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(Maharajah Lelah) committing crimes of a violent and outrageous character. With the exception of these the Magistrate is empowered to pardon all others.
If a slave commit a murder it shall be lawful for a third person to put him to death, when the affair occurs in a distant situation and there is a difficulty in securing the criminal, but if it take place near authority, the slayer shall be fined five tahils and one paha for having killed the slave without the leave of his master or those in authority; in this last case, however, should the slave have been mortally wounded, it shall be lawful to put him to death.
If a freeman kill a slave of the king he shall be fined in the value of the said slave seven times seven-fold, or if he escape the fine, he shall be put to death or become for ever with his family and relations slaves to the king.
If a man of high rank kill a slave of the king he shall be fined one catty and five tahils, and not put to death, but if the slave shall have been killed by such great man for some crime nothing shall be said on the subject.
If a slave commit a theft and be apprehended and put to death, the slayer shall be fined half his value, one half to go to the Magistrate and one half to his master, for the offence of not informing the Magistrate.
If a person apprehend a slave of the king committing a theft and then kill him, he shall be fined ten tahils and one paha, but if he put him to dealt in the act of committing a theft he shall have committed no offence.
By the law of God a thief shall not be put to death but suffer amputation of his hand.
If the owner of stolen goods follow the thief and find the property upon him and the thief make resistance and is killed it shall be no offence on the part of the slayer.
In such a case should the thief make no resistance the slayer shall be fined to the extent of half the price of the slave.
If a slave shall be killed by the owner of the stolen property by mistake, the slayer shall pay a fine to the amount of twice the value of the slave.
If a freeman strike a slave and the slave stab and kill him in return he shall be deemed to have committed no offence.
But by the law of God whoever kills shall himself be put to death, and this is called adil or justice.
If one freeman hit another freeman a slap on the face without offence and the insulted person stabs and kills the offender, he shall not be deemed in fault should the affair have taken place in presence of witnesses.
If a freeman give abusive language to the wife of a slave and the slave in return kill the freeman it shall be deemed no offence, for it is written that no married woman shall be made light of; this is the law of custom, but by the law of God whoever kills shall himself be killed.
If a person who receives a blow on the face kill the assailant it shall be deemed no offence should he kill him within three days, but if after this period, the slayer shall be fined one catty, for by so doing he has conducted himsell in an unmanly manner and this is the law of custom. But by the law of God the slayer in this case shall be put to death.
It shall be lawful for the four following officers to inflict the punishment of death under the following circumstances:—The Bandhara in the absence of the king or within his own district. The Tumunggong when apprehending criminals. The Shabandar when conducting a vessel, should his orders be disobeyed. The commander of a vessel when at sea, for he is then in the situation of a king, but if on his return to port it shall be discovered he has put an innocent person to death or inflicted the punishment of death without sufficient cause, he shall be subjected to the highest class of fine.
The case in which it shall be lawful for the commander of a vessel to inflict the punishment of death shall only be for tho offence of taking the wife or concubine of another person.
If a man enter a fenced dwelling (kampong) to steal or to intrigue with women, and the owner of the dwelling be aware of it and kill him on the spot, or when pursuing him between two fenced dwellings, it shall be justifiable, but should he meet the offender after the intervention of a single day, and then slay him, the slayer shall suffer the punishment of the law.
If a man trespass upon a fenced dwelling and in so doing kill any one, he shall be fined one catty and fire tahils, according to the discretion of the Magistrates. But by the law of God whoever kills shall himself be put to death.
Hiring Assassins and Bravos.
If a man, in a case when it is allowed, hire an assassin to kill another and the assassin himself be killed, his employer shall be deemed in fault and be fined ten tahils, and all the expenses of the funeral of the assassin, for he has offended by not giving due information to the Magistrate.
If a man in an allowed case hire an assassin with the knowledge of the Magistrate, and the assassin be killed, the employer shall not be fined, but simply charged with the funeral expenses.
If a person hire an assassin, and he succeed in destroying hia employer's enemy but be himself also killed, the promised reward shall be paid to his family or relations and his funeral charges shall be defrayed.
If a person hire an assassin, and he succeed in killing his employer's enemy, but be himself wounded, the hirer shall pay the expense of his cure, as well as the promised reward.
The law is the same in regard to persons hired to assault or affront by blows, and if such persons be hired without the knowledge of the Magistrate, the hirer shall be fined five uhils.
If a man be hired 'o beat another, and the person beiten should happen to die in consequence ol the blows, the hirer, should the deceased have been a slave, shall be compelled 10 restore his full value, or if a freeman shall suffer death or pay the customary commutation of ten tuhils and one paha, and the hired person shall also be punished at the disiretion of the magistrate. Accomplices.
If a man be convicted of being an accomplice, he shall suffer the same punishment as a principal.
If a man accuse another of criminal conversation with a married woman, and the accused win in the ordeal, the accuser shall either Buffer the punishment of death or at the discretion of the magistrate be fined to the extent often tahils and one paha.
But by the law of God these punishments are not inflicted and the criminal shall only be directed to cry mercy, and ask forgiveness for his offence.
The Ordeal. If one make an accusation and another deny it, and there be no evidence, the magistrate shall direct the parties according to the custom of the country to contend by ordeal; that is, by diving under water or submerging the hand in melted tin or burning oil. The person who fails in this trial, shall be deemed guilty and be put to death, fined, or otherwise dealt with, according to the custom of the country.
Contract. If the commander of a vessel engage to carry passengers to any particular place and is driven back or otherwise does not fulfil his engagement, he shall restore the passage money. Offences against the Government. If a man forge the king's name or authority he shall be put to death or have his tongue slit or be sculped.
If a man be convicted of giving false reporls to the first minister, he shall have his face streaked with charcoal, lime and turmeric, or be fined two tahils and one paha.
If a man forge the name or authoiity of a person of rank he
shall he fined one tahil and one paha, or h:tve abusive words applied
to him before the multitude, and it he offers resistance he shall be
pul to death; for the grandees are the props of the royal authority.
The offence of contumacy (Maharaja Lelah) is of two kinds,
first putting a criminal to death without the knowledge of the
prince or chiefs, and second, forcibly entering a fenced dwelling,
and whoever is guilty thereof, shall be fined ten tahils and one paha.
The discipline and rules to be observed at sea.
These are the laws for all vessels, large and small, and for boats.
The commander is like unto the king, the pilot like the first
minister and the captain of the anchor like the first magistrate.
The chief of the larboard and starboard side and the chief of the
midships resemble the officers of a court called Sida Sida, the
officers of the vessels are all considered under the direct authority
of the commander, and the crew under the immediate orders of the
chief of the midships.
If the chief of the midships give an order to any one of the crew and the latter disobey it, he shall receive seven strokes, but without raising the elbow from the side, and if he still prove refractory he shall receive 40 stripes.
If one of the crew engage to perform a voyage and desires to be discharged before it is completed, he shall, if a person of consideration, pay one tahil and if an ordinary person one paha.
If a man chatters or talks idly, whether a seaman or a passenger, he shall be treated as a person so offending before the king; that is, he shall be publicly reproved and if he make any answer the •whole crew shall fall upon him and seize him and strike him a blow over the mouth with the clenched hand.
But if the offender in such a case ask forgiveness for his offence it shall be incumbent upon the commander to grant it.
The punishment of death shall be inflicted on persons guilty of perfidy to the commander, or such as conspire to put to death the commander or any of the officers of the vessel.
If a man wear a kiiss or other weapons on board the ship when the rest of the crew is unarmed nn-l his conduct in other respects appears suspicious, it shall be lawful to put him to death forthwith, to prevent the mischief which he meditates, but this must be done before witnesses that the crew may not be liable to suffer inconvenience from the exercise of such an authority.
If one hires a seaman to proceed on a voyage, it shall be incum. bent upon him in every case to make an agreement for three years, three months and three days, and if the seaman does not consent he shall not engage him.
If before the expiration of the period agreed upon a seaman shall require his discharge he shall be compelled to return the advances made to him as well as pay a fine of 10 per cent upon the amount.
If in working the ship any one interfere with the orders of the pilot he shall be punished with four strokes of a rattan and if he declines being beaten, he shall be fined four hundred small coins of Java (pitis) which sum shall be given in charity on the return of the vessel to port, as an oblation to avert calamity.
A skilful pilot should understand the commencement and the end of the season for sailing, the revolutions of the sun, moon and stars, the course of the winds, the depths and soundings of the sea, the bays, reaches and headlands which are in his course, the shoals