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noble father, it is not proper that I should ever neglect the duty of receiving alms, it is an action good in itself, tallying with truth, deserving of great merit*, and productive of happiness in this and future existances. "When he had spoken his father obtained the state of Thautapan. He went to the palace with his father, saying: those who go to beg food according to the law, are doing well, and prepare to themselves a state of happiness both for the present and future, those who do go begging, but not according to the law, ought to refrain from doing so. He was speaking in that way when he entered the palace. His aunt Gaudamee become a Thautapan, and his father after this second preaching, reached the state of Thagadagan.
Thoodandana invited Phra and his followers to ascend to the upper part of the palace and partake of the meal prepared for him. When the meal was over, all the ladies of the palace come to pay their respects to Budha. Some of them urged the Princess Yathandara to do the same. But she refused complying with their request, in the hope that a greater deference would be shown to her, when Budha would come and visit her in her apartments. Perceiving her studied inattendance, Phra said to his father: my noble father, I will go and visit the princess, and will, without saying a single word, make her pay obedience and prostrate before me. King Thoodandana took up the patta and accompanied his son to the princess's apartments. Budha had scarcely been seated on the place destined to him, but Yathandara threw herself at Bndha's feet, placing her two hands on both ankles, touched repeatedly the upper part with her forehead. Meanwhile Thoodandana mentioned to his son the respectful and affectionate regard she had ever entertained for his person. Since she heard, added the king, that you had put on the yellow robe, she would wear but clothes of that color; when she knew that you took but one meal a day, that you slept on a small and low couch, that you denied to yourself the use of perfumes, she instantly followed your example, ate but one meal a day, slept on a low couch and gave up without regret the use of essences. Illustrious monarch, replied Budha, I do not wonder at the practices of late observed by the princess Yathandara; in fornv r times when her merits were but as yet few and imperfect, she was living at the foot of a certain mountain, and knew even then how to behave with becomingncss and a strict regard to all religious duties.
On this very day was fixed for the taking place of five grand ceremonies. Ananda,80 the younger brother of Budha, was to have his head washed, to put on the Thing Kiat, to be raised to the dignity of crown prince, to be put in possession of his own palace and to be married. When Phra was leaving the palace he bade the young prince to take his patta and follow him. Ananda instantly complied with the request, and departed. He was just leaving the palace, where the young lady he was to marry, eagerly recommended him soon to return. Meanwhile, leaving on a window's side, she followed him with the eyes as far as he could be seen. Ananda would have gladly given back the patta to its owner, but as he felt backward to hand it over to him he followed Budha as far as the monastery. Though he had no intention of becoming Italian, on his way to that place, yet despite of his former disposition, he entered into the society of the perfect. So that on the second day after Phra's arrival to Kapilawot, Ananda become a Rahan. Some other writings mention that this happened but on the third day.
On the seventh day after Phra had entered into the city of Kapilawot, the mother of Raoula, princess Yathandara, put on her son the choicest ornaments, and sent him to Phra, saying previously to him, "Dearest son, he whom you see surrounded by twenty thousand Rahandas, whose face resembles gold, and whose body is similar to that of the chief of Brahmas, is indeed your father. He was formerly the owner of four gold vases, which have disappeared on the very day he withdrew into solitude, go to him now, and say respectfully that being at present crown prince of this kingdom, destined to succeed your grandfather in the throne, you wish to become possessed of the property that will befall vou in right of inheritance." The young prince departed. Having come into the presence of Budha, he endeavored with the simplicity and amiability becoming a child to ingratiate himself in his father's favor, and said how happy he was to be with him, adding many other particulars befitting his age and position. Budha having eaten his meal and performed his usual devotions, rose up and departed. Raoula followed behind, saying: "Father, gire me my inheritance." Budha appearing neither displeased nor vexed at such a demand, none of his followers durst tell the young prince to desist from his apparently rude behaviour, and go back to the palace. They all soon reached the monastery. Phra thought within himself, Raoula is asking from me but perishable things, but I will give him something more excellent and lasting. I will make him partaker of those goods I have gathered at the foot of the Bandi tree, and thereby will provide for him a better inheritance for the future. Whereupon, he called Thariputra and said to him, "Beloved disciple, the young prince Raoula is asking from me a worldly inheritance which would avail him nothing, but I wish to present him with something more excellent, an imperishable inheritance, let him become a Rahan." Mankalan shaved the head of Raoula and attired him with the Hiwaran. Thariputra gave him the first instructions. When he became Patzing, Kathaba trained him up to the duties of his new profession.
King Thoodandana had seen his first son Prince Thaidat leaving the palace, all the attracting allurements of a brilliant court, and spite of all his precautions, going into a solitude and becoming a Rahan. Next to him his younger son Ananda, though assured by the promises of soothsayers of becoming a great and mighty ruler, had joined the society of Rahans. These two events had deeply afflicted him. But on hearing that his grandson had also become a Rahan, he could not longer keep his affliction within himself. I had, said he, hoped that my grandson would succeed me on the throne; this thought consoled me for the loss of my two sons. What will become of my throne. Now the royal succession is at an end, and the line of direct descendants is for ever cut and irrivocably broken up.
Thoodandana obtained the state of Anagam. He said to himself,—it is enough that I should have had so much to suffer and endure on the occasion of my two sons and my grandson becoming Rahans, I will spare to other parents a similar affliction. He went to Budha's place and having paid him his respects in a becoming manner, he asked him to establish a regulation forbidding any son to become Rahan, unless he had the consent of his parents. Budha assented to his father's wish, and preached to him the law. When the instruction was finished, the king bowed to him, rose up, turned on the right and departed. Budlia calling immediately the Italians said to them: beloved Bickus, no one is to be admitted to the profession of Italian, ere he has obtained the consent of his parents, any one that shall trespass this regulation shall be guilty of a sin.
On a certain day, Phra having eaten his meal at his father's palace, the king related to him the circumstance of a Nat who, whilst he was undergoing great austerities in the solitude, had come and conveyed the report of his son having succumbed under the hardships of mortification, but he would never give credit to such a rumour as he was certain that his son could not die ere he had become a Budha. My illustrious father, replied Budha, you are much advanced in merits, there is no wonder at your not believing a false report, but even in former ages, when your merits were as yet very imperfect, you refused to believe your son was dead, though in proof of this assertion, bones were exhibited before you in confirmation thereof. And he went on relating many particulars that are to be found in the history of Maha Damma Fala. It was at the conclusion of this discourse that the king became Anagam. Having thus firmly established his father in the three degrees of perfection, Budha returned to the country of Radzagnio, and lived in the same place as before together with all his followers.
"When he was in that country, a certain rich merchant named Anatapeing come to Radzagnio with five hundred carts loaded with the most precious goods, and took his lodging in the house of an intimate friend. Whilst living with his friend, he heard that Gaudama had become a Budha. He suddenly was seized with an earnest desire of seeing him and heai ing his doctrine. 0> a certain day, he rose at an early hour, and perceived reflected though the window some rays of an uncommon brilliancy. He went in the direction of the light to the place where Budha was preaching the law. He listened to it with great attention and at the end of the discourse he obtained the state of Thautapan. Two days after he made a great offering to Budha and the assembly, and requested Budha to come to the country of Thawati. The request was granted. The distance to Thawati was forty five Youdzanas. Auatapeing spent enormous suujs that one monastery should be erected at each Youdzana distance. When Budha was approaching, the pious merchant arranged as follows for the reception of Budha and presenting to him a splendid monastery called Dzetawon, which he had made ready for him. He sent first his son richly attired with five hundred followers belonging to the richest families, then followed his two daughters with five hundred girls, all decked with the most costly ornaments. Every one carried flags of five different colours. These were followed by five hundred Damsels, having the rich man's wife at their head, each carrying a pitcher of water. Last of all came Analapeing, with five hundred followers, all wearing new dresses. Gaudama let the crowd walk in front and he followed, attended with all the Italians. When he entered the grove, he appeared as beautiful as the peacock's tail when completely expanded. Anatapeing asked Gaudama what he was to do with the monastery. Let it be offered, said Budha, to all the Italians that may come in future to this place from what quarter soever. Thereupon the rich man, holding a gold vessel of water, poured its contents on the hands of Budha, saying: I present this monastery to Budha and to all the Rahans that may come hereafter to reside therein. Budha said prayers and thanks in token of his accepting the offering. Seven days were devoted in making this great offering, and during four months, uninterrupted rejoicings went on, in commemoration of this great and solemn donation. For the purchase of the place, and the expence for the ceremony, enormous sums were expended. During the era of former Budhas, this very place had always been purchased and offered to them and their disciples.
[N. B. Here is found narrated in full the history of a celebrated physician named Dzewaka. As such story has no reference whatever to Budha's career, I will give but a very succinct account of it.]
At a certain time,81 when Budha lived in the city of Radzagnio, the country of Wathalee was made rich, gay and attractive by the presence of a famous courtezan. A nobleman of Radzagnio, who had just returned from that country, narrated to the King all that he had seen at Wathalee, and induced the monarch to set up in his own kingdom some famous courtezan who would be skilful in music and dancing, as well as attractive by the form