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resolutions and to the certified copies thereof so attached, and by such reference make the said certified copies a part of the said articles. The said articles of incorporation shall be filed in the office of the secretary of state and thereupon the secretary of state shall issue to the corporation, over the great seal of the state, a certificate in manner and form as provided by section two hundred ninety-six of this code. From and after the filing of such articles of incorporation with the secretary of state the former associations or corporations uniting in the consolidation and comprising the component parts of the new or consolidated corporation shall cease to exist, and the new or consolidated corporation shall succeed to all the rights, duties and powers of the component associations or corporations, and shall be possessed of all the rights, duties and powers set forth in its articles of incorporation not inconsistent with this title, and shall be subject to all the liabilities and obligations of the former component associations or corporations, and shall succeed to and become vested with all the property thereof, both real and personal, of every name and nature, and may make by-laws and do all things permitted by this title; provided, however, that no corporation shall be authorized to transact any business until it shall have filed in the office of the county clerk of the county in which its principal business is to be transacted, a copy of its articles of incorporation certified by the secretary of state. 1921-131.

Section

TITLE XIIa. Societies for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children and Animals. Section 607. Organization, corporations. 607d. Pre-existing corporations. 607a. Property rights in general. 607e. Monthly compensation. 607b. Children and animals. 607f. Officers, generally. 607c. Public officers, aid.

607g. Minors, generally. 607. Corporations may be formed by any number of persons not less than five, a majority of whom must be citizens and residents of this state, under the general provisions of this code, for the purpose of the prevention of cruelty to children or animals, or both. 1905–590.

607a. Every such corporation may take and hold, by gift, purchase, devise, or bequest, any property, real or personal, and dispose of the same at its pleasure; but it must not hold real property the annual income of which exceeds fifty thousand dollars. 1905-590.

607b. Any such corporation, or any member or officer thereof, may prefer a complaint against any person or persons, before any court or magistrate having jurisdiction, for the violation of any law relating to or affecting children or animals, and mav aid in the prosecution of any such offender before such court or magistrate in any proceeding taken. 1905--590.

607c. All magistrates, constables, sheriffs, and officers of police must, as occasion may require, aid any such corporation, its officers, members, and agents, in the enforcement of all laws which are now or may be hereafter enacted relating to or affecting children or animals. 1905–590.

607d. The provisions of this title extend to all corporations heretofore formed and existing for the prevention of cruelty to children

or animals, but do not extend or apply to any association, society, or corporation which uses or specifies a name or style the same, or substantially the same, as that of any previously existing society or corporation in this state organized for a like purpose. 1905–590.

607e. Every society, incorporated and organized for the prevention of cruelty to animals, or for the prevention of cruelty to children, may, in each city, or city and county, or county, where such society exists, while actively engaged in enforcing the provisions of the laws of this state, now or hereafter enacted, for the prevention of cruelty to animals or children, or arresting, or prosecuting offenders thereunder or preventing cruelty to animals or children, be paid as compensation therefor, from the city or county, or city and county general fund, by the board of supervisors or other governing body thereof, a sum not exceeding five hundred dollars per calendar month, in the same manner as other claims against said city or county, or city and county, are paid.

2. This act is hereby declared to be an urgency measure within the meaning of section 1, article 4 of the constitution, and is deemed necessary for the immediate preservation of the public peace and safe

lowing is a statement of facts constituting such necessity: Section 607e of the Civil Code permits societies organized for the prevention of cruelty to animals to make arrests, carry on prosecutions and collect fines and under the provisions of this section numerous societies have been organized and are being operated in such a manner as to be a menace to the public peace and safety. Arrests are being made and property seized without prosecution of the charges made, citizens are being forced to pay tribute to outlaw societies to escape persecution, and peace officers are urging the immediate withdrawal of the right of these societies to collect fines because of their greatly increased activity in these practices, pending the time when this bill may become law. 1913–638.

607f. Any such corporation incorporated for the purpose of the prevention of cruelty to animals may by resolution of its board of directors or trustees duly entered on its minutes appoint any number of its members, who shall be citizens of the state of California as humane officers. Each appointment shall be by separate resolution. Such resolution shall state the full name and place of residence and the business or occupation of the person so appointed and the fact that he is a citizen of the state of California and shall also designate the number of the badge to be alloted to such officer. Every person so appointed must within ten days after his appointment present to the judge of the superior court in and for the county or city and county in which the corporation appointing such officer has its principal place of business a copy of such resolution duly certified to be correct by the president and secretary of such corporation and attested by its seal. The judge shall examine such appointee as to his qualifications and fitness to act as such officer and, if he approves such appointment, shall indorse his approval on said certified copy of said resolution. Said appointee shall thereupon and within said period of ten days file said certified copy with the judge's approval indorsed thereon in the office of the county clerk of said county or city and county and shall at the same time take and subscribe the oath of office prescribed for constables or other peace officers. The county clerk shall thereupon immediately enter in a book to be kept in his office and designated “Record of Humane Officers” the name of such officer, the number of his badge, the name of the corporation appointing him and the date of such filing. At the time ^f such filing the county clerk shall collect from such officer a fee of fifty cents, which shall be in full for all services to be performed by the county

clerk under the provisions of this section. The corporation appointing such officer may revoke such appointment at any time by resolution of its board of directors or trustees, a duly certified copy of which resolution must within five days after its adoption be filed in the office of the county clerk in which the appointment of such officer is recorded and upon such filing the county clerk shall enter the fact of such revocation and the date of the filing thereof opposite the name of such officer in such record of humane officers. Such humane officers after qualifying as above provided shall have power at all places within the state lawfully to interfere to prevent the perpetration of any act of cruelty upon any dumb animal and may use such force as may be necessary to prevent the same and to that end may summon to their aid any bystander. They may make arrests for the violation of any penal law of this state relating to or affecting animals in the same manner as a constable or other peace officer and may carry such weapons as peace officers are authorized to carry; except that in cities and counties and cites of the first and first and one-half classes no such humane officer shall carry any such weapon unless permission in writing so to do has first been granted to him by the board of police commissioners of such city or city and county. Every humane officer must when making such arrests exhibit and expose a suitable badge to be adopted by the corporation appointing him which shall bear its name and a number. Any person resisting a humane officer in the performance of his duty as provided in this section, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor. Any person who has not been appointed and qualified as a humane officer as provided in this section, whose appointment has been revoked as provided in this section, who shall represent himself to be or shall attempt to act as such officer shall be guilty of a misdemeanor. Any officer of such corporation who shall knowingly or willfully sign or issue any certificate provided for in this section, which shall be in any material respect false or untrue, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor.

2. 'All acts and parts of acts in conflict with the provisions of this act are hereby repealed. 1913—511.

607g. Any child under the age of sixteen years that comes within any of the following descriptions named:

1. Who is found begging or receiving or gathering alms (whether actually begging, or under the pretext of selling or offering for sale anything), or being in any street, road, or public place for the purpose of so begging, gathering, or receiving alms;

2. Who is found wandering and not having any home or settled place of abode, or proper guardianship, or visible means of subsistence;

3. Who is found destitute, either being an orphan, or having a vicious parent who is undergoing penal servitude or imprisonment;

4. Who frequents the company of reputed thieves or prostitutes, or houses of prostitution or assignation, or dance-houses, concert saloons, theaters, or variety halls, or other places of amusement where spirituous, malt, or vinous liquors are sold, without parent or guardian;

5. Who is engaged or used for or in any business, exhibition, vocation, or purpose, in violation of any law of this state:

-Must be arrested and brought before a court or magistrate, and when, upon examination before such court or magistrate, it appears that any such child has been engaged in any of the aforesaid acts, or comes within any of the aforesaid descriptions; or when, upon the examination or conviction of any person having the custody of a child, of a criminal assault upon it, the court or magistrate before whom such examination or conviction is had deems it desirable for the wel

fare. of such child that the person so examined or convicted should be deprived of its custody thereafter; such court or magistrate, when it deems it expedient for the welfare of such child, may commit such child to an orphan aylum, corporation or society for the prevention of cruelty to children, charitable or other institution, or make such other disposition thereof as now is or hereafter may be provided by law in cases of vagrant, truant, disorderly, pauper, or destitute children. Any corporation, organized under this title, or now existing, for the prevention of cruelty to children, or any officer or member thereof, may institute proceedings under this section for the welfare of any such child. 1905-591.

TITLE XIII.

Cemetery Corporations. • Section

Section 608. Real estate ownership, gen- 613. Inalienable burial plots. erally.

614. Corporation memberships. 609. Members, generally.

615. Realty sales. 610. Ownership personal proper- 616. Investment provisions. ty, limitations.

617. Funds, cemetery corporations, 611. Bond issue, generally.

care lots. 612. Realty ownership.

608. Corporations organized to establish and maintain cemeteries may take, by purchase, donation, or devise, land, not exceeding three hundred and twenty acres in extent, in the county wherein their articles of incorporation are filed, or in an adjoining county, and may employ any surplus moneys in the treasury thereof for such purpose; such lands to be held and occupied exclusively as a cemetery for the burial of the dead. The lands must be surveyed and subdivided into lots or plats, avenues, and walks, under order of the directors, and a map thereof filed in the office of the recorder of the county wherein the lands are situated. Thereafter, upon such terms and subject to such conditions and restrictions, to be inserted in the conveyances, as the by-laws or directors may prescribe, the directors may sell and convey the lots or plats to purchasers. 1891–180.

609. Every person of full age who is proprietor of a lot or plat in the cemeterv of the corporation, containing not less than two hundred square feet of land, or if there be more than one proprietor of any such lot, then such of the proprietors as the majority of joint proprietors designate, may, in person or by proxy, cast one vote at all elections had by the corporation for directors or any other purpose, and is eligible to any office of the corporation. At each annual meeting or election the directors must make a report to the proprietors of all their doings and of the management and condition of the property and concerns of the corporation.

610. Such corporations may hold personal property to an amount not exceeding five thousand dollars, in addition to the surplus remaining from the sales of lots or plats after the payments required in the succeeding section. Such surplus must be disposed of in the improvement, embellishment, and preservation of the cemetery, and paying incidental expenses of the corporation, and in no other manner.

611. Such corporations may issue their bonds, bearing interest not exceeding twelve per cent per annum, for the purchase of lands for their cemeteries, payable out of the proceeds of the cemetery and not otherwise; sixty per cent of the proceeds of sales of lots, plats, and graves must be applied at least every three months to the payment of the bonds and interest. Such corporations may also agree with the person or persons from whom the cemetery lands shall be purchased to pay for such lands, as the purchase price thereof, any specified share or portion, not exceeding one half, of the proceeds of all sales of lots or plats made from such lands; such payment to be made at such intervals as may be agreed upon. In all cases where cemetery lands shall be purchased and agreed to be paid for in the manner last provided. the prices for lots or plats specified in the by-laws. rules, or regulations first adopted by such association, or prescribed in the agreement between the cemetery and the person or persons from whom the cemetery lands were purchased, shall not be changed without the written consent of a majority in interest of the persons from whom such lands were purchased, their heirs, representatives, or assigns. 1880--12.

612. Any corporation organized to establish and maintain, or to improve, a cemetery, may take and hold title to any cemetery lot, plot, or grave, devised or given to it in trust for the specific purpose of perpetually caring for the same. 1901--814.

613. Whenever an interment is made in any lot or plat transferred to individual owners by the corporation, the same thereby becomes forever inalienable, and descends in regular line of succession to the heirs at law of the owner. When there are several owners of interests in such lot or plat, one or more may acquire by purchase the interest of others interested in the fee-simple title thereof, but no one not an owner acquires interest or right of burial therein by purchase; nor must any one be buried in any such lot or plat not at the time owning an interest therein, or who is not a relative of such owner, or of his wife, except by consent of all jointly interested; provided, however, that when all the bodies buried in any such lot shall have been removed therefrom, with the consent of the owners of such lot, it shall be lawful for the ten owners of such lot to sell and transfer the same by deed; and any such sale and transfer heretofore made is hereby declared to be valid and effectual to transfer the title to the purchaser, any law to the contrary thereof notwithstanding. 1885–1.

614. When grounds purchased or otherwise acquired for cemetery purposes have been previously used as a burial-ground, those who are lot-owners at the time of the purchase continue to own the same, and are members of the corporation, with all the privileges a purchase of a lot from the corporation confers.

615. Cemetery corporations may sell lands held by them upon obtaining an order for that purpose from the superior court of the county where the lands are situated. Before making the order, proof must be made to the satisfaction of the court that notice of the application for leave to sell has been given by publication in such manner and for such time as the court has directed, and that the lands are

required for and are not in use for burial purposes, and that it is for the interest of the corporation that such lands be sold. The application must be made by petition, and any member of the corporation may oppose the granting of the order by affidavit or otherwise. 1889–61.

not

616. Any corporation organized to establish and maintain, or to improve, a cemetery, may take and hold any property bequeathed, granted, or given to it in trust, to apply the proceeds or income thereof

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