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In witness whereof, the Dessen Zu Urkund, haben above named plenipotentia. pie obengenannten bevollries have hereto affixed their machtigten hiernnter ihre names and seals.

armen und siegel gesetzt. Done at Schwerin, this 9th Gegeben zu Schwerin, (ninth) day of December, von 9 tag des monats De. 1847.

ceinber, 1847. A. DUDLEY MANN. (L. 8.) A. DUDLEY MANN. (L. s.) L. OF LUTZOW. (L. s.] L. VON LUTZOW. (L. s.)

And whereas the said declaration of accession has been duly ratified on both parts: Now, therefore, be it known that I, JAMES K. POLK,

Proclaimed by President of the United States of America, have caused the the President of said declaration to be made public, to the end that the same, 2d, 1848. and every clause and article thereof, may be observed and fulfilled with good faith by the United States and the citizens thereot.

in witness whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed. Done at the city of Washington, this second day of Au

gust, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight L. S.] hundred and forty eight, and of the Independ

ence of the United States of America the seventy-
third.

JAMES K. POLK.
By the President:

JAMES BUCHANAN, Secretary of State.

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TREATIES WITH INDIAN TRIBES.

CHIPPEWAS OF THE MISSISSIPPI AND LAKE SUPERIOR.

JAMES K. POLK,

PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,

TO ALL AND SINGULAR TO WHOM THESE PRESENTS SHALL

COME, GREETING : Treaty with the Chippewas of the Whereas a treaty was made and concluded at the FondMississippi

Pinod du-lac of lake Superior, on the second of August, in the lake concluded 23 Au- year one thousand cight hundred and forty-seven, between gust, 1947

the United States by their commissioners, Isaac A. Verplank
and Henry M. Rice, and the Chippewa Indians of the Mis-
sissippi and lake Superior, by their chiefs and headmen;
which treaty is, word for word, as follows:
Articles of a treaty made and concluded at the Fond du-

lac of lake Superior, on the second day of August, in the
year one thousand eight hundred and forty-seven, between
the United States by their commissioners, Isaac A. Ver-
plank and Henry M. Rice, and the Chippewa Indians of
the Mississippi and lake Superior, by their chiefs and
headmen.

ARTICLE 1.

Peace and friendship to be perpetual

It is agreed that the peace and friendship which exists between the people of the United States and the Chippewa In. dians shall be perpetual.

ARTICLE 2.

to States.

Cession of land The Chippewa Indians of the Mississipi and lake Superior by the Chippewas of the Mississippi cede and sell to the United States all the land within the folod lake Suported lowing boundaries, viz : Beginning at the junction of the

Crow Wing and Mississippi rivers, thence up the Crow Wing river to the junction of that river with the Long Prairie river, thence up the Long Prairie river to the boundary line between the Sioux and Chippewa Indians, thence southerly along the said boundary line to a lake at the head of Long Prairie river, thence in a direct line to the sources of the Watab river, thence down the Watab to the Mississippi river, thence up the Mississippi to the place of be. ginning; and also all the interest and claim which the Indians parties to this treaty have in a tract of land lying upon

1848.

and north of Long Prairie river, and called One-day's Hunt; but, as the boundary line between the Indians parties to this Boundary be treaty and the Chippewa Indians, commonly called “ Pilla- tween the Indiana gers,” is indefinite, it is agreed that before the United States treaty and the use or occupy the said tract of land north of Long Prairie to be settled to river, the boundary line between the said tract and ihe Pilla- the satisfaction of ger lands shall be defined and settled to the satisfaction of the Pillagers.

ARTICLE 3.

pay to the chief

In consideration of the foregoing cession, the United States in consideration agree to pay to the chiess of the Chippewas of lake Superior cession the u.

to pay to the Chip seventeen thousand dollars in specie, and to the chiefs of the

pewas $17,000 ; Chippewas of the Mississippi seventeen thousand dollars in specie; the above sums to be paid at such place or places as the President shall direct, and to be paid within six months after this treaty shall be ratified by the President and Senate of the United States; and the United States further agree to And further, to pay to the chiefs of the Mississippi Indians the sum of one of the Mississippi thousand dollars annually for forty-six years; but it is agreed 00 $7,000 for us that whenever the Chippewas of the Mississippi shall agree years. as to the schools to be established, and the places at which they shall be located, the number of blacksmiths and laborers to be employed for them, and shall request the United States to expend, from year to year, the annual payments remaining unpaid, in the support of schools, blacksmiths, and laborers, the same shall be expended by the United States for such purposes ; and that Chippewas of full or mixed blood shall pended. be employed as teachers, blacksmiths, and laborers, when such persons can be employed who are competent to perform the duties required of them under this and all former treaties.

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ARTICLE 4.

Half or mixed

of

the

It is stipulated that the half or mixed bloods of the Chippe, was residing with them shall be considered Chippewa in. bloods dians, and shall, as such, be allowed to participate in all an. considered

Chippewas to be nuities which shall hereafter be paid to the Chippewas of the Chippewas. Mississippi and lake Superior, due them by this treaty, and by the treaties heretofore made and ratified.

An agency to

ARTICLE 5. The United States agree to establish an agency on or near the Mississippi river, at a point convenient for the Chippewas be established of the Mississippi, immediately after the ratification of this treaty, or as soon thereafter as may be, to be located at such point as the President shall direct, and the amount of annuities to which the Chippewas of the Mississippi are entitled under this and all former-treaties shall be paid to them at the said agency, and the amount of their just proportion of annuities resulting from former treaties shall be determined by the President.

Annuities to be paid at said agency.

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This treaty shall be obligatory upon the contracting parties when ratified by the President and Senate of the United States.

Signod 2 Ac. gust, 1817.

In testimony whereof, the said Isaac A. Verplank and Henry M. Rice, commissioners as aforesaid, and the chiefs, head men and warriors of the Chippewas of the Mississippi and lake Superior, have hereunto set their hands, at the Fonddu lac of lake Superior, this second day of August, in the year one thousand eight hundred and forty-seven.

ISAAC A. VERPLANK.
HENRY M. RICE.

Kai-ah-wan:-eda, 2d chief, his x mark, Crow.wing..
Waub.o-jceg, Ist chief,

his x mark, Gull lake.
Uttom auh, Ist warrior,

his x mark, Crow-wing. Shen-goob, 1st warrior,

his x mark, Crow-wing. Que-wish-an sish, 1st warrior, his x mark, Gull lake. Maj.c-gah-bon, 2d warrior, his x mark, Crow. wing. Kag gag.c.we guon, warrior, his x mark, Crow-wing. Mab uk-um-ig, warrior,

his x mark, Crow-wing. Nag-aun.cg a bon 2d chief, his x mark, Sandy lake. Wan jc-ke-shig.uk, chief, his x mark, Sandy lake. Kow az rum ig ish kung, warrior, his x mark, Sandy lake. Ke-che-wask keenk, Ist chief, his x mark, Lapointe. Gab im ub-be, chief,

his x mark, St. Croix lake. Kee-che-waub-ish-ash, 1st chief, his x mark, Pelican lakes. Nig-gig, 2d chief,

his x mark, Pelican lakes. Ud c kum-ag, 2d chief,

his x mark. Lac.flambeau.
Ta che.go onk, 3d chief, his x mark, Lapointe.
Muk-no-a wuk-und, warrior, his x mark, Lapointe.
O sho-gaz, warrior,

his x mark, St. Croix.
A-dow-c re shig, warrior, his x mark, Lapointe.
Keesh-ri tow.ng, 1st warrior, his x mark, Lapointe.
I-aub-ans, chief,

his x mark, Rice lake.
Tug. wany-am az, 2d chief, his x mark, Lapointe.
O-rum-de-kun, chief,

his x mark, Ontonagin. Keesh-re tow-no, 2d chief, his x mark, Ontonagin. Maj.c-wo.we clung, 2d chief, his x mark, Puckaguno. Ke.che-wa-mibco-osk, 1st chief, his x mark, Puckaguno. Mong.o-sit, 3d chief,

his x mark, Fond-du-lac. Mug-un-ub, 2d chief

his x mark, Fond-du-lac. An-im-as-ung, Ist warrior his x mark, Fond du-lac. Wagb-ish-ashe, 1st chief, his x mark, Chippeway

river. Make-cen-gun, 2d chief, his x mark, Chippeway

river. Kee-wan-see, chief,

his x mark, Lac Contereille. Ten-as-see, chief,

his x mark, Puk-wa-wun. Nag-an-is, 2d chief,

his x mark, Lac Contereille.

Ke-chi-in in e, 1st warrior, his x mark, Puk-wa-wun. Ke-che-now-uj.c.nim, chief, his x mark, Turtle Portage. Bus-e-gain jis, warrior,

his x mark, Lac flambeau. Shin goob, ist chief,

his x mark, Fond du-lac. Shay-u ash-cens, Ist chief, his x mark, Grand Portage. Ud-ik-ons, 2d chief,

his x mark, Grand Portage. Me zye, 4th chief,

his x mark, Lapointe. David King, Ist chief,

his x mark, Ance. Ma-tak o.se ga, 1st warrior, his x mark, Ance. Assurcens, 2d warrior,

his x mark, Ance.
Peter Marksman, chief.
Alexander Corbin, chief.
William W. W. Warren, 1st chief.
Jno. Pta. Rellenger,

his x mark. Charles Charlo,

his x mark. Chief, Battiste Gauthier,

bis x mark.

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The following signatures are those of chiefs and headmen parties to this treaty :

Ke nesh te no, chief, Trout lake, his x mark.
Malı-shah, Ist warrior, his x mark, Lac-flambeau.
I oush ou c ke shik, chief, his x mark, Red Cedar lake.
Mah ko dah, 1st warrior, his x mark, Mille Lac.
Pe tud, lsl chief,

his x mark, Mille Lac. Aunch e be nas, 2d warrior, bis x mark, Mille Lac. Mish in nack in ugo, warrior, his x mark, Red Cedar lake. Gah nin dym a win so, Ist chief, his x mark, Sandy lake. Mis-quod ase, warrior, his x mark, Na túm e gaw.bow, 2d chief, his x mark, 1.ah-be dua.we dung, warrior, his x mark,

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