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within a neat circle, three of which are Roman soldiers, representing three legions quartered in Britain, standing in front of a small altar, and in the act of being addressed by the fourth( evidently the Emperor, attired In a robe; and, therefore, we shall designate the group Adlocutio Imperatoris; they have all three a neat helmet or motion on their heads, and the rearmost bears a small shield or scutum imbrlcatum. The inscription EXER. BRITA. is barely visible above these figures; it means the British Army. The three legions typified on this medal were the 2d, 9th, and 20th, who were quartered in this Island from the period of the accession of Vespasian, A. I). 70, to the arrival of Hadrian, A. D. 120, who brought over the 6th legion; tbey were, therefore, here in Domitian*s intermediate reign. On account of their long stay in this island they were called the Britannic legions, and are commemorated on a coin of Hadrian, mentioned by Camden. This medal is In the possession of Captain Baylee, of Alphington.
A coin of Magnentius, and three coin* of Constantlus, were also found, and a very wellpreserved coin of Constantino the Great, with the inscription exceeding plain—IMP. CONSTANTINUS P. AUG.—the head encircled with a laurel wreath ; reverse, a male figure with the petusas, or Roman cap on his head, attired In a loose robe or toga,holding In one hand a cornucopia, in the other a laurel, and appears to be symbolical of Liberalitas. The only legible characters are, PAT. ROM.; we may, therefore, supply the word iKTKKNITAS, as coming before. This coin, perhaps, referring to the corn imported to Rome from Egypt, appears, by the letters ALKXN., partly monograms, to have been struck at Alexandria. The last coin found was one of Vlctorinus, and is, with the others, in possession of Mr. Hooper, of Paris Street. A quantity of Roman tesselated pavement was also found.
DORSETSHIRE. Cranborne Chace and New Forest Road.—A numerous and highly respectable meeting of the trustees of the above road (for which an act was passed during the late Session of Parliament) has been held at Cranborne, the Earl of Shaftesbury in the chair. The trustees directed that the necessary steps be taken to carry the measure into immediate execution, by which an extensive and populous tract of country, lying between the eastern agricultural district of Dorsetshire and the New Forest, will be opened to the public, and a more direct general communication effected by this means through Shaftesbury, from most parts of the West uf England, to Southampton, Portsmouth, and the Isle of Wight.
HEREFORDSHIRE. Crime in Herefvrdshire.—The number of criminals executed at Hereford County Gaol from its completion in 1796, up to the present year, a period of thirty-six years.was eighteen, giving an average of one only for every iwo years, out of a population of very near 111,000 souls. Of the above criminals seven were hung for murder, one for cutting and maiming, one (a boy) for arson, four for horse and sheep stealing, one for forgery, two for burglary, one for highway robbery, and one for rape.
LANCASHIRE. Coal Mine.—A very abundant coal mine, H if stated in the " Manchester Guardian," has been discovered at Pendleton; and what renders this peculiatly interesting to geologists is, that the strata has been found under redaund-stone, and at the depth, severally, of 144 and 226 yards from the surface.
LEICESTER. Extraordinary Oa/r.—Perhaps the most magnificent oak this country ever produced was lately felled atTooley, in Leicestershire. It will hardly be credited, but it is nevertheless true, that this tree, when cut down, covered3 roods, theground on which it fell being immediately measured. The quantity of timber which It contained amounted to 1100 solid feet. The butt was about 10 feet long; and It had 5 large branches, one of which contained 200 solid feet of timber. The tree, when fairly butted, measured at the bottom 9 feet in diameter. It produced the enormous quantity of 3 tons IS cwt. of bark. Another striking feature of this most wonderful production of nature is, the quality and beauty of the wood, which is allowed to be superior to anything of the kind ever seen; it bears a polish equal to the finest mahogany, and the grain Is of a most curious and fantastical description. Nearly the whole of the tree has been manufactured into various articles of drawing and dining-room furniture, which now occupy the residences of several families of the first respectability in the neighbourhood, where, when standing. It had long been an object of admiration and wonder.
SUSSEX. We are glad to learn that the provisions of the Act for the belter employment of the agricultural labourers are already beginning to be taken into consideration in one part of the Weald of Sussex, and a string of resolutions adopted at a Vestry Meeting hotden at a parish In the vicinity of Horsham, are forthwith to be presented to the Magistrates at their Petty Sessions, for their approval and sanction. We have reason to believe that other parishes are also about to bring the provisions of the Act into operation. The following is a copy of the resolutions above referred to:—
"That a rate for the better employment of the Industrious and able-bodied labourers shall be levied at the rate of 4s. 6rf. In the pound, for six weeks, to commence at such time as the vestry shall determine.
"That every rate.payer shall be allowed to work out the amount of his rate on thefollowing scale of wages, or pay the balance to the overseers :—
For boys under 16 years old 6rf.
For youths, 16 to 18 lOdL
For single men, 13 to 20 I6rf.
Forable-bodiedmenofSO years old UOd. •* That every rate-payer shall, at the end of the period agreed on, make a true return of the christian and surname of every man and boy, with their ages, the place of abode, and wages paid to each that they may employ ; but in no case will higher wages be allowed from this rate. "That all labourer* or servants who shall reside in, or belong to this parish, shall be included in these regulations.
"That all the money that shall be collected from this rate in lieu of labour shall be applied to the parish funds or as the Vestry may direct.
"That all sons of farmers of the before-mentioned age, actually employed as labourers by their parents, to be considered as similarly situated with other labourers.
'* That in any cases where men who are not able-bodied labourers are taken into employment, no greater sum is to be allowed than is actually paid.
"That this agreement shall take place and be in force on the 15th day of October next.
"That these resolutions be laid before the Magistrates at their ensuing Petty Sessions, at Horsham, for their approval and sanction, ac
cording to the provisions of the Act of Parliament before, named.'*
The Allotment system Is now In full activity on the estate of Lord Churchill, at West Lavington, with the happiest effects. It is stated that the Industry of the cottagers, and the advantages of spade husbandry, enable them to obtain full one-fourth more without a fallow, than laud, of the same quality adjoining, cultivated in the common way by the plough. There can be no doubt as to the advantage of letting small lots ot ground to the cottagers, Inasmuch as it tends to create Industrious habits, good morals, and a little Independence, amongst that useful body, the agricultural labourers of this country. There are at present upwards of sixty-six acres at West Lavlugton thus appropriated among one hundred and thirty-nine families.
PROM SEPTEMBER 25, TO OCTOBKB 26, 1832, INCLUSIVE.
Sept. 85. O. W. ATKINSON, Fenchurch-street, grocer. T. HOLLINS, Salford, saddler. G. WATSON, Liverpool, publican. H. M. FREESTON, Monekion Coombe,
Somersetshire,chapman and denier. J. BRITAIN, Kipon,
ham, Lancaster, cotton spinner. C. SHEAN, Wldcotnbe
Sept SH. S. ASTON, sen., Nottingham, Ironfounder, R. CRIITS, Alder^gate-street, wine merchant. J,
D£.UI'>LY, Whitehall, porter merchant. B. FLIGHT
and Co. St. MartinVlanc, organ-builders. H. PRIMER, Southampton, dealer in tea. J. C. REIFFF.NSTE1N,
Caml.tr*ell, merchant. H. SCHNELLE and Co.,
Towei-street, merchant*. C. SHEAKN, Lyncombe,
Somersetshire, »oap-manufacturer. J. WIDDOttSON,
Oct. 3. B. BEWLEY, Wroughtnn, Wiltshire, dealer in corn, &c U . O. CLOVER, Holbom. linen-draper. J. COLLI N S, Pulborough, Sussex, grocer and draper. H . PEARCE, Blshop.gaic 4rwt Within, tavern-keeper. S. POCOCK, Brighton, builder. T. COOKE, Birmingham, bran-founder. J. S. FEAKS, Cambridge, cordwaincr.
W. HUN'i ON, Leed*.linen and thread-manufacturer. W. HOY LE and K. EASTHAM, Lee Will. Bacup, Lancashire, woollen manufftciurer. C. JONES, New-street, Bir
minghain,jcweller. W. and J. E. MARSHALL, Norton, Bradford, Yorkshire, worsted spinnera. J. WEBSTER,
Oct. 5. J- EARLE, Kingtton-upon-Hull. stone-mason. MOHRMANS and KAHRs, Wcntworth-st. M hiiechapel, sugar refiners. J. BOOTY, Brighton, print-seller.
AI'CALLUM and BELL, JUgtni-st. tobacconists. G.and
Birmingham, grocer. J. KKI1>, Fannall, Yorkshire,
victualler. I. ILl'NOM. Willoughby, farmer.
Oct 9. J. HAMUOKD, Sutton, Surrey, victualler.
Crotton, Lancashire, draper. G. GREGORY, Repton,
Oct. IX- J. MOBSMAN, Maulden, Bedfordshire, sheepdealer, J. ANKRETT, AVaUall. grocer. J. BENNETTS and N. ROBINS, Gunnislake, Cornwall, granite merchants. II, HAWKS, Birmingham, curry-comb
Oct. IS. J. BLACKSTONE, Jun. Oainsford-street, HoTtlejdown, lighterman. T. G. THORPE, Margaret
street. Cavendish-square, fish-sauce manufacturer. D.
Oct. 19. J: M. COLLINS-, Kiiigl.ubridge, livery «a&* keeper. W. W. MAKS1I, O»foro% street, bookseller. J CHANNON, Park-slreet, G rot v en or square. B. FOWIS. St. Helen's place, merchant. W.GKLDARD, Denmaikstreet, Soho, currier. W. HULME, Mancne>teT] draper J. W. HODG.SON, Wigton, Cumberland, common brewrr! J. LYON, the younger, Sali'ord, Lancaster, victualler.
Oct %i, K. (J. BOWYEK, Brick-Une, Old-street, cronr W. BKIND, Brook Green. Hammersmith, bill broker J. C. BUUCKHARDT, Kiug-street, (iolden-Mjuare, jewe . ler. C. CUMBERLAND, Sheepshead, miller. L.
DANBY and W. WOOD, Uomeastle, drapers B
DIXON. Salford, saddler. J. FENTON, Hich Holbcm',
C. HENNER, Birmingham, victualler. J. JOHNSON
Oct. 86 J.BARROW,Failsonh. Lancashire, victualler.
D. BOULTER, Quadrant, Regtni-nreet, tobaccontet, E BOWYEU, Martin's-lane, Cannon-street, broker, JL DA VIES, Llanidloes, Montgomery *h ire, dealer in co&us R. GAHBETT, Shifthal, Shropshire, grocer. N LUMSDEN, Swansea, merchant. J. and J. Ll'PTON Wakefield, commission-wool-agcnts. J, PARKER* Webber-row, St. George's, Surrei, victualler. T. PI PER Walsall, grocer. J. PROCTOR, Gould-square, Crutch*Ufrisrt, wine-merchant. W. REEVES and G. KING Ludgate-street, jewellers. J. SANDFORD. Charltonrow, Lancashire, shopkeeper. W. SAVER, Toxirth-rsark near Liverpool, stone-mason. R. W. SLACK. Honlev Staffordshire, dealer in drugs. J. THORN, Sac Will-. street.and <;. ROBINS, T itch borne-street, surgeons J T.WESTON, Parish-street, Honlydovu, yara-apinnrx
COMMERCIAL AND MONEY-MARKET REPORT.
The accounts from the manufacturing districts continue to indicate a gradual, though slow progress, in improvement; this is chiefly perceptible in the Woollen Market which is now in a state of comparative activity, Some impulse, however, has been given to other branches of manufacture} the Market for Cotton Wool has, consequently, been firm, and there has been an Increased demand for Raw Silk. That this improvement, however, is but of limited extent, is evident from the superabundance of unemployed Money, which may be readily obtained at two per cent, on unquestionable Bills.
The Sugar Market, which, during the month of September, and the greater part of the succeeding month, was in a state of almost total inanimation, has lately. In some degree, revived. The stuck of British Plantation is known to be deficient, as compared with last year, by about 11,000 casks; and, as there can be no further supplies, to any considerable extent, this season, the holders are tenacious for an increase in price, and the grocers, who are the principal buyers, have, in some instances, been content to pay an advance of Is. per cwt. The depressed state of the Refined Market continues to prevent any extensive purchases in that quarter; the small quantity that has been taken up by the Refiners has been of middling quality, and at 50*. to 62s. per cwt. An advance of from Cd. to 1*. per cwt. upon former prices, was obtained, about the middle of the month, for li'5 hhds. of Uarbadoes, viz. good, 53*'. to 56f.; middling to fine, 56*. to 50*. per cwt. The late accounts of the unsettled state of the Island of Mauritius, and the fact of the present slock being less by 52,000 bog* than at the corresponding date of last year, have operated to keep the Market for this description of Sugars tolerably steady ; indeed, the advance in British Plantation, and a somewhat favourable turn in the Refined Market, have produced a correspondent effect, towards the close of the month, in Mauritius, and there has been rather a brisk demand at a small Increase in price.
In East India Sugars very little has been done of late: where sales have taken place, they have generally been at a reduction; but, except under urgent circumstances, the holders are waiting in the hope of an improvement.
The Market fur Foreign Sugar* is in a state of more perfect stagnation j the prices having been, for some time, maintained above the fair average with reference to Sugars of other descriptions j the slight stimulus which these latter have lately received, has not extended to the former. At Public Sale, on the 23rd, 237 Chests Brazils, mostly soft, brought as follows: PernumB, middling white, '24$.f ordinary, 21*.; Buhta, good dry grey, 23*. to 2;te. Oil., brown, 19j.; strong white Kio. 25*. to -(»$. 6d.
Last average(price of Sugar, 1/.6*'. S^d-per cwt.
Coft'ee has, throughout the month, manifested a tendency to decline; the holders have hitherto attempted, and with some success, to counteract this by abstaining from pressing sales; but, where they have taken place, prices may be generally quoted at 1*. to Is.Gd. per cwt. lower. About t>00u packages of Foreign were lately offered by Public Sale; of these, the greater part were withdrawn, the remainder obtained the following prices;—St. Domingo, fair quality, 53*. 6d. to 55*. 6d.; BraiU, b'Ss. to 54*.; good ordinary Cuba, 52*. W. to 54*. j Havanuah, ordinary, 49s. Gii. to 52*. 6d., good coloury, ordinary, 54s. <>d. to 56*.
Cocoa is increasing in demand; 760 bagi of Brazil, offered by Public Sale, were all taken in at 265.
No extensive transactions have taken place in
Cotton Wool, but the appearance of the Market is such as to induce the holders to stand out firmly for former prices.
The Silk Sale at the India-house commenced on the 22d, and about 750 Bales sold at an advance of '2i to 5 per cent, upon the prices of the preceding sale. The following day exhibited an Increased degree of animation, and the advance was, in some instances, as much as 10 per cent.
The Company's Sale of Indigo on the 2d consisted of 20<>0 chests on their own account, and 2763 chests licensed, mostly of ordinary consuming and good shipping qualities. The higher qualities averaged the prices of last sale ; upon the low consuming ;md clean shipping sorts there was an advance of '2d. to iid. per lb.; the greater part was tuken for exportation. Since the sale there has been no fluctuation In prices.
There continues to be a steady demand for Teas; Twankays and Hysons fully maintain Bale prices; Boheas obtain an advance of lirf. to 2d. and Congous of -i^d. to \d. per lb.
The Company's declaration for the sale to commence on the 3d December, is as follows viz.
Congou, Campoi, Pekoe, and Souchong 4,900,000 Twankay and Hyson-skin . . . 1,200,000 Hyson 300,000
Total, including Private Trade . 8,300,000
This presents a deficiency in each of the two first items, and an increase in the third of lUO.OOUlbs.. as compared with the declaration of the preceding sale.
Under the head of Spices, the matter of the greatest importance is the publication of the subjoined official document, announcing the discontinuance of the Government monopoly of the trade in Cinnamon in the Island of Ceylon. "By order of the Lords Commissioners of hii Majesty's Treasury.
'* Notice is hereby given, lliut the Lords Commissipners of his Majesty's Treasury having taken into consideration the general financial and commercial relations and prospects of the colony of Ceylon, huve determined, in connexion with other arrangements relating to the public establishments and revenue of that island, that the Government Monopoly of Cinnamon shall be relinquished, and the trade in that article thrown open to the inhabitants of Ceylon. It is accordingly intended that the general exportation of Cinnamon from Ceylon shall be permitted, on payment of an export duty, which will be fixed, with reference to the prices usually obtained for it at the Government hales in this country, regard being hud lo the costs of production and of consignment hither. No sale, however, of Cinnamon, on Government account, shall take place at Ceylon, nor any export of Cinnamon from the island on private account be permitted until after the 10lh of July, 1S33, so that the purchasers of Cinnamon (calculating that the stock in warehouse here, consisting of 46bS bales, auch stock, including the lSOO bales to be brought forward for sale on the 15th inst., will about supply the average demand in tills country to the usual periodical sale of July next Inclusive), will be placed on the same footing, and their interests equally protected, as they would be if the usual sale of the following October were to take place; and accordingly the export of Cinnamon from Ceylon will be permitted, as before Btaled, from and after the 10th of July, 1S33; and from and after the same date, periodical sales will be held at the island of such Cinnamon, as, notwithstanding the abolition of
the monopoly, may unavoidably come into the hands of the Colonial Government. It is hereby further declared, that any portion of the Government stock here, which may remain undisposed of after the 10th of July, 1833, will be sold subaequently at public sale, or in any other manner, as may appear most advisable.
"London, 12th Oct. 1832."
The prices at the Government sale of Cinnamon, as compared with the preceding sale, showed an advance of about 6d. per lb. on lirst quality, and a decline of 3d. to <'><!. on second and third qualities. Nutmegs are a little more in demand; but the Spice Market generally Is dull.
The Corn Market continues to decline in prices, generally; the plentiful supplies of New Wheat, and a decreased demand for shipment, have caused a reduction of 2s. per quarter; in Old Wheat no alteration is noted. In all other descriptions of Grain, a decline of U. to 2*. per quarter has taken place. The duty on Foreign Wheat is Is. and on Rye I*. Sd. per quarter higher.
The Money Market has been remarkably free from fluctuation until towards the close of the month, when the conflicting opinions and rumours on the pending differences between Holland and Belgium, and on the mode of interference to be adopted, caused a considerable ngitatlon in Consols. The settling day pussed over without the announcement of any defaulters and produced no alteration.
The closing prices of Public Securities on the 25th, were as follow :—
MONTHLY METEOROLOGICAL JOURNAL,
FROM SEPTEMBER- 23 TO OCTOBER 23, 1832.
Mean temperature of the month, 59°; greatest variation, 52.—Mean atmospheric pressure. £9.60. greatest variation, 1.52. Meteor, of frequent occurrence on clear night,, Stormy winds on the 8th, 12th, and 13th.
NEW MONTHLY MAGAZINE.
DECEMBER 1, 1832.
Great Britain £18
The Colonies ojfi
Foreign Stated • • • • • 6J7
The Works of the Rev. John Howe, M.A. with Memoirs of his Life—Memoir of the Duchess of Abrantes—Lives of Illustrious and Distinguished Scotsmen, from the earliest period to the present time, arranged in alphabetical order, and form, ing a complete Scottish Biographical Dictionary—Venice; a Poem. Romanusand Emilia; a Dramatic Sketch—Statistics of France—The Christian Warfare Illustrated—Advice to a Young Mun upon lii st going to Oxford, In Ten Letters from an Uncle to his Nephew—Library of Ecclesiastical Knowledge—Essays on Church Polity—History of Christianity to the age of Constantine—The Christian Priesthood —On Schism—The Nineteenth Article of the Church of England—The Life of Melancthon—of Luther—of Calvin, &c.— Oral Traditions of the Cinque Ports and their Localities, compared with Antiquarian Researches, Natural Causes, and
their Effects—The Life and Adventures of the Old Lady of Threadueedle-strcet, containing an Account of her numerous Intrigues with various eminent Statesmen of the past and present times—Otterbourne; a Story of the English Marches —The String of Pearls—An Es?ay on the Weeds of Agriculture
THE ANNUALS ....
PROCEEDINGS OF SOCIETIES .
RURAL ECONOMY ....
USEFUL ARTS .....
NEW PUBLICATIONS .
BIOGRAPHICAL MEMOIRS OF PERSONS LATELY DECEASED .
INCIDENTS. ECCLESIASTICAL AND CIVIL APPOINTMENTS, MARRIAGES AND DEATHS .
PROVINCIAL OCCURRENCES .
The answer of the King of Holland to the demand that Antwerp should be surrendered by a day named in the communication on the part of the Allies, contained a distinct refusal so to do, although couched in terms which implied a desire to renew the negociations. In consequence of such refusal, the following Order in Council, laying an embargo on all Dutch vessels in English ports, and prohibiting all intercourse with Holland, appeared in an "Extraordinary Gazette," and the combined English and French fleets were at the same time dispatched to the Scheldt. It was dated the 7th Nov. 1832 :—
"At the Court at St, James'*, the 6th day of November, 1832, present the King's Most Excellent Majesty In Council.
Dec.—Vol. xxxvi. No, exxrv.
"It Is this day ordered by his Majesty, by and with the advice of bis Privy Council, that no ships or vessels belonging to any of his Majesty's subjects be permitted to enter and clear out for any of the ports within the dominions of the King of the Netherlands until further orders:
"And hi* Majesty is further pleased to order, that a general embargo or stop be made of all ships and vessels whatsoever belonging to the subjects of the King of the Netherlands, now within, or which shall hereafter come Into, any of the ports, harbours, or roads within any of his Majesty's dominions, together with all persons and effects on board such ships and vessels; and that the Commanders of his Majesty's ships of war do detain and bring into port all merchant ships and vessels bearing the flag of the Netherlands ; but that the utmost care be taken for the preservation of all and every part of the cargoes on board any of the said ships or vessels, 3 I