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that we have been guilty of no prevarication ; that we have made no compromise with crime; that we have not feared any odium whatsoever, in the long warfare which we have carried on with the crimes, with the vices, with the exorbitant wealth, with the enormous and overpowering influence of Eastern corruption.
My Lords, it has pleased Providence to place us in such a state that we appear every moment to be upon
of some great mutations. There is one thing, and one thing only, which defies all mutation : that which existed before the world, and will survive the fabric of the world itself,—I mean justice; that justice which, emanating from the Divinity, has a place in the breast of every one of us, given us for our guide with regard to ourselves and with regard to others, and which will stand, after this globe is burned to ashes, our advocate or our accuser, before the great Judge, when He comes to call upon us for the tenor of a well-spent life.
My Lords, the Commons will share in every fate with your Lordships ; there is nothing sinister which can happen to you, in which we shall not all be involved ; and, if it should so happen that we shall be subjected to some of those frightful changes which we have seen,-if it should happen that your Lordships, stripped of all the decorous distinctions of human society, should, by hands at once base and cruel, be led to those scaffolds and machines of murder upon which great kings and glorious queens have shed their blood, amidst the prelates, amidst the nobles, amidst the magistrates, who supported their thrones -may you in those moments feel that consolation which I am persuaded they felt in the critical moments of their dreadful agony !
My Lords, if you must fall, may you so fall! but if you stand, and stand I trust you will,—together with the fortune of this ancient monarchy, together with the ancient laws and liberties of this great and illustrious kingdom, may you stand as unimpeached in honor as in power; may you stand, not as a substitute for virtue, but as an ornament of virtue, as a security for virtue ; may you stand long, and long stand the terror of tyrants; may you stand the refuge of afflicted nations; may you stand a sörred temple, for the perpetual residence of an inviolable justice!
I am aware that “teetotalism,” as it is called, is smiled at by some as a weakness, ridiculed by others as a folly, and by others censured as a crime; and I am also aware that there is nothing imposing or exclusive in the use of water, that common beverage furnished by God himself in such abundance for the convenience and comfort of man; and that he who uses no other beverage, must remain a stranger to that transient and fitful joy, that alternates with a corresponding sorrow in the bosoms of those who indulge in the more fashionable use of intoxicating liquors. Still, in the view of that withered intellect, those blighted hopes, those unnatural crimes, and that undying misery, that the use of these liquors everywhere occasions, I put it to the candor of every ingenuous man who hears me, even among those who still indulge in that use, whether we who have abjured it, have not, under the existing state of things, a very intelligible and weighty reason for our conduct ?
Will not the thought, as you return to your homes to-night. and sit down amid a virtuous and beloved family, but a family familiarized to the use of intoxicating liquors in some of those forms which fashion sanctions—will not the thought that those same liquors, to the temperate use of which you are accustoming your household, must be to them the occasion of so much peril; perhaps of so much suffering; suffering in which, though they escape, so many other human beings must participate ;-will not the thought of this mar the pleasure to be derived from that cup which is to be hereafter, as it has heretofore been to multitudes who drank of it, the cup of death?
Will not the thought of those uncounted thousands who have lived and died accursed on this planet, in consequence of intoxicating liquors; and those other and yet other thousands who will hereafter so live and die upon it, as long as the use of such liquors shall continue to be tolerated; and will not the thought of this wauton, gratuitous, and unmeasured misery abate somewhat the displeasure you have felt, and soften the severity of the censures in which you have indulged against those who have
combined to banish the use of those liquors as a beverage from the earth ? More than this, will it not induce you, after all, to co-operate with us in consummating so humane and benevolent an enterprise ?
CHRISTIANS, patriots, men of humanity! will you not come along with us to their rescue, who, misguided by the example and emboldened by the counsel of others, have ventured onward in a course which threatens to prove fatal alike to their health, their happiness, and their salvation ?
Will you not, in place of casting additional impediments in the way of their return, contribute to remove those which already exist, and which, without such assistance, they will remain for ever alike unable to surmount or remove ?
On your part the sacrifice will be small, on theirs the benefit conferred immense; a sacrifice not indeed without requital; for you shall share the joy of their rejoicing friends on earth, and their rejoicing friends in heaven, who, when celebrating their returns to God, shall say: “ This, our son, our brother, our neighbor, was lost and is found, was dead and is alive again."
In view of the prevailing usages of society in which you live, and the obvious inroads drunkenness is making on that society; in view of that frightful number of ministers at the altar and advocates at the bar, whom drunkenness, robbing the church and the world of their services, bas demented and dishonored; in view of those master spirits in the field and the Senate chamber, whom drunkenness has mastered; in view of those families made wretched, those youth corrupted, and those poorhouses, and prison-houses, and graveyards peopled-and peopled with beings made guilty and wretched by drunkenness; I put it to your conscience, Christians, whether at such a time and under such circumstances you would be at liberty, though supplied with wine made from the grapes of Eshcol, to use it as a beverage ?
In conclusion, I ask Christians whether you are not bound, by the very circumstances in which God has placed you, to refrain from the use of intoxicating liquors, of every name and nature, as a beverage, and whether you can, without sin, refuse to give your influence, your whole influence, to the cause of total abstinence ?
WOMAN AND TEMPERANCE.-BALLOU.
ABOVE all others living, females have the deepest personal interest in the subject of temperance. On none has the curse that follows strong drink fallen so heavily, and to no hearts does the genius of emancipation bring brighter hopes. The appropriate sphere of female life is comparatively a narrow and restricted one. The little sanctuary of home, which they seem made to adorn and bless, comprises the field from which they must reap the harvest of most of their earthly enjoyment. Most of their happiness, that this world has power to give and take away, must here have its source; and how awful must be their conditition, then, when that sanctuary is profaned by the drunkard's revels! It is not the drunken husband, father, son, or brother, that feels all the keen torments of such a home. No; it is the wife, the mother, the sister, and the daughter. The intemperate man drinks the cup, but the dregs at the bottom are left for the woman. He can go out into the world for companionship and comfort; she must find hers in dreariness and destitution at home. The excitement furnished by the business community, public scenes, amusements and pleasures, are open to him; but solitude and tears are left for her at her blighted and lonely hearthstone. He can provide himself with food and raiment; she and her little ones may be hungry and cold. The accommodating landlord furnishes him with a comfortable seat by a good fire, where he may while away his time with his bottle companions, and heed not the cold that searches every nook in his own hovel, or the destitution that rests like an incubus upon the hearts of his wife and children. No, I repeat it, it is not upon man that the curse of intemperance comes down in its most deadly power--but upon tried, suffering, and patient woman!
THE LANDING OF THE MAYFLOWER.--EVERETT.
Do you think, sir, as we repose beneath this splendid pavilion, adorned by the hand of taste, blooming with festive garlands, wreathed with the stars and stripes of this great Republic, resounding with strains of heart-stirring music, that, merely because it stands upon the soil of Barnstable, we form any
idea of the spot as it appeared to Captain Miles Standish, and his companions, on the 15th or 16th of November, 1620? Oh, no, sir. Let us go up for a moment, in imagination, to yonder hill, which overlooks the village and the bay, and suppose ourselves standing there on some bleak, ungenial morning, in the middle of November of that year. The coast is fringed with ice. Dreary forests, interspersed with sandy tracts, fill the background. Nothing of humanity quickens on the spot, save a few roaming savages, who, ill-provided with what even they deem the necessaries of life, are digging with their fingers a scanty repast out of the frozen sands. No friendly lighthouses had as yet hung up their cressets upon your headlands; no brave pilotboat was hovering like a sea-bird on the tops of the waves, beyond the Cape, to guide the shattered bark to its harbor; no charts and soundings made the secret pathways of the deep as plain as a gravelled road through a lawn; no comfortable dwell. ings along the line of the shore, and where are now your wellinhabited streets, spoke a welcome to the pilgrim; no steeple poured the music of Sabbath morn into the ear of the fugitive for conscience' sake. Primeval wildness and native desolation brood over sea and land; and from the 9th of November, when, after a most calamitous voyage, the Mayflower first came to anchor in Provincetown harbor, to the end of December, the