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COMMITTEE ON INTERSTATE AND FOREIGN COMMERCE
CHARLES A. WOLVERTON, New Jersey, Chairman CARL HINSHAW, California
ROBERT CROSSER, Ohio JOSEPH P. O'HARA, Minnesota
J. PERCY PRIEST, Tennessee ROBERT HALE, Maine
OREN HARRIS, Arkansas JAMES I. DOLLIVER, Iowa
DWIGHT L. ROGERS, Florida JOHN W. HESELTON, Massachusetts
ARTHUR G. KLEIN, New York JOHN B. BENNETT, Michigan
WILLIAM T. GRANAHAN, Pennsylvania RICHARD W. HOFFMAN, Illinois
F. ERTEL CARLYLE, North Carolina JOHN V. BEAMER, Indiana
JOHN BELL WILLIAMS, Mississippi WILLIAM L. SPRINGER, Illinois
PETER F. MACK, JR., Illinois ALVIN R. BUSH, Pennsylvania
HOMER THORNBERRY, Texas PAUL F. SCHENCK, Ohio
LOUIS B. HELLER, New York JOSEPH L. CARRIGG, Pennsylvania
KENNETH A. ROBERTS, Alabama HERBERT B. WARBURTON, Delaware MORGAN M. MOULDER, Missouri STEVEN B. DEROUNIAN, New York
HARLEY O. STAGGERS, West Virginia THOMAS M. PELLY, Washington J. ARTHUR YOUNGER, California
ELTON J. LAYTON, Clerk
Fickett, W. P., president, National Association of Button Manufac-
Rovins, Leonard, general counsel, National Retail Dry Goods Asso-
American Cotton Manufacturers Institute, Inc., statement of Robert
C. Jackson, executive vice president.
Iselin-Jefferson Co., Inc., letter from Lester E. Schultz.-
New York Board of Trade, letter from Cameron A. Baker..
Silk and Rayon Printers and Dyers Association of America, Inc., state-
Ball, executive vice president.--
FLAMMABLE FABRICS ACT
THURSDAY, APRIL 16, 1953
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
Washington, D.C. The committee met at 10 a. m., pursuant to call, in Room 1334, New House Office Building, Hon. Charles A. Wolverton (chairman) presiding.
The CHAIRMAN. The committee will please come to order.
This morning, the committee will hear testimony on five bills, H. R. 389 by Mr. Canfield, H. R. 2768 by Mr. Wolverton, H. R. 3851 by Mr. Canfield, H. R. 4159 by Mr. Johnson, and H. R. 4500 by Mr. Williams of Mississippi.
The purpose of these bills is to prohibit the introduction of movement in interstate commerce of articles of wearing apparel and fabrics which are so highly flammable as to be dangerous when worn by individuals, and for other purposes.
I am advised that H. R. 389 and H. R. 2768 are identical bills. Likewise, H. R. 3851, H. R. 4159, and H. R. 4500 are identical bills. These bills and any reports thereon which have been submitted by the executive agencies and departments will be made part of the record following the conclusion of these opening remarks.
We are aware of the great interest and need for this legislation to prohibit the introduction or movement in interstate commerce of highly flammable wearing apparel and fabrics. This need was forcefully brought to our attention in 1946 and subsequently when a wave of catastrophies swept across the country. Cowboy suits, sweaters, evening gowns, and other wearing apparel made of highly flammable fabrics burst into flames causing serious bodily injury and even death to children and consumers who were unaware of the dangerous character of such garments.
Several bills dealing with this subject were introduced in the 80th Congress. This committee held extensive hearings on these bills in March of 1947.
Similar bills were introduced in the 81st and 82d Congresses, The Senate, in fact, passed S. 2918 just before the adjournment of the 82d Congress. This committee reported S. 2918 favorably on July 4, 1952, but it failed to pass the House because at that time it was necessary to get the unanimous consent of the House for passage, and this was lacking. My bill, H. R. 2768, and Mr. Canfield's bill, H. R. 389, are substantially the same as the bill which passed the Senate last year.