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Mr. Nic-NAC, -The present season in the year, and if it melts, another has been remarkable on various ac- fall soon ensues. The cold sets in counts, but more particularly from about the autumnal, and retires about the degree of mildness or warmth in a month or six weeks after the vernal the atmosphere at this advanced pe- equinox. Men and beasts often fall riod of the year. It is not unlikely, victims to its intensity. For three or however, that a change may soon four months in one winter, not a day take place, even during the time which passed without some beggars being will elapse from the date of this frozen to death at Leopol, one of present writing till its important de- the most southern towns: and even BUT in the pages of your miscellany; travellers, who are covered with furs, and once again the wintry winds may and armed with every precaution howl, and chilling frost render doubly against the cold, are often arrested dear the cheering delights of a warm on their way by the insuperable rigour fire-side and a tankard of ale. Then of the frozen air, which induces over rheumatisms, colds, and chilblains, their frame the sleep. of death, A will resume their despotic sway, and person named Pruszynoki "was prog “ all the ills the flesh is heir to" be ceeding to Leopol on a sledge, drawn thus augmented by the periodical vi- by six horses ; in the vicinity of the sitations of disease. I have, therefore, town they missed their way; they in anticipation of such an occurrence called out to the postillion, but he (which I venture to predict with an was stiff upon his horse, and did not authority as much to be relied on as hear: the coachman still held the that of Francis Moore, physician), reins, but he had lost his senses and sent you the following extract from his life. The master appeared asleep, Valtrin's Observer in Poland, which but he was frozen under his pelisse : may at least afford your readers the in short, the whole party were either negative consolation of knowing that dead or on the verge of death. This there are in this world others whose unhappy fate principally happens to miseries exceed their own, and doubt Jews, valets, and peasants, who are not that you, Mr. Editor, while exposed, by the unfeeling brutality of ucubrating in your spug arm-chair, their masters, to all the rigour of a busied with the glorious design of frozen sky, while themselves, envelope shining forth a bright planet in the ed in the skins of bears, smoke their galaxy of literature, in approbation pipes at their ease round an enormous of my humane attempt, will allow stove, where they courageously brave me, as an attendant satellite, a place the winter's rage, and think not of in your orbit, where I may shed my the ills which they do not feel. In pale and twinkling ray with a benign 1493, the Turks had memorable ex, influence.

Yours, * perience of the unsparing severity of

the climate, for having pursued the “In Poland, the winds, which pre- Poles, whom they had beaten, into vail in the spring and in the autumn, the centre of the country, the frost concur, with the tenyity and uniform set in before they could retire, and Aatness of the soil, to render the sum- destroyed more than the sword of the mer short and the winter long. The enemy. It is far from uncommon to winter terrifies by its rigour, and meet with persone who have been don tires by its length. The horizon is prived both of nose and ears by the a waste of snow during three mouths bend of frost. A young traveller

a matter of moment, you should at see the Histoire de la Campagne de the same time communicate your Jesus, part 2d. t. 4. No. 276...Geor. own conceptions.

gius Trapanzantius declares that he

himself saw a Mermaid, extremely THE LONDON MERMAID. beautiful, rise many times above As the London Mermaid continues water ; he adds, that in Apirus, a to create the greatest curiosity in the Merman came on the shore, and minds of thousands, some of them watched near a spring of water, en. streouously affirming the existence deavouring to catch young women of such creatures, and others regard. that came there ; he was caught, but ing them as impossible productions could not be made to eat. of nature, maintaining at the same. The celebrated Peter Camper of time that the one which is now ex

Amsterdam, who died in 1989, de. hibiting to the tune of three or four nied the existence of mermaids, tri. hundred shillings per day, is nothing tons, dragons, centaurs, sphinxes, more than the inembers of various and several other creatures, which animals ingeniously put together, appear in such splendid clothing in we have gathered a few assertions our heraldic figurations. Writing from professional men upon the sub. on fish, &c. he observes:..." The ject, leaving vor readers to form natural history of the frog affords what opinion they please.

ug a curious and striking example, It is related in the fi istoire d'Ap. of the changes appointed by the gleterre, part 1, page 403, that in wise Creator, in conformity.lo exithe year 1187, a Merman was « fish- gencies of the animal. The frog is ed up” in the county of Suffolk, provided with a tail, as long as it is and kept by the governor for six destitute of feet, but when these months; it was exactly like a man protrude and have acquired sufficia in every respect, and wanted nothing ent force, the tail gradually contracts but speech. He never could be until it totally disappears. This sin. brought to any understanding of his gular phænomenon might be conDature and situation, and at length templated every Spring, were not made his escape, and was seen to the apimal too.common, and deem plunge into the sea, from whence he ed too insignificant to attract our returned no more... In 1430, in the notice Fish are destitute of necks, great tempests wbich destroyed the not merely because they have not iskes in Holland, some women at feet, but because they can procure Edam, in West-Freezeland, saw a their food without them. Suakes. Mermajd, which had been driven by are also without them, and in this the waters into the meadows which respect are in their forms very simi. were overflowed. They took it (and lar to fish. A shark has long teeth, it is said) dressed it in female attire, but is destitute of a snout, which and taught it to spin. It fed on would be useless, as it seeks and decooked meat, but all efforts to teach vours its food while swimmiog in it to speak proved ineffeclual, though the water. Many are the instances, Parival says, “it had some notion of the necessity of a snout in some of a deity, and made its reverences animals,and its uselessness in others; very devoutly when it passed a cru- and Nature has wisely made their cifix.” It was taken to Haerlem, forms correspond. The neck is as where it lived sonje years, but it ever long as the feet in those animals retained an ioclination for the water. which gather their food froin the Al its death it was allowed christian earth. Since fish are natyrally in burial. In 1560, on the coast of equipoise with the water, and they Ceylon, some fishermen caught, at all swim or row themselves forwards one draught of their nets, seven by means of the tail, it follows, that Mermen and Mermaids. They were their position in the water must be dissected, and found to be made ex. horizontal. The centre of motion actly like human beings. For a full will vary according to the weight of account of this last circumstavce, the head, and opon this circumstance

will depend the length of the tail. gards in length, and ten in breadth
Since greater diversity of form can and caught up Dickie Sludge-and
take place in fish thau in quadrupeds, put him into-short breeches.
there is a space for a much greater The Earl of Leicester-started up,
diversity of SPAINS in the first than scratching his huge head with the
in the last. The existence of such same care that a careful housewife
sea-monsters as tritons and mermaids uses in replacing a cracked chipa cup
is impossible, and the idea of them upon her mantle-piece--cocked his
absurd, as these animals inust be beaver, threw out his leg, and-ex-
supposed to swim in an erect posi- claimed-'I am no dog to go at
tion, the tail forming an acute angle every man's whistle,'—by G-
with the back; whereas the centre
of gravity would universally force

ANAGRAMS...
them into a right line."

Siri-If the following anagrams are
We shall conclude this article with deenied worth ya place in your week-
the following unanswerable decision, lymiscellany, they are al your service.
as to the real or imaginary existence If not very interesting, they will, .
of mermaids:-A party of gentlemen at least, show the possibility of such
at the Bush tavern, Bristol, convers. transpositions, as render the letters
ing on the subject, and one expres- of one or morewordscapable of form.
sing his doubls as to their realitr, ing other words, without adding or
apother exclaimed, “Oh! real be. diminishing. The first one, which
yood all doubt. I have seen seven forms the title of your work, I have,
or more at one tiine, the most beau. with some difficulty, converted into
tiful creatures I ever beheld; with other words, the rest I have selected.
long black hair, and their young “The Nic-Nac, or Oracle of
ones sucking at their breasts !" The Knowledge."--Declare no wrong!
worthy and facetious host of the I teach one flock!
tavern, replied, ""'Sir, a captain in- " Universal Suffrage."-Guess a
formed me, that one Sunday morn- fearful ruin !
ing a MermAN suddenly appeared to “Revolution.”- Love to ruin!
his men, dressed io gay attire, with “ Lawyers."-Sly ware!
his hair frizzled, and powdered as “Catalogues.”_Got as a clue.
white as a full-grown cauliflower,
and demanded to know if the cap The UMit’s Nunchion.
lain wäs on board. The captain
800n appeared on deck, when the Mr. Love....When Mr. Love ap-
merman addressed him as follows :- peared at Drury-lane in the charac-
“Sir, I shall feel particularly obliged ter of Falstaff, being a man of some
by your giving orders for your an- vanity, he used to puff constantly in
chor to be taken up, as it lies against the newspapers, upon his excellency
my street door, and prevents iny fan in the part; all which, however,
mily from going to church !" availed 'but litile, as he never could

bring a full house. One Bignell,
CROSS READINGS,

, sitting with a few of the players at
FROM WALTER SCOTT'S KENILWORTH. the Black Lion, had filled a pipe,
When the Countess of Leicester ar. the funnel of which was stopped, and
rived-before' Wayland's horse's after several attempts to light it, he
pose-spiked with steel-dressed up threw it down in a passion, saying,
with vizards and busking the paven “Egad, gentlemen, I am like your
ment flashed fire - She raised her new Falstaff; I have been puffing
hand-of that huge lumpish and and puffing, this long while past, but
heavy cast—and dashing it on the all to no purpose, for I am not able
ground-whispered-'I know where to draw.”.
the shoe pinches,'--and skipping up FREDERICK The Great was so fond
to the porter, plucked him by the of children, that the young princes,
tạilm about one hundred and thirty bis nephews, had always access

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cess to him. One das, writing in Nor Jew nor Christian could he be-
his cabinet, where the eldest of them Forsooth he was a Hottentot. ,
was playing with a ball, it happened
to fall on the table; the king threw SINGULAR ELEVATION IN LIFE.-Dur.
it on the floor, and wrole on ; pre ing the troubles in the reign of
sently after the ball again fell on the Charles I. a couutry girl came to
table; he threw it away once more, London in search of a place, but not
aod cast a serious look on the young

Bucceeding, she applied to be allow,
child, who promised to be more

ed to carry beer from a brew-house :
careful, and continued his play. At

those women were called tub-wonien
last the ball, unfortunately, fell on

The brewer observing her to be a
the very paper on which the king very good-looking girl, took her out
was writing, who being a little out of this low situation into bis house,
of humour,put the ball in his poeket. and afterwards married her; he died,
The little prince humbly begged par. however, while she was yet a very
don, and entreated to have his ball young woman, and left her a large
again, which was refused. He con. fortune, She was recommended
tinued some time praying for it in a on giving up the brewery, to Mr.
very pileous manner, but all in vain. Ayde, a most able lawyer, to settle
At last, vrown tired of asking, he her husband's affairs; he, in process
placed himself before his miajesty, of time, married the widow, and was
but his little hand to his side and made Earl of Clarendon, of this
said with a menacing look and tone,

marriage there was a daughter, who
“: Do you choose, sire, to restore

was afterwards wife of James ll.
the ball or not?” The king smiled, and mother of Mary and Aone,queens
took the ball from his pocket, and of Eogland.

od of Eogland.
gave it to the prince with theseUNIVERSAL DEVOTION.
Words, a Thou art a brave fellow; GOLD governs all without pretence,
Silesia will never be retaken whilst And would be God, but i preventa.
thou art alive!"

MATRIMONY.
BEGINNING OF THE WEEK.-When Co.,

WEEK:.-When Cries Sue to Will, 'midst matrimonial
Oliver Cromwell lay with his army, strife,
at Perth, a rich old miser of that “Curs'd be the hour I first became your
town, nained Monday, hung himself wife.”
one Lord's day, on account of the « By all the powers," said Will,“ but
fall of grain, Oliver offered a pre- that's too bad,
mium for the best epithet on old You've curs'd, the only civil hour we've
Hunks. Several were accordingly

had."
sent him, but he was pleased with

TO CORRESPONDENTS.
none. At last a poor cobler sent
him the following, which was ap-

We are surprised that master critic B,
proved, and the author received the

does not assert more of our book to be

nonsense than the Shoe and Slipper.
reward ;

What pily 'tis that assumption of Con-
Blessed be the Sabbath day,

Ceit should meet rebuke!
And curs'd be worldly pelf; .

K's remarks on “ Horrible! Horri-
Tuesday must begin the week, ble ! !" may be just. But be, as well as

For Monday's hang'd himself, B., is requested to understand that we
A Scotchman having read this cn. begin this work as Lord Chesterfield
rious production, and perceiving

began the world-pot with a bare desire,
ibat the cobler supposed Monday

but with an insatiable thirst, a rage for
was the first day of the week, wrote

popularity, applause, admiration; if this

should make us do some silly things on
the following:-

one hand, on the other hand it may make
What country cam the cobler fra, us do almost all the right things we
That Monday 'gan the week wha wot? MAY DO.

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Printed and Published by T. WALLIS, Camilen Town, and Sold by Chappell & Son, Royal Exchange :
Fairborn, Broadway, Ludgate Hill; Harris, Bow Street, Covent Garden i and pay be had of all Booksellers
sud Newsmea, in Town and Country ---}'t.ce Onu Pepay.

ORACLE OF KNOWLEDGE.

OR,

NO. III. - SATURDAY, DECEMBER 14, 1822.

Price ld.

“Praise us as we are tasted: allow us as we prove! Our head shall go bare till Merit crown it.. SHAKESPEARE,

THE

there seven years, when, after an abFORTUNATE DISCOVERY. sence of twelve years, he came to the I AN ORIGINAL TALE.

determination of again visiting lis Night was fast spreading its sombre

native land. shades around the varied landscape,

He accordingly once more embarkaccompanied by a drizzling shower,

ed on the briny deep, and in a few which had been for some time gather

hours safely reached Caergybi, when ing in the clouded atmosphere, and

his admiration of the romantic and obliged Sir Joseph to seek shelter be

picturesque views it afforded, inneath the rusticated cottage of some

duced him to make this interesting elderly peasants, situate at a short dis-,

spot his abode for a few weeks. tance from the town of Caergybi, * in

Daily did this worthy baronet peNorth Wales, popular from its conti

rambulate some of its most admired guity and the easy access it afforded

and beautiful walks, frequently find(by means of small packets used solely

ing means for the exereise of his for that purpose) to travellers of a

benevolence. speedy conveyance to Dublin, from

It was in one of these excursions, whence Sir Joseph Phillipps had just

wherein Sir Joseph had far exceeded embarked on his way to London, where

the usual distance of his walks, that he intended to settle, and in the exer

he found himself necessitated to tap cise of benevolence to chase from me

at the cottage door of the peasant mory the untoward events which had Morgan; nor did he remain long in befallen him in the former part of

suspense, ere he was bid an hospitable his life.

welcome by his kiud host, who "hoped Sir Joseph had, at an early age, se

his honor wouldn't feel any bad effects lected to himself a partner from the

from the wet." brilliant circle of fashion, hoping with

“Fear mé not, mine host," he reher to steer down the unrufiled stream

plied, smiling at the honest zeal of of life, and, like a skilful pilot, clear

the rustic cottager. “But, mire his fancy-decked bark from all dangers.

host,” he continued, after a pause, But scarce had he launched forth on

“ have you no refreshments at hand the deep waters of prosperity, ere the

of which I can partake? I must confess sun of adversity closed on him for

the cravings of an hungered appetite ever. A ruthless villain, envying his

I begin must acutely to feel.” happiness, had carried off his heart's

“Why, your honor," exclaimed prized treasure-his lovely wife.

Morgan, “dame has just gone to Long and fruitless were the searches

farmer Davis's to fetch some new he made for her. When unable longer

milk and a bit of white bread; we to remain in a place which daily re

have a few fresh eggs in the house, for minded him of the irreparable loss he

I thought your honor would like to had sustained, he converted the whole

take some little refreshment.” of his immense property into specie,

“ But, friend,” added Sir Joseph, which he lodged in the hands of

“what occasion was there to give the his bankers, and immediately de

good dame so much trouble ? Brown parted for the continent, where he re

bread would have supplied the place of mained five years; from thence he

white, and a draft from a pure spring removed to Ireland, and continued

would have sufficiently answered the

purpose of new milk." * Holyhead.

At this moment the good dame

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