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adopted agreement amount antitrust act applied arguments Association authority banks branch capital cause cent combination commerce common companies competition concerns conclusion Congress consideration considered construction contract corporations course court decided decisions deposits determine directors duty effect embraced enforced England established exist fact Federal follows foreign Freight give given greater held holding illegal important increase individual industrial intended interpretation interstate interstate commerce issued judicial Justice language legislation less limited meaning ment methods monopoly nature necessary notes operations opinion organization passed person possible practice present production profits prohibitions question railroad railway reason referred regard regulation relating rendered require Reserve Association restraint of trade result rule secured Standard Oil statute Supreme Court tion Tobacco trade or commerce traffic trust United unreasonable wrongful
225 페이지 - Every contract, combination in the form of trust or otherwise, or conspiracy, in restraint of trade or commerce among the several states, or with foreign nations, is hereby declared to be illegal. Every person who shall make any such contract or engage in any such combination or conspiracy, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor...
226 페이지 - SEC. 4. The several circuit courts of the United States are hereby invested with jurisdiction to prevent and restrain violations of this act; and it shall be the duty of the several district attorneys of the United States, in their respective districts, under the direction of the attorney-general, to institute proceedings in equity to prevent and restrain such violations.
227 페이지 - Whenever it shall appear to the court before which any proceeding under section 4 of this Act may be pending, that the ends of justice require that other parties should be brought before the court, the court may cause them to be summoned, whether they reside in the district in which the court is held or not; and subpoenas to that end may be served in any district by the marshal thereof.
160 페이지 - restraint of trade" at common law and in the law of this country at the time of the adoption of the Anti-trust Act only embraced acts or contracts or agreements or combinations which operated to the prejudice of the public interests by unduly restricting competition or unduly obstructing the due course of trade...
184 페이지 - Thus not specifying, but indubitably contemplating and requiring a standard, it follows that it was intended that the standard of reason which had been applied at the common law and in this country in dealing with subjects of the character embraced by the statute was intended to be the measure used for the purpose of determining whether, in a given case, a particular act had or had not brought about the wrong against which the statute provided.
211 페이지 - Every contract or combination in the form -of trust, or otherwise in restraint of trade or commerce among the several States or with foreign nations, is hereby declared to be illegal.
226 페이지 - General, to institute proceedings in equity to prevent and restrain such violations. Such proceedings may be by way of petition setting forth the case and praying that such violation shall be enjoined or otherwise prohibited. When the parties complained of shall have been duly notified of such petition, the court shall proceed, as soon as may be, to the hearing and determination of the case; and pending such petition, and before final decree, the court may at any time make such temporary restraining...
185 페이지 - ... to make the prohibitions of the act all the more complete and perfect by embracing all attempts to reach the end prohibited by the first section, that is, restraints of trade, by any attempt to monopolize, or monopolization thereof, even although the acts by which such results are attempted to be brought about or are brought about be not embraced within the general enumeration of the first section.
122 페이지 - That no man, or set of men, are entitled to exclusive or separate emoluments or privileges from the community but in consideration of public services, which not being descendible, neither ought the offices of magistrate, legislator, or judge to be hereditary.
187 페이지 - ... destructive of all right to contract or agree or combine in any respect whatever as to subjects embraced in interstate trade or commerce, or if this conclusion were not reached, then the contention would require it to be held that as the statute did not define the things to which it related and excluded resort to the only means by which the acts to which it relates could be ascertained — the light of reason — the enforcement of the statute was impossible because of its uncertainty.