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TITLE V.

Homestead.
Chapter I. General Provisions.

II. Homestead of the Head of a Family.
III. Homestead of Other Persons.
IV. Alienation of Homesteads of Insane Persons.

CHAPTER I.

General Provisions.

Section

Section 1237. Homestead, of what it con- 1249. Appraisers. sists.

1250. Oath. 1238. From what it may be 1251. Duties appraisers. carved.

1252. Report. . 1239. From what not.

1253. Subdivision impractical. 1240. Exempt from force sale. 1254. Sale. 1241. Subject to, when. . 1255. Excess bid. 1242. How conveyed or encum 1256. Proceeds. bered.

1257. Exemption – Moneys pro1243. How abandoned.

tected. 1244. Same.

1258. Appraisers generally. 1245. Proceedings on executions 1259. Expenses. homestead.

1260. Who may select homestead, 1246. Application.

value. 1247. Petition.

1261. Head family, generally. 1248. Hearing.

1237. The homestead consists of the dwelling-house in which the claimant resides, and the land on which the same is situated, selected as in this title provided. 1873–228.

1238. If the claimant be married, the homestead may be selected from the community property, or the separate property of the husband. or with the consent of the wife from her separate property. When the claimant is not married, but is the head of a family, within the meaning of section one thousand two hundred and sixty-one, the homestead may be selected from any of his or her property. 1873-229.

1239. The homestead cannot be selected from the separate property of the wife, without her consent, shown by her making or joining in making the declaration of homestead. 1873—229.

1240. The homestead is exempt from execution or forced sale, except as in this title provided.

1241. The homestead is subject to execution or forced sale in satisfaction of judgments obtained:

1. Before the declaration of homestead was filed for record, and which constitute liens upon the premises.

2. On debts secured by mechanics, contractors, subcontractors, artisans, architects, builders, laborers of every class, material-men's or vendor's liens upon the premises.

3. On debts secured by mortgages on the premises, executed and acknowledged by husband and wife, or by an unmarried claimant.

4. On debts secured by mortgages on the premises, executed and recorded before the declaration of homestead was filed for record. 1887–81.

1242. The homestead of a married person cannot be conveyed or encumbered unless the instrument by which it is conveyed or encumbered is executed and acknowledged by both husband and wife.

1243. A homestead can be abandoned only by a declaration of abandonment, or a grant thereof, executed and acknowledged :

1. By the husband and wife, if the claimant is married ; 2. By the claimant, if unmarried.

1244. A declaration of abandonment is effectual only from the time it is filed in the office in which the homestead was recorded.

1245. When an execution for the enforcement of a judgment obtained in a case not within the classes enumerated in section 1241 is levied upon the homestead, the judgment creditor may at any time within sixty days thereafter apply to the superior court of the county in which the homestead is situated for the appointment of persons to appraise the value thereof, and if such application shall not be made within sixty days after the levy of such execution the lien of the execution shall cease at the expiration of said period, and no execution based upon the same judgment shall thereafter be levied upon the homestead. 1911—888.

1246. The application must be made upon a verified petition of the judgment creditor showing:

1. The fact that an execution has been levied upon the homestead within sixty days prior to the filing of said petition.

2. A description of the homestead and the name of the claimant.

3. That the value of the homestead exceeds the amount of the homestead exemption.

4. That no previous execution arising out of the same judgment has been levied upon said homestead. 1911-889.

1247. The petition must be filed with the clerk of the superior court. 1880–8.

1248. Within ninety days from the date of filing the petition, a copy thereof, with the notice of the time and place of hearing, must be served upon the claimant or his attorneys at least two days before the hearing; and if such notice shall not be so served, the lien of the execution shall cease at the expiration of said period of ninety days, and no execution based upon the same judgment shall thereafter be levied upon the homestead. 1911—889.

1249. At the hearing the judge may, upon proof of the service of a copy of the petition and notice, and of the facts stated in the petition, appoint three disinterested residents of the county to appraise the value of the homestead.

1250. The persons appointed, before entering upon the performance of their duties, must take an oath to faithfully perform the same.

1251. They must view the premises and appraise the value thereof, and if the appraised value exceeds the homestead exemption they must determine whether the land claimed can be divided without material injury.

1252. Within fifteen days after their appointment they must make to the judge a report in writing, which report must show the appraised value and their deterinination upon the matter of a division of the land claimed.

1253. If, from the report, it appears to the judge that the land claimed can be divided without material injury, he must by an order, direct the appraisers to set off to the claimant so much of the land, including the residence, as will amount on value to the homestead exemption, and the execution may be enforced aaginst the remainder of the land.

1254. If, from the report, it appears to the judge that the land claiined exceeds in value the amount of the homestead exemption, and that it cannot be divided, he must make an order directing its sale under the execution.

1255. At such sale no bid must be received, unless it exceeds the amount of the homestead exemption.

1256. If the sale is made, the proceeds thereof, to the amount of the homestead exemption, must be paid to the claimant, and the balance applied to the satisfaction of the execution,

1257. The money paid to the claimant is entitled, for the period of six months thereafter, to the same protection against legal process and the voluntary disposition of the husband, which the law gives to the homestead. 1873--230.

1258. The court must fix the compensation of the appraisers, not to exceed five dollars per day each for the time actually engaged.

1259. The execution creditor must pay the costs of these proceedings in the first instance; but in the cases provided for in sections twelve hundred and fifty-three and twelve hundred and fifty-four the amount so paid must be added as costs on execution, and collected accordingly.

1260. Homesteads may be selected and claimed:

1. Of not exceeding five thousand dollars in value by any head of a family;

2. Of not exceeding one thousand dollars in value by any other person,

1261. The phrase "head of a family,” as used in this title, includes within its meaning:

1. The husband, when the claimant is a married person.

2. Every person who has residing on the premises with him or her, and under his or her care and maintenance, either:

(a) His or her minor child, or minor grandchild, or the minor child of his or her deceased wife or husband;

(b) A minor brother or sister, or the minor child of a deceased brother or sister;

(c) A father, mother, grandfather, or grandmother;

(d) The father, mother, grandfather, or grandmother of a deceased husband or wife;

(e) An unmarried sister, or any other of the relatives mentioned in this section, who have attained the age of majority, and are unable to take care of or support themselves. 1921-1426.

CHAPTER II.

Secu

Homestead of the Head of a Family. Section

Section 1262. Mode of selection.

1264. Declaration must be record1263. Declaration of homestead.

ed.
1265. Disposition generally.

1262. In order to select a homestead, the husband or other head of a family, or in case the husband has not made such selection, the wife, must execute and acknowledge, in the same manner as a grant of real property is acknowledged, a declaration of homestead, and file the same for record. 1873—230.

1263. The declaration of homestead must contain:

1. A statement, showing that the person making it is the head of a family, and, if the claimant is married, the name of the spouse; or, when the declaration is made by the wife, showing that her husband has not made such declaration, and that she therefore makes the declaration for their joint benefit;

2. A statement that the person making it is residing on the premises, and claims them as a homestead;

3. A description of the premises;
4. An estimate of their actual cash value. 1905—604.

1264. The declaration must be recorded in the office of the recorder of the county in which the land is situated.

1265. From and after the time the declaration is filed for record, the premises therein described constitute a homestead. If the selection was made by a married person from the community property, or from the separate property of the spouse making the selection or joining therein, the land so selected, on the death of either of the spouses, vests in the survivor subject to no other liability than such as exists or has been created under the provisions of this title; in other cases, upon the death of the person whose property was selected as a homestead, it shall go to the heirs or devisees, subject to the power of the superior court to assign the same for a limited period to the family of the decedent; but in no case shall it, or the products, rents, issues or profits thereof be held liable for the debts of the owner, except as provided in this title; and should the homestead be sold by the owner, the proceeds arising from such sale to the extent of the value allowed for a homestead exemption as provided in this title shall be exempt to the owner of the homestead for a period of six months next following such sale. 1911-61.

CHAPTER III. ·

Homestead of Other Persons. Section

Section 1266. Mode of selection.

1269. Effect of recording declara1267. Declaration of homestead.

tion. 1268. Declaration must be re

corded. 1266. Any person other than the head of a family, in the selection of a homestead, must execute and acknowledge, in the same manner as a grant of real property is acknowledged, a “declaration of homestead.”

1267. The declaration must contain everything required by the second, third, and fourth subdivisions of section twelve hundred and sixty-three.

1268. The declaration must be recorded in the office of the county recorder of the county in which the land is situated.

1269. From and after the time the declaration is filed for record, the land described therein is a homestead.

CHAPTER IV.

Homesteads of Insane Persons.

Section

1269a. Petition generally. 1269b. Notice.

Section

1269c. Order.

1269a. In case of a homestead, if either the husband or wife becomes hopelessly insane, the husband or wife not insane may petition the superior court of the county in which 'such homestead is situated for an order permitting the husband or wife, not insane, to sell and convey, or mortgage, such homestead to raise moneys to satisfy a lien or charge thereon, or to provide for the support and care either of the sane or insane spouse, or of their minor children, or whenever it appears it is for the advantage. benefit and best interests of the spouses, the estate or their dependents. Such petition must be subscribed and sworn to by the applicant, setting forth the name and age of the insane husband or wife, the number, age and sex of the children, if any, of such insane husband or wife, a description of the premises constituting the homestead, the value of the homestead, the county in which it is situated, and such facts, in addition to that of the insanity of the husband or wife, relating to the circumstances and necessities of the applicant and his or her family, as he or she may rely upon in support of the petition. 1923.

1269b. Notice of the application for such order must be given by publication of the same, in a newspaper published in the county in which such homestead is situated, if there is a newspaper published therein, once each week for three successive weeks, prior to the hearing of such application, and a copy of such notice must also be personally served upon the nearest male relative of such insane husband or wife, resident in this state, at least three weeks prior

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