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COMMITTEE ON INTERSTATE AND FOREIGN COMMERCE

CHARLES A. WOLVERTON, New Jersey, Chairman CARL HINSHAW, California

ROBERT CROSSER, Ohio JOSEPH P. O'HARA, Minnesota

J. PERCY PRIEST, Tennessee ROBERT HALE, Maine

OREN HARRIS, Arkansas JAMES I. DOLLIVER, Iowa

DWIGHT L. ROGERS, Florida JOHN W. HESELTON, Massachusetts

ARTHUR G. KLEIN, New York JOHN B. BENNETT, Michigan

WILLIAM T. GRANAHAN, Pennsylvania RICHARD W. HOFFMAN, Illinois

F. ERTEL CARLYLE, North Carolina JOHN V. BEAMER, Indiana

JOHN BELL WILLIAMS, Mississippi WILLIAM L. SPRINGER, Illinois

PETER F. MACK, JR., Illinois ALVIN R. BUSH, Pennsylvania

HOMER THORNBERRY, Texas PAUL F. SCHENCK, Ohio

LOUIS B. HELLER, New York JOSEPH L. CARRIGG, Pennsylvania

KENNETH A. ROBERTS, Alabama HERBERT B. WARBURTON, Delaware MORGAN M. MOULDER, Missouri STEVEN B. DEROUNIAN, New York

HARLEY O. STAGGERS, West Virginia THOMAS M. PELLY, Washington J. ARTHUR YOUNGER, California

ELTON J. LAYTON, Clerk

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Text of-

H. R. 389----

H. R. 2768

H. R. 3851.

H. R. 4159

H. R. 4500

Report of

Agriculture Department

H. R. 389.

H. R. 2768.-

H. R. 3851 ----

H. R. 4159.--.

Commerce Department on H. R. 2768, H. R. 3851, and H. R. 4159

District of Columbia, Board of Commissioners of, on H. R. 389 and

H. R. 2768. -

Federal Trade Commission on-

H. R. 2768

H. R. 3851

H. R. 4159...

Statement of-

Bell, W. Ray, president, Association of Cotton Textile Merchants of

New York.

Buck, George S., Jr., technical director, National Cotton Council of

America ----

------ 61, 111

Canfield, Hon. Gordon, a Representative in Congress from the State

of New Jersey -----

Dorn, Charles W., representing National Retail Dry Goods Associa-

tion ------

Feldman, Erwin, counsel, National Association of House Dress Manu-

facturers

Fickett, W. P., president, National Association of Button Manufac-

turers

Freedman, Ephriam, appearing on behalf of New York State Council

of Retail Merchants and Retail Dry Goods Association of New

York.---

Hays, Donald C., counsel, Society of the Plastics Industry, Inc.-----

Johnson, Hon. Leroy, a Representative in Congress from the State of

California -------

48

McClure, Kenneth F., Assistant General Counsel, Department of

Commerce...

165

Miller, Henry, Assistant General Counsel, Federal Trade Commission 144

O'Brien, Matthew H., representing Ravon and Acetate Fiber Pro-

ducers Group --------

169

Rovins, Leonard, general counsel, National Retail Dry Goods Asso-
ciation --

100
Additional information submitted for the record by-

American Cotton Manufacturers Institute, Inc., statement of Robert

C. Jackson, executive vice president.
American Viscose Corp., letter from F. Bonnet, adviser to the presi-
dent.-

199

---------------

Canfield, Hon. Gordon:

Communications from representatives of the clothing industry.--- 36-39

Remarks on House floor, March 10, 1953.---

53

Commerce Department:

Development of commercial standards.----

Memorandum of law.---

Dayton (Ohio) Fire Department, letter from Forrest B. Lucas, chief .

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83

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155

Additional information submitted for the record by-Continued

Page

Federal Trade Commission:

Instances of personal injuries sustained from dangerously flam-

mable textile products.---.

---- 152, 153

Investigational matters and cases on subject of alleged danger-

ously flammable textiles.-----

---------- 154, 155

Memorandum of law-----

83

Newspaper clippings regarding experiences with brushed rayon

wearing apparel.----

Freedman, Ephriam, letter from..

137

Iselin-Jefferson Co., Inc., letter from Lester E. Schultz.-

200

Johnson, Hon. Leroy: Letters from Joe R. Yockers, California State

fire marshal.--.

55, 56

Middleton (Ohio) Fire Department, letter from William Fishbaugh,

chief --

197

New York Board of Trade, letter from Cameron A. Baker..

199

Pepperell Manufacturing Co., Inc., letter from J. M. Holland, research

and development department.-------

198

Philadelphia Textile Manufacturers Association, letter from C. Carroll

Baxter, chairman, legislative committee.---

201

Retail Merchants' Association of New Jersey, statement of Philip W.

Schindel, secretary-treasurer -----

197

Riegel Textile Corp., letter from Theodore Riegel.---

201

Silk and Rayon Printers and Dyers Association of America, Inc., state-
ment of David Lloyd Kreeger, Washington representative.--

143
Textile Distributors Institute, Inc., statement of Ely Kushel...

136
Textile Fabrics Association of New York, statement of W. P. Fickett,
president.--

183
Tufted Textile Manufacturers Association, statement of Henry C.

Ball, executive vice president.--

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FLAMMABLE FABRICS ACT

THURSDAY, APRIL 16, 1953

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
COMMITTEE ON INTERSTATE AND FOREIGN COMMERCE

Washington, D.C. The committee met at 10 a. m., pursuant to call, in Room 1334, New House Office Building, Hon. Charles A. Wolverton (chairman) presiding.

The CHAIRMAN. The committee will please come to order.

This morning, the committee will hear testimony on five bills, H. R. 389 by Mr. Canfield, H. R. 2768 by Mr. Wolverton, H. R. 3851 by Mr. Canfield, H. R. 4159 by Mr. Johnson, and H. R. 4500 by Mr. Williams of Mississippi.

The purpose of these bills is to prohibit the introduction of movement in interstate commerce of articles of wearing apparel and fabrics which are so highly flammable as to be dangerous when worn by individuals, and for other purposes.

I am advised that H. R. 389 and H. R. 2768 are identical bills. Likewise, H. R. 3851, H. R. 4159, and H. R. 4500 are identical bills. These bills and any reports thereon which have been submitted by the executive agencies and departments will be made part of the record following the conclusion of these opening remarks.

We are aware of the great interest and need for this legislation to prohibit the introduction or movement in interstate commerce of highly flammable wearing apparel and fabrics. This need was forcefully brought to our attention in 1946 and subsequently when a wave of catastrophies swept across the country. Cowboy suits, sweaters, evening gowns, and other wearing apparel made of highly flammable fabrics burst into flames causing serious bodily injury and even death to children and consumers who were unaware of the dangerous character of such garments.

Several bills dealing with this subject were introduced in the 80th Congress. This committee held extensive hearings on these bills in March of 1947.

Similar bills were introduced in the 81st and 82d Congresses, The Senate, in fact, passed S. 2918 just before the adjournment of the 82d Congress. This committee reported S. 2918 favorably on July 4, 1952, but it failed to pass the House because at that time it was necessary to get the unanimous consent of the House for passage, and this was lacking. My bill, H. R. 2768, and Mr. Canfield's bill, H. R. 389, are substantially the same as the bill which passed the Senate last year.

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