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so that no damage or embenlement whatever be sustained; and the Commanders of his Majesty's ships of war are hereby instructed to detain and bring Into port every ship and vessel accordingly t
"And the Right Honourable the Lords Commissioners of his Majesty's Treasury, the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty, and the Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports, are to give the necessary directions herein as to them may respectively appertain.
"C. C. GREVILLE."
The following are the articles of the Convention or Treaty which had been entered into between France and England, for the purpose of carrying into effect the stipulations of the Treaty of the I5th of November, or, in other words, of compelling the evacuation by Belgium on the one hand, of all territory belonging to Holland, by the latter, on the other, of all possessions belonging to Belgium:—
*' Art. I. His Majesty the King of the French and hU Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, will notify to his Majesty the King of the Netherlands and hii Majesty the King of the Belgians respectively, that their intention Is to proceed immediately to the execution of the treaty of the 15th of November, ls.Jl, conformably to engagements which they have contracted ; and, as a first step towards the accomplishment of this end, their said Majesties will require his Majesty the King of the Netherlands to enter into an engagement by the 2d of November, at the latest, to withdraw on the 12th of the said month all his troops from the territories which, by the first and second article of the said treaty, ought to form the kingdom of Belgium, of which the contracting parties to th.it treaty have guaranteed the independence and neutrality.
*' And their said Majesties will ulso require his Majesty the King of the Belgians to enter into an engagement on the 2d of November of the present year, at the latest, to withdraw on or before the 12th of the said month of November, his troops from the territories of his Msjesty the King of the Netherlands, so that after the 12th Instant there shall be no Netherland troops within the limits of the kingdom of Belgium, nor any Belgian troops In the territory of the King of the Netherlands. And their Majesties the King of the French and the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, declare at the same time to his Majesty the King of the Netherlands and to his Majesty the King of the Belgians respectively, that if this requisition to their Majesties is not complied with, they shall proceed without any further notice or delay to the measures which shall appear to them necessary to compel the execution of it.
'• Art. 2. If the King of the Netherlands refuses to agree to the engagement mentioned in the preceding article, their Majesties, the King of the French and the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland will order an mbargo to be immediately put on all the Netherland vessels in the ports of their respective dominions, and they will also order their respective
cruisers to stop and bring into their porta all the Netherland vessels which they may meet with at sea; and a French and English squadron combined will be stationed on the coasts of Holland for the more efficacious execution of this measure.
"Art 3. If, on the 15th of November, the Netherland troops shall be still in the Belgiaa territory, a French corps shall enter Belgium for the purpose of compelling the Netherland troops to evacuate the said territory, it being well understood that the King of the Belgians shall have previously expressed his wish for the entrance of the French troops upon his territory for the purpose above stated.
"Art. 4. If the measure pointed out in the preceding article becomes necessary, Its object shall be limited to the expulsion of the Netherland troops from the citadel of Antwerp, and the forts and places dependent upon it; and his Majesty the King of the French, in bis lively solicitude for the independence of Belgium, as for that of all established governments, expre*&ly undertakes not to occupy any of the fortified places of Belgium by the French troops which shall be employed in the above service, and when the citadel of Antwerp, the ports and places dependent upon it, shall have been evacuated by the Netherland troops, they will be immediately delivered up to the military authorities of the King of the Belgians, and the French troops will immediately retire upon the French territory.
"Art. 5. The present convention shall be ratified, and the ratifications exchanged in London within eight days, or sooner if possible.
*' In testimony of which the respective Plenipotentiaries have signed the preceding articles and have affixed the seals of their arms.
"Done at London, Oct. 22, 1932.
The French troops amounting to 20,000 crossed the Belgian frontiers, on the 15th, at six o'clock in the morning. At ten o'clock a vanguard arrived at Mons, and the entrance of the troops began at two o'clock. The Dukes of Orleans and Nemours arrived at Ath on the 15th.
The following are the words in which the event is announced in the " Moniteur j"—
"Conformably to the Convention concluded on the S2d of October last between France and England, the Army of the North, under the orders of Marshal Gerard, passed the frontier on the 15th Inst., directing itself on the citadel of Antwerp, In order to insure its surrender to the King of the Belgians."
Thus all doubt is at an end—the Convention agreed to by France and Knglaud is to be carried into full effect.
The following order of the day was issued by General Chasse to the garrison of Antwerp on the 17th :— "To the Citadel of Antwerp, the forts dependent upon it, and His Majesty's Nary in the Scheidt* "Brave brethren In arms !—The moment when old Dutch courage and loyalty are to be put to ■ new test, approaches. Within a few days a French army will appear before these ramparts, in order to compel us, if possible, by force of arms, to surrender thla fortress and Itsdependent forts.
"Full of confidence In the justice of your cause, and relying upon your well-tried courage and loyalty for your King and Country, we shall Intrepidly await this army,
"Brethren in arms 1—All Netherlands, and even Europe, have their eyes fixed upon you; let you, collectively and Individually, prove that the confidence which our beloved King has reposed in us has not been bestowed on the unworthy. And letus take the unalterable resolution to defend ourselves with manly courage to the last extremity.
"Livk The Kino! (Signed) "The General Commander in Chief "of the Citadel of Antwerp, of "lis dependent Forts, and of his "Majesty's Navy on the Scheldt, "Baron CHASSE." It will be seen from the language of Gen. Chasse that it was his determination to resist to the lost extremity. It is more than probable that before the Magazine is in the hands of our readers some decisive blow will be stnick, and that we shall be no longer unable to determine whether a general war is to be the result.
The " Berlin State Gazette" of the 11th announced the determination of Prussia to enter Belgium simultaneously with the entrance of the French :—
"His Majesty the King," says thla official organ, "conformably to the declaration which he has made on every occasion, and in concert with Austria and Russia, has caused notice to be given to the Governments of England and France that he must refuse to these coercive measures not only all kind of co-operation, but also his assent; and that, on the contrary, be bos resolved to place a Corps of Observation on the Maese." It will be recollected that France has consented to the occupation of Venloo, till the citadel of Antwerp be restored to Belgium, and with the understanding that, on the departure of the French army, the Prussian troops would retire within their own territory. The following is the comment made on this official document in the demi-official French journal :—
*' Tliis is the first official announcement made by the Prussian Government of its views and intentions regarding the contest about to take place in Belgium; but those views and intentions had been known to the French Government a few days before. Baron Wcrther had explained them verbally to the Duke de Broglie; and he continues to assure this Government thnt the Corps of Observation about to assemble on the Rhine will remain stationary there so long as the coercive means about to he employed do not extend beyond the stipulations made in the London Convention. That corps is to be increased to 60,000 men. The Prussian Governmentseems to rely most fully oil the good faith of the present Ministers of France, and does not fear that they
would continue the war after its professed object has been attained, or that they would wish to take any other advantage of the success of the French arms."
NEW SHERIFFS. The following are the names of those who were nominated for Sheriffs by the Lords of the Council, at the Exchequer, on the morrow of St. Martin. In the third year of the reign of King William IV., and in the year of our Lord 11138 :—
Bedfordshire— Richard Franklyn, of Great Barford — Charles J. Metcalfe, of Roxson—and G. Pearce, of Harlington, Esqrs.
Berksliire— East George Clayton East, of Hallplace—Charles Archer Houblon, of Welford Park —and Bartholomew Wroughton, of W'oolley Park, Esqrs.
Buckinghamshire—Sir Harry Verney. of Claydon House, Bart.—Charles Clowes, of Delaford Park, Esq.—and Sir Codrington Edmund Carrlngton, of New House, Chalfont St. Giles, Knt.
Camb. and Hunt.—George Thornhlli, of Dlddlng-ton—Georfe Rust, of Huntingdon—and D. Onslow, of Great Staughton, Esqrs.
Oieiftw-John Hurleston Leche. of Cardln— James Hammond, of Wintaton Hall—and James W. Hammond, of Westaston, Esqrs.
Cumberland— Henry Curwen, of Workington Hall—Fretchev ille Lawson Ballantyne Dykes, of Dovenby Hall—and Samuel Irton, of lrton, Esqrs. Cornwall— Samuel Thomas Spry, of PlaceChristopher Wallls Popham, of Antron Lodge— and Richard Spry, of Place, Esqrs.
Derbyshire—George Benson Strutt, of Belper— William Palmer Morewood, of Alfreton Hall—and John Harrison, of Snelston Hall, Esqrs.
Deroruhire—John Quick, of Newton House — Samuel Trchawk Kekewich, of Peamore—and H. G. Cary, of Tor Abbey, Esqrs.
Dor$etshire— Richard Brouncker, of BouveTldge —William Donaldson, of Littleton —and R. P. Glyn, of Gaunt's House, Esqrs.
JB..IM— Richard Birch Wolfe, of Wood Hall, In Arksden—Charles Welstead, of Valentines—and J. Round, of Danbury Park, Esqrs.
Gloucestershire—Henry Elwes, of Coulesbume— Joslah Gist, of Warmington Grange—and H. E. Walker, of F.vrmrngton, Esqrs.
Herefordshire—Thomas Dunne, of Bircher, Esq. —Sir Samuel Rush Meryck, of Goodrich Court, Knt.—and John Blceke Lye, of Hereford, Esq.
Hertfordshire— George Jacob Bosanquet, of Broxbourn-Bury—William Robert Phillimore, of New. bury—and Levy Ames, of Wheathampstead, Esqrs. Kent— George Stone, of Chislehurst; Demetrius Orevis James, of lghtham—and John Ward, of Holwood, Esqrs.
LekesterMre—Charles Nevill, of Holt —John Mansfield, of Burstall—and Henry Greene, of Rollestonc, Esqrs.
Lincolnshire — Henry Dymoke, of Scrivelsby Court—Henry Handley, of Culverthorpe House— and Charles Keightley Tunnard, of Frampton, Esqrs.
Monmotthtliire—Will lam Vaughan, of Courtfield —John Buckle, of Wye Lands—and George Rooke, of Llandogo, Esqrs.
Norfolk—Sit William Beauchamp Proctor, of Langley, Bart.— Robert Marsham, of Stratton lawless — and Anthony Hamoud, of Westacre, Esqrs.
Nortnamptonthire—William Rose Rose, of Harlestonc—William Wood, of Brixworth—and Lewis Lloyd, of Ovcrstoue, Esqrs.
WEST INDIES (JAMAICA.)
Jamaica Papers to the 3d of October have been received. Lord Mulgrave had suspended Mr. Fawcett, the Comptroller of Customs at Savanna la Mar, on the ground of his participation in the late riots there. His Excellency had remitted the sentences of two free blacks convicted of rebellion by a Court Martial, and sentenced to be transported to the hulks in England for life. The House of Assembly had been prorogued by proclamation until the 30th of October, when it was to meet for despatch of business. The Governor, Lord Mulgrave, had received fresh addresses of congratulation, and appeared to be very popular.
Respecting the modifications of the order in council of November, 1831, said to be in contemplation by government, we learn that the recent despatches to the West Indies have had reference only to the three crown colonies of Trinidad, St. Lucia, and Demerara, or British Guiana. With respect to them another order in council has, we understand, been issued, by which that clause of the order of November, 1831, determining the number of the hours of labour to be legally exacted from the slaves, and fixing the quantities of provisions and clothing to be allowed them, is suspended. The governors of those colonies are now authorised, subject to the approbation of the government at home, to establish such regulations on
those points as may appear to them to be expedient. With regard to the colonies possessing legislatures, there are also understood to be some modifications contemplated of the order in council; but the precise nature of them has not yet been determined on.
EAST INDIES. We are threatened with another quarrel between the Siamese and the East India Government. It appears that this warlike and restless people have commenced making new conquests, and, among others, are preparing to subdue the city of Calentan, which was expressly placed by the last treaty under the protection of the English. The people of Calentan have accordingly claimed the assistance of the English at'Singapore; and if remonstrance fails with the Siamese, honour and good faith call on us to use force.
Particulars of the new Constitution bestowed by his Majesty upon the Colony of Newfoundland. 11 appears that the population of Newfoundland is estimated at 70,000 souls, and the island is to be divided into nine districts, which are to return Members in the following proportions:— St. John to send three members, Conception Bay four, Togo Bouavista, Trinity Bay and Fcrryland, one each, making four; Placentia two, Burin and Fortune Bay, each one, being two; making a total of fifteen members. Every man above twenty-one, natural born, or naturalised, not convicted of an infamous crime, and who has occupied for two years a dwellinghouse on the island, as owner or tenant, is eligible to the Assembly. Every man who has occupied on the island for twelve months immediately preceding the election a dwelling-house, as owner or tenant, and
who is eligible as aforesaid, shall be entitled to a vote. Voters more than fifteen miles distant, may, by written notice, in form, directed by the governor, subscribed by two witnesses, vote without personal attendance. The duties of Returning Officers are similar to our own. The Assembly is to continue during pleasure.
AMERICA. (UNITED STATES.)
An important treaty had been concluded with the Winnebago Indians, by which they cede to the United States all their lands south and east of Wisconsin, and the Fox River of Green Bay, in the whole, amounting to nearly 5,000,000 acres, and are to receive in exchange 10,000 dollars for 27 years. A school, and a quantity of agricultural implements, were also to be provided for them, and they were to retire to a tract of country to the west of the Mississippi. A similar treaty had been concluded with the Sac and Fox Indians.
The Duchess de Herri was arrested on the 7tu November at Nantes. The Monileur has contained a Royal Ordinance, directing that a draught of a law for disposing of the Duchess of Bern be submitted to the Chambers in the approaching Session. The prqjet consists of a resolution that the Duchess shall, without undergoing any form of trial, be banished for life, that her property be confiscated, and that her return to France, or any other member of the dethroned family, be punished with death.
The trials of the parties inculpated in the riots of Paris on the 5th and 6th of June, and for which Paris was declared in a state of siege, have at length, after a hearing of nine days, terminated in the conviction of six only out of twenty-two, and none of these capitally. One has been sentenced to transportation, and the others to various terms of imprisonment.
The French Chambers were opened on the 19th Nov. by the King in person. The cannon of the Invalids at two o'clock announced to the multitude assembled to view the cortege that the King had left the Palace of the Tuilleries for the Chamber. When the King arrived at the angle formed by the Pont Royal and the Quay d'Orsay, a man in the crowd, which was of necessity confined to the flagged way, presented a pistol at him, took aim, and fired, but, fortunately, missed his mark.
The King was at first shocked, but soon recovered his presence of mind. On arriving at the Chamber, the usual ceremonies were gone through, after which the King delivered the Speech. Towards the close of it the incident just referred to was noticed. The applause with which the previous part had been received had been very general, but unanimous cheering, and cries of " Vive le lioi!" burst forth from the Assembly, on hearing the atrocious attempt that had been made on the King's life.
The Speech is upon the whole a calm and judicious address. In his mention of the means taken to enforce the execution of the Belgian treaty and his advertence to the amicable relations which exist between Great Britain and France the King impressively expresses his satisfaction that "the intimate union which has been brought about between France and Great Britain will be to both nations a fertile source of welfare and of strength, and to all Europe a new guarantee of peace." In the face of all sanguine prognostications of an approaching general war from the party politicians on both sides of the water, the King states, too, his reliance on the pacific disposition of foreign powers, of which he receives daily proofs.
A prudent reserve is maintained as respects the Duchess of Berri, with an insinuation, however, that legislative provision will be made in relation to the exiled family, which will prevent all ambiguity as to their subsequent conduct and endeavours. On the subject of internal government, a direct promise is made of the formation of such institutions and the adoption of such measures as will complete the charter. Among these are specifically mentioned laws to settle the responsibility of Ministers; to adjust the departmental and municipal administrations; and for the organization of public instruction. It is added that others " of less political importance, but of great interest to the affairs of the country, will also be proposed."
M. Dupin has been elected President of the Chamber of Deputies by a large majority.
The promise of amnesty made by the Queen of Spain has been religiously fulfilled. By a decree of the 15th of October, published in the " Madrid Gazette" of the 20th, her Majesty declares that "in virtue of the powers which have been vested in me by my dear and beloved husband, and in conformity with his will, 1 grant the most ample amnesty that at any period Kings have ever conceded, to all who have been hitherto persecuted for political crimes —whatever may have been the name3 by ■which they may have been known; excepting only from this beneficent act those who were so unfortunate as to vote the deposition of the King in Seville, and those who have headed forces against his sovereignty." This amnesty, therefore, excludes only those Members of the Cortes •who voted for Ferdinand's deposition in 1823, and the Generals who commanded the troops opposed to him. When we couple this extensive measure of relief with the still more extensive change in the character of the Government officers, it is impossible not to see that the uxoriousness of a despot is about to produce most beneficial effects on the political condition of his subjects.
The Legislative Session commenced on the 13th November, with a speech from the throne by King Leopold the First. This document will be read with interest. After complimenting the nation on the acknowledgment by foreign courts of its identity, and the recognition of its flag, and on the closer connexion of Belgium with France by his marriage with the eldest daughter of the King, he comes to the point—
"The powers had ascertained it as a certainty that, by forbearing any longer from having recourse to coercive measures, they would place Belgium la a condition of immediate necessity to seek for justice by herself; they did not wish then to run the chance of a general war. Two of these powers, allied by a solemn convention, have pledged themselves to begin the immediate evacuation of our territory; the French and English fleets combined now shackle the commerce of Holland) and if these means of coercion are ineffectual, in two duys a French army will come, without infringing on the tranquillity of Europe, to prove that the guarantees which have been given are not vain words.
•* Should the execution by the powers of the treaty which has been declared to be guaranteed by them, prevent onr youthful and fine army from displaying its valour, 1 calculate suffi
ciently on Its devotion to he assured that. In the course of the events which are preparing, the violations of the territory by the enemy, or any other act of aggression against Belgium, shall not take place with impunity.
"The interests of this army are the objects of my lively solicitude: it is difficult yet to fix a period for disarming—a measure now more probable than ever. A project of law on the organization of the army in lime of peace will, nevertheless, be presented to you. Promotions, pensions, and the pay of the effective port of the troops, shall also be the object of specific laws." After going through the project* for improved domestic legislation, he says—
"We approach a great event, gentlemen: the liberation of the territory should conduce to strengthen public conlidence. But you will remember with regret that Belgium—entire Belgium—has not been adopted by Europe. When the day of separation shall arrive, we shall not be insensible to the services rendered by the population, who had so devotedly associated themselves with our cause; they have not ceased to occupy my thoughts; they deserve the fixed attention of the nation. Belgium shall remain the country of their choice."
The speech represents the country as flourishing beyond all expectation.
The following official notice has been posted at the Baltic Coffee-house, by order of the Imperial Russian Kmbassy :—
"Notice is hereby given, that all subjects of the kingdom of Poland, now residing in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, who have taken no part in the late Polish rebellion, and who intend to return to Poland, or wish to prolong their stay in this country, are required to express such intention, and obtain permission to that effect, by addressing tbeir request in writing to the Imperial Russian Embassy, or to the Consul-General in London, within three months of the present date."
It is understood that this notice does not apply to the subjects of Poland who, since the restoration of legal order in the kingdom, have received permission to reside abroad, and who are furnished with the pruper passports for that purpose. TURKEY.
From the German papers, it appears that the Porte is making some expiring efforts to avert its downfall. Several ships of the line and frigates are getting ready for sea to reinforce the Turkish fleet, which has not yet come to a decisive action with the Egyptian squadron. The Austrian Government has issued a notice prohibiting the importation of arms and ammunition into Kgypt until the " insurrection now existing shall have ceased."