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This night the siege assuredly I'll raise :
Char. Was Mahomet inspired with a dove?
131. halcyon days, i.e. calm weather (after storm), associated with the days about St. Martin's Day (November 11), when the kingfisher was said to breed.
138. insulting, exulting, triumphant. The reference is suggested by a passage in Plutarch's Life of Cæsar, translated by North, where Cæsar discovers himself to the anxious captain of the pinnace with the words : •Good fellow, be of good cheer,
and fear not, for thou hast Cæsar and his fortune with thee.'
140. This tradition was well known among the Elizabethans. Raleigh embodied it in a more detailed form in his History of the World, relating that Moham
med had a dove' which he used
Helen. The empress Helena, according to Christian legend, succeeded by divine guidance in recovering the Cross of Christ.
143. Saint Philip's daughters. Cf. Acts xxi. 9.
145. reverently; Dyce's reading, 'reverent,' is the least unsatisfactory emendation of this line.
Drive them from Orleans and be immortalized.
away about it: No prophet will I trust, if she prove false.
SCENE III. London. Before the Tower.
Enter the DUKE OF GLOUCESTER, with his
Serving-men in blue coats.
knocks so imperiously? First Serv. It is the noble Duke of Glou
cester. Second Warder. [Within] Whoe'er he be,
you may not be let in. First Seru. Villains, answer you so the lord
protector? First Warder. [Within] The Lord protect
him ! so we answer him : We do no otherwise than we are will’d. Glou. Who willed you? or whose will stands
but mine? There's none protector of the realm but I. Break up the gates, I'll be your warrantize :
2. conveyance, dishonest prac- Ff Gloster.' So in vv. 6, tice, trickery.
62. 4. Gloucester; (here a tri- 13. Break up, break open. syllable), Pope's emendation for ib. warrantize, warranty.
Shall I be flouted thus by dunghill grooms?
Woodvile the Lieutenant speaks within.
we here? Glou. Lieutenant, is it you whose voice I hear? Open the gates; here's Gloucester that would
not open ;
Glou. Faint-hearted Woodvile, prizest him 'fore
Arrogant Winchester, that haughty prelate,
protector, Or we'll burst them open, if that you come not
Enter to the Protector at the Tower Gates WIN
CHESTER and his men in tawny coats.
be shut out? Win. I do, thou most usurping proditor, And not protector, of the king or realm.
28. in tawny coats, the brown 30. Peeld, i.e. tonsured. coats worn by the servants of 31. proditor, betrayer ; the ecclesiastical court.
Latinism foreign to Shakespeare.
Glou. Stand back, thou manifest conspirator,
a foot :
Glou. I will not slay thee, but I'll drive thee
Thy scarlet robes as a child's bearing-cloth
thy face. Glou. What! am I dared and bearded to my
face? Draw, men, for all this privileged place; Blue coats to tawny coats. Priest, beware your
Win. Gloucester, thou wilt answer this before
Glou. Winchester goose, I cry, a rope ! a rope ! Now beat them hence; why do you let them stay?
34. contrivedst, didst plot. cording to a legend told by
35. The houses of ill-fame Mandeville, on the site of Abel's south of the Thames were under
grave. the jurisdiction of the Bishop 42. bearing-cloth, the robe in of Winchester, holding licenses which the child was borne to from him, and paying a tax into the font at baptism. bis treasury. 36. canvass, toss as in a
53. Winchester goose ; cant blanket.
term for a harlot. 39. Damascus; founded, ac- 53. a rope, i.e. a halter.
Thee I'll chase hence, thou wolf in sheep's array.
Here Gloucester's men beat out the Cardinal's men,
and enter in the hurly-burly the Mayor of
London and his Officers. May. Fie, lords! that you, being supreme
magistrates, Thus contumeliously should break the peace ! Glou. Peace, mayor ! thou know'st little of my
wrongs : Here's Beaufort, that regards nor God nor king, Hath here distrain’d the Tower to his use.
Win. Here's Gloucester, a foe to citizens, One that still motions war and never peace, O’ercharging your free purses with large fines, That seeks to overthrow religion, Because he is protector of the realm, And would have armour here out of the Tower, To crown himself king and suppress the prince. Glou. I will not answer thee with words, but blows.
[Here they skirmish again. May. Nought rests for me in this tumultuous strife But to make open proclamation: Come, officer; as loud as e'er thou canst : Cry.
Off. All manner of men assembled here in arms this day against God's peace and the king's, we charge and command you, in his highness' name, to repair to your several dwelling-places ; and not to wear, handle, or use any sword, weapon, or dagger, henceforward, upon pain of death.
Glou. Cardinal, I'll be no breaker of the law : But we shall meet, and break our minds at large. 61. distrain'd, appropriated. 63. motions, moves for, seeks.
81. break, open, disclose.