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position in the town was of necessity held by the troops who had won it. My thanks are eminently due to him, and I trust ho will receive them as heartily as they are offered.
I have now the pleasing task of communicating to your Lordship the name of an officer to whom not only I as commanding general, but to whom, in truth, the service at large, is under great obligation, MajorGeneral Mansfield, the Chief of the Staff, whose labour has been unceasing, whose abilities are of the highest order, and have been of the greatest use to me during this campaign. It is impossible for me to praise this officer too highly, or to recommend him sufficiently to the protection of your Lordship and of the Government.
I desire to draw the particular attention of your Lordship to Brigadier-Generals Franks, G.B., Walpole, Sir J. Hope Grant, K.C.B., and Sir Edward Lugard, K.C.B.
Their divisions have been most admirably commanded, and they have on every occasion amply justified all my expectations.
Brigadier-Generals Walpole and Sir J. Hope Grant were employed more immediately under the direction of Sir James Outram, who speaks in the highest terms of the assistance he received from them.
Sir J. H. Grant's management of his cavalry and horse artillery is always most admirable.
As detailed above, the manner in which the attacks on the main line of operations were directed by Sir Edward Lugard and BrigadierGeneral Franks, reflected the greatest credit on them.
The officers in command of the cavalry brigades have proved themselves equal to their high position, and are worthy of your Lordship's favourable consideration.
Brigadier Campbell, in command of the cavalry on the left, performed his detached duty with much vigilance and judgment. His march round the city on the 19th instant, which was a running fight for the greater part of the day, was a very difficult one.
His pursuit, on the 21st, of the party which broke away after being driven by Sir Edward Lugard from Shadut Gunge, was highly effective.
Brigadier Hagart has received the marked commendation of Sir J. Hope Grant, and the brigadiers in command of infantry brigades have particularly distinguished themselves under the eyes of their divisional commanders:—
Brigadier D. Russell . . . .1st Brigade.
and Lieutenant-Colonel Longden (her Majesty's 10th Foot), attached to the Goorkha Brigade, by order of the Commander-in-Chief.
The head-quarters, 2nd Brigade, with the 5th Fusiliers and 78th Highlanders, under Brigadier Franklin, remained at Alumbagh in position, and were well disposed by that officer to resist the enemy's demonstration ou the 16th instant.
To Major-General Sir Archdale Wilson, K.C.B., my warmest acknowledgments are due for the effective manner in which he commanded the Artillery division.
The four corps—the Naval Brigade, "the Royal Artillery, the Bengal Artillery, and the Madras Artillery—worked, with the greatest harmony under his happy direction as one regiment.
The merits of Sir Archdale Wilson are too widely known to gain anything by encomium from me; but I may be permitted to express my great satisfaction at having been able to avail myself of the assistance of this most distinguished officer. The effective fire of the artillery during the long operations which depended so much on the management of that arm, elicited general admiration.
The practice of the 68-pounders of the Naval Brigade was capital, while the Kaiser Bagh and other great buildings which had been stormed, showed, in a very convincing manner, how truly the shells had been directed by the Royal and Bengal Artillery.
Whenever the field artillery could be used, the troops of Horse Artillery and field batteries of Royal Artillery, the Bengal Artillery, and the Madras Artillery, did the most excellent service.
Sir Archdale Wilson expresses his great obligations to Captain Sir William Peel, K.C.B., Royal Navy, till that most gallant officer was severely wounded, and to Brigadiers Wood, C.B., Royal Horse Artillery, and Barker, C.B., Royal Artillery, respectively commanding the field and siege artillery brigades.
It would be difficult for me to give an adequate idea of the zeal and activity displayed by the Chief Engineer, Brigadier Napier, Bengal Engineers. Many of the operations depended on his proper appreciation of the obstructions to be overcome, and the means at his disposal for that purpose.
His great professional skill and thorough acquaintance with the value of his enemy, have been of the greatest service, and I recommend him most cordially to your Lordship's protection.
I am under very great obligations to him.
The officers of the general departments of the army have accompanied me during the siege, and I beg to return them my thanks. They are as follow:—
Major H. W. Norman, Deputy-Adjutant-General of the Army.
Lieutenant-Colonel W. Macpherson, Officiating QuartermasterGeneral of the Army.
Colonel the Honourable W. L. Pakenham, C.B., Officiating AdjutantGeneral, her Majesty's Forces.
Captain C. F. Seymour, 84th Regiment, Officiating QuartermasterGeneral, her Majesty's Forces.
Captain G. Algood, Officiating Assistant-Quartermaster-General of the Army.
Lieutenant-Colonel Keith Young, Judge-Advocate-General of the Army.
Lieutenant P. Stewart, Bengal Engineers, Superintendent of Electric Telegraphs.
Doctor Mac Andrew, Inspector-General of Hospitals, her Majesty's Forces.
Doctor Brown, the Superintending-Surgeon of the Force, has again won my sincere thanks for his admirable arrangements.
Captain Fitzgerald, Assistant-Commissary-General, who has had the disposition of the commissariat in the field, has met every want of the army. He has distinguished himself much, and is a credit to his department.
I must draw very particular attention to the services of Major Norman, Deputy-Adjutant-General, who, besides his ordinary departmental duties, has performed the very onerous one of Adjutant-General of the Army in the Field throughout the campaign: to Captain II. Bruce, Deputy-Quartermaster-General, head of the Intelligence Department; and to Captain G. Algood, Officiating-Assistant-Quartermaster-General, who performed the duties of Quartermaster-General of the Army in the Field, until the arrival of Lieutenant-Colonel Macpherson. These officers have all been most active in the performance of their duties.
To my personal Staff and that of Major-General Mansfield, my acknowledgments are due, but more particularly to my Military Secretary, Colonel Sterling, C.B., and to Captain R. G. Hope Johnstone, Bombay Army, Deputy-Assistant-Adjutant-General to the Chief of the Staff. These two officers are most indefatigable.
A list of the other members of these Staffs is appended.
Finally, I wish to draw your Lordship's attention to the conduct of the regimental officers, commissioned and non-commissioned, and to the men of the regiments.
Their conduct has been very brilliant throughout. The manner in which the 93rd Regiment flung itself into the Begum Kotee, followed by the 4th Sikhs and supported by the 42nd, was magnificent, and the subsequent attack on the Emmambara and the Kaiser Bagh reflected the greatest credit on the regimental leaders of the 4th Division, and the soldiers who followed them.
Corrected lists will be sent immediately, of the officers and soldiers who arc deemed most worthy of distinction in a force in which every one has a claim.
I have, &c.,
C. Campbell, General,
Commander-in-Chief in India,
List of the Personal Staff of his Excellency General Sin Colin Campbell, G.C.B., Commander-in-Chief in India; and of MajorGeneral Sin W. 11. Mansfield, Chief of the Staff.
Head Quarters Camp, Lucknow, 22nd March, 1858.
Colonel Sterling, C.B., unattached, Military Secretary to the Commander-in-Chief.
Captain Sir David Baird, Bt., H.M.'s 98th Regt. -) A. D. C.'s to the
Lieutenant F. Alison, 72nd Highlanders [ Commander-in
Cnptain W. F. Forster, 18th Royal Irish ) Chief.
Major J. Metcalfe, 3rd Regiment Bengal Native Infantry, Interpreter and Commandant, Head Quarters.
Lieutenant R. G. Hope Johnstone, Bombay Army, Dcputy-AssistantAdjutant-General to Chief of the Staff.
Lieutenant D. M. Murray, H. M.'s 6 1th Regt. "J A. D. C.'s to the
Lieutenant P. R. S. Flood (severely wounded), > Chief of the her Majesty's 53rd Regiment ) Staff.
Surgeon J. Cliffurd, Officiating Surgeon to the Commander-in-Chief.
A. C. Sterling, Colonel,
Memorandum of Operations carried on under the Command of MajorGeneral Sut James Outram, G.C.B., during the Siege of Lucknow.
On the morning of the Cth instant, shortly before daybreak, I proceeded with the force named in the margin,* to cross the Goomtuc Iiivcr, over the two temporary bridges which had been constructed by the order of his Excellency, the whole of the cavalry being under the command of the Brigadier-General Sir James Hope Grant, K.C.B.; the infantry under that of Brigadier Walpolc; the field artillery under Brigadier D. Wood, C.B.; the siege artillery, which subsequently joined me, under Lieut.-Colonel Riddel 1, R.A. After proceeding a short distance in a northerly direction, the enemy became visible on our left flank, and on being approached by the cavalry, they were discovered to be in considerable force, chiefly sowars. The 2nd Punjaub Cavalry then attacked on the right, while Major Smith, of the Queen's Bays, with two squadrons of his own regiment, one squadron of the 9th Lancers, and Lieut.-Colonel D'Aguilar's Troop of Horse Artillery, advanced from our left. The enemy were immediately driven back, and pursued to the banks of the river, many being cut up; but I regret to state that in this charge the gallant Major Smith was killed. Our camp was then formed on the Fyzabad road, about half a mile in advance of the village of Chinhut, on the Lucknow side. Early on the following morning, 7th March, the enemy made a smart attack on our advanced picqucts, and brought out several guns under cover of ravines and clumps of trees in our front. They were, however, speedily withdrawn, on our skirmishers and horse artillery and Captain Middleton's field battery, protected by the cavalry, coming to the front and opening their fire. The artillery practice on this occasion, as on the preceding day, was admirable.
2. The following day, the 8th instant, under the instructions of his Excellency, Colonel D'Aguilar's troop of Horse Artillery and the 9th Lancers re-crossed the river to the head-quarters camp, and the siege guns named in the margin f joined me. Having decided upon an attack on the enemy's position, on the next morning, the 9th instant, I caused an entrenchment for eight 24-pounder guns and three 8-inch
* Already given in Commander-in-Chiefs dcspatelu
t 24-pounder guns, 8; 8-inch howitzers, 4; 8-inch mortars, 10. Total, 22.
howitzers, to bo constructed during the night. The battery was armed, and commenced its fire at daybreak with excellent effect, after which the right column of infantry, accompanied by Captain Gibbon's field battery, under Brigadier-General Walpole, covered by a cloud of skirmishers, commanded by Brigadier Horsford, C.B., and supported by the 5th Brigade under Brigadier Douglas, drove the enemy through the jungles, walls, and villiiges, which afforded them an excellent cover, and bringing the right shoulders forward, occupied the Fyzabad road. In the meantime, the left column of attack, composed of the 1st Bengal Fusiliers, supported by two companies of the 79th Highlanders, which had been held in readiness on the left of the battery, together with the horse artillery under Brigadier Wood, which had been formed in rear of the bridge across the Kokral, advanced, and in concert with the right column, carried the Chuker Kothee (or Yellow-house), the key of the rebel position, in gallant style, and thereby turned the strong line of entrenchment which had been constructed by the enemy on the right bank of the Goonitec. Of this success the skirmishers on the other side of the river were subsequently apprised by Lieutenant Butler, of the Bengal Fusiliers, who swam across the Goomtee, and climbing the parapet, remained in that position for a considerable time, under heavy fire of musketry, until the work was occupied. After the occupation of the Chuker Kothee, we drove the enemy rapidly through the old irregular cavalry lines, and suburbs, to the Budshah Bagh. The fortified gates of this strong-walled enclosure were blown open, and the garden occupied, where two guns were found by our troops. Three guns and a howitzer were then placed in position to enfilade the works in rear of the Martiniere. A battery of two 24-pounder guns, and two 8-inch howitzers, was placed near the river to keep down the fire from the town. A battery for five mortars was constructed during the night, and in the morning commenced playing on the Kaiser Bagh. Four heavy guns were also placed in a work thrown up by the enemy at the east entrance into the Badshah Bagh.
8. On the 10th, we were occupied in strengthening our position, the enemy being in force in the suburbs in our front, from which they made an attack in considerable numbers on a picquet held by the 7Uth Highlanders, but were repulsed with heavy loss. General Sir James Hope Grant occupied himself the while in patrolling the vicinity, during which operation a most valuable young officer, Major Sandford, of the 5th Punjaub Irregular Cavalry, was unfortunately killed; but the enemy suffered severely.
4. During this night, another battery was constructed at the Badshah Bagh for four 24-pounders, two 8-inch howitzers, and five 8-inch mortars, which kept up a vertical and direct fire on the defences in the interior of the Kaiser Bagh. Two more 24-pounders were also brought to bear on the Mess-house, and on the Kaiser Bagh, in compliance with the instructions of his Excellency. I made arrangements to attack the suburbs in the vicinity of the iron and stone bridges, aud shortly after daylight on the 11th instant, the right column, as per margin,*
* 79th Highlanders; 2nd and 3rd battalion, Kifle Brigade; 1st Bengal Fusiliers; Captain Gibbon's Light Field Battery, and two 24-pounders.