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.by the lien, and the compensation allowed by section three thousand three hundred and thirty-six for loss of time and expenses.

3339. The damages for seduction rest in the sound discretion of the jury.

3340. For wrongful injuries to animals being subjects of property, committed willfully or by gross negligence, in disregard of humanity, exemplary damages may be given.

3341. The owner, possessor, or harborer of any dog or other animal, that shall kill, worry, or wound any sheep, angora goat, or cashmere goat, or poultry, shall be liable to the owner of the same for the damages and costs of suit, to be recovered in any court of competent jurisdiction:

1. In the prosecution of actions under the provisions of this chapter, it shall not be necessary for the plaintiff to show that the owner, possessor, or harborer of such dog or other animal, had knowledge of the fact that such dog or other animal would kill, wound or worry sheep, goats, or poultry. . 12. Any person on finding any dog or dogs, or other animal, not on the premises of the owner or possessor of such dog or dogs, or other animal, worrying, wounding, or killing any sheep, angora or cashmere goats, may, at the time of finding such dog or dogs, or other animal, kill the same, and the owner or owners thereof shall sustain no action for damages against any person so killing such dog or dogs, or other animal. 1903—54.

ARTICLE III.

Penal Damages. Section.

Section. 3344. Failure to quit after notice. 3346a. Damages negligently set3345. Tenant willfully holding ting fire. over.

3347. Injuries inflicted in a duel. 3346. Injuries to trees.

3348. Same. 3344. If any tenant give notice of his intention to quit the premises, and does not deliver up the possession at the time specified in the notice, he must pay to the landlord treble rent during the time he continues in possession after such notice.

3345. If any tenant, or any person in collusion wtih the tenant, holds over any lands or tenements after demand made and one month's notice, in writing given, requiring the possession thereof, such person holding over must pay to the landlord treble rent during the time he continues in possession after such notice.

3346. For wrongful injuries to timber, trees, or underwood upon the land of another, or removal thereof, the measure of damages is three times such a sum as would compensate for the actual detriment, except where the trespass was casual and involuntary, or committed under the }

belief that the land belonged to the trespasser, or where the wood was taken by the authority of highway officers for the purposes of a highway; in which cases the damages are a sum equal to the actual detriment.

· 3346a. Every person negligently setting fire to his own woods, or negligently suffering any fire to extend beyond his own land, is liable in treble damages to the party injured. 1905-621.

3347. If any person slays or permanently disables another person in a duel in this state, the slayer must provide for the maintenance of the widow or wife of the person slain or permanently disabled, and for the minor children, in such manner and at such cost, either by aggregate compensation in damages to each, or by a monthly, quarterly, or annual allowance, to be determined by the court.

3348. If any person slays or permanently disables another person in a duel in this state, the slayer is liable for and must pay all debts of the person slain or permanently disabled.

ARTICLE IV.

General Provisions. Section

Section 3353. Value, estimated, favor of 3357. Damages allowed this chapseller.

ter, exclusive. 3354. Value, estimated, favor of 3358. Limitation of damages. buyer.

3359. Damages, reasonable. 3355. Property, peculiar value. 3360. Nominal damages recovered. 3356. Value thing in action.

3353. In estimating damages, the value of property to a seller thereof is deemed to be the price which he could have obtained therefor in the market nearest to the place at which it should have been accepted by the buyer, and at such time after the breach of the contract as would have sufficed, with reasonable diligence, for the seller to effect a resale,

3354. In estimating damages, except as provided by sections three thousand three hundred and fifty-five and three thousand three hundred and fifty-six, the value of property, to a buyer or owner thereof, deprived of its possession, is deemed to be the price at which he might have bought an equivalent thing in the market nearest to the place where the property ought to have been put into his possession, and at such time after the breach of duty upon which his right to damages is founded as would suffice, with reasonable diligence, for him to make such a purchase.

3355. Where certain property has a peculiar value to a person recovering damages for deprivation thereof, or injury thereto, that may be deemed to be its value against one who had notice thereof before incurring a liability to damages in respect thereof, or against a willful wrong-doer...

3356. For the purpose of estimating damages, the value of an instrument in writing is presumed to be equal to that of the property to which it entitles its owner. 1873-266.

3357. The damages prescribed by this chapter are exclusive of exemplary damages and interest, except where those are expressly mentioned.

3358. Notwithstanding the provisions of this chapter, no person can recover a greater amount in damages for the breach of an obligation than he could have gained by the full performance thereof on both sides, except in the cases specified in the articles on exemplary damages and penal damages, and in sections three thousand three hundred and nineteen, three thousand three hundred and thirty-nine, and three thousand three hundred and forty.

3359. Damages must, in all cases, be reasonable, and where an obligation of any kind appears to create a right to unconscionable and grossly oppressive damages, contrary to substantial justice, no more than reasonable damages can be recovered.

3360. When a breach of duty has caused no appreciable detriment to the party affected, he may yet recover nominal damages.

TITLE III.

Specific and Preventive Relief. Chapter I. General Principles.

III. Preventive Relief.

CHAPTER I.
General Principles.

Section 3366. Specific relief, etc., when 3368. Preventive relief, how given. allowed.

3369. Not to enforce penalty, etc. 3367. Specific relief, how given.

3366. Specific or preventive relief may be given as provided by the laws of this state. 1905-622.

3367. Specific relief is given:

1. By taking possession of a thing, and delivering it to a claimant;

2. By compelling a party himself to do that which ought to be done; or,

3. By declaring and determining the rights of parties, otherwise than by an award of damages.

3368. Preventive relief is given by prohibiting a party from doing that which ought not to be done.

3369. Neither specific nor preventive relief can be granted to enforce a penal law, except in a case of nuisance, nor to enforce a penalty or forfeiture in any case.

CHAPTER II.

Specific Relief.
Article I. Possession of Real Property.

II. Possession of Personal Property.
III. Specific Performance of Obligations.
IV. Revision of Contracts.

V. Rescission of Contracts.
VI. Cancellation of Instruments.

ARTICLE I.

Possession of Real Property.

Section

3375. Judgment for possession of title.

3375. A person entitled to specific real property, by reason either of a perfected title, or of a claim to title which ought to be perfected, may recover the same in the manner prescribed by the Code of Civil Procedure, either by a judgment for its possession, to be executed by the sheriff, or by a judgment requiring the other party to perfect the title, and to deliver possession of the property.

ARTICLE II.

Possession of Personal Property. Section

Section 3379. Judgment for delivery. 3380. Specific delivery.

3379. A person entitled to the immediate possession of specific personal property may recover the same in the manner provided by the Code of Civil Procedure.

3380. Any person having the possession or control of a particular article of personal property, of which he is not the owner, may be compelled specifically to deliver it to the person entitled to its immediate possession. 1873–266.

ARTICLE III.

Specific Performance of Obligations. 3384. Performance may be com- 3391. What parties can not be pelled.

compelled to perform. 3386. No remedy unless mutual. 3392. Parties denied specific per3387. Distinction between real and formance. personal property.

3394. Agreement to sell not en3388. Contract signed by one, may forcable for want of title. be enforced by other.

3395. Relief against parties claim3389. Liquidated damages no bar. : ing under obligor. 3390. What can not be specifically

enforced.

3384. Except as otherwise provided in this article, the specific performance of an obligation may be compelled. 1873–266.

3386. Neither party to an obligation can be compelled specifically to perform it, unless the other party thereto has performed, or is compellable specifically to perform, everything to which the former is entitled under the same obligation, either completely or nearly so, together with full compensation for any want of entire performance.

3387. It is to be presumed that the breach of an agreement to transfer real property cannot be adequately relieved by pecuniary compensation, and that the breach of an agreement to transfer personal property can be thus relieved.

3388. A party who has signed a written contract may be compelled specifically to perform it, though the other party has not signed it, if the latter has performed, or offers to perform it on his part, and the case is otherwise proper for enforcing specific performance.

3389. A contract otherwise proper to be specifically enforced, may be thus enforced, though a penalty is imposed, or the damages are liquidated for its breach, and the party in default is willing to pay the same.

3390. The following obligations cannot be specifically enforced : 1. An obligation to render personal service; 2. An obligation to employ another in personal service; 3. An agreement to submit a controversy to arbitration;

4. An agreement to perform an act which the party has not power lawfully to perform when required to do so;

5. An agreement to procure the act or consent of the wife of the contracting party, or of any other third person; or,

6. An agreement, the terms of which are not sufficiently certain to make the precise act which is to be done clearly ascertainable.

3391. Specific performance cannot be enforced against a party to a contract in any of the following cases:

1. If he has not received an adequate consideration for the contract;

2. If it is not, as to him, just and reasonable;

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