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6. For removal from the state; 7. In the case of a guardian of the property, for insolvency; or,
8. When it is no longer proper that the ward should be under guardianship. 1880–5.
254. The power of a guardian appointed by a parent is superseded :
1. By his removal, as provided by section two hundred and fiftythree;
2. By the solemnized marriage of the ward; or, 3. By the ward's attaining majority. 255. The power of a guardian appointed by a court is suspended only:
1. By order of the court; or,
2. If the appointment was made solely because of the ward's minoritv, by his attaining majority: or,
3. The guardianship over the person of the ward, by the marriage of the ward. 1873–197.
256. After a ward has come to his majority, he may settle accounts with his guardian, and give him a release, which is valid if obtained fairly and without undue influence.
257. A guardian appointed by a court is not entitled to his discharge until one year after the ward's majority.
Master and Apprentice. Section
Section 264. Minors may bind themselves. 270. Investigation in minors 265. Persons who may bind minor treatment. with his consent.
271. Complaints to be heard. 266. Apprenticeship, generally 272. Discharge generally. 267. Incapacity, jury trial.
273. Covenant, liability. 268. Abandoned minors appren- 274. Refusal Apprentice to do his ticed.
duty. 269. Apprentice kept within 275. Liability persuading, runcourts jurisdiction.
264. Every minor of the age of fourteen years or upwards may be bound by indenture as an apprentice to any me
trade or art or the occupation of farming to the age of eighteen years, if a female, or to the age of twenty-one years, if a male. 1905–560.
265. A minor, with his consent, may be bound by his father, or, in case of his death or incompetency, or where he has willfully abandoned his family for one year without making suitable provision for their support, or is habitually intemperate in the use of intoxicants, or is a vagrant, then by his mother or legal guardian. An executor, who, by the will of the father, is directed to bring up a child to a trade or calling, has power to bind by indenture in like manner as the father might have done, if living. If a child is illegitimate, the mother alone has power to bind him. If a minor has no
parent or guardian competent to act for him, he may bind himself, with the approval of the superior court of the county wherein he resides. If the mother of a minor, whether legitimate or illegitimate, marries after his birth, she cannot bind him without the approval of such superior court. 1905–561.
266. Every indenture of apprenticeship must be executed in duplicate, must state the age of the minor, and, except as hereinafter provided, must show that he consented thereto, must be signed by him and the person binding and the master, and when made with the approval of the superior court, a certified copy of the order of approval must be attached to the indenture. One copy of the indenture must be delivered to the master and the other kept for the use of the minor by his parent or guardian when executed by him, or, when made with the approval of the court, it must be filed and deposited with the clerk for safe-keeping for the use of the minor. No indenture binds the minor after the death of the master, but thereafter the minor may be bound anew. Every indenture entered into otherwise than as herein provided, is, as against the apprentice,
267. Facts of incapacity, desertion, habitual intemperance, and vagrancy must be decided in said court by a jury, before the indenture can take effect, and an indorsement on the indenture, under seal of the court, that the charge or charges are proved, is sufficient evidence of the mother's power to give such consent; but if the jury does not find the charge or charges to be true, the person at whose instance such proceedings may have been had must pay all costs attending the same. 1905–-561.
268. When a minor is poor, homeless, chargeable to the county or state, or an outcast who has no visible means of obtaining an honest livelihood, the superior court may, with his consent, hind him as an apprentice during his minority. Proceedings therefor may be instituted by any citizen, and no fee must be charged by any officer for any act in connection therewith. In all indentures by
court for binding out an orphan or homeless minor as an apprentice there must be inserted, among other things, a clause to the following effect: that the master to whom such minor is bound must cause him to be taught to read and write and the ground rules of arithmetic, ratio and proportion, and must give him the requisite instruction in the different branches of his trade or calling, and at the expiration of his term of service, must give him or her fifty dollars in gold, and two whole new suits of clothes, to be worth in the aggregate at least sixty dollars gold. 1905–561.
269. A master must not remove his apprentice out of the state, and must pay and deliver to him the money, clothes, and other property to which he is entitled under the indenture of apprenticeship, to be held by him as his sole property. 1905–562.
270. Parents and guardians and such court must, from time to time, inquire into the treatment of children bound by them respectively, or with their approval, and the judges of such courts are responsible for the charge of apprentices bound by a court, or with its approval, and must defend them from all cruelty, neglect, breach of contract, or misconduct on the part of their masters. 1905–562.
271. The superior court must hear the complaints of apprentices who reside within the county against their masters, alleging undeserved or immoderate correction, insufficient allowance of food, raiment, or lodging, want of instruction in the different branches of their trade or calling, or that they are in danger of being removed out of the state, or any violation of the indenture of apprenticeship, and the court must hear and determine such case and make such order therein as will relieve the party in the future. 1905–562.
272. The superior court has power, where circumstances require it, to discharge an apprentice from his apprenticeship, and, in case any money or other thing has been paid or contracted to be paid either party in relation to the apprenticeship, the court must make such order concerning the same as seems just and reasonable. If the apprentice so discharged was originally bound by the superior court, it must, if found necessary, again bind such minor, if under age. 1905–562.
273. Every master is liable to an action on the indenture for a breach of covenant thereof on his part. All damages recovered in such action, after deducting necessary charges in its prosecution, belong to the minor, and must be applied and appropriated to his use by the person recovering it in his behalf, and must be paid to the minor, if a male, at the age of twenty-one years, and if a female, at the age of eighteen years. If no action is brought during the minority of the apprentice, it may be commenced by him in his own name at any time within two years after his coming of age. 1905–562.
274. Any apprentice who is guilty of any gross misbehavior, or refusal to do his duty, or willful neglect thereof, is liable to the complaint of his master in the superior court of the county wherein the apprentice resides. Such complaint must set forth the circumstances of the case, and have attached thereto a citation, signed by the clerk of the court, requiring him and all persons who have covenanted in his behalf to appear and answer the complaint within ten days after the service thereof. The complaint and citation must be served in the manner required for serving civil process. When the parties have answered, or when, though they have not answered, the time therefor allowed after the service of the complaint has expired, the court must proceed to hear and determine the cause, and, if the evidence warrants it, may render judgment that the master be discharged from the contract of apprenticeship and for costs of suit. Such costs may be recovered from the parent or guardian of the minor, if there is any who signed the indenture, and execution therefor may issue accordingly. If there is no parent or guardian liable for such cost, execution may be issued therefor against the minor, or the amount thereof may be recovered in an action against him after he arrives at full age. He is also liable to the master in an action on the indenture for the breach of any covenant on the part of the apprentice contained therein, committed before the master was discharged from the indenture. 1905–562.
275. It is unlawful for any person to entice, counsel, or persuade to run away any apprentice, or to harbor, or conceal him, knowing him to be a runaway. Any party so offending is guilty of a misdemeanor, and may be fined not more than one hundred dollars, to be recovered by the master in any court having jurisdiction. 1905563.
276. Whenever any master wishes to remove out of the state, or to quit his trade or business, he must appear with his apprentice before the superior court of the county in which the latter resides, and if the court is satisfied that the master has done justice to the apprentice for the time he has had charge of him, the court has. power to discharge the master from the indenture and to again bind the apprentice, if necessary. 1905–563.
CORPORATIONS TITLE 1. GENERAL PROVISIONS APPLICABLE TO ALL COR- .
BERS OF COMMERCE, BOARDS OF TRADE, ME-
SOCIETIES FOR THE PREVENTION OF CRUELTY
TO CHILDREN AND ANIMALS.. XIII. CEMETERY CORPORATIONS. - XIV. AGRICULTURAL FAIR CORPORATIONS.
XVI. LAND AND BUILDING CORPORATIONS.
OF HIGHER EDUCATION.
NON-PROFIT, CO-OPERATIVE AGRICULTURAL, VI-
OR WITHOUT CAPITAL STOCK.
General Provisions Applicable to all Corporations.
Chapter 1. Formation of Corporations.
II. Corporate Stock.
V. General Provisions Affecting Corporations.
Formation of Corporations.
Section 283. Corporations defined.
291. Further facts to be stated in 284. Public and private. .
articles of certain corpora285. Private corporations, how
292. Subscription and acknowl. 286. Purpose private corpora
edgment of articles. tions are formed.
293. Prerequisite to filing arti287. How corporations continue cles. Amounts to be subexistence under this code.
scribed to be fixed. 288. Existing corporations not af- 294. Prerequisite to filing articles fected.
of corporations for profit. 289. Name of instrument creating 295. Qath of officer to subscripcorporation.
tion of stock and payment 290. Articles of incorporation.
of ten per cent. 290a. Corporation, authorized to 296. Secretary of state to issue act as executor, etc., or to
certificate. engage in banking.
297. Copy of articles prima facie 290b. Shares without par value.
evidence. 290c. Capital must be paid in be- 297a. Restoration of lost original fore may begin business.
articles. 290d, Incorporation fee, how 298. Who are members and who fixed.
stockholders. 290e. No distinction voting power 299. Filing articles of incorporaor stockholders' liability,
tion. between classes of stock. 300. Capital stock banking cor290f. Corporations may amend porations, dividends. articles.
300a. Change of name, filing cer29042. Word “trust” not to be tified copy of decree.
used as part of corporate
283. A corporation is a creature of the law, having certain powers and duties of a natural person. Being created by the law, it may continue for any length of time which the law prescribes.