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accent adjective alphabet Angles Anglian Anglo-Norman Anglo-Saxon become Beowulf branch Broken Saxon called century Chaucer composition corruption Cynewulf declension difference ealle Early English EARLY ENGLISH PERIOD edition employed endings England English language English Period explained extent final foreign forms French words Frisian Gender German gerund grammar Greek Grein heom hevene inflexions influence instance Irish Keltic King Latin Layamon letter lines literary literature Low German macod Middle English Midland Modern English Morris native Norman Norse northern Northumbrian nouns occurs Old English origin Ormulum orthography participle passage past peculiar perhaps plur plural poem poetry present pronouns pronunciation prose referred relational words remains rhyming Robert Mannyng Romance Element Saxon Chronicle sing Southern dialect Specimens speech spoken language structure swa swa swift syllable synthetic language tendency Teutonic tion tongue translation tribes verb verse vocabulary vowel waes West Saxon writers written
155 페이지 - ... any words of a foreign coin from passing among us ; and in particular to prohibit any French phrases from becoming current in this kingdom, when those of our own stamp are altogether as valuable. The present war has so adulterated our tongue with strange words, that it would be impossible for one of our great-grandfathers to know what his posterity have been doing, were he to read their exploits in a modern newspaper.
100 페이지 - VIII., they were wont to be formed by adding en; thus, loven, sayen, complainen. But now (whatsoever is the cause) it hath quite grown out of use, and that other so generally prevailed, that I dare not presume to set this afoot again; albeit (to tell you my opinion) I am persuaded that the lack hereof, well considered, will be found a great blemish to our tongue. For seeing time and person be as it were the right and left hand of a verb, what can the maiming bring else, but a lameness to the whole...
152 페이지 - Thus, suppose the English language to be divided into a hundred parts : of these, to make a rough distribution, sixty would be Saxon ; thirty would be Latin (including, of course, the Latin which has come to us through the French) ; five would be Greek. We should thus have assigned ninety five parts, leaving the other five, perhaps too large a residue, to be divided among all the other languages from which we have adopted isolated words.
169 페이지 - Its highly spiritual genius, and wonderfully happy development and condition, have been the result of a surprisingly intimate union of the two noblest languages in modern Europe, the Teutonic and the Romance.
127 페이지 - Of lovis use, now soft, now loud among, That all the gardens and the wallis rung Right of their song.
127 페이지 - The sharpe greene sweete juniper, Growing so fair with branches here and there, That as it seemed to a lyf without, The boughis spread the arbour all about.
111 페이지 - In a somer seson • whan soft was the sonne, I shope me in shroudes • as I a shepe were, In habite as an heremite • vnholy of workes, Went wyde in this world • wondres to here.
170 페이지 - In truth the English language, which by no mere accident has produced and upborne the greatest and most predominant poet of modern times, as distinguished from the ancient classical poetry (I can, of course, only mean...
124 페이지 - ... out by conjecture. In the Paston Letters, on the contrary, in Harding the metrical chronicler, or in Sir John Fortescue's discourse on the difference between an absolute and a limited monarchy, he finds scarce any difficulty : antiquated words and forms of termination frequently occur ; but he is hardly sensible that he reads these books much less fluently than those of modern times.