페이지 이미지
PDF
ePub

TABLE 23.—SHOWING METHODS EMPLOYED FOR THE COLLECTION, TRANSPORTATION

AND DISPOSAL OF GARBAGE, RUBBISH, ASHES AND DEAD ANIMALS IN FORTY OF THE MUNICIPALITIES IN NEW JERSEY-Continued.

[blocks in formation]
[blocks in formation]

No.

[blocks in formation]

No. Buried.

Filling lots. Buried. No. Filling low Filling streets. Removed from places.

borough. Dumped on Filling low Buried. ground.

places. Contract Buried. Filling. Buried, or

rewith

moved to. house

rendering esholders.

tablishment. No. Removed from Filling.

Buried or sold city.

for fertilizer. Yes. Filling meadows. Filling

Removed to

rendering es

tablishment. No. Filling lots.

Filling.

Made into fer.

tilizer. No. Garbage fed to Dumped on Horses removpigs. Rubbish ground.

ed. Other: dumped on

animals bursunken lots.

ied. Yes. Some fed to hogs, Filling lots. Removed to: or made into

fertilizer facfertilizer. Re

tory, or burmainder dump

ied. ed with ashes. Filling lots. Filling lots. Removed to

fertilizer factory, or bur. ied

[blocks in formation]

Yes.

[blocks in formation]

TABLE 23.-SHOWING METHODS EMPLOYED FOR THE COLLECTION, TRANSPORTATION

AND DISPOSAL OF GARBAGE, RUBBISH, ASHES AND DEAD ANIMALS IN FORTY
OF THE MUNICIPALITIES IN NEW JERSEY— Continued.

[blocks in formation]

Disinfection.—Many changes in scientific opinion have occurred in recent years concerning the most efficient methods which it is practicable to employ for the purification of infected buildings and their contents, and the rapid succession with which new views have been announced has led to some confusion in the minds of well-informed health officers, but there can be no excuse for the indifferent and easygoing inspector, who liberates a little gas with his formaldehyde lamp and comforts himself with the hope that the infection has been destroyed. Health boards are very rarely composed of men who have knowledge of the art of hygiene, and they are naturally and properly guided in efforts made to prevent the spread of communicable diseases by the advice of the officer who is employed by them to deal directly with the details of the various measures supposed to be useful, and sham disinfection will doubtless continue until the sanitary inspector shall be trained in the duties which he is expected to perform.

Circular 98 of the State Board of Health contains the following advice and suggestions :

Disinfection of Discharges.-All excreta from the sick person should be received in a porcelain vessel containing half a pint of a solution of corrosive sublimate. The solution should be made as follows: Corrosive sublimate, one-half ounce; muriatic acid, one ounce; aniline blue, five grains ; water, four gallons. This solution is poisonous. Another half pint of the solution should be added to the discharges before they are emptied into the water-closet.

Disinfection of Utensils.—Dishes, spoons and other utensils, used by the sick person, should be placed in a metallic vessel holding not less than one gallon of water. This vessel should be placed outside of the door of the sick-room, and twice in each twenty-four hours it should be removed to the kitchen range and its contents should be boiled for at least thirty minutes.

Disinfection of Sheets, Undergarments, &c.—Towels, undergarments, sheets and pillow-cases should be immersed in water in a metallic wash-boiler and boiled for not less than one hour. Soft paper and small pieces of cotton cloth should be used instead of handkerchiefs, for receiving discharges from the mouth and nose, and when soiled these should be immediately burned in the sick-room.

Final Disinfection of the Sick-room.- Articles which are of little value should be burned in the sick-room. When practicable, remove all remaining clothing, bedding and other articles which can be transported, and expose them for thirty minutes to a temperature of 240° in a steam sterilizing chamber.

In localities where no such disinfecting chamber is provided, all of the contents of the room should be treated by the free application of a solution of corrosive sublimate (1 to 1,000). This can be done effectually by (a) immersing all clothing, garments, sheets, blankets, &c., in wooden tubs containing the solution, and by thoroughly saturating with the solution all of the articles in the room, including the mattresses, pillows and carpet, and also the side walls, woodwork and floors, by the use of a garden pump and hose with a large rose or spray-producing nozzle. The woodwork and furniture

a

should afterward be scrubbed with soap and water. Disinfection of garments can also be effected by (6) placing them, one by one, with as little folding as possible, in trunks, or in boxes, and applying to each layer of the goods, by the use of a small sprinkling-pot, a 40 per cent. solution of formaldehyde gas (formalin). The receptacle containing the articles thus treated should be closely covered. After twenty-four hours the wash-goods should be boiled and then washed with soap and water.

Disinfection of Refuse.—All masses of infected filth, in privy pits or in heaps or piles, should be covered liberally with dry chloride of lime.

Following is a copy of the act which governs the destruction of infected goods :

CHAPTER CCXII. A FURTHER SUPPLEMENT to an act entitled "An act to establish in this state boards

of health and a bureau of vital statistics and to detine their respective powers and dutles,” approved March thirty-first, one thousand eight hundred and

eighty-seven. 1. BE IT ENACTED by the Senate and General Assembly of the State of New Jersey, That whenever the state board or any local board of health in order to prevent the spread of contagious disease, destroy, or order to be destroyed, personal effects or bedding, it shall be the duty of the said board to make or cause to be made an inventory of the said personal goods, and immediately thereafter to certify the value of said personal goods so destroyed to the state treasurer, in case they have been destroyed by the state board of health, and to the municipal authorities in case of local boards, and it shall be the duty of the state treasurer or municipal authority to pay over to the owner of said goods or his or her legal representatives, the sum so certified.

2. And be it enacted, That all acts and parts of acts inconsistent herewith be and the same are hereby repealed, and that this act shall take effect immediately. Approved March 17, 1893.

Summer Resorts.-Summer resorts in New Jersey have continued to increase in number and to grow in population. Much is expected of these towns in the way of establishing and maintaining sanitary defences against preventable causes of disease, and there are strong economic considerations to spur them on to become leaders in this department of municipal administration. An examination of the record of inspections of the seaside resorts of Monmouth county, printed on subsequent pages of this report, indicates the varying degrees of progress which these communities have thus far made in providing pure and wholesome water and good drainage for the dwellings in which patrons are received and entertained. Following is a list of towns in New Jersey in which the population is much increased during the vacation season by persons seeking rest, recreation, pleasure and health:

TABLE 24.-LIST OF SUMMER RESORTS IN NEW JERSEY, SHOWING PERMANENT POPULATION, NATURE OF WATER-SUPPLY, SEWERAGE, AND

DEATHS FROM PREVENTABLE DISEASES, FOR THE YEAR ENDING JUNE 30TH, 1901.

[blocks in formation]

{

136

3

Domestic wells.
Artesian wells.
Artesian wells

and surface

water.
Artesian wells.
Domestic wells.
Artesian wells.

[blocks in formation]

........

1,383

93 247 239 982

99 2,257 153

39 569

Sewers.
No sewers.

Domestic wells.
Wells.

[blocks in formation]
[ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small]

3,413
3,094

[ocr errors]

Atlantic Highlands
Avalon.....
Bay Head..
Beach Haven...
Bradley Beach...
Brigantine
Cape May City..........
Cape May Point...........
Harvey Cedars...........
Holly Beach...
Hopatcong
Keyport
Lakewood (winter resort)
Long Beach City..
Long Branch....
Manasquan
Neptune City .........
North Spring Lake..
Ocean City....
Point Pleasant Beach...
Red Bank....
Sea Isle City...
Somers Point..
South Atlantic City.
South Cape May..
Spring Lake........
West Cape May
Wildwood..

[blocks in formation]

0

66

8,872
1,500
1,009

361
1,307

746 5,428

340 208 69

14 526 696 150

[blocks in formation]

OOOOOOOO

1 0 6 5 19 1 1

No sewers.
Sewers.

............

[merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small]

0 4 0

Medical Inspection of Schools.-Reports have been received from the following sanitary districts in relation to the medical inspection of schools:

Asbury Park.—Medical inspection of pupils in the public schools was first regularly instituted in Asbury Park in the fall of 1900, but volunteer service had been performed to some extent during the pre

« 이전계속 »