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a precept to the sheriff or any constable of the county, commanding him to summon twelve qualified jurors to come before such judge, at the place therein to be specified, at a time not less than four, nor more than eight, days thereafter, to try the same traverse.
1 R. L., 96, § 3; 7 How. P. R., 443. $ 9. The jurors shall be summoned, returned and impan- Proceednelled, in the same manner as provided by law, in civil actions jury. before justices of the peace, and shall be sworn by such judge, well and truly to hear, try and determine the said traverse; they shall be kept together by such judge, and shall hear and examine any competent witnesses who may be offered, on oath, to be administered by such judge; and after hearing the allegations and proofs of the parties, the jury shall be kept together until they agree on a verdict, by an officer who shall be sworn, as is usual on trials in courts of record.
13 How. P. R., 446; 7 How. P. R., 441. S 10. If the jury cannot agree, after being kept together Discharg
ing jury, for such time as such judge shall deem reasonable, he may &c. discharge them, and issue a precept for a new jury; and the same proceedings shall be had, in respect to such new jury.
S 11. On the trial of such traverse, the complainant shall What to be only be required to show, in addition to the forcible entry or trial. detainer complained of, that he was peaceably in actual possession at the time of a forcible entry, or was in the constructive possession of the premises at the time of a forcible holding out; and the traverser may show, in his defence, that he or his ancestor, or those whose interest in such premises he claims, have been in quiet possession thereof for the space of three whole years together, next before the said inquisition found, and that his interest therein is not then ended or determined; and such showing shall be a bar to the prosecution.
1 R. L., 96, § 4; 9 W., 52. S 12. The verdict of such jury shall be received and recorded Judgment by the said judge, and if the defendant is thereby found or verdict guilty, the said judge shall thereupon award restitution of the premises so forcibly entered or forcibly held out, and shall assess the costs and expenses of the proceedings.
1 R. L., 96, § 5 & 2; 6 How. P. R., 178. $ 13. He shall thereupon issue his precept, reciting the pro- Process for ceedings before him, and commanding the sheriff of the and for county, or any constable thereof, to cause the complainant to costs. be restored and put into full possession of the said premises, according as he was seised or possessed thereof before such entry; and shall also, in the same precept, or in separate execu- 1510) tion, direct the costs and expenses so assessed, to be levied and collected of the defendant, in the same manner as costs
Ib. if there is no traverse.
are or may be collected on judgments before justices of the peace, in personal actions.
1 R. L., 96, § 5 & 2. $ 14. If no such traverse shall be made, as authorised in the preceding sections of this Title, in the manner therein specified, within twenty-four hours after the inquisition found, the judge shall, in like manner, award restitution of the premises, and assess the costs and expenses of the proceedings; and shall issue his precept, in the same manner, to cause restitution, and for the collection of the costs.
1 R. L., 96, § 3. Sheriffs,
S 15. Sheriffs and constables, to whom any process issued and power
. by a judge, as herein authorised, shall be directed and deli
vered, shall execute the same, and if need be, shall command and take the power of the county for that purpose.
1 R. L., 96, § 2 & 3.
$ 16. Twenty-four hours' personal notice to any juror to jurors;
attend upon any precept issued as aforesaid, shall be deemed neglect.
sufficient service, and any person so summoned, who shall neglect to attend and serve as such juror, without reasonable excuse, to be allowed by the judge issuing such precept, shall be subject to the same fine, to be prosecuted for, collected and applied to the same use, as provided by law in respect to jurors in justices' courts.
$ 17. The judge before whom such complaint shall be pænaed, made, may, at the request of either party, issue his subpæna
requiring any person to appear and testify before him, or before the jury of inquiry, or before the petit jury, touching the matters herein before directed to be heard by them. And any person served with such subpæna, who, without reasonable cause, shall neglect to appear, or appearing, shall refuse to answer upon oath, touching the matters aforesaid, shall be subject to the proceedings and penalties prescribed by law in similar cases in justices' courts.
11 W., 158; 13 How. P. R., 446. Certain $ 18. Every circuit judge, or supreme court commissioner,
and every mayor, recorder and alderman of any city, any under this
special justice, any justice of the marine court, and any assistant justice of the city of New York, shall have the like powers and authority, respecting forcible entries or forcible detainers, in their respective cities or counties, as are above given to judges of the county courts.
$ 19. No proceeding for the restitution of any premises proceed
forcibly entered or forcibly detained, had according to the foregoing provisions, shall be removed by any certiorari, unless the same be allowed by a justice of the supreme court, a circuit judge, or supreme court commissioner.
3 H., 446; 4 W., 213; 24 B., 16. given.
$ 20. No such writ of certiorari shall be allowed by such
Witnesses how sub
Certiorari to remove
Bond to be
officer, unless the defendant prosecuting such writ, with two sufficient sureties, to be approved by such officer, or in case  of the absence of such defendant, three sufficient sureties, to be approved as aforesaid, shall become bound to the complainant, in such penal sum as such officer shall direct, not less than one hundred dollars, conditioned that such party will appear at the return of the said certiorari, answer to the inquisition found, abide such order and judgment as the supreme court shall make in the premises, and pay all costs that shall be awarded against such defendant. Such bond shall be delivered to the judge to whom such certiorari shall be directed, and until the same be so delivered, such certiorari shall be of no effect.
4 W., 214; 20 How. P. R., 170. $ 21. The judge shall annex, and file such bond, with his Return to return to such writ, and the supreme court shall proceed proceedtherein, and cause the defendant to traverse the inquisition, if no traverse has been had, and shall direct a trial.
4 W., 214. $ 22. If the defendant shall omit to traverse such inquisi- Restitution tion, within such time as the court, by rule, shall direct, awarded, restitution shall be awarded by the court, with costs. And if, upon the trial of such traverse, the defendant be found guilty, the supreme court shall also award restitution, with costs; and in either case, the court may authorise the complainant to prosecute the bond given, on the allowance of the writ of certiorari.
$ 23. Upon the conviction of a defendant upon any indict- Restitution ment for forcible entry or forcible detainer, found in any courts. court of general sessions of the peace, or in any court of oyer and terminer, such court may award restitution, in the same manner as a judge upon a verdict being rendered before him, as herein provided.
SUMMARY PROCEEDINGS TO RECOVER THE POSSESSION OF LAND IN
SEC. 24. When justice to view deserted premises and give notice to tenant.
25. When landlord to be put in possession.
SEC. 41. When adjournment may be had; for what time.
42. Witnesses how compelled to attend and testify.
46. Also when premises have been sold under execution. (512] 47. Proceedings may be removed by certiorari.
48. When supreme court to award restitution.
53. Security to be given. Viewing
$ 24. If any tenant being in arrear for rent, shall desert premises; the demised premises, and leave the same unoccupied and
uncultivated, without any goods thereon subject to distress to
22 W., 611; 16 How. P. R., 451; 2 Hilt., 520.
any rent is due to the landlord, all proceeding shall cease.
2 Ab., 123.
case, may be made by the tenant at any time within three
given, and shall give notice to the landlord of such appeal. Power of $ 27. The court of common pleas shall examine the propleas.
ceedings, and hear the proofs and allegations of the parties,
In case of
of affirming such proceedings may award costs against the tenant.
$ 28. Any tenant or lessee at will, or at sufferance, or for What ten; part of a year, or for one or more years, of any houses, lands removed. or tenements; and the assigns, under-tenants, or legal representatives of such tenant or lessee; may be removed from such premises, by any judge of the county courts of the county, or by any justice of the peace of the city or town where the premises are situated, or by any mayor or recorder of the city, where such premises are situated; or in the city of New-York, by the mayor, recorder, any justice of the marine (513) court, or any one of the justices of the justices' courts of the city of New York in the manner herein after prescribed, in the following cases: 1. Where such person shall hold over and continue in pos
holding session of the demised premises, or any part thereof, after the over. expiration of his term, without the permission of the landlord :
2. Where such person shall hold over without such permis- Defanlt in sion as aforesaid, after any default in the payment of rent rent. pursuant to the agreement under which such premises are held, and a demand of such rent shall have been made, or three days' notice in writing, requiring the payment of such rent, or the possession of the premises, shall have been served by the person entitled to such rent, on the person owing the same, in the manner prescribed for the service of the summons in the thirty-second section of this Title:
3. Where the tenant or lessee of a term of three years, or Taken less, shall have taken the benefit of any insolvent act, or been insolvent discharged under any act for the relief of his person from imprisonment during such term :
4. Where any person shall hold over and continue in posses- Land sold sion of any real estate which shall have been sold by virtue tíon. of an execution against such person, after a title under such sale shall have been perfected.
16 V. Y., 567; 13 N. Y., 304 ; 9 N. Y., 37, 231; 24 B., 439; 16 B., 478,
625; 14 B., 253; 3 B., 391; 4 D., 185; 3 D., 452 H. & D., 236; 21
Laws of 1851, ch. 460; 1849, ch. 193; 1842, ch. 240. $ 29. Any landlord or lessor, his legal representatives, Atidariet to agents or assigns, may make oath in writing, of the facts, which, according to the preceding section, authorise the removal of a tenant, describing therein the premises claimed ; and may present the same to one of the officers in the last section specified.
5 N. Y., 383; 24 B., 438; 16 B., 478; 4 D., 71; 6 H., 317; 3 H., 332;
20 W., 107; 19 W., 395; 10 W., 393; 2 Ab., 29. $ 30. On receiving such affidavit, such officer shall issue his Summons summons, describing the premises of which possession is
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