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Enter Sbylock. Duke. Make room, and let him stand before our face. Shylock, the world thinks, and I think so too, That thou but lead'st this fashion of thy malice To the last hour of act; and then, 'tis thought, Thou'lt shew thy mercy, and remorse, more strange Than is thy strange d apparent cruelty : And, e where thou now exact'st the penalty, (Which is a pound of this poor merchant's Aesh) Thou wilt not only f lose the forfeiture, But touch'd with human gentleness and love, Forgive a moiety of the principal; Glancing an eye of pity on his losses, That have of latė fo & huddled on his back; Enough to press a royal merchant down, And pluck commiseration of his state From braffy bosoms, and rough hearts of fint, From stubborn Turks, and Tartars, never train'd To offices of tender courtesy. We all expect a gentle answer, Jew.

Sby. I have possess'd your grace of what I purpose ; And by our holy Sabbath have I sworn, To have the due and forfeit of my bond : If you deny it, let the danger light Upon your charter, and your city's freedom. You'll ask me, why I rather chuse to have A weight of carrion Alesh, than to receive Three thousand ducats : I'll not ! answer that : But, say, it is my humour ; Is it answer'd ?

apparent]—assumed, seeming.

where]—whereas. f lojė)-remit.

8 huddled ]-crowded, fall’n so thick. A poljefs d)informed. i anfrver that :)-formally, and as a legal question.


What if my house be troubled with a rat,
And I be pleas'd to give ten thousand ducats
To have it a ban'd? What are you answer'd yet ?
Some men there are, love not a gaping pig;
Some, that are mad, if they behold a cat;
And others, when the bag-pipe sings i’ the nose,
'Cannot contain their urine; For affection,
Master of passion, sways it to the mood
Of what it likes, or loaths : Now, for your answer :
As there is no " firm reason to be render'd,
Why he cannot abide a gaping pig;
Why he, a harmless necessary cat;
Why he, a "woollen bag-pipe: but of force
Must yield to such inevitable shame,
As to offend himself, being offended;
So can I give no reason, nor I will not,
More than a lodg'd hate, and a certain loathing,
I bear Anthonio, that I follow thus
A losing suit against him. Are you answer'd ?

Bal. This is no answer, thou unfeeling man,
To excuse the current of thy cruelty.

Sby. I am not bound to please thee with my answers.
Ball. Do all men kill the thing they do not love ?
Sby. Hates any man the thing he would not kill ?

"band ?]-poison'd.

Cannot contain their urine for affection because they are so violently affected by the found.

- For affection, &c.—Sympathy, and antipathy fo govern our sensations, as to force us to follow their impulse.

Masters of passion fway &ic.-whatever has the mastery over it makes it like, or loath at pleasure. . . “ Mafterless pasion fways us to the mood

Of what it likes, or loaths."--The ruling passion. Masters our paffion. " firm reason to be render'd, ]-fatisfactory account to be given.

woollen bag-pipe ;]~the bag covered with woollen cloth— fwollen, wawling, wooden.

L3 ..


Ball. Every offence is not a hate at first.
Sby. What, would'st thou have a serpent sting thee twice?

Anth. I pray you, think you o question with the Jew :
You may as well go stand upon the beach,
And bid the main food bate his usual height;
You may as well Puse question with the wolf,
Why he hath made the ewe bleat for the lamb;
You may as well forbid the mountain pines
To wag their high tops, and to make no noise,
When they are fretted with the gusts of heaven;
You may as well do any thing most hard,
As seek to soften that (than which what's harder ?)
His Jewish heart :-Therefore, I do beseech you,
Make no more offers, use no farther means,
But, with all brief and plain conveniency,
Let me have judgment, and the Jew his will.

Bas. For thy three thousand ducats here is fix.

Sby. If every ducat in six thousand ducats
Were in six parts, and every part a ducat,
I would not draw them, I would have my bond.

Duke. How shalt thou hope for mercy, rend'ring none?

Sby. What judgment shall I dread, doing no wrong? You have among you many a purchas’d nave, Which, like your afles, and your dogs, and mules, You use in abject and in Navish parts, Because you bought them :-Shall I say to you, Let them be free, marry them to your heirs ? Why sweat they under burdens ? let their beds Be made as soft as yours, and let their palates Be season'd with such viands ? you will answer, The Naves are ours :-So do I answer you: The pound of flesh, which I demand of him,

Pufe question with]-examine, interrogate.

Is dearly bought, is mine, and I will have it :
If you deny me, fie upon your law !
There is no force in the decrees of Venice:
I stand for judgment : answer ; shall I have it ?

Duke. Upon my power, I may dismiss this court,
Unless Bellario, a learned doctor,
Whom I have sent for to determine this,
Come here to-day.

Sala. My lord, here stays without
A messenger with letters from the doctor,
New come from Padua.

Duke. Bring us the letters; Call the messenger.

Baff. Good cheer, Anthonio! What, man? courage yet!
The Jew shall have my flesh, blood, bones, and all,
Ere thou shalt lose for me one drop of blood.

Anth. I am a cainted wether of the flock,
Meetest for death; the weakest kind of fruit
Drops earliest to the ground, and so let me :
You cannot better be employ'd, Bassanio,
Than to live still, and write mine epitaph.

Enter Nerissa, dress'd like a lawyer's clerk.
Duke. Came you from Padua, from Bellario ?
Ner. From both my lord : Bellario greets your grace.
Baf. Why doft thou whet thy knife so earnestly?
Sby. To cut the forfeiture from that bankrupt there.
Gre. Not on thy foal, but on thy soul, . harsh Jew,
Thou mak'st thy knife keen : but no metal can,
No, not the hangman's ax, bear half the keenness
Of thy sharp envy. Can no prayers pierce thee?

Sby. No, none that thou hast wit enough to make.
Gra. O, be thou damn'd, inexorable dog!
And for thy life let justice be accus’d.

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· Thou almost mak’ft me waver in my faith,

To hold opinion with Pythagoras,
That souls of animals infuse themselves
Into the trunks of men : thy currish spirit
Govern'd a wolf, who, hang’d for human Naughter,
Even from the gallows did his fell foul Aeet,
And, whilst thou lay'st in thy unhallow'd dam,
Infus'd itself in thee; for thy desires
Are wolfish, bloody, stary'd and ravenous.

Shy. 'Till thou can'st rail the seal from off my bond,
Thou but offend'st thy lungs to speak so loud :
Repair thy wit, good youth, or it will fall
To cureless ruin.--I stand here for law.

Duke. This letter from Bellario doth commend
A young and learned doctor to our court :-
Where is he?
· Ner. He attendech here hard by,
To know your answer, whether you'll admit him.

Duke. With all my heart :-some three or four of you,
Go give him courteous conduct to this place.
Mean time, the court shall hear Bellario's letter.

Your grace shall understand, that, at the receipt of your letter, I am very sick: but at the instant that your messenger came, in loving visitation was with me a young doĉtor of Rome, bis name is Balthasar : I acquainted him with the cause in controversy between the Jew and Anthonio tbe merchant : we turn'd o'er many books together : he is furnish'd with my opinion ; wbich, bettered with his own learning, (the greatness whereof I cannot enough commend) comes with bim, at my importunity, to fill up your grace's request in my stead. I beseech you, let bis lack of years be no impediment to let him lack a reverend estimation ; for I never knew so young a body with to old an bead. I leave him to your gracious acceptance, whose trial shall better publish his commendation.


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