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GEORGE RIPLEY AND CHARLES A. DANA.
NEW YORK :
90, 92 & 94 GRAND STREET.
ENTERED, according to Act of Congress, in the year 1862, hy
D. APPLETON & COMPANY, In the Cierk's Office of the District Court of the United States for the Southern District of
NEW AMERICAN CYCLOPÆDIA.
SPIRITUALISM, a term formerly used to “Divine Love and Wisdom” (paragragh 257) designate the doctrines and religious life of a Swedenborg avers that a man in whom the class of mystics who professed to be under the spiritual degree of the mind is open may come sensible guidance of the Divine Spirit, and who into angelic wisdom" by laying asleep the senwere distinguished by a habit of spiritualizing sations of the body, and by intlux from above the Sacred Scriptures. Jacob Böhme, Mme. at the same time into the spirituals of his Guyon, Miguel de Molinos, and Mme. de Bou- mind.”—Clairvoyance appears to have played rignon, though not all ostensibly of the same an important part in the introduction of modcommunion, are representatives of the some- ern spiritualism, and a historical sketch of the what numerous class of religionists, particular- latter, to be complete, must include some noly of the 17th century, to whose teachings and tice of the former. Jung-Stilling, in his varipractice the appellation of spiritualism has been ous writings on pneumatology early in the applied. Latterly, however, especially in the present century, appears to have been the first United States, the word has been employed to notice that clairvoyants, during their more exclusively to designate the belief in and prac- exalted states of ecstasis, professed, with what tice of open intercourse with the spiritual seemed to him satisfactory evidence, to be in world. This alleged intercourse has attained converse with invisible intelligences. Tho an extraordinary development in recent times, same claims to open intercourse with the and especially since about the year 1848. Al- spiritual world, with many phenomenal evithough it was not until that period that the so dences which he regarded as establishing their called spiritual manifestations assumed a form truth, were afterward noted by Dr. Justinus and conspicuousness which forced them into Kerner, and detailed at large in his biography universal notice, it is asserted that many start- of one of his patients, Frederica Hauffe, more ling instances of them, as precursors and familiarly known as the seeress of Prevorst, prophets of the more signal wonders, had and who is said to have been in a magnetic been in the course of development during state for most of the time during the last 7 many years previous; and that, in fact, the years of her life, describing the persons and spiritualism of the day is the growth of a cen- repeating the language of what she represented tury. We are referred to the alleged fact that to be spirits
, and being often accompanied with 100 years ago Emanuel Swedenborg was in mysterious rapping sounds. Many similar infull and open communication with the spiritual stances of alleged intercourse with the invisworld, and in daily converse with spirits and ible world through clairvoyance subsequently angels, with all the fa.niliarity with which man occurred, not only in Germany and other parts converses with man. There is also a tradition of Europe, but in the United States; but that while Swedenborg. was on his deathbed, none of these phenomena were of so remarkhe was asked by a friend whether in that able a character as those presented in the solemn hour he still adhered to the state- case of Andrew Jackson Davis. (See Davis, ments and doctrines set forth in his books; ANDREW JACKSON.) Thrown into an abnorwhen he answered emphatically in the affirma- mal state of mind and body by the process tive, adding that in about 80 years from that of magnetism, this young man, while protime events would occur that would greatly fessing to be in immediate converse with the tend to bring his teachings into general notice. spiritual world, dictated a large 8vo. volume It is noted by spiritualists as a singular coin- which was published under the title of “The cidence that the 80 years from that time (1772) Principles of Nature, her Divine Revelations, expired in 1852, at which time the alleged and a Voice to Mankind.” In a portion of this spiritual phenomena, corroborating in many book that was dictated in the autunn of 1846 respects what Swedenborg had taught con- (pp. 675–6) the entranced author distinctly cerning spirits and the spiritual world, were predicted that the communication with the exciting universal attention. In his book on ipiritual world would ere long assumo “tho