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but no loan must be made to the corporation for a term extending beyond that of its existence, .

561. Such shares of stock in homestead corporations as may be acquired by children, the cost of which, and the deposits and assessments on which are paid from the personal earnings of the children, or with gifts from persons other than their male parents, may be taken and held for them by their parents or guardians. Married women may hold such shares as they acquire with their personal earnings, or those of their children, voluntarily bestowed therefor, or from property bequeathed or given to them by persons other than their husbands.

562.....Homestead corporations must not purchase and sell, or otherwise acquire and dispose of real property, or any interest therein, or any personal property, for the sole purpose of speculation or profit. Nor must any such corporation at any one time own or hold, in trust or otherwise, for its purposes, real property, or any interest therein, which in the aggregate exceeds in cash value the sum of two hundred thousand dollars. For any violation of the provisions of this section, corporations forfeit their corporate rights and powers. On the application of any citizen to a court of competent jurisdiction such forfeiture may be adjudged, and the judgment carries with it costs of the proceedings.

563. Except for the purpose of winding up and settling its affairs, every homestead corporation must terminate at the expiration of the time fixed for its existence in the articles of incorporation, or when dissolved as provided in this part. No dividend of funds must be made on termination of its corporate existence, until its debts and liabilities are paid; and upo

liabilities are paid: and upon the final settlement of the affairs of the corporation, or upon the termination of its corporate existence, the directors, in such manner as they may determine, must divide its property among its shareholders in proportion to their respective interests, or, upon the application of a majority in interest of the stockholders, must sell and dispose of any or all of the real estate of the corporation upon such terms as may be most conducive to the interests of all the stockholders, and must convey the same to the purchaser, and distribute the proceeds among the shareholders, or may at any time, when best for the interests of all the shareholders, cause the lands of the corporation to be subdivided into lots and distributed, by sale for premiums, at auction or otherwise, among the shareholders.

564. Such premiums on lots may be made payable at the time they are bid off, and, if not so paid on any lot of land, the directors may immediately offer the same for sale again. If made payable at a future day, and any shareholder fails to pay his bid on the day the same is made due and payable, the directors may advertise and sell the shares of stock representing the lots of land on which the premiums remain unpaid, in the manner provided in the by-laws for the sale of shares on account of delinquent installments and premiums.

565. The actual financial condition of all homestead corporations must, by the directors thereof, be published annually in the (a) newspaper published at the principal place of business of the corporation, for four weeks, if published in a weekly, and two weeks, if published in a daily. The statement must be made up to the end of each year, and must be verified by the oath of the president and secretary, showing the items of property and liabilities.

566. In any case in which a publication is required, and no newspaper is published at the principal place of business, the publication may be made in a paper published in an adjoining county.

TITLE X.

Savings and Loan Corporations.

Section

Section 571. Loans, generally.

579. Definition phrase "create 572. Capital stock, generally.

debts.” 573. Dividends, generally.

581. Restriction on savings 574. Property owned, limitations. banks. 575. Married women, minors, 582. True names, banking. stock.

583. Dividends, generally. 576. Certificate of deposits, gen- 583a. Publication, capital stock. erally.

583b. Unclaimed deposits, report 577. Reserve fund.

of. 578. Prohibited loans, officers.

571. Corporations organized for the purpose of accumulating and loaning of funds of their members, stockholders, and depositors, may loan and invest the funds thereof, receive deposits of money, loan, invest, and collect the same, with interest, and may repay depositors with or without interest. No such corporation must loan money, except on adequate security on real or personal property, and such loan must not be for a longer period than ten years. 1901—295.

572. When savings and loan corporations have a capital stock specified in their articles of incorporation, certificates of the ownership of shares may be issued; and the rights and privileges to be accorded to, and the obligations to be imposed upon, such capital stock, as distinct from those of depositors, must be fixed and defined, either in the articles of incorporation or in the by-laws.

573. The directors of savings and loan corporations may, at such times and in such manner as the by-laws prescribe, declare and pay dividends of so much of the profits of the corporation, and of the interest arising from the capital stock and deposits, as may be appropriated for that purpose under the by-laws or under their agreements with depositors. The directors must not contract any debt or liability against the corporation for any purpose whatever, except for deposits. The capital stock and the assets of the corporation are a security to depositors and stockholders, depositors having the priority of security over the stockholders, but the by-laws may provide that the same security shall extend to deposits made by stockholders.

574. Savings and loan corporations may purchase, hold and convey real and personal property as follows:

1. The lot and building in which the business of the corporation is carried on, the cost of which must not exceed one hundred thousand dollars; except, on a vote of two thirds of the stockholders the corporation may increase the sum to an amount not exceeding two hundred and fifty thousand dollars;

2. Such as may have been mortgaged, pledged or conveyed to it in trust, for its benefit in good faith, for money loaned in pursuance of the regular business of the corporation;

3. Such as may have been purchased at sales under pledges, mortgages or deeds of trust made for its benefit, for money so loaned, and such as may be conveyed to it by borrowers in satisfaction and discharge of loans made thereon;

4. No such corporation must purchase, hold or convey real estate in any other case or for any other purpose; and all real estate described in subdivision three of this section must be sold by the corporation within ten years after the title thereto is vested in it by purchase or otherwise;

5. No such corporation must purchase, own, or sell personal property, except such as may be requisite for its immediate accommodation for the convenient transaction of its business, mortgages on real estate, bonds, securities or evidences of in private, gold and silver bullion and United States mint certificates of ascertained value and evidences of debt issued by the United States;

6. No such corporation must purchase, hold or convey bonds, securities or evidences of indebtedness, public or private, except bonds of the United States, of the state of California, and of the counties, cities, or cities and counties, or towns, or school districts of the state of California, or bonds of railroad or street-railroad corporations owning property and having their principal place of business in the state of California, unless such corporation has a capital stock or reserved fund paid 'in of not less than one hundred thousand dollars. 1901—659.

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575. Married women and minors may, in their own right, make and draw deposits and draw dividends, and give valid receipts therefor.

576. Savings and loan corporations may issue general certificates of deposit, which are transferable, as in other cases, by indorsement and delivery; may issue, when requested by the depositor, special certificates, acknowledging the deposit by the person therein named of a specified sum of money, and expressly providing on the face of such certificate that the sum so deposited and therein named may be transferred only on the books of the corporation; payment thereafter made by the corporation to the depositor named in such certificate, or to his assignee named upon the books of the corporation, or, in case of death, to the legal representative of such person, of the sum for which such special certificate was issued, discharges the corporation from all further liability on account of the money so paid.

577. Savings and loan corporations may prescribe by their by-laws the time and conditions on which repayment is to be made to depositors; but whenever there is any call by depositors for repayment of a greater amount than the corporation may have disposable for that purpose, the directors or officers thereof must not make any new loans or investments of the funds of the depositors, or of the earnings thereof, until such excess of call has ceased. The directors of any such corporation having no capital stock must retain, on each dividend-day, at least five per cent of the net profits of the corporation, to constitute a reserve fund, which must be invested in the same manner as other funds of the corporation, and must be used toward paying any losses which the corporation may sustain in pursuing its lawful business. The corporation may provide by its by-laws for the disposal of any excess in the reserve fund over one hundred thousand dollars, and the final disposal, upon the dissolution of the corporation, of the reserve fund, or of the remainder thereof, after payment of losses.

578. No director or officer of any savings and loan corporation must, directly or indirectly, for himself or as the partner or agent of others, borrow any of the deposits or other funds of such corporation, nor must he become an indorser or surety for loans to others, nor in any manner be an obligor for moneys borrowed of or loaned by such corporation. The office of any director or officer who acts in contravention of the provisions of this section immediately thereupon becomes vacant.

579. Receiving deposits, issuing certificates of deposit, checks, and bills of exchange and the like, in the transaction of the business of savings and loan corporations, must not be construed to be the creation of debts within the meaning of the phrase "create debts," in section three hundred and nine.

581. No savings bank shall lend to exceed sixty per cent of the market value of any piece of real estate to be taken as security, except for the purpose of facilitating the sale of property owned by the corporation. And it shall be unlawful for any savings and loan society, or savings bank, to purchase, invest, or loan its capital, or the money of its depositors, or any part of either, in mining shares or stocks. Any president or managing officer who knowingly consents to a violation of the above provision shall be deemed guilty of a felony. 1903–352.

582. Every person or number of persons not being incorporated, engaged in the business of banking, or publicly receiving money on deposit must conduct such business under a name which shows the true names of all persons engaged therein, unless such person or persons have complied with the provisions of article seven of chapter two of title ten of part four of division third of said Civil Code. Every person violating any of the provisions of this section is guilty of a misdemeanor, and is punishable by imprisonment in the county jail for not less than ninety days nor more than six months, or by fine of not less than one hundred dollars nor more than five hundred dollars, or by both such fine and imprisonment. 1903–352.

583. The directors of any savings bank, bank, or banking corporation having a capital stock, may semi-annually 'declare a dividend of so much of the net profits of the stockholders as they shall judge expedient; but every such corporation shall, before the declaration of such dividend, carry at least one tenth(1-10) part of the net profits of the stockholders for the preceding half-year to it surplus or reserve fund until the same shall amount to twentyfive per centum of its paid-up capital stock. But the whole or any part of such surplus or reserve fund, if held as the exclusive property of stockholders, may at any time be converted into paid-up capital stock, in which event such surplus or reserve fund shall be restored in manner as above provided until it amounts to twentyfive per centum of the aggregate paid-up capital stock. A larger surplus or reserve fund may be created, and nothing herein contained shall be construed as prohibitory thereof. 1903–353.

583a. No banker, nor officer of any bank or corporation doing a banking business, shall advertise in any manner, or publish any statement of the capital stock authorized or subscribed, unless he advertise and publish in connection therewith, the amount of capital actually paid up. Any officer, or the officers of any bank or corporation doing a banking business advertising in any manner or publishing a statement of the capital stock of such bank or banking corporation, authorized or subscribed, without the statement in connection therewith of the stock actually paid up, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor. 1903–-353.

583b. The president of every savings bank, savings and loan society, and every other bank, depository, society, or institution in which deposits of money are made, whether any interest or dividend is paid, or agreed to be paid, thereon or not, must, within fifteen days after the first day of January of every odd-numbered year, return to the board of bank commissioners a sworn statement showing the amount placed to his credit, the last known place of residence or postoffice address, and the fact of death, if known to such president, of every depositor who has not made a deposit therein or withdrawn therefrom any part of his deposit, or any part of the interest or dividends thereon, for a period of more than ten years next preceding. Such president must give notice of these deposits in one or more new

published in or nearest the town, city, or city and county where such bank, society, or other institution is situated or has its principal place of business, at least once a week for four successive weeks, the cost of such publication to be paid pro rata out of such unclaimed deposits. This section does not apply to any deposit made by or in the name of a person known to the president

f, or which, with the accumulation thereon, is less than fifty dollars. The board of bank commissioners must incorporate in their subsequent report each return made to them as provided in this section. Any president of any of the institutions mentioned in this section who neglects or refuses to make the sworn statement required thereby is guilty of a misdemeanor. 1905–581.

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TITLE XI.

Mining Corporations. Section

Section 586. Agencies, transfer.

588. Book inspection. 587. Transfer, stock.

589. Stockholders' right, expert. 587a. Consolidation.

590. Officers' liability.

586. Any corporation organized in this state for the purpose of mining or carrying on mining operations in or without this state, may establish and maintain agencies in other states of the United States, for the transfer and issuing of their stock; and a transfer or issue of the same at any such transfer agency, in accordance with the provisions of its by-laws, is valid and binding as fully and effectually for all purposes as if made upon the books of such corporation at its principal office within this state. The agencies must be governed by the by-laws and the directors of the corporation.

587. All stock of any such corporation, issued at a transfer agency, must be signed by the president and secretary of the corporation, and countersigned at the time of its issue by the agent having charge of the transfer agency. No stock must be issued at a transfer agency unless the certificate of stock, in lieu of which the same is issued, is at the time surrendered for cancellation.

587a. It is lawful for two or more corporations formed, or that may hereafter be formed, under the laws of this state, for mining purposes, which own or possess mining claims or lands adjoining each other, or lying in the same vicinity, to consolidate their capital

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