페이지 이미지
PDF
ePub

of these places were visited. At Joel H. Brown's, near Greenville, there was a child ill, and two children had been sick with scarlet fever. Mr. Brown's wife was also suffering from the same disease. Mr. Brown was accustomed to take care of the family and also do the milking. A potice prohibiting the sale of milk from his premises was served. At Howell Hamilton's dairy it was found that there had been eight cases of scarlet fever and that the same conditions existed as on the dairy above mentioned. A prohibition notice was also served upon him. October 13th word was received from Mr. Brown that he had secured a man from outside to do the milking and that the milk cans were not taken into his home, but were left at the well, and the prohibition was therefore removed. On October 15th a similar statement was received from Howell Hamilton, and the prohibition was removed from his premises. There were sixteen cases of scarlet fever in this vicinity, occurring in four families.

Inspection of Streams.

[ocr errors]

During the year ending December 31st, 1901, the inspection of streams was continued. The Legislature has not provided any appropriation for this service, and the work accomplished has been performed by the chief sanitary inspector, assisted to some extent by the secretary.

Rahway River.-In the buildings of the Palmer Leather Company, located in West Orange, an extensive tanning business is carried on, and the refuse from the factory is discharged into a swamp, from which it finds its way by small streams into a branch of the Rahway river. A notice was served upon the Palmer Leather Company forbidding any discharge of factory liquid waste into the stream. Information was received from the company that the works would be shut down until some provision could be made for handling the sewage, and a later inspection showed that a filter-bed had been constructed by building a dike around a portion of the swamp, and into this the waste liquids were discharged. At the time of this inspection there was no evidence that the stream was being polluted at this point. From the Diamond paper mill, which is located in Millburn, there is a discharge of liquid waste from the factory, and there was ample evidence that there was pollution of a branch of the Rahway river at this point. Action was commenced against the factory for the purpose of securing an injunction, and the trial of this case, in Newark, occurred in October, 1901. At the Fandango paper mill, located at Millburn, binders’-board is manufactured. The waste from the mill is discharged into a branch of the Rahway river. Notice was served upon the owner to abate the nuisadce, and a filter-bed has been constructed for the purpose of purifying the waste liquids before permitting the water to re-enter the stream. At Garwood the Copper Refining Company is located, and the discharge of liquid waste from these works discolors the waters of the stream, and the contamination at this point is apparent. The company was notified to stop the pollution of the stream. Action was begun by the fish and game commissioners and a judgment was secured, and it is understood that action will be continued until the contamination ceases. A number of premises located in Garwood were examined, and it was found that the house drains from eight dwellings discharge liquid household waste into the brook, which is a tributary of the Rahway river. All of these cases have been placed in the bands of legal counsel, and action will be prosecuted as rapidly as possible. During the year 1900 it was found that from a number of factories and dwellings in West Orange, and Orange, liquid waste was being discharged into the east branch of the Rahway river, and a notice, at that time, was served upon several factory owners. The result was that the amount of contamination was greatly lessened, but there are still a number of houses discharging liquid household waste into the stream,

(296)

and during the coming year it is the intention of the State Board of Health to take legal steps to stop these contaminations. The health authorities in West Orange and Orange are co-operating with the State authorities, and a list is being prepared of all points of contamination, and as soon as the evidence is secured legal action will be begun.

Rancocas Creek.- Various complaints were received in reference to contaminations of the Rancocas creek at Smithville, and an inspection was made of the premises of the H. B. Smith Manufacturing Company, and it was found that from the wash-rooms and closets, and also from the kitchen, sewage was being discharged into the Rancocas creek. Notice was sent to the owners to discontinue the contamination of the stream, and the matter was placed in the hands of C. K. Chambers, counselor-at-law, Mount Holly. The company immediately took action. A large cesspool was constructed and all sewage is conducted into this receptacle, and the contamination of the stream at this point was stopped. At Riverside, which is located below Mount Holly, on Rancocas creek, near the Delaware river, the water-supply for the borough is obtained from the creek. The Zurbrugg Manufacturing Company controls the supply. Both above and below the intake sewage was discharged from two factories into the creek. The local authorities of Riverside commenced action against the owners of the properties, and a system was introduced for the purpose of filtering the sewage before it was allowed to enter the stream. No action was taken by the State Board of Health in this case, as the sewage from Mount Holly is discharged into the Rancocas creek above this point, and the law which was passed in 1899 excludes all streams which were undergoing pollution at that time, so that the Mount Holly authorities really have legislative permission to use the creek below Mount Holly as a sewer. The authorities of Riverside, and also the owners of the public water-supply, were advised of the importance of securing a new source of supply, and at the present time negotiations are being carried on and plans drawn looking toward the accomplishment of this end.

Hackensack River.-In September, 1901, an inspection was made of a branch of the Hackensack river, near Tenafly. Upon examination five different premises were noted from which liquid waste was discharged into the brook which is a branch of the Hackensack river. A notice was sent to each of the owners, and no reply being received, the matter was placed in the hands of Mr. R. Wortendyke, counselor-at-law, Jersey City, for prosecution. By correspondence with Dr. Lansing, in Tenafly, who is the health officer of that locality, it was ascertained that in each instance the contamination had ceased, and therefore no further action was taken.

Crosswicks Creek.-From Crosswicks creek is obtained the water-supply for the city of Bordentown. The attention of the State Board of Health was called to the conditions in Bordentown affecting the water-supply, and frequent inspections have been made for the purpose of ascertaining the exact conditions. It has been found that a short distance above the intake of the water-supply a small stream discharges into the creek. This stream has its course through the city of Bordentown, and it was found that the liquid waste from three factories, a boarding school and thirty-eight houses was discharged into it. After the facts had been obtained the question of what action should be taken was discussed by the State Board of Health. The decision was reached that it would be unwise to take action against owners for the contamination of this supply, as the point of intake for the public water-supply is so located that not only is the water used by the city contaminated by the pollu

tion of the brook above mentioned, but that at certain times of tide and under certain conditions the water obtained is from the canal and also from the Delaware river water which has already been polluted by sewage discharged into the river by the city of Trenton. The water, before being supplied to consumers in Bordentown, is passed through filters, and this improves its character somewhat. It was suggested to the local authorities that the solution of the problem is to secure a new water-supply.

Sanitary Administration in the Summer

Resorts of New Jersey.

Every year the number of persons visiting the health and pleasure resorts of New Jersey increases, and it is the privilege of this transient population to be efficiently protected by the local authorities against the risks and dangers attendant upon the unrestricted spread of communicable diseases and against impure water, bad drainage and nuisances of every nature which affect the public health unfavorably. The laws now operative in New Jersey contain every necessary provision to enable local health boards to enforce suitable measures for the protection of the health of visitors in summer resorts, and there is no excuse whatever for official neglect of the precautions which are essential for the prevention of typhoid fever and for the restriction of all other communicable affections. The State Board of Health has endeavored, from time to time, to stimulate interest in sanitary matters and to improve sanitary administration in these localities, and with a view to ascertaining the exact condition in some of the resorts along the Atlantic coast an investigation was made of a number of places during the month of August, and the following is a report in reference to them :

Allenhurst. —This borough is located on the Atlantic coast, north of Asbury Park. It has a winter population of 100, and a summer population estimated at 5,000. The water-supply is obtained from six artesian wells, and analyses show that the supply is satisfactory, although during the summer of 1900 there were some complaints as to the character of the water. The borough has a completed sewer system, and the outlet of the sewers is at the foot of Elberon avenue. The streets and public grounds are well kept. There are but two hotels and no boarding houses. The ground water level is such that dry cellars can be secured. The servants in these hotels sleep upon the upper floors. Light is furnished to the borough by electricity and gas and the hotels are supplied with fire-escapes. Garbage and refuse are collected in covered wagons, and no complaints have been received during the summer in reference to this service. The refuse and excreta are conveyed to grounds located at the head of Deal lake. There are seven policemen employed in the borough. No board of health has been organized in the borough.

Asbury Park.-This city is located on the Atlantic ocean, fifty-two miles from New York. The winter population is 4,000. The summer population is estimated to be about 30,000. The water-supply of the city is obtained from artesian wells, and filters are used for the purpose of removing the iron contained in the water. A

« 이전계속 »