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such animal be dangerous or not, he shall become the slave of the owner of the cattle.
If the ox or buffalo of any other person than an officer of state butts at a man, and he stabs and kills it, it shall be deemed no offence.
If such buffalo being tied in an improper place, is stabbed by any one without having butted at him, the person so stabbing shall be fined in the full value of the ox or buffalo.
If a vicious ox or buffalo be doing mischief at or near a fenced dwelling, it shall be lawful, if at night, to kill such ox or buffalo • But if he be killed in the day time, the person killing shall restore half the price of such ox or buffalo.
If in such a case the ox or buffalo be afterwards killed in the plain, the forest, or the highway, out of malice, the offender shall restore the value of the ox or buffalo and be fined ten mas.
If a man secure a vicious buffalo for the owner which he could not secure for himself, he shall receive a reward of one-third of the value of the buffalo.
If in this case the buffalo has not been exceedingly wild, the person securing him shall receive, if the buffalo be worth half a tahil, a reward of one mas, and if worth one paha of two copangs.
If in this case the buffalo or ox have been so exceedingly wild as to be impatient of the sight of a human being, the person who secures it shall receive a reward of one-half his value.
If persons meet others shipwrecked at sea, and the latter say to the former, "take us and sell us or keep us as your slaves, but save our lives for we are perishing"; and they are rescued accordingly and are clothed and fed and it happens when both parties reach the land, that the shipwrecked persons are offered for sale, the magistrate in this case shall give redress and direct that onehalf their estimated value shall be given to those who have rescued them.
If persons meet others at sea in want of provisions only and relieve them, the persons so relieved shall not beconsidcrcd as slaves, but the magistrate shall direct them to pay to those who relieved them, each one paha.
If shipwrecked persons are taken off a desert island, they shall
not be considered as slaves, but there shall be paid to the persons rescuing them, for each free man 5 mas, and for each slave 7 mas.
If a fisherman find other fishermen at sea after being wrecked and without a boat, the person rescuing them shall be entitled to one paha from each of the persons rescued.
If in this case the fishermen have only lost their sails and paddles and they have still got their boat, they shall only pay a ransom at the rate of two mas each individual.
If a boat which has drifted, be found by any one beyond the Station of the fishing traps or weirs, such person shall be entitled to one-half the value of the boat recovered; but if such boat have drifted as far as the fishing traps or weirs, the recoverer shall be entitled to a ransom of one copang if such boat be five fathoms long, but if less two candarins.
But it shall not be lawful to demand any random for a boat or vessel which has drifted, either when such boat has been cut from her mooring or has been stolen. Neither shall it be lawful to demand a ransom for the king's boat or the boat of any person of high rank belonging to the country, for the person who recovered a boat belonging to them must rely upon their bounty.
If property be found in a boat which has drifted to sea, but not out of sight from the shore, the person who recovers the boat shall be entitled to one-third of the property, and the boat itself shall be subject to the customary ransom.
But if such boat shall have drifted to sea out of sight from the shore, the property in her shall be equally divided between the person who recovers the boat and the owner.
If one of the crew of a vessel find gold, silver, or other valuables, the commander shall be entitled to three-fourths of the amount.
If any one of the crew of a vessel, be he who he may, find a runaway slave, such slave shall be considered the property of the commander, and if the true owner claims him, he shall pay a ransom equal to one-half the price of the slave.
If persons be found either shipwrecked at sea or stranded upon the shore, each person so saved shall pay to those who rescue them half a tahil.
If the persons so wrecked or stranded have saved their property they shall only pay one paha.
Accidents during a famine.
If cither through the act of God or the invasion of an enemy, the country be afflicted with a famine and the poor shall say to the rich "give us food and let us become your slaves and sell us," and those who have food give it, and it afterwards comes to pass that the famine disappears, and those who supplied the food are desirous of selling as slaves the persons who are thus relieved, the Magistrates shall not permit if, and the persons relieved shall be considered indebted only to the amount of one-half of their estimated value.
If in such a case the person relieved be the slave of another, such slave shall work for th.' food which he received from four to six seasons, according to the circumstances, and then be restored to his master.
If in the case the slave should die in the employment of the person who has relieved him, and the matter be made known to the Magistrate, the latter shall not be compelled to make good the price of the slave, but if due information be not given to the Magistrate, he shall pay one-half of the estimate value of the slave.
If a strange slave from abroad run away in the country, he shall not be restored, but through the special favour of the great.
If a slave run away to a distant dependence of the city as far as one or two days' voyage, he shall be sold, and one-third of his pi ice shall go to the chief of the district, and two-thirds be restored to his master, but if such slave run no further than the port (qualla) his ransom shall only be three mas.
If a slave run from within the walls of the town to the outside of the fort, his ransom shall be two cupangs. This is the custom of the land.
Theft and Robbery.
If a gang of thieves commit a robbery and one of the party only enters the dwelling, that individual alone shall be punished by amputation of the hand, and the rest suffer correctional punishment, which correctional punishment is as follows:—The criminal shall be mounted on a white buffalo, have a posy of the shoe flower stuck behind his ear, shall be shaded by a dish cover of leaves in room of an umbrella, and shall have his face streaked with lime, with charcoal and with turmeric, and in this state shall be conducted through the town in mock procession, with the beat of the Crier's gong, and should the stolen property be found it shall be suspended round his neck. Should the property have been made away with—in the event of the robber being a free man, he shall become the slave of the owner of the property, and in the event of his being a slave, his lord or master shall make restitution of the stolen goods.
A thief convicted of stealing the produce of a garden, such as sugar-cane, ananas, betel leaf, areca nut, fruits or garden stuffs shall not suffer mutilation.
Should such thief be caught in the fact during the night and be stabbed to death by the proprietor of the garden, he shall die and no notice be taken of his death.
If a garden be robbed and the thief not be discovered until daytime, the Magistrate shall fine him ten mas, and cause the stolen property to be hung round his neck, and in this condition cause him to be carried in mock procession round the town.
Should the stolen property have been consumed the culprit shall be ordered to make pecuniary restitution as well as pay the mulct often mas.
If a man steal a prahu and it be found by the owner, the thief shall make restitution of the prahu, as well as pay the amount of the hire which might have been earned by such prahu and the punishment shall be a mulct often mas. This is the law respecting all persons who steal prahus.
If a man steal a buffalo, ox, goat, fowls or ducks from their pens or coops, he shall be fined one tahil and one paha, and be made to restore the stolen cattle or poultry..
If a man steal a goat from under the flooring of a house the Magistrate shall cause the thief to make restitution and fine him ten mas.
In this case if the thief be a slave his master shall be compelled to make restitution. These rules are according to the law of custom, but by the law of God the thief shall only be required to restore the prices of the animal stolen without paying a fine.
If a man steal the slave of another and conceal him in his house, and such slave be there discovered, the goods and chattels of the offender shall be subjected to confiscation.
If a thief running away with a slave conceal such slave not in his house, but in a forest or in a boat or vessel, he shall only be fined 5 tahils.
If a man steal a goat he shall be made to restore the value of the animal, be fined 5 mas, and be upbraided before the multitude.
If any of the crew or passengers of a ship steal or pilfer articles of gold or silver or any other property, their punishment shall be the same as if on shore.
If a slave on board a ship commit theft and give the stolen property to his master, who does not make the affair known to the commander, the slave shall suffer amputation of his hand and*tho master shall be fined the usual fine for receiving stolen property.
If a slave on board a ship accuse a freeman of a theft and there be no witnesses and no evidence, he shall be punished as if on shore, that is to say suffer amputation of a hand, or pay the customary fine of one tahil and one paha, because he has presumed unjustly to accuse a freeman.
If a man carries off to sea or into the interior beyond a day and a night's journey, the retainer of another without the permission of his chief and such retainer die, the person so carrying him off shall forfeit the full amount of his value or furnish a substitute for the benefit of the chief; should the distance in this case not exceed half a day's journey no penalty shall be incurred. But in the case of freemen, by the law of God no substitute nor penalty shall be incurred.
If a man kidnap a slave belonging to the king it shall be lawful to put him to death, and his property shall be confiscated.
If the slave be the property of the first minister or any other great officer of state and the person convicted of taking him away be the commander of the ship himself it shall be lawful to put him to death.
If the person so offending be one of the crew, the commander shall be fined in the sum of ten tahils and one paha, and the offender shall suffer death.
If the kidnapped slaves belong to an ordinary person the