be advanced Immediately to 4s. fid., and if the distress continues, must be still farther increased. Nor is it the city alone which is thus affected. Why have the agricultural poor In this neighbourhood been belter provided for than those in other districts? Becanse the glove trade gave employment to their wives and daughters; so that, in fact, the whole district is interested in the mitigation of that distress which all mustdeplore.—Worcester Journal.
COMMERCIAL AND MONEY-MARKET REPORT.
The closing part of the year has been rather fruitful of important occurrences in the commercial world. In the early part of the last month, the East India ('omp.in)'s Tea Sale duly took place, and was expected to have been the most animated of any that hid occurred within the last twenty years. In consequence of the intelligence from China, stated in our last report, a complete stoppage of future supplies of tea through the customary channels was seriously threatened, and the whole trade therefore appeared anxious to avail themselves of this opportunity for the purpose of laying in stock. Accordingly, things went off very briskly during the two first days of the sale; but on the morning of the third day, news was received from China, to the effect that the Select Committee had re-considered their former resolution of suspending commercial intercourse on the 1st of August, and had determined not to do so. This unexpected information completely altered the face of things at the Tea sale of Leadeuhatl street. Those who bad already made purchases at advanced prices were loud in their complaints, and contended that the two first days* proceedings ought to be declared null and void. These complainU, how
ever, remained, of course, unheeded, and the sale went on; but the crowd of bidders was considerably thinned, and the offers had in many qualities fallen 2s. on the first day's prices. The sale, therefore, went on very heavily afterwards; but the whole quantity declared was by degrees disposed of at prices nearly equal to those of former sales.
Although the Cotton Market at Liverpool has yet shown no symptoms of inactivity, there is every reason to believe that our manufacturing districts in the west have begun to feel the effects of the state of suspense into which the whole community has been thrown by the obstinacy of the boroughtnougers in resisting the national will. At Manchester and its neighbourhood, business in Cotton manufactures has of late considerably diminished, and a great number of failures have occurred among the minor dealers. During the four weeks which occurred between the 20th of November and the 20th of December, the sales of Cotton wool at Liverpool have averaged at 10,000 ii.i';.- weekly, amounting to a total of 04,300 bags. A great deal of this Cotton was taken up for exportation, and on 8|H.culatiou. In the Metropolitan Cotton Market, the sales during the period above specified were reported at about 1200 weekly, making a total of linn bags of all descriptions. Prices in both places were not, opon the whole, so high as in the preceding corresponding period.
There is no extraordinary feature in the transactions of the Colonial Markets. Supplies have, with some exceptions, been rather abundant, and prices have hardly varied from those obtained in the preceding month. In Coffee, the lower sorts of East India were most saleable for home consumption. Foreign descriptions have been in request, but the prices ottered were not quite suitable to holders. In British Plantation Sugars there was more business than in the other sorts of this article; but the refined descriptions entitled to bounty on double refined have generally been in request, and would have gone off largely, had the market been better provided with them. The season is favourable to transactions in refined Sugars, and many purchases have been made for immediate shipment.
At this time of the year an increased activity in the Silk Market is usually observable. This does not appear to have yet taken place, and things remain in a depressed state. A meeting of the silk manufacturers of London was held in Basinghall street on the 10th December, to consider the state of that branch of trade. Several speakers contended, that before the reciprocity and free trade Acts were passed, in 18*26, the manufacture rapidly increased; but since then there has been a rapid decline. Resolutions were passed, embodying an opinion, that foreign competition is the cause of distress, and a Committee was appointed to confer with Government.
The accounts from St. Peiersburgh, of the 2nd instant, communicate tbe information that a new tariff of duties had been issued by order of the Emperor, by which the duties on imports were increased considerably. On the 1st an additional duty of 12 and a half per cent, was imposed on all imports uot entered until then, wilh the exception of brimstone, corks, and cork wood; besides which the duty is increased for the importation of 1832 on many articles. On woods for dyeing, the duty was raised from Roubles 3, Copecks 60, to R. 5, C. 40. The increase on raw Sugar was 9 to 10 per pood; on Coffee, from R. 18 to R. 21, C. 60 per pood; on Indigo, from R. 9 to R. 14, C. 40 per pood ; on Cochineal, from R. 27 to R. 36; on Nutmegs, from R. 54 to R. 64, C. 80 per pood ; on Wine and Porter, from R. 126 to R, 129, C. 80. The receipt of this information has naturally excited very great discontent among our merchants connected with Russia, and was so wholly unexpected, that an impression had for some time been very general among them that Russia would adopt the reciprocity system of our Government. This appeared the more probable after the late exertions of our Ministers to place the Baltic timber trade on the most favourable footing for Russia, even at the risk of injuring the interests of our own Canada timber-merchants. The new Russian tariff lays down that imports fr<»m English ports must not be received on the same footing as Russian produce iuto thisconntry, and evinces a disposition on the part of the Rossi an Government to increase all duties on imported goods not absolutely the produce of Russia.
Since tbe relaxation of the restrictions regarding the admission of foreign gloves, those of our operatives concerned in the manufacture of that commodity have not ceased to complain. Colonel Davies has recently moved, in the House of Com-' inons, for certain returns, to illustrate tbe injury done to his constituents of Worcester by tin- importation of foreign gloves, and gave notice of a motion for a committee of inquiry into this subject. If the Hon. Member succeeds in this motion, he will soon find that the glove trade was much the same as it is at present before the modifications in the restrictions, now complained of, were made. A reference to our former reports will afford abundant testimony to that effect. It" our glove-manufacturers, however, have any reason to complain of injury done them by foreign competition, why do they not set about producing an article in every respect as good as '.he French glove, and drive the French dealer out of the market by tbe advantage they must command in selling at prices rendered lower by saving tbe expense of transport i The fact is, that the glovetrade in this coontry has been lung in a declining state, on account solely of the immense inferiority of the English to the French glove, and the excessive dearness of tbe former. People contrived to smuggle In Ftench gloves when the duty amounted nearly to a prohibition, to an extent quite equal to the regular importations of the present time. If a small number of Englishmen are at all affected by this now open competition, the Government has, on the other hand, added not a little to its sources of revenue by the duties paid ou French gloves.
A meeting of persons connected with the Shipping interest was held on the 13th in the City, for the purpose of receiving the report of a provisional committee appointed some mouths ago to watch over the interests of ship-owners. An appeal to the King was proposed and agreed to, on the grounds that applications to the subordinate authorities have hitherto proved useless. This appeal, or memorial, complained that the best Interests of British navigation have been sacrificed to the absence of sound commercial information, and to "a pertinacious pursuit of speculative theory." It also complained that the British ship-owner, through the operation of the reciprocity act, \% exposed in certain branches of the carrying-trade to wholly unprotected competition with the comparatively nnhurtbened foreigner.
In money-matters, nothing of any importance has taken place in the City siuce our last report. The funds have undergone but trifling 11 actuations, the price of Consols having been from 83 oneeighth to 83 seven-eighths during the whole three first weeks of the month. The announcement of a loan to Belgium having been taken up by the Rothschilds of London and Paris, at 75 per Cent., operated favourably on the value of almost all European securities. So soon as this was made public at the Stock Exchange, on the 23rd, an impulse was immediately given to Consols for the account, which on that day had opened at 83 threequarters to seven-eighths, and closed at 84 quarter to three eighths. This price was maintained the greater part of the 24th, as will be seen from the Stock List of that day given hereunder. The Stock Exchange folks appear to have drawn this inference from the conclusion of the Belgian loan,